• Title, Summary, Keyword: flavor components

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Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components between Fresh and Odorless Garlic (생마늘과 무취마늘의 휘발성 향기 성분의 비교)

  • Lee, Jae-Gon;Do, Jae-Ho;Sung, Hyun-Soon;Lee, Jong-Won
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.451-454
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    • 1997
  • An attempt was made in this study to analyze volatile flavor components of fresh and odorless garlic (Allium sativum L.), Essential oils in fresh garlic and odorless garlic were isolated by a simultaneous steam distillation and extraction(SDE) method using n-pentane/diethy ether as solvent. A total of 21 and 22 components were identified by GC/MS from the essential oils of fresh garlic and odorless garlic, respectively. Diallyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide and methyl allyl disulfide were found to be major volatile flavor components in fresh garlic and odorless garlic. By the preparation of ordorless garlic, 77.5% of diallyl trisulfide, 15.0% of diallyl disulfde, 72% of methyl allyl disulfide, and 78.4% of allyl thiol components in fresh garlic were lost. Eleven compounds including 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin, eugenol and 2-methoxy-4-vinyl-phenol were identified in odorless garlic, but not m fresh garlic.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris (냉이의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.822-826
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    • 1996
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty four volatile flavor components, including 12 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 2 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 ester, 10 acids and 2 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Thirty one components, including 11 hydrocarbons, 5 aldehydes, 4 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 esters and 5 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in leaves. Twenty four components, including 5 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 2 ketones, 6 alcohols, 2 esters, 1 acid and 7 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with roots of these wild plants. The characteristic aroma of Capsella bursa-pastoris appeared to be due to combination of C6 alcohol and acids, terpene alcohol and sulfur containing compounds.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$. (메꽃의 식용부위별 휘발성 풍미성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 1994
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$ were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Thirty nine volatile flavor components, including 21 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 4 ketones, 7 alcohols, 4 esters, 1 acid and 1 miscellaneous one were confirmed in leaves. Twenty six components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 3 ketones and 5 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 52 components, including 26 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 5 ketones, 13 alcohols, 1 ester, 1 acid and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in roots compared with other portions of this wild plant.

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Variation of flavor components of Coriandrum sativum L. by blanching (고수의 가열처리에 따른 향미 성분의 변화)

  • Choi, Ok-Ja;Kim, Kyong-Su;Jung, Hyun-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.94-106
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    • 2002
  • The present study investigated free sugar, organic acid, volatile components in fresh leaf and root of the coriander respectively, and in blanched leaf and root of the coriander, respectively. The research results are as follows : Glucose, fructose and sucrose were detected in leaf and root of the coriander. The content of total free sugar was 22.91mg% in leaf and 23.84mg% in root. By blanching, the contents of total free sugar decreased to 21.28mg% and 21.89mg% in leaf and root respectively. Malic acid, trataric acid were detected in leaf and root of the coriander. The content of total organic acid in leaf was higher than that in root of the coriander. By blanching, the content of total organic acid significantly decreased in leaf and slightly decreased in root. A total of 98 flavor components were detected in the leaf of coriander and total contents of those were 878.485mg/kg. The major components were (E)-2-Decen-1-ol, (E)-2-Decenal, and (E)-2-Tetradecenal. And a large amount of aldehydes and alcohols were shown in the leaf of coriander. By blanching, a total of 75 flavor components were detected in the leaf of coriander and total contents of those were 846.49mg/kg. The major components were (E)-2-decenal, (E)-2-Tetradecenal, decanal. The amounts of aldehydes were increased more. However, the amounts of alcohols were decreased more than those of the fresh leaf, respectively. A total of 77 flavor components were detected in the root of coriander and total contents of those were 455.064mg/kg. The major components were (E)-2-Tetradecenal, (E)-2-Decenal, and (E)-2-Dodecenal. By blanching, the kinds and the contents of the flavor components decreased and the major components is the same of the fresh root. And the contents of aldehydes and alcohols, acids decreased. However, the contents of esters and ketons increased.

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Flavor Components Generated from Thermally Processed Soybean Paste (Doenjang and Soondoenjang) Soups and Characteristics of Sensory Evaluation (된장찌개의 가열조리 시 생성되는 향기성분과 관능적 특성)

  • Joo, Kwang-Jee;Shin, Myo-Ran
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.202-210
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    • 2004
  • Doenjang, traditional Korean soybean paste without soysauce and soondoenjang that was not isolated soysauce from soybean paste were thermally processed by the addition of dry anchovy, garlic, red pepper powder and green onion. The volatile flavor components generated from doenjang soup and soondoenjang soup were studied and compared with the change in the various flavors. It was confirmed that some difference of the flavor components was found in two type of soups. Doenjang soup contained a plenty of aldehydes and ketones that revealed the savory flavor. The major flavor components in the soondoenjang soup were sulfur containing compounds that appeared the highest ratio than any other types of flavors and 10 pyrazines. On the sensory evaluation, a great number of pyrazins may be considered as a characteristic of the savory flavor of soondoenjang soup, however, it was not give the reliable result. Stepwise multiple regression analysis of two type of soups indicated that aldehydes, alcohols, ketones were contributory flavor components for overall smell preference and quality preference.

Volatile Flavor Components of Traditional and Commercial Kochujang (재래식과 공장산 고추장의 향기성분)

  • Kim, Young-Soo;Oh, Hoon-Il
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.494-501
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    • 1993
  • The volatile flavor components of traditional and commercial kochujang were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Tested kochujang included Sunchang kochujang prepared with glutinous rice, Boeun kochujang prepared with barley, Sachun kