• Title, Summary, Keyword: flowering time

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Growth and Optimum Harvesting Time of Pod-edible Peas (Pisum sativum L.)

  • Moon, Hyun-Sook;Hwang, Young-Hyun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2000
  • The present study was performed to obtain the basic information about growth and quality related characteristics and optimum harvesting time for podedible pea which is a new crop in Korea but believed to have a great deal of potentials for both domestic and overseas markets. They can be consumed either as a fresh succulent vegetable or as tender green pods. The daily green pod yield of pod-edible peas started to increase from ten days after flowering and the maximum yield was recorded on 26 days after flowering. Ninety percent of pod yields could be harvested from 16 to 36 days after flowering. Mean green pod yield for the tested varieties was approximately 8.0 t/ha. Total vitamin C content of pod-edible peas showed continuously decreasing trends from five days after flowering. The highest sucrose content was obtained at ten days after flowering. The highest panel score based on sweetness, chewiness, and hardness for the processed green pods was shown at 10-15 days after flowering in all varieties tested, indicating that the optimum harvesting time for pod-edible peas was considered to be 10-15 days after flowering.

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The Evaluation for Quality Characteristics of Drying Flowering Plant by Vacuum-Freeze (진공 동결에 의한 건조 화훼류의 품질특성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, J.D.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2011
  • In case of using rapid vacuum-freeze drying for high quality dry flower of flowering plant, the morphological and physiological characteristics of dry rose showed as the following. The dry ratio of about 82% presented after 1 day in case of using rapid vacuum-freeze drying and it was reached that the optimum storage water content of general dry products was 18%. The dry ratio of about 89% presented after 4 days. This result indicates very short dry time comparing with natural dry time of 12 days. Also, the morphological characteristics of flowering plant in case of vacuum-freeze drying showed similar shape with real flower. The contraction decreased about 9% comparing with real flower under dry time of 72 hours. But the contraction in case of natural dry decreased 36% and showed noticeable difference. The brightness which affects physiological characteristics of dry flowering plant showed lower values according to the dry process and chromaticity was thick. After 4 days, natural dry was thick with about 2 times comparing with vacuum-freeze drying. In case of vacuum-freeze drying, the quantity of anthocyanin and chlorophyl which affect discoloration and bleaching of dry flowering plant showed the clear difference comparing with natural dry method due to the sublimation by vacuum after rapid freeze with short initial time.

Studies on the Effect of Planting Time on the Flowering of Peanut (Arachis hypogaes L.) (파종기이동이 땅콩의 개화에 미치는 영향)

  • 서대석;조재성;최창열
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 1980
  • To define the effect of planting time on the flowering of the peanut varieties, Cheonyup banlip and 9 other varieties were planted seven times at 15 day interval from April 15. The days to flowering of all peanut varieties were shortened proportionately with delayed planting time. The significant negative correlation (r =-0.86**) was recognized between the shortening rate of the days to flowering by later planting time and the days to flowering of peanuts planted at standard seeding time. The short day treatment did not have any effect on the chance of the days to flowering of each variety. A significant negative correlation was recognized between the number of flowers and the days to flowering of the peanut varieties planted at standard seeding time.

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Studies on the kenaf variety of Genus Hibiscus -I. The flowering and fertilization of the kenaf variety (Genus Hibiscus의 품종에 관한 연구 -1. 한국재래종 및 남방형 양마의 개화와 수정-)

  • Johng-Moon Park
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.2
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 1964
  • 1. Five varieties of kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L., were used for study the influence of various patterns on flowering and fertilization. e statistical analysis on the percentage of flowering in given time gave highly significant different patterns among five varieties examined. Korean local kenaf was flowered very early, whereas Everglades 71 flowered very late. Both Guatemala 38F and Guatemala 2A introducedf rom Guatemala were flowered intermediately to compare with Korean local and American varieties. 3. The data indicate that low temperature was given delayed flowering time which means the flowering time was closely related with temperature having the flowering time was accelerated more or less early by high temperature. 4. It was shown that the fertilization after pollination was needed for five to six hours. 6. It was examined that the adequate crossing time between different varieties on the kenaf was the time of heavy flowering.

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Identification of diversified functions of soybean FT homologs in photoperiod-dependent flowering time control

  • Lee, Su Hyeon;Choi, Cheol Woo;Kim, Min Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.100-100
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    • 2017
  • FT is one of the major floral activator in plant flowering. FT determines the changing point of time from vegetative stage to reproductive stage. To understand the role of FT homologs in short-day plant soybean, we identified 10 soybean FT homologous genes and named GmFTs. We figured out that 10 GmFT genes were further categorized into three subclades through phylogenetic analysis. Expression analysis of GmFT genes indicated that they might have different functions in photoperiod-dependent soybean flowering. Most of GmFTs, for example, GmFT2a, GmFT2b, GmFT5a and GmFT6 mainly expressed in soybean leaves at short-day condition. However, interestingly GmFT1a and GmFT4 represented opposite expression pattern to other GmFTs. Arabidopsis transgenic plants overexpressing GmFT2a and GmFT5a exhibited extremely early flowering. In contrast, overexpression of GmFT4 delayed flowering of Arabidopsis transgenic plants. The results suggest that GmFT4 has antagonistic role to other GmFTs in soybean flowering. Interestingly, mRNA level of GmFT2a is higher in early flowering soybean accessions than in late flowering ones. Moreover, the highest point of mRNA level of GmFT2a showed the positive correlation with the timing of flowering of soybean accessions. But that of GmFT4 showed opposite pattern. Here, we report that soybean FT homologs might acquire different functions in photoperiod-dependent flowering through the functional diversification during evolution.

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Variation in Flowering Time of Soybean after Irradiation

  • E-Hun Kim;Byong-Ho Chang
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.129-132
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    • 1969
  • The polygenic variation in flowering time of soybean irradiated with Co$^{60}$ gamma ray evaluated in the R$_2$ generation. The genetic variance in the irradiation treatment was about four times that of the control. The basic possibility of selection for the early and the late in flowering time of soybean after irradiated with Co$^{60}$ was suggested in this paper.

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Histone Deacetylase 701 (HDT701) Induces Flowering in Rice by Modulating Expression of OsIDS1

  • Cho, Lae-Hyeon;Yoon, Jinmi;Wai, Antt Htet;An, Gynheung
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.665-675
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    • 2018
  • Rice is a facultative short-day (SD) plant in which flowering is induced under SD conditions or by other environmental factors and internal genetic programs. Overexpression of Histone Deacetylase 701 (HDT701) accelerates flowering in hybrid rice. In this study, mutants defective in HDT701 flowered late under both SD and long-day conditions. Expression levels of florigens Heading date 3a (Hd3a) and Rice Flowering Locus T1 (RFT1), and their immediate upstream floral activator Early heading date 1 (Ehd1), were significantly decreased in the hdt701 mutants, indicating that HDT701 functions upstream of Ehd1 in controlling flowering time. Transcript levels of OsINDETERMINATE SPIKELET 1 (OsIDS1), an upstream repressor of Ehd1, were significantly increased in the mutants while those of OsGI and Hd1 were reduced. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that HDT701 directly binds to the promoter region of OsIDS1. These results suggest that HDT701 induces flowering by suppressing OsIDS1.

A study on the Choice, Arrangement and Operation of Plantation for Development of Tourism Botanical Garden (관광식물원 조성을 위한 식재수종의 선택과 배치 및 운영에 관한 연구)

  • 허성수;김종현;한광희;신언동;강지민
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.36-58
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    • 1999
  • We designed the model picture of Tourism Botanical Garden, as a kind of theme park, in which we could enjoy flowers all the year round and the glorious tints of its autumn foliage. It would be very important to decide what kinds of trees should be planted and where to plant them. We selected the appropriate flowers and trees according to their value of appreciation and flowering time and the grand view around there and the weather conditions of the central region. We selected perennial plants as native plants, according to their color, flowering time and for the convenience of maintenance. And we selected some kinds of culture plants to show the seasonal change and diversity, according to their color and flowering time. We adopted the roof-tile pattern of Pakjae Kingdom to design the basic model of the garden, and the area was divided into eight sections. Six of them were divided again into four small planting areas from the outside respectively, according to the kinds of trees; pine-tree area, native flowering plant area, flowering tree area and flowering shrub area. The last two sections are by a lake, so they could make a beautiful landscape of waterfront. For the effective and economic operation of the garden, some kinds of flower trees and shrubs, which are little damaged by blight and are needless to prune, were selected. And perennial plants were also selected, because we don't have to change them into other plants, so we could cut down the expenses. As for the culture plants, they could be easily replaced with other culture plants in the flowering time, to show seasonal change and the harmony with the scenery around the garden.

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The characteristics of seed production in an Adonis multiflora (Ranunculaceae) population

  • Min, Byeong-Mee
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2014
  • A natural population of Adonis multiflora, a spring ephemeral herb growing in temperate deciduous forests, was studied to determine the seed production characteristics. Plant size, flowering time, and seed number were monitored from February 2009 to May 2011 in main growing season (i.e., from March through May). The biomass rates of the shoot and the root in the A. multiflora population were 22-24% and 76-78%, respectively, and the biomass of the root was proportional to that of the shoot. The flowering rate was 60% in the plants with 1 to 2 g of shoot biomass, and 100% in the plants with >2 g of shoot biomass. In the plants with root biomass between 4 and 6 g, the flowering rate was 43% and, in the plants with the root biomass over 8 g, it was 100%. The shoot biomass was a better predictor of the flower production probability than the root biomass. The number of flowers and seeds was closely correlated to shoot biomass at 1% significance level. The size of the plant that produced seed excessively instead of the shoot biomass in one year typically decreased in the next year and vice versa. The flowering time and its duration were closely related to the number of faithful seeds but not to that of total seeds. The number of faithful seeds was proportionate to flowering duration and inversely proportionate to flowering time (year day, YD). In a plant, the number of faithful seeds noticeably decreased with the inflorescence (i.e., order of flower in a plant), and this difference between the two successive flowers was significant at the 1% level between the first and the third flower in 2009 and 2011 but not between the third and the fourth. However, the number of total seeds was mostly similar in the first through the fourth flower for all three years.

Ecological Correlates of Flowering Seasons in Korean Angiosperms

  • Kang, Hye-Soon;Jang, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2006
  • Ecological correlates of flowering times often are examined to infer evolutionary mechanisms for flowering time diversities. We examined ecological characteristic associations such as growth habits and pollination modes with flowering times among 3,037 Korean angiosperms experiencing strong climatic seasonalities. We first examined taxonomic membership effects on flowering times across diverse taxonomic levels. Phylogeny constrained flowering times at all levels down to the genus level. We then analyzed the effects of ecological characteristics using subset data consisting of species randomly selected from each genus to control phylogenetic effects. The commonly observed patterns of early flowering of woody species in temperate regions existed. Spring flowering shrubs and trees, however, both being woody, were involved with biotic and abiotic vectors, respectively. In two herbaceous groups of annuals and perennials, annuals flowered later in the growing season than perennials although both herbs tended to be associated with abiotic vectors when flowering in autumn. These results support our hypothesis that species able to decouple vegetative and reproductive growth flower in spring's dry season, but species with different habits, even when they flower within the same season, are subjected to different selective pressures for efficient pollination.