• Title, Summary, Keyword: flowering time

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Effects of NaOCl Treatment on Seed Germination and Capsule Formation of Level of Flowering in Cymbidium goeringii (춘란(Cymbidium goeringii)의 개화정도별 삭과 형성 및 종자 발아에 미치는 NaOCl의 영향)

  • Lee, Dae Gun;Koh, Jae Chul
    • FLOWER RESEARCH JOURNAL
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2010
  • The study is aimed to obtain the basic data for developing new variations of wild spring orchid. The results was investigated the capsules' formational characteristics and the germination ratio after having been self-pollinated by dividing the flowering period into the 5 stages into budding time, semi-flowering, full-flowering, 10 days after flowering, and 20 days after flowering. The fruit setting ratio was the highest as 100% in the plant which had been pollinated 20 days after the flowering, while the weight of the capsule was heaviest in the orchid which had been pollinated in semi-flowering period. As the result of investigating the germination ratio by dividing the period into 5 stages, it was the highest in the plant which had been pollinated during the semi-flowering period, and in the result of investigating the germination ratio by dividing the seeds harvesting days into the 3 stages, such as, 150 days, 165 days and 180 days after the pollination, it was highest as 5% in the orchid whose seeds had been harvested 150 days after the pollination. In the result of examining the germination ratio of the seeds treated with NaOCl, the those treated with 2% of NaOCl showed the highest as 67% in the germination ratio.

Brassinosteroids-mediated regulation of ABI3 is involved in high-temperature induced early flowering in plants

  • Hong, Jeongeui;Sung, Jwakyung;Ryu, Hojin
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2018
  • The interplay of plant hormones is one of the essential mechanisms for plant growth and development. A recent study reported that Brassinosteroids (BR) and ABSCISIC ACID (ABA) interact antagonistically in early seedling developments through the BR-mediated epigenetic repression of ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE 3 (ABI3). However, the other physiological roles of the BR-mediated regulation of ABI3 and ABA responses beyond early seedling developments remain largely unknown. Here, we showed that the activation of BR signaling by high temperatures promotes flowering time through the suppression of ABI3 expressions. Elevated ambient temperature induced early flowering in wild type Col-0 plants, but not in BR-defective bri1-116 mutant plants. Conversely, a hyper BR biosynthetic dwf4-D mutant displayed more sensitive thermomorphic long shoot elongation and early flowering. Both expression patterns and physiological responses supported the biological roles of ABI3 in the regulation of floral transition and reproduction under high temperature conditions. Finally, we confirmed that the lowered expressions of the transcript and protein levels of ABI3 brought on by elevated temperature were correlated with warmth-induced early flowering phenotypes. In conclusion, our data suggest that the BR- and warmth-mediated regulation of ABI3 are important in thermomorphic reproductive phase transitions in plants.

Effect of Transfer Date to a Growth Chamber and Low Temperature on Growth and Flowering of Jeffersonia dubia Benth. (입실시기와 저온처리가 깽깽이풀의 생장과 개화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Jeong Hag
    • FLOWER RESEARCH JOURNAL
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.266-270
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    • 2009
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of transfer date to a growth chamber and low temperature on growth and flowering of Jeffersonia dubia for free control of flowering period. According to transfer date, any plant did not sprout when plants were put in a growth chamber from Aug. 20 to Dec. 20. However, all the plants which were put in a growth chamber on Jan. 20 or Feb. 20 sprouted and resulted in flowering. The effect of beginning time and period of low temperature treatment were also observed. At the beginning time of Aug. 20, sprouting and flowering occurred as plant received more than 60 days of low temperature treatment. However, almost of al l the plants sprouted and flowered by only 30 days of low temperature treatment when the low temperature was given after Sep. 20. 60 days of low temperature given again after about three month growing period after dormancy breaking, resulted in resprouting of all plants and 70% of them flowered in this experiment.

Recent Trends in Blooming Dates of Spring Flowers and the Observed Disturbance in 2014 (최근의 봄꽃 개화 추이와 2014년 개화시기의 혼란)

