• Title, Summary, Keyword: folk psychology

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Study on Clothing Folk Beliefs of Korea -Relating to Thoughts on Rightness and Wrongness- (韓國 衣 俗信의 硏究 -韓國人의 政.不正 行動에 대한 觀念을 中心으로-)

  • 김진구
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the clothing folk beliefs of Korea and to trace thought on rightness and wrongness implied in them. Data were collected from 1980's and selections were mae from them for the analysis of this research. Results and findings of this study can be summarized as follows: Clothing folk beliefs related to thought on rightness and wrongness appeared in various ranges and ways. They included clothing behaviors, attitudes, clothing habits, grooming, as well as clothing related activities such as sewing, laundary, ironing and pressing activities so on. They also included time, place, and occasions. It was found that behaviors, attitude, and habits against social norms and cultural values on social orders were regarded as not right., Those behaviors, attitudes, and habits were discouraged with clothing folk beliefs. Clothing folk beliefs were used as a means of educating and disciplining tool using or appealing human psychology. Also it was found that Korean clothing folk beliefs were functioned as means of transmitting social norms and cultural values from generation to generation. Thus, clothing folk beliefs can be regarded as one of the important cultural elements of Korea as well as means of socialization tool that contains so man information about Koreans.

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Children's Development in Applying Theory of Mind and Mind-Related Knowledge (초등학교 아동의 마음에 대한 이해의 사용과 마음관련 지식의 발달)

  • 송영주;유연옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 2003
  • This study was purposed to explore children's development in the theory of mind. Children of age 7, 9 and 11 explained others' good and bad behaviors, and answered to questions about ‘mind’ and ‘heart’ Children's behavior explanations with internal factors, including traits and mental states, were scored and analyzed. The responses of mind-related knowledges were categorized and compared by age. Results showed that children's internal explanations were not different with age, and most of the children explained internally for others' bad behaviors more than for good ones. Secondly, children conceptualized cold-minded ‘mind’ and hot-minded ‘heart’ differentially, but showed developmental differences in mind-related knowledges. It was hard for the younger children to explain ‘mind’ and ‘heart’ Children came to construct their knowledge with age; ‘mind’ including cognitive monitoring, and ‘heart’ working outside the personal emotions.

Cross-cultural differences in Korean and American children′s behavior attributions (한국 아동과 미국 아동의 행동귀인에서의 문화차 연구)

  • Young-Joo Song
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 아동의 일상 심리학이 그들의 문화에 따라 다르게 나타나는지를 알아보고자 한 것이다. 이러한 발달적 보편성의 문제를 해결하기 위해, 우선 한국 아동과 미국 아동의 타인 행동에 대한 설명을 비교하였다. 또한 서로 다른 문화를 반영할 수 있는 분석 틀을 고안하여. 이러한 서로 다른 분석 틀에 따라 두 나라 아동의 행동설명이 어떻게 다르게 나타나는지를 비교하였다. 본 연구에서는 미국식 범주인 '내적-외적' 법주와 한국식 범주인 '개인-관계-상황' 범주를 사용하였다. 연구결과. 두 나라의 아동은 타인의 행동설명에서 차이를 보여주었다. 미국 아동은 한국 아동에 비해 심리 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 더 많이 사용하였으며. 한국 아동은 타인의 '상황적' 조건을 더 많이 고려하여 행동을 설명하였다. 그러나 두 문화권의 아동은 행동설명 과제에서 모두 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 다른 요인보다 더 많이 선호하였으며. 오직 '상황적' 요인의 고려에서만 발달적 차이를 나타내는 공통점을 보여주었다.

Children as psychologists: The development of folk psychology (심리학자로서의 아동: 심리지식의 발달)

  • Ghim Hei-Rhee
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.29-52
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to examine whether children had the naive psychological knowledge that the mental states ate requited to understand the intentional actions, whether their psychological knowledge was organized as a theory, and in what aspects the knowledge changed as children get older. Three- to 11-year-olds were presented with two types of tasks. In action explanation tasks, children were presented with simple descriptions of two characters engaging in specific actions and then asked to explain the characters' action. In action prediction tasks, they were told stories depicting a character's desire and belief and then asked to predict the action of the character. Three-year-olds explained the action in terms of abstract construct such as emotion, intention, and desire, and they predicted the character's action on the basis of her/his desire and explicit belief but not on the basis of inferred false belief and traits. In addition when they were asked to explain one mental state, they explained in terms of other mental states, suggesting the coherence of their knowledge. The present results suggested that even 3-year-olds' psychological knowledge was organized as a theory, in that it was used as a causal device in explaining and predicting human actions, and it had abstractness and coherence. Older children's knowledge was different from 3-year-olds' in that older children explained the action in terms of more complicated mental states such as beliefs and traits. The nature of the developmental change in psychological knowledge was discussed.

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A Study of the Aesthetics of Mimesis in 2000s Fashion (2000년대 패션에 표현된 미메시스 연구)

  • Yang, Su-Mi;Kwon, Mi-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.59 no.10
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    • pp.38-50
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    • 2009
  • Since Homeros in Greece, Mimesis was thought to be an art to imitate the nature, and it means an imitation of the nature classically. Mimetic theories were set to be a kind of art work in the era of Renaissance, and the terminology of mimesis was widely used to replace it with an originality in the 15th century. The purpose of this study is to understand the aesthetics of mimesis expressed in 2000s fashion. For this purpose, I investigated the theories of the mimesis, categorized the definition, then applied those categories for 2000s fashion. Documentary studies were conducted through aesthetics, fashion books and demonstrative studies were processed by analyzing photos from collection fashion magazines and fashion site of internet. In the history of aesthetics, the mimesis could be defined into three categories; the similarity and the representation mimesis, the symbol mimesis and the abstraction mimesis. In fashion, the representation mimesis included a natural and a folk, a period that of 1900s and ancient representation mimesis. The symbol mimesis included psychology and fear symbol mimesis. The abstraction mimesis included hard color, a geometric simplification and distortion mimesis. Analysis on the mimesis expressed in 2000s modern fashion may provide an excellent method for understanding human aesthetic in costume.

Exposure Expressed in Dress (복식에 표현된 노출)

  • 정연자
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 1999
  • The primary purpose of this study is to inquire into the characteristic of exposure presented in fashion, identify the correct concept of exposure from an aesthetic perspective, and grasp the contemporary meaning of exposure presented in fashion. As a result of study, the following findings were obtained: First, the surrealist style of fashion exhibited representations such as the relocation of the partial details, the harmonization of the natural and the artificial, the emphasis or expansion of each part of the body, and the like. It used highlighted the genital region with ornamentations or used the technique of paradoxically exposing the part of the body always covered. And it exbibited the paradoxical relationship of exposure and concealment by exposing the concealed part of the human body. Second, the post-modern style showed the complicated phenomenon that the values of several meanings such as the historic, the folk, and the like appeared in its fashion. It shares in spatiotemporal eclecticism, pluralistic characteristics and the like found in the post-modern culture. Third, the deconstructive style gets rid of the distinction between the external space and the private space by translating underwears into outer garments. It destroys clothing by tearing or perforating clothing whereby it represents the poor image. Coupled with women‘s psychology of exposure and the new generation’s way of thinking indifferent to others‘ eyes, this fashion of deconstruction occupies the great current of fashion. Deconstructive fashion gets away with the rule of ‘having to wear clothing to suit TPO(Time, Place and Occasion), the traditional norm of wearing clothing.

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A Study on Health Behavior Experience of the Cancer Patients (암 환자의 건강행위 이행경험에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Yeon Kang;Heo, Jin Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.117-131
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to grasp the nature of health behavior to pactice in order to keep and improve the optimal health in the current status of the cancer patients. The subjects were 21 cancer patients, who knew about their disease for themselves, could communicate without mental disease history, and could understand the purpose of this study and cooperate, in a university hospital in Seoul. The data were collected by direct interview from July 15 to Oct. 17, 1994. The interview took about 1~2hours per one time for each paitent by unstructural and open questions. And they were classified into some similar contents on the basis of the phenomenological analysis and categorized. The analyzed results are as follows: 1) In the daily life before and after diagnosis as cancer patients, they were categorized into 6 areas-the state of movement, sleeping, nutrition and diet, society and economy, drinking and somking, and recognition of their health. 2) In the experience of health behavior of cancer patents, they were categorized into 7 areas-the state of movement, sleeping, nutrition and diet, society and economy, drinking and smoking, recognition of their health, and psychology etc. According to the analyzed results of daily life before diagnosis as cancer patients, it turned out that they didn't recognize the problems for their health habit and made their disease state bad by irresolute characteristics which hesitated to practice rightly, renunciation, and irresponsibility and so on, even if they had much interests in their health and were motivated. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize and have an individual-centric interests in order to change the pattern of life for optimal health state to some extent. In the health behavior of cancer patients, it turned out that they had interests in the state of nutrition and diet the most. Even though they experienced the change of serious nutritive state due to the bad gastroenteric trouble by anticancer treatment, they were trying to have a regular eating habit refraining from irritant food and use folk remedies or healthy food temperating the taste food thoroughly, they also showed the sensitive response for nutrition. In addition, they appeared to use the traditional medical treatment or the folk remedies very seriously without abuse. In consideration of it, it is desirable to use them together with the modern medical treatment intercomplementarily and necessary to look into the types for cancer patients and their benefits.

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A State-of-the Art Review of Clothing and Textiles Research in Korea : 1991~1999 (한국의류학의 연구경향분석 : 1991~1999)

  • 나수임;이정순;배주형
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.853-863
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    • 2000
  • This study is planned to present the future direction of the study of Korean clothes through the realistic recognition of the changes of studying issues of each area of the related clothes. For this purpose, the writer of this thesis have collected, classified and analyzed those various kinds of papers and theses published in the professional magazines of clothes such as Journal of Korean Home Economics, Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, The Research Journal of the Costume Culture so that I might examine and study the main trend of the related study. The result of the study is as follows. 1. Since the first publication of Journal of Korean Home Economics in 1959 and Journal of the Korea Society of Clothing and Textiles, and Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, the study of clothes has been gradually increased. Furthermore, since 1990 the issuing times of various kinds of Journals have been continuously increased with the foundation of The Research Journal of the Costume Culture and Journal of Fashion Business. 2. Theses and papers published in the four greatest Journals of Korean Clothing and Textiles have been studies for the detailed classification and analysis of the data. According to the study, It is found that the theses in Journal of the Korea Society of Clothing and Textiles have actively studied textiles as they had studied before 1990s and those in Journal of the Korean Society of Costume have studied history of costumes and those in The Research Journal of the Costume Culture have studied the composition and science of clothes. 3. The order of studying subjects was 1) Design and Aesthetics, 2) Fashion Merchandising 3) Textiles, 4) Clothing Construction, 5) History of Costumes, 6) Costume Culture, 7) Socio-Psychology of clothing, 8) Others. Considering the above mentioned result of the study, most of the main fields of the clothing and textiles study have been studied continuously in balance since 1990 unlike the past although the past studies had been performed largely in some main fields only. And it was found that fields of clothing styles and clothing goods have been studied most actively since 1990s. 4. The studying field of Design and Aesthetics has showed to have the trend to be studied very actively since 1990s, which has utilized various relevant data with scholastic approach to psychology and aesthetics. Regarding Fashion Merchandising, the study of consumers decision process has been performed most actively. And theses on the international trades have been published considerably more than ever before, which resulted in gradual increase in gradual increase in the study of the fields related with global marketing, internet marketing, textile products exports, and overseas brands, etc. Regarding Textiles, the field of clothing sanitation and management has been studied more actively than that of clothing materials. In case of clothing construction, the study of physical styles and pattern making has been more active than the other related fields. Fields of socio-psychology of clothing and history costume have been a little reduced. Field of costume culture has been firmly rooted as an independent subject to be studied in the clothing related study. And study of the clothes has shown various trends of studies of ethnic & folk clothes, religious and ceremonial garments, linguistic & favorite approach to clothes and academic analysis of the data.

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The Understanding of Folktales for Developmental Approach of Literary Therapy (문학치료의 발달적 접근)

  • Cho, Eun-sang
    • Journal of Korean Classical Literature and Education
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    • no.37
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    • pp.151-184
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of therapeutic approach of humanities, including literary therapy, is ultimately encourage the growth and the development of human being rather than the development of therapeutic techniques for eradicating symptoms. This paper is noteworthy as to the fundamental work for using folktales at therapy sessions. It may be argued that therapy is the process of searching clients' own development history and accepting current challenges in relation to overall context of their own lives and this may lead to the growth clients. In this regard, this paper attempts to set up the selection criteria for folktales to be effectively applied in therapy sessions. The author of the paper argued in her previous paper that folktales may be effective in terms of self-understanding of clients. Folktales can assist clients regarding the objectification of their issues by projecting and exposing their problems. Therefore, this paper argues the method for selecting proper folktales to stimulate of clients" developmental challenges and ultimately to expose them. The first groundwork for this is understand contents of folktale as to general problems of life and view it as the development of one's entire life. The challenge of client is personal and unique but at the same time it is problems of general development process. The author examines the need for developmental approach of literary therapy and attempts to compose a classification framework for understanding folktales as to developmental process. This may use at literary therapy sessions to select proper folktales based on clients' complaining issues and their developmental age. The criteria also can be used as the basis of clients" reaction on folk-tales.