• Title/Summary/Keyword: food preference

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A Study of the Dietary Behavior and Food Preference of Adolescents (청소년의 성별에 따른 식생활 태도 및 식품기호도)

  • 유지은;박금순
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the guidelines for the dietary lift by analyzing and studying the dietary behavior and food preference based on the gender. In the questions whether students' food preference is similar to their parents' or not, girls answered their food preferences were similar to them (M = 3.36), but boys not (M : 2.90). In the question if the knowledge learned in school has an effect on the choice of food, girls and boys answered it did not affect them, but there was a slight difference according to the gender; boys(M = 2.54) were under less influence than girls (M = 2.88). According to the gender, there was a meaningful difference in the food preference in meat, eggs, fish and shell, beans, milk and milk products, anchovies, fruits, fats and oils, beverage, and processed food. School education had a little influence on the habits of dietary life, only 8.0%. So more practical nutrition education was needed.

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Effects of Mood on the Food Preference of Female University Students (지각된 감정이 여대생들의 음식 선호에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Cho, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.713-719
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the food preference and attitude according to six emotions in female university students. Also, it was studied whether the desire to food consumption was changed by each mood. The selfreported questionnaire was used to 285 female university students. There were the significant differences in food preference according to emotions. Pizza & pasta, ice cream and cake were preferred during happiness and amusement. In sadness and anger, alcohol was the most preferred food item. There was the preference of beverage, Jjigae & Baikban, ice cream and snack during relaxation. Chocolate showed the highest preference during depression. The taste and flavor was the main preference attributes during all emotions. The self-assessed food intake during happiness, amusement, anger and relaxation was increased but it was decreased during sadness and depression (p<0.001).

Development of Computer Program for Menu Based on Nutrients and Food Preference (영양소와 식품기호도를 고려한 식단 작성 Computer Program의 개발)

  • 김은미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.529-539
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    • 1997
  • The present study was to formulate a computer program to provide a menu based on a food preference survey of families in urban areas. A food preference survey was conducted by individual direct interviews of infants, children and old people in this study. In case other's food preferences were available, food menus considering all age groups could be made. Database III PLUS package was utilized for this study. The dBASE was loaded with a food compostion table of 339 different food items, along with data for amino acids and fatty acids for 171 and 43 food items respectively. Food preference, unit of food, and recommended dietary allowances were also incloded. This meun program system calculates nutrients in selected foods, and menu assessment was composed of several factors inculding energy ratio of carbohydrate : protein : fat, amino acid score, limiting amino acid, polyunsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid(JP/S) ratio and Ca/P ratio.

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Correlation with subjective oral health status and food preference in elderly people (노인의 식품선호도와 주관적 구강건강상태의 관련성)

  • Park, Chung-Soon;Kim, In-Ja;Park, So-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.973-981
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation with subjective oral health status and food preference in elderly people. Methods: Data were extracted from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010-2012. The survey data included general characteristics of the subjects, food preference, and subjective oral health status. Food preference was analyzed by assigning score to 63 food categories. The subjective oral health status consisted of toothache within a month, self-perception of oral health, chewing difficulty, mastication difficulty, and speaking difficulty. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, and ANOVA using SPSS 22.0 program. Results: Elderly men had a tendency to have a liking for all food categories except for fruit. Difficulty in chewing and mastication was shown in those who had older age, lower education, lower monthly income, and national basic livelihood security. Difficulty in speaking was found in those who had older age, lower education, and national basic livelihood security. Self perception of oral health status was closely related to food preference for pulses and potatoes, fish, vegetables and others(p<0.05). Difficulties in chewing and mastication had relation to all food categories excepting cereals, lipids and sugars(p<0.05). Speaking difficulty were significantly different in pulses, potatoes, meat, eggs, vegetables, fruits, milk, dairy products, and others(p<0.05). Conclusions: Poor subjective oral health status was closely related to food preference. It is necessary to educate that maintenance of good oral health is to ingest the balanced nutrition in the elderly people.

