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Study on Altered Food Preference and Food Frequency in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 식품 기호도 변화와 섭취빈도에 관한 연구)

  • 박경애;김종성;최스미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.622-634
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and altered food preferences of stroke patients. One hundred and forty-six outpatients, who had experienced their first-ever stroke and were admitted to Asan Medical Center between July and December 2000, were studied. Using interviews, we assessed the altered food preferences, food consumption frequency, and other factors influencing the food preferences and food consumption frequency of the subjects. These results were analyzed with 2 t-tests, and multiple regression analysis, using the SPSS package program. Preferences for pork, red fish, coffee, bread and stews were higher in male stroke patients than in females. The frequency of consumption of beef, pork, white fish, red fish, egg, garlic, onion, coffee, instant noodles, bread, and culinary vegetables increased in the male stroke patients more than in the females. Food preferences were influenced by income, risk factors, subjective tastes and location of brain ischemic lesions. Food consumption frequency was affected by food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the frequency of consumption of white fish, red fish, eggs, soy milk, milk, garlic, onions, coffee, noodles, bread, bean-paste stew, kimchi, culinary vegetables, and greasy foods were the most affected by each food preference. Our results suggest that food consumption frequency may vary with food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia, and nutrition education should be formulated to prevent stroke recurrence based on the food preferences, subjective tastes, and risk factors of individual stroke patients.

Analysis of Relationship among the Intake Frequencies of the Food Items on Food Frequency Questionnaire Administered to Middle Aged Korean Males (한국 중년 남성을 대상으로 한 식품 섭취빈도 조사에서 나타난 식품섭취빈도의 상관성 분석)

  • 백희영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.202-215
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    • 2000
  • Intake frequency of one food is often associated with other food items, but few studies examined the relationship of food intake frequency among food items. Finding the relationship among intake frequencies of different food might be useful to understand the food intake patterns of population and correlated foods would be used as an indicators of another food intake. Relationship of food intake can be also applied to make a more simple and useful form of food frequency questionnaire to assess the association between diet and various diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the correlation of intake frequency among food items in food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). A FFQ with 84 food items was administered to 14533 Korean males who 40-65 years of age participating Korean cancer research survey. Data fromm 7647 subjects who completed FFQ were used to examine correlation among food items with three different methods-log linear regression models, Spearman correlation coefficients and cell frequency distribution. To examine the rank correlation, coefficients were calculated by Spearman correlation after scoring the frequency categories. Three most correlated foods were selected in every food intems by three methods each. In most food items, there was positive correlatin, except cooked rice and cooked brown rice, in intake frequency between foods that belonged to similar food groups. But serveral food items-Sausage (processed fish, cheese), Milk (whilte bread, orange juice), Soymilk(other juices), Cheese (pizza, butter), and Coffee(thick beef soup)-showed correlation among totally different food groups. Two sets of food items which were selected by log linear regression model and Sperman correlation coefficients were compared. There were exactly three common foods in 18 food items, 2 common foods in 47 items, 1 common food in 16 items and no common food in 3 items among 3 ranked foods. Three sets of selected food were compared. There were exactly three common foods in 5 food items, 2 common foods in 21 items, 1 common food in 34items and no common food in 24 items among 3 ranked foods. These results indicate that certain patterns exist among intake frequencies of specific food items in the FFQ. More researches are suggested to understand the relationshiops among the intakes of foods so that this information can be used in developing better FFQ or analyzing missing items from self-administered FFQ.

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Interrelations among Acculturative Stress and, Recognitions, Preferences and Eating Frequency of Korean Traditional Food by Chinese Students in Korea (일부 중국 유학생에서 한국문화적응 스트레스와 한국전통음식에 대한 인지도, 선호도 및 섭취 빈도와의 관련성)

  • Her, Eun-Sil;Park, Hye-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.216-225
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the interrelations among acculturative stress, recognition, preference and eating frequency of Korean traditional food by Chinese students in Korea. The acculturative stress score was $3.06{\pm}0.32$, 'homesickness' score was the highest ($3.92{\pm}0.62$) and 'guiltscore' score was the lowest ($2.28{\pm}1.04$). The rate of preferred for Korean food was low (20.5%). The places for eating Korean food were 'restaurant' (49.6%) and 'school cafeteria' (41.1%). The cooking experience regarding Korean food was 45.0% and they had cooked 'Bulgogi' (26.7%) and 'Bibimbap' (21.9%). The recognition score for Korean traditional food was $0.70{\pm}0.27$. The preference score for Korean traditional food was $3.14{\pm}0.54$, and the favorite foods were 'Galbi' and 'Galbitang' while 'Ggakdugi' was the lowest. The eating frequency for Korean traditional food was $2.15{\pm}0.82$, and 'Baechukimchi' and 'Bibimbap' were comparatively high. The acculturative stress showed no correlation with the recognition, preference and eating frequency of Korean traditional food. The recognition of Korean traditional food correlated positively with the eating frequency (r=0.175, p<0.05). The preference of Korean traditional food had a significant effect on eating frequency (r=0.274, p<0.001), and the highest positive correlation was shown in 'Ddeokbokki' (r=0.470). The explanation power ($R^2$) of recognition and preference on eating frequency was 0.098. This study showed the interrelations among recognition, preference, and eating frequency of Korean traditional food except for acculturative stress.

Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes and Food Intake Relative to the Korean Food Tower (I) : Food Intake

  • Kim, Kyeung-Eun;Resalie J. Amos
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.164-179
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    • 2002
  • A survey was conducted to examine the food intake of 285 Korean female students attending a secondary school in Seoul. Food intake was assessed using a food frequency based on the Korean Food Tower which consists of five food groups, i.e., grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets. To describe food intake descriptive statistics were obtained using SPSS. The food frequency analysis indicated that the participants ate rice, cabbage kimchi, radish, and soybean/red pepper paste most frequently along with milk, ice cream, tea, and seasonal fruits such as citrus fruits, apples, watermelon, and grapes for snacks. Distributions of the total standardized serving frequency for each food group indicated that approximately 84, 83, 45, 60, and 34%, respectively, of the respondents met the recommended serving frequency for grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets groups(mean servings per day 5.5, 10.6, 5.5, 2.1, 3.5). Income was the only demographic factor that affected food intake, particularly with respect to meat, milk, and fats and sweets(p < .01). In Korea, these food groups are generally more expensive than the other ones. (J Community Nutrition 4(3) : 164∼179, 2002)

Relationships of adolescent's dietary habits with personality traits and food neophobia according to family meal frequency

  • Cho, Mi Sook;Kim, Miseon;Cho, Wookyoun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.476-481
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND: A higher frequency of family meals is associated with good dietary habits in young people. This study focused on the relationships of family meal frequency with food neophobia and personality traits in adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHOD: For this purpose, we administered a survey to 495 middle school students in Seoul metropolitan city, after which the data were analyzed using the SPSS (18.0) program. Pearson correlation was used to determine the relationships among dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia according to frequency of family meals. RESULTS: Dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia all showed significant differences according to the frequency of family meals. Further, eating regular family meals was associated with good dietary habits (P < 0.001) and was linked with improved extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness/intellect (P < 0.001). On the other hand, it showed a negative relationship with food neophobia (P < 0.001). The relationship between dietary habits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). The relationship between dietary habits and personality traits showed a positive correlation (P < 0.01). Lastly, the relationship between personality traits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, the frequency of family meals affects dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia in adolescents.

Nutrient Intake Assessment of Korean Elderly Living in Inje Area, According to Food Group Intake Frequency (인제지역 노인의 식품군 섭취 빈도에 따른 영양섭취량 조사)

  • Yim, Kyeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.779-792
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    • 2008
  • The consumption of a wide variety of food groups is considered one of the key components of nutritional adequacy. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Koreans includes the consumption of a variety of foods from diverse food groups as a component of a normal diet. A survey was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the dietary diversity of food groups and nutrient intake in elderly patients (age 65 and above) at a rural area in Korea (Inje). 296 subjects (111 male and 185 female) were probed in a 3 day 24-recall dietary survey. Subjects were grouped according to food group intake frequency, based on six food groups (grain, meat/fish/legume/egg, vegetable, fat/oil, dairy, fruit). Nutritional quality was evaluated according to the numbers of nutrients under EAR (Estimated Average Requirements), and MAR (mean adequacy ratios). The frequency of elderly subjects consuming a meat/fish/legumes/egg food group less than once per day was 29.4%. The frequency of elderly subjects consuming fat/oil food group less than once per day was 65.8%. The percentage of subjects who did not eat dairy food was 88.8%, and that of subjects who did not eat fruit was 57.5%. A stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to develop models relating nutritional quality to possible food group intake frequency factors. Using the number of nutrients under EAR as a dependent variable, the meat/fish/legume/egg food group intake frequency explained 9.9% of variance, followed by the grain group, fat/oil group, dairy group, and vegetable and fruit group (Model $R^2$=0.260). For mean nutrient adequacy ratio as a dependent variable, the model $R^2$ was 0.326. The results of this study suggest that a highly varied diet in elderly might be associated with better nutritional quality, as assessed by nutrient intake. Accordingly, dietary guidelines should take into consideration nutritional characteristics in order to improve intake from all major food groups and to provide a variety of foods in the diet.

