• Title, Summary, Keyword: fluid added mass

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Development of FAMD Code to Calculate the Fluid Added Mass and Damping of Arbitrary Structures Submerged in Confined Viscous Fluid

  • Koo, Gyeong-Hoi;Lee, Jae-Han
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.457-466
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, the numerical finite element formulations were derived for the linearized Navier-Stokes' equations with assumptions of two-dimensional incompressible, homogeneous viscous fluid field, and small oscillation and the FAMD (Fluid Added Mass and Damping) code was developed for practical applications calculating the fluid added mass and damping. In formulations, a fluid domain is discretized with C$\^$0/-type quadratic quadrilateral elements containing eight nodes using a mixed interpolation method, i.e., the interpolation function for the velocity variable is approximated by a quadratic function based on all eight nodal points and the interpolation function for the pressure variable is approximated by a linear function based on the four nodal points at vertices. Using the developed code, the various characteristics of the fluid added mass and damping are investigated for the concentric cylindrical shell and the actual hexagon arrays of the liquid metal reactor cores.

Estimation of Beam Mode Frequencies of Co-axial Cylinders Immersed in Fluid by Equivalent Mass Approach

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Park, Suhn;Park, Keun-Bae
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2003
  • In this study, an effective method to estimate the fundamental frequencies of co-axial cylinders immersed in fluid is proposed. The proposed method makes use of the equivalent mass or density that is derived from the added mass matrix caused by the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) phenomenon. The equivalent mass is defined from the added mass matrix based on a 2-D potential flow theory. The theory on two co-axial cylinders extended to the case of three cylinders. To prove the validity of the proposed method, the eigenvalue analyses upon coaxial cylinders coupled with fluid gaps are peformed using the equivalent mass. The analyses results upon various fluid gap is conditions reveal that the present method could provide accurate frequencies and be suitable for expecting the fundamental frequencies of fluid coupled cylinders in beam mode vibration.

The Effect of Added Mass of Water and Breath Mode in Fluid-Structure Coupled Vibration Analysis (부가질량 효과와 호흡모드를 고려한 구조-유체연성진동해석)

  • Bae, S.Y.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2005
  • Marine structures are often in contact with inner or outer fluid as stern, ballast and oil tanks. The effect of interaction between fluid and structure has to be taken into consideration when we estimate the dynamic response of the structure appropriately. Fatigue damages can also be sometimes observed in these tanks which seem to be caused by resonance. Thin walled tank structures in ships which are in contact with water and located near engine or propeller where vibration characteristics are strongly affected by the added mass of containing water. Therefore it is essentially important to estimate the added mass effect to predict vibration characteristics of tank structures. But it is difficult to estimate exactly the magnitude of the added mass because this is a fluid-structure interaction problem and is affected by the free surface, vibration modes of structural panels and the depth of water. I have developed a numerical tool of vibration analysis of 3-dimensional tank structure using finite elements for plates and boundary elements for fluid region. In the present study, the effect of added mass of containing water, the effect of structural constraint between panels on the vibration characteristics are investigated numerically and discussed. Especially a natural frequencies by the fluid interaction between 2 panels and a breath mode of the water tank are focused on.

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Strongly coupling partitioned scheme for enhanced added mass computation in 2D fluid-structure interaction

  • Lefrancois, Emmanuel;Brandely, Anais;Mottelet, Stephane
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.235-254
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    • 2016
  • A numerical model for fluid-structure interactions (abbr. FSI) is presented in the context of sloshing effects in movable, partially filled tanks to improve understanding of interactions between the fluid and the dynamics of a tank flexibly attached to a vehicle. The purpose of this model is to counteract the penalizing impact of the added mass effect on classical partitioned FSI coupling scheme: the proposed investigation is based on an added mass corrected version of the classical strongly coupled partitioned scheme presented in (Song et al. 2013). Results show that this corrected version systematically allows convergence to the coupled solution. In the rare cases where convergence is already obtained, the corrected version significantly reduces the number of iterations required. Finally, it is shown that the convergence limit imposed by added mass effect for the non-corrected coupling scheme, is directly dependent on the aspect ratio of the fluid domain and highly related to the precision order of the temporal discretization scheme.

A Study on Vibration Characteristics in Water Tank with Multi-panels (복수 평판으로 이루어진 접수 탱크 구조물의 진동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, S.Y.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2010
  • Many tanks are installed in ship and marine structures. They are often in contact with inner or outer fluid, like ballast, fuel and cargo tanks. Fatigue damages are sometimes observed in these tanks which seem to be caused by resonance with exciting force of engine and propeller. Vibration characteristics of these thin walled tanks in contact with fluid near engine and propeller are strongly affected by added mass of containing fluid. Therefore it is essentially important to estimate the added mass effect to predict vibration of the tanks. Many authors have studied vibration of cylindrical and rectangular tanks containing fluid. Few research on dynamic interaction among tank walls through fluid are reported in the vibration of rectangular tanks recently. In case of rectangular tanks, structural coupling between adjacent panels and effect of vibration modes of multiple panels on added mass have to be considered. In the previous report, A numerical tool of vibration analysis of a 3-dimensional tank is developed by using finite element method for plates and boundary element method for fluid region. In this paper, the coupling effect between panels of a tank on added mass of containing fluid, the effect of structural constraint between panels on each vibration mode for fluid region and mode characteristics in accordance with changing breadth of the plates are investigated numerically and discussed.

Finite Element Analysis for Evaluation of Viscous and Eccentricity Effects on Fluid Added Mass and Damping (유체 부가질량 및 감쇠 결정시 점성 및 편심 영향에 대한 유한요소해석)

  • 구경회;이재한
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2003
  • In general, simple fluid added mass method is used for the seismic and vibration analysis of the immersed structure to consider the fluid-structure interaction effect. Actually, the structural response of the immersed structure can be affected by both the fluid added mass and damping caused by the fluid viscosity. These variables appeared as a consistent matrix form with the coupling terms. In this paper, finite element formula for the inviscid fluid case and viscous fluid case are derived from the linearized Navier Stoke's equations. Using the finite element program developed in this paper, the analyses of fluid added mass and damping for the hexagon core structure of the liquid metal reactor are carried out to investigate the effect of fluid viscosity with variation of the fluid gap and Reynolds number. From the analysis results, it is verified that the viscosity significantly affects the fluid added mass and damping as the fluid gap size decrease. From the analysis results of eccentricity effect on the fluid added mass and damping of the concentric cylinders, the fluid added mass increase as the eccentricity increases, however the fluid damping increases only when the eccentricity is very severe.

Global Ship Vibration Analysis by Using Distributed Fluid Added Mass at Grid Points (유체부가수질량 절점분포 방법에 의한 전선진동해석)

  • Kim, Young-Bok;Choi, Moon-Gil
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.368-374
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the ship vibration analysis technique has been well set up by using FEM. The methods considering the hydrodynamic added mass and damping of the fluid surrounding a floating ship have been well developed, so that they can be calculated by using the commercial package FEM programs such as MSC/NASTRAN, ADINA and ANSYS. Especially, MSC/NASTRAN has the functions to consider the fluid in tanks(MFLUID) and to solve the Fluid-Structure Interaction(FSI) problem(DMAP). In this study, the global ship vibration with considering the added mass distributed at the grid points on the wetted shell surface is introduced to. In the new method, the velocity potentials of the fluid surrounding a floating ship are calculated by solving the Lapalce equation using the Boundary Element Method(BEM), and the point mass is obtained by integrating the potentials at the points. Then, the global vibration analyses of the ship structure with distributed added mass on the wetted surface are carried out for an oil/chemical tanker. During the future sea trial, the results will be confirmed by measurement.

Vibration Analysis of a Water Tank Structures (접수탱크구조의 진동해석)

  • Bae, S.Y.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2005
  • A liquid storage rectangular tank structures are used in many fields of civil, mechanical and marine engineering. Especially, Ship structures have many tanks in contact with inner or outer fluid, like ballast, fuel and cargo tanks. Fatigue damages are sometimes observed in these tanks which seem to be caused by resonance with exciting force of engine and propeller. Vibration characteristics of these thin walled tanks in contact with fluid near engine propeller are strongly affected by added mass of containing fluid. Therefore it is essentially important to estimate the added mass effect to predict vibration of the tank structures. Many authors have studied vibration of cylindrical and rectangular tanks structures containing fluid. Few research on dynamic interaction among tank walls through fluid are reported in the vibration of rectangular tanks recently. In case of rectangular tanks, structural coupling between adjacent panels and effect of vibration modes of multiple panels on added mass have to be considered. In the present paper, coupling effect between panels of tank structure on added mass of containing fluid, the effect of structural constraint between panels on each vibration mode for fluid region have investigated numerically and experimentally.

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Vibration Characteristics of A Rectangular Tank in accordance with Changing Thickness And Boundary Condition (경계조건과 두께 변화에 따른 사각탱크의 진동 특성)

  • Bae, S.Y.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2011
  • Rectangular box type structures are used in many fields of civil, mechanical and marine engineering. Especially, Most ship structures are often in contact with inner or outer fluid, like ballast, fuel and stem tanks. Fatigue damages are sometimes observed in these tanks which seem to be caused by resonance with exciting force of engine and propeller. Vibration characteristics of these thin walled tanks in contact with fluid near engine and propeller are strongly affected by added mass of containing fluid. Therefore it is essentially important to estimate the added mass effect to predict vibration of the tanks. Many authors have studied vibration of rectangular tanks containing fluid. Few research on dynamic interaction among tank walls filled with fluid are reported in the vibration of rectangular tanks recently. In case of rectangular tanks, structural coupling between adjacent panels and effect of vibration modes of multiple panels on added mass of water have to be considered. In the previous report, a numerical analysis is performed for the coupling effect between panels of a tank on added mass of containing fluid, the effect of structural constraint between panels on each vibration mode for fluid region, and mode characteristics in accordance with changing breadth of the plates by using finite element method for plates and boundary element method for fluid region. In this paper, the coupling effect between panels of a tank on added mass of containing fluid, the effect of structural constraint between panels on each vibration mode for fluid region, and mode characteristics in accordance with changing length, thickness, and boundary condition of the plates are investigated numerically and discussed.

Fluid Effects on the Core Seismic Behavior of a Liquid Metal Reactor

  • Koo, Gyeong-Hoi;Lee, Jae-Han
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.2125-2136
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a numerical application algorithm for applying the CFAM (Consistent Fluid Added Mass) matrix for a core seismic analysis is developed and applied to the 7-ducts core system to investigate the fluid effects on the dynamic characteristics and the seismic time history responses. To this end, three cases such as the in-air condition, the in-water condition without the fluid coupling terms, and the in-water condition with the fluid coupling terms are considered in this paper. From modal analysis, the core duct assemblies revealed strongly coupled out-of-phase vibration modes unlike the other cases with the fluid coupling terms considered. From the results of the seismic time history analysis, it was also verified that the fluid coupling terms in the CFAM matrix can significantly affect the impact responses and the seismic displacement responses of the ducts.