A Study on the Association between Sasang Constitutions and Food Preference (사상체질분류검사지(QSCC II)에 의해 사상체질이 분류된 대학생의 식품 기호도 조사 연구)

  • Choi, Sun-Mi;Chi, Sang-En;Hong, Jeong-Mi;Ahn, Kyoo-Seok;Koh, Byung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate correlation with food preference of subjects in three constitution groups on the view point of constitutional medicine. The constitutions of 124 college students(male 80, female 44) was classified by QSCC II method. Food preference of the subjects was surveyed in accordance with suggested foods for each constitution and was analyzed using Hedonic scale. The distribution of the constitutional revealed that Soeum individuals accounts 53%, followed by ; Soyang 19%, Taeum 28%. For men, sorghum, potatoes, beef, scombroid, oyster, saury, octopus, codfish, walleye pollack, shrimp, croaker, pineapple, eggplant, leek, pumpkin, toenjang, draft beer, diluted liquor, coffee, cocoa were statistically different in food preference score by sasang constitution(p<0.05). For woman, chicken, pollack roe, a walleye pollack, persimmon, jujube, melon, citron, celery, burdock, vinegar, bean-paste soup, draft beer, ginseng, honey were statistically different in food preference score by sasang constitution(p<0.05). Association of sasang constitutions and food thought to be harmful or healthy to each constitution was analyzed. But Food preference score of food thought to be harmful or healthy were not statistically different in score among sasang constitutions. This results suggested that food intake patterns of subjects were associated with sasang constitutional food in parts.

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Study on Altered Food Preference and Food Frequency in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 식품 기호도 변화와 섭취빈도에 관한 연구)

  • 박경애;김종성;최스미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.622-634
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and altered food preferences of stroke patients. One hundred and forty-six outpatients, who had experienced their first-ever stroke and were admitted to Asan Medical Center between July and December 2000, were studied. Using interviews, we assessed the altered food preferences, food consumption frequency, and other factors influencing the food preferences and food consumption frequency of the subjects. These results were analyzed with 2 t-tests, and multiple regression analysis, using the SPSS package program. Preferences for pork, red fish, coffee, bread and stews were higher in male stroke patients than in females. The frequency of consumption of beef, pork, white fish, red fish, egg, garlic, onion, coffee, instant noodles, bread, and culinary vegetables increased in the male stroke patients more than in the females. Food preferences were influenced by income, risk factors, subjective tastes and location of brain ischemic lesions. Food consumption frequency was affected by food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the frequency of consumption of white fish, red fish, eggs, soy milk, milk, garlic, onions, coffee, noodles, bread, bean-paste stew, kimchi, culinary vegetables, and greasy foods were the most affected by each food preference. Our results suggest that food consumption frequency may vary with food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia, and nutrition education should be formulated to prevent stroke recurrence based on the food preferences, subjective tastes, and risk factors of individual stroke patients.

BMI Characteristics and Food Preference of Taeeumin and Soeumin According to Sasang Constitution Analysis Method (체질분석 방법에 따른 BMI 특성 및 태음인과 소음인의 음식선호도)

  • Choi, yejin;Kim, Soon Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.512-522
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    • 2018
  • n this study, the BMI characteristics and food preference were examined according to the Sasang constitution typology. The constitution type of the subjects was judged by SCAT2 (SC) and Sasang specialists (SP), and the data were compared with the group (SS) in which the two results coincided. The results of SC and SP were consistent with 55 (38.2%) out of 144 subjects. Among the 55 subjects, there were 36 (65.5%), 15 (27.2%), and 4 (7.3%) Soeumin, Taeeumin, and Soyangin, respectively. The BMI of Taeeumin was significantly higher than that of Soeumin (p< .001) in all analytical methods. On the other hand, there was a difference in determining the body shape of Soyangin between the SCAT2 and specialists. The Taeeum-Soeum Food Preference Index was applied to compare the food preference to 41 types of food. In SS analysis, 13 kinds of foods preferred by Taeeumin or Soeumin were found, of which 8 (19.5%) were consistent with the existing food data. Taeeumin preferred 6 kinds of food, such as cold soybean-soup noodles, wild sesame seaweed soup, pan-fried tofu, Yeongun-jorim, Doraji-namul, and soy milk. In contrast, the favorite foods of Soeumin were black rice and Dak-galbi.