A Study on Dietary Pattern of Children in Pusan Area (급식학교 어린이의 식생활에 대한 고찰)

  • 김상애
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 1988
  • This study was disigned to observe the pattern of food preference, desire, and intake frequency of children in Pusan area to establish basic data for school lunch program. The children in a public school with school lunch program in Pusan area, were asked the food preference, desire, and intake frequency of the 30 food items given on questinnarie. The subjects also recorded the food intake for 3 days with the mother's help. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1) The total numbers of items taken per day per children were increased with advancing grades. The numbers were 27, 33 and food items for 2nd, 4th and 6th grade respectively. 2) The degree of preference, desire and intake frequency were also increased with higher grades for most given foods except cakes, seaweeds and beans. 3) Boys showed the higher intake frequency than girls for most food items. The girls, however, showed higher preference for cakes and cookies than boys. 4) There was a significant positive correlation between food preference and desire, however, a significant correlation was not found between preference and intake frequency, and between intake frequency and desire.

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Food Intake Frequency, and Compliance in Stroke Patients (노졸증 발생 후 뇌종증 환자의 식습관 및 식이순응도 조사 연구)

  • 박경애;김화성;김종성;권순억;최스미
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.542-552
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary habits and food compliance in stroke patients. One-hundred sixty eight elderly stroke patients and 97 young patients with first -ever stroke admitted to Asan Medical Center between 1994 and 1998 were studied. Using a structured interview, we assessed food intake. food consumption frequency and compliance to low salt, low meat hight fish and high fruit and vegetable diets. These results were analyzed with X$^2$, t-tests, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) using the SAS package program. Salted food intake and cholesterol-containing food frequency were increased whereas frequency of fruits and vegetables intake was decreased in young stroke patients compared to the elderly. Meat intake and cholesterol-containing food frequency were increased in the males compared to the females in elderly stroke patients. and fish intake and cholesterol-containing food frequency were higher in the males than the females in the young. In patients with high economic status, frequency of fruits and vegetables was elevated. Also compliance the low meat and high fruit and vegetable diet in young patients was lower than that in the elderly. When the life-style risk factors influencing the food intake of frequency of fruits and vegetables was affected by education in young stroke patients. In elderly stroke patients, meat intake frequency of cholesterol-containing foods and fruits and vegetables were influenced by sex and /or income. Our results suggest that dietary intake of salt meat ,cholesterol-containing foods. fruits and vegetables in stroke patients may vary with age, sex the presence of risk factors or economic status therefore guidelines and nutrition education should by formulated to prevent stroke recurrence based on dietary habits and risk factors of individual patients.

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Soy food intake behavior by socio-demographic characteristics of Korean housewives

  • Lee, Min-June;Park, Ok-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the soy food intake behaviors including perception and intake frequency of soybean foods by sociodemographic variables were analyzed in housewives. The perception of housewives for soy foods showed that soybean paste, soybean curd, and Dambuk were high in the descending order for nutritional quality and health promotion effect, and soybean paste received the highest score in taste and flavor. Soybean sprouts received the highest evaluation score in the economic aspect. In the aspect of safe food, soybean paste received the highest evaluation score, as mush as a traditional food. The analysis of perception by sociodemographic variables showed that soybean curd, Dambuk, and soybean sprouts had higher perceptions as education level increased, and soy milk had higher perceptions in subjects with younger age and with employment. In the intake frequency, more than 50% of the subjects had soybean curd, soybean sprouts, and soybean paste more than once a week. The analysis for correlation between the intake frequency of soy foods and the degree of perception showed that taste and flavor had high correlation with the intake frequency of soy foods except soybean sprouts. The intake frequency of soybean paste, Dambuk, and soy milk had positive correlations to familiarity and that of soy milk had positive correlations to nutrition and health perception, and those of soybeam paste, soybean sprouts, and soy milk had positive correlations to safe food perception. From the above results, housewives in Korea had very high perceptions to nutritional quality and health promotion effect of soy foods and the degree of perception and accompanied intake frequency had significant differences by age, education level, and economic level among sociodemographic variables.

A Study on the Effect of Food Intake on Radial Pulse using Fourier Analysis (음식섭취에 따른 좌우(左右) 촌관척(寸關尺) 6부위 맥파의 주파수 분석)

  • Yim, Yun-Kyoung;Park, Kwang-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2011
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of food intake on the Fourier components of radial pulse wave. Methods: Thirty-one healthy male subjects participated in this study. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system (DMP-3000) before, right after, 40 minutes after, 80 minutes after and 120 minutes after food intake. Fourier transform was performed and the frequency and amplitude of Fourier components were analyzed. Results: 1. The frequency and the amplitude of Fourier components of radial pulse wave increased significantly after food intake. 2. The frequency of Fourier components increased right after food intake and then gradually decreased as time passed, however the amplitude of Fourier components increased and maintained certain levels and patterns throughout the experimental period of 120 minutes. 3. The change ratios of the frequency and the amplitude of Fourier components after food intake varied with the pulse measuring locations. Conclusions: Food intake exerts an influence on radial pulse wave, resulting in increase of frequency and amplitude of Fourier components. The change ratios of the frequency and the amplitude of Fourier components after food intake varied with the pulse measuring locations.