• Title, Summary, Keyword: follistatin-like protein 1

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MicroRNA-27a Inhibits Cell Migration and Invasion of Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes by Targeting Follistatin-Like Protein 1 in Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Shi, Dong-liang;Shi, Gui-rong;Xie, Jing;Du, Xu-zhao;Yang, Hao
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.611-618
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    • 2016
  • Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) with aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) are critical pathogenic regulators in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies have found that overexpression or silencing of miRNA can contribute to the development of miRNA-based therapeutics in arthritis models. In this study, we explored the effects of miR-27a on cell migration and invasion in cultured FLS from RA patients. We found that miR-27a was markedly downregulated in the serum, synovial tissue, and FLS of RA patients. Meanwhile, the expression of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) was upregulated, which suggests that FSTL1 plays a key role in RA development. The results of a Transwell assay showed that miR-27a inhibited FLS migration and invasion. However, miR-27a inhibition promoted the migration and invasion of FLS. In addition, the down-regulated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2, MMP9, and MMP13) and Rho family proteins (Rac1, Cdc42, and RhoA) was detected after treatment with miR-27a in RA-FLS by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and western blot analysis. Then, a luciferase reporter assay validated that miR-27a targeted the 3-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of FSTL1. Moreover, miR-27a caused a significant decrease of FSTL1. In addition, the expression of TLR4 and $NF{\kappa}B$ was inhibited by miR-27a but increased by FSTL1 overexpression. In conclusion, we found that miR-27a inhibited cell migration and invasion of RA-FLS by targeting FSTL1 and restraining the $TLR4/NF{\kappa}B$ pathway.

Deficiency of Follistatin-Like Protein 1 Accelerates the Growth of Breast Cancer Cells at Lung Metastatic Sites

  • Zhang, Ying;Xu, Xiaozhou;Yang, Ying;Ma, Jie;Wang, Lulu;Meng, Xiangzhi;Chen, Bing;Qin, Ling;Lu, Tao;Gao, Yan
    • Journal of Breast Cancer
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.267-276
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) is a secreted glycoprotein that has been shown to play a role in various types of cancer. However, the clinical significance and function of FSTL1 in breast cancer have not been reported. We investigated the role of FSTL1 in breast cancer in this study. Methods: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, western blot analysis, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were used to monitor the expression of FSTL1 in breast cancer tissue and in serum samples from breast cancer patients. We employed a 4T1 breast cancer model and $Fstl1^{+/-}$ mice for in vivo studies. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, western blot analysis, and RNA sequencing were used to analyze the effect of FSTL1 on primary tumor growth and lung metastasis. Results: We demonstrated that the expression of FSTL1 is reduced in both the breast cancer tissue and the serum of breast cancer patients. We showed that reduced levels of FSTL1 in serum correlate with elevated expression of Ki-67 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in cancer tissues. Moreover, lowered expression of FSTL1 was associated with decreased survival in breast cancer patients. Experiments on the $Fstl1^{+/-}$ mouse model established that FSTL1 deficiency had no effect on primary tumor growth, but increased the lung metastases of breast cancer cells, resulting in reduced survival of tumor-bearing mice. RNA sequencing found significantly reduced expression of Egln3 and increased expression of EGFR in $Fstl1^{+/-}$ mice. Thus, our results suggest that FSTL1 may affect the expression of EGFR through Egln3, inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells at lung metastatic sites. Conclusion: In conclusion, we suggest a suppressor role of FSTL1 in breast cancer lung metastasis. Furthermore, FSTL1 may represent a potential prognostic biomarker and a candidate therapeutic target in breast cancer patients.

Intensive Proteomic Approach to Identify Secreted Peptides/Proteins from 3T3-L1 Adipocytes using Gel Electrophoresis and Liquid Chromatograph Separation Methods (젤 전기영동 및 액체 크로마토그래피 분리 방법을 이용하여 지방 세포로부터 분비되는 단백질들에 대한 프로테오믹스 연구 방법)

  • Hwang, Hyun-Ho;Baek, Moon-Chang
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2011
  • Adipocytes have been known to secrete a number of important proteins called adipokines with roles in energy metabolism, reproduction, cardiovascular function and immunity. In this study we have attempted to identify intensively secretory proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes and then the cells were left in serum-free medium. The supernatant was filtrated and dialyzed. Lyophilized secretome was fractionated by two different methods, 1-D SDS PAGE and RP-FPLC. The tryptic peptides from the gel slices and the FPLC fractions were analyzed by nanoLC/ESI-MS/MS. We identified a total of 303 identical proteins from two methods, 251 proteins from 1-D gel and 184 proteins from RP-FPLC. 86 of them were listed as a secretory protein Finally, we identified many known or unknown secreted proteins existed in the low level including adiponectin, angiotensinogen, bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP-1), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), insulin like growth factor-II (IGF-II), interleukin-6 (IL-6), follistatin-related protein-1, minecan, and resistin. The existence of some of secreted proteins has been confirmed in RNA level. This proteomic experiment is useful for the intensive screening of secretory proteins in many kinds of other cells.