Analysis of BMI and Food Preference by Sasang Constitutional Typology classified by SCAT2 and a Specialist (SCAT2와 전문가에 의해 분류된 사상체질별 BMI 및 식품선호도 분석)

  • Cheon, Jin Sol;Yim, Dong Koo;Kim, Soon Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.186-198
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    • 2018
  • The Sasang constitution typology was analyzed through SCAT2 and a specialist to examine the correlation between the Sasang constitution and dietary pattern, and the difference in BMI and food preference according to Sasang constitution was determined. The Sasang constitution typology of the subjects was classified by SCAT2 and a specialist. Seventy-four subjects were screened by SCAT2 (SC), and 18 of them were judged by the specialist (SP). The results of SCAT2 and the specialist were consistent in 13 subjects (SS). BMI and food preference among these groups were compared. The concordance rate of SCAT2 and the specialist classification was 72.2%. The BMI in SC was significantly lower in the order of Taeeumin, Soyangin, and Soeumin, but no significant difference was observed between Taeeumin and Soyangin in SP and SS. To analyze the preference of food and the constitutional suitability, the 'Yin-Yang food preference index' was developed and compared with the data classified by constitutional food according to existing ideological medical theory. As a result, there were 33 food items that matched in the SP-SS, which was more than that in the SC-SP (4 items), SC-SS (6 items), and SC-SP-SS (4 items). Twenty-four of the 33 matched food items were consistent with the existing constitutional food data. In conclusion, SCAT2 is a very useful tool for Sasang constitutional research, but for more objective research, it is recommended that subjects who show consistent results by different methods be targeted.

A Comparison of Nutritional Status Among Eight Constitutional Groups in Relation to Food Preference on the View Point of Constitutional Medicine (체질의학의 체질분류법에 따른 식품기호도와 영양상태의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sook-He;Kim, Wha-Young;Lee, Pil-Ja;Kwon, Do-Won;Kim, Yong-Oak
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.155-166
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    • 1985
  • This study was carried out to compare the nutritional status with food preference of subjects in eight constitutional groups on the view point of constitutional medicine. The constitutions of 124 college women was classified by Kwon's theory. Food preference of the subjects was surveyed in accordance with the suggested foods for each constitution and the health status was investigated by Cornell Medical Index. The following determinations were also made to compare food preference score with the nutritional status : Hb, Hct, WBC, serum levels of albumin, protein, IgG, IgA, IsM, $C_3$, Triglyceride, cholesterol, and total lipids, and lipoprotein fraction ratio. The distribution of the constitution revealed that Jupito individuals accounts 51.6%, the most followed by ; Saturno, 21.8%: Hespero, 10.5%: Jupita, 8.1%: Hespera, 3.2%: Mercurio, 3.2%, no subject belonged to satura. There were no difference among constitutional groups in food preference score, health status and the values of most blood components. Only significant difference was that the percentage of mental complaints in Mercurio was lowest and serum IgG level in Jupito was the highest among groups. Correlation between values of blood component and food preference score shows variety of different trends. However, the results suggested that the better food consumption of the subjects was in accordance with the suggested foods for the constitution, the better the nutritional status of the subjects was.

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Comparisons of Food Preference and Nutrient Intake of Students of Elementary School and Middle School Providing School Food Service in Nam Jeju Gun (남제주군 학교급식대상 초.중등학생의 음식 기호와 영양소 섭취량의 비교)

  • Park, Myeong-Hui;Choe, Yeong-Seon;Kim, Yeon-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.342-358
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate differences of food preference and nutrient intake of students between elementary school and middle school in the same area and to provide data for better school food service. The subjects were 486 students, third to sixth grade of 3 elementary schools and first to second grade of 1 middle school in Nam jeju gun, Jeju, and the survey was conducted during June 1999. Food preference was assessed using questionnaires and 24-hour food intake was assessed using dietary record method. Data of weight and height were obtained from annual physical examination conducted at schools in May 1999. All the variables were compared among 3 groups in each gender: third and fourth grade elementary school(ES3,4), fifth and sixth grade elementary school(ES5,6), and first and second grade middle school(MS1,2). The results were summarized as follows. The average height, weight and BMI for the 3th grade boys in elementary schools met the national averages, but those of the others are below the national averages. Although general pattern of food preference looked similar among groups, food preference scores were significantly different among groups in 38 kinds foods for boys, and 27 kinds of foods for girls. MS1,2 group showed significantly lower food preference scores for most of foods as compared to those of ES3,4 and ES5,6 in both genders. Students of higher grade took more starch foods such as instant noodle, stewed rice cake and snacks. Average energy intakes of all the groups except MS1,2 girls were lower than recommended dietary allowances(RDA), and average intakes of protein, vitamins B1 and C met RDA, but the other nutrients were taken less than RDA and especially the intakes of iron, calcium and vitamins B2 were poor. Most of nutrients taken by school food service meal provided a major proportion of intakes. In conclusion, students of middle school were more particular about their foods served at school food service and marked lower food preference score than elementary school children and more conscious about their weight and appearance. These points should be reflected in planning food service menu at middle school.

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