  • Lee, Ho-Seung;Kim, Jin-Hee;Yun, Jin I.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.396-402
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    • 2014
  • The spring season in Korea features a dynamic landscape with a variety of flowers such as magnolias, azaleas, forsythias, cherry blossoms and royal azaleas flowering sequentially one after another. However, the narrowing of south-north differences in flowering dates and those among the flower species was observed in 2014, taking a toll on economic and shared communal values of seasonal landscape. This study was carried out to determine whether the 2014 incidence is an outlier or a mega trend in spring phenology. Data on flowering dates of forsythias and cherry blossoms, two typical spring flower species, as observed for the recent 60 years in 6 weather stations of Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) indicate that the difference spanning the flowering date of forsythias, the flower blooming earlier in spring, and that of cherry blossoms that flower later than forsythias was 30 days at the longest and 14 days on an average in the climatological normal year for the period 1951-1980, comparing with the period 1981-2010 when the difference narrowed to 21 days at the longest and 11 days on an average. The year 2014 in particular saw the gap further narrowing down to 7 days, making it possible to see forsythias and cherry blossoms blooming at the same time in the same location. 'Cherry blossom front' took 20 days in traveling from Busan, the earliest flowering station, to Incheon, the latest flowering station, in the case of the 1951-1980 normal year, while 16 days for the 1981-2010 and 6 days for 2014 were observed. The delay in flowering date of forsythias for each time period was 20, 17, and 12 days, respectively. It is presumed that the recent climate change pattern in the Korean Peninsula as indicated by rapid temperature hikes in late spring contrastive to slow temperature rise in early spring immediately after dormancy release brought forward the flowering date of cherry blossoms which comes later than forsythias which flowers early in spring. Thermal time based heating requirements for flowering of 2 species were estimated by analyzing the 60 year data at the 6 locations and used to predict flowering date in 2014. The root mean square error for the prediction was within 2 days from the observed flowering dates in both species at all 6 locations, showing a feasibility of thermal time as a prognostic tool.

OsAREB1, an ABRE-binding protein responding to ABA and glucose, has multiple functions in Arabidopsis

  • Jin, Xiao-Fen;Xiong, Ai-Sheng;Peng, Ri-He;Liu, Jin-Ge;Gao, Feng;Chen, Jian-Min;Yao, Quan-Hong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2010
  • Expression patterns of OsAREB1 revealed that expression of OsAREB1 gene can be induced by ABA, PEG and heat. Yeast one-hybrid assay demonstrated it can bind to ABA-responsive element (ABRE), which was found in most stress-induced genes. Transgenic Arabidopsis over-expressing OsAREB1 had different responses to ABA and glucose compared to wild-type plants, which suggest OsAREB1 might have a crucial role in these two signaling pathways. Further analysis indicate that OsAREB1 have multiple functions in Arabidopsis. First, OsAREB1 transgenic plants had higher resistance to drought and heat, and OsAREB1 up-regulated the ABA/stress related gene such as RD29A and RD29B. Second, it delayed plant flowering time by down-regulating the expression of flowering-related genes, such as FT, SOC1, LFY and AP1. Due to the dates, OsAREB1 may function as a positive regulator in drought/heat stresses response, but a negative regulator in flowering time in Arabidopsis.

Characteristics of Leaf Unfolding and Flowering of Chestnut Varieties Cultivated in Southern Korea (밤나무 재배품종의 개엽과 개화특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jun-Ho;Hwang, Myoung-Soo;Cho, Min-Gi;Choi, Myung-Suk;Kim, Jong-Kab;Moon, Hyun-Shik
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2011
  • Characteristics of leaf unfolding and flowering of 31 chestnut varieties cultivated in southern Korea was conducted to provide basic data for chestnut varieties improvement. There were slight differences among varieties in leaf unfolding time and leaf unfolding was late in 2010 compared to 2008 and 2009. Leaf unlolding took about 8 days to complete in 2008 and 2009, but that took about two weeks to complete in 2010. In 2008 and 2009, flowering beginning and flowering end of staminate flower occurred in early May and June, those were detained by low temperature of April in 2010. Although pistallte flower in flowering characteristics showed very similar to flowering period of staminate flower, The flowering beginning for pistillate flower was earlier approximately 20 days than for staminate flower.

On the Flowering and Leafing Time of Rhododendron mucronulatum and R. schlippenbachii along Elevation at Mt. Kwanak (冠岳山의 高度에 따른 진달래와 철쭉꽃의 開花와 開葉時期)

  • Kim, Joon-Ho;Beung Tae Ryu
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 1985
  • Phenological development, flowering and leafin times of Rhododendron muronulatum and R. schlippenbachii along elevagtion were studied at Mt. Kwanak, 629m high above the sea level, in Seoul. Flowering and leafing time of the former were delayed at the rate of 2.3~3.3 days and those of the latter were of 2.0~3.0 days per 100m ascent. Phenological changes of both plant species were closely correlated with minimum air temperature first, and then soil water content and minimum soil temperature among the climatic factors. Phenological difference caused by altitude and slope direction(southeast-northwest) among the topographic factors was admitted at the high significance level, but the difference by ridgevalley was little.

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Technology of Good Quality Seed Production in Snap-bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) (협채용 강낭콩의 채종기술 확립)

  • Kwon, Cheol-Sang;Hwang, Young-Hyun
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.22
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2004
  • Pod-edible bean or snap bean is a fairly new crop to domestic farmers but the national demand is steadily increasing in recent years along with the development of western food business and change in dietary patterns. At the same time, much efforts are being made to export it to foreign country, mainly to Japan. The amount of seeds introduced from outside is also continuously increasing along with the enlargement of area planted for the crop. Hybridization breeding for the crop has already been started to supply the cheaper and better seeds which will reduce the seed costs and foster the higher income to the farmers. In this experiment, several technologies related with the production of quality seeds are preliminary investigated. Some of the results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Highly significant interaction was recognized between planting dates and no. of pods per plant and no. of branches but no interaction between planting dates and plant height and no. of nodes on main stem. Days to maturity was proportionally reduced to later planting dates. 2. Rate of viviparous pods and seeds was gradually increased in later planting dates but rate of germination was increased in earlier planting dates with lower germination rate in white seed coat grains than in colored seed ones. 3. Seed yield was higher in the earlier planting dates with a great deal of varietal difference. Early to mid April was considered to he the optimum planting dates for snap bean in Kyungbuk area. High correlation was recognized between seed yield and no. of pods per plant, no. of seeds per plant, and 100 seed weight. 4. Days to flowering was three and seven days longer in Cheongsong, high mountainous area than in Kunwi, somewhat prairie lowland. One hundred seed weight was also higher in Cheongsong than in Kunwi. Rate of viviparous grains, pods, and decayed seeds was higher in Cheongsong but, at the same time, the rate of germination and seed yield was also higher in Cheongsong. 5. One hundred seed weight of KLG5007 increased continuously up to 35days after flowering and decreased thereafter but that of KLG50027 increased to 40days after flowering and slowly reduced thereafter. The content of crude oil reached to maximum at 40 days after flowering and reduced thereafter. The rate of germination in Gangnangkong 1 was the highest, 89.3%, at 35 days after flowering and reduced thereafter while that in KLG50027 reached to maximum, 70.7%. at 40days after flowering and reduced thereafter. Thus, the optimum harvesting time for snap bean was considered to be 35~40days after flowering. 6. The snap bean pods at yellow bean stage easily became viviparous ones under saturated moisture conditions for 24 hours at $25{\sim}30^{\circ}C$. Therefore, it is recommended to harvest pods somewhat earlier than yellow-bean stage and let them do post maturing, especially when it is to be rained.

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Morphological diversity in kidney bean(Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm

  • Han, Sea-Hee;Choi, Yu-Mi;Lee, Gi-An;Cho, Yang-Hee;Ma, Kyung-Ho;Lee, Jung-Ro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.83-83
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    • 2017
  • The National Agrobiodiversity Center (NAS, RDA, Republic of Korea) has continually collected new valuable genetic resources. In this study, we regenerated conserved kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm which couldn't be available because of seed quantity and quality, and we also surveyed their morphological characters for the sustainable utilization. A total of 431 kidney bean accessions were regenerated and 18 morphological traits were surveyed according to the characterization guideline of RDA Genebank. Among the surveyed traits, flowering time ranged from May 23 to September 4 and 73.8% of tested accessions were mainly flowering in June. The maturity time ranged from July 1 to October 15 and main flowering time was July (91.4%). For plant type, 270 accs (62.6%) were climbing type followed by medium type of 86 accs (20.0%) and dwarf type of 65 accs (15.1%). The seed coat colors were various; yellow (34.6%), white (22.3%), brown (17.9%), red (10.7%), black (5.8%), violet (11%), pink (1.4%), navy (0.9%). Principal component analysis indicated that five principal components (PCs) with Eigen values >1 accounted for more than 65.8% variability. The first PC was more related to growth habits such as growth type, flowering time, and plant type. The second and third PCs showed higher values of the pigment characters such as seed coat color, flower color, and pod color. In fourth and fifty PCs, there were the higher positive values of the pod shapes. Our results provided insight into the characteristics kidney beans, thus the utilization basis of kidney beans might be elevated for bio-industry.

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Effect of Cultural Practice and Harvest Time on Yield Components of Peanut (땅콩의 재배방법 및 수확시기가 수량구성 형질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong-Hae Oh
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 1992
  • Late harvest in peanut has often resulted in reduced yield and dissipation of labor by virtue of increasing over-matured pods causing the pod shattering. Present study was conducted to obtain a basic information for deciding optimum harvest time of the peanut in Chungbuk province by examination of yield components at different harvest time of leading cultivars Saedl and Youngho cultivated with vinyl mulching or non-mulching conditions. Peg number and pod number were significantly increased by vinyl mulching and also significantly different by the harvest time. Pod number increased with the lapse of days after flowering was gradually decreased from 100 days after flowering in saedl and 110 days in Youngho. Number of seed-bearing pods and matured seed percent were significantly increased by vinyl mulching and had tendency to increase with the lapse of days after flowering. There was no significant difference in number of over-matured pods and pod shattering percent between vinyl mulching and non-mulching. They increased drastically in 110 days after flowering in Saedl, but in 120 days after flowering in Youngho, Increase in 100 seed weight by vinyl mulching was statistically nonsignificant in both varieties, however, total seed yield was significantly increased by vinyl mulching, showing maximum yield in 100 days after flowering in the variety Saedl and 110 days in Youngho, respectively, Seed yield was negatively correlated to peg number and positively correlated to pod number, seed-bearing pod number, pod shattering percent, matured seed percent and 100 seed weight, respectively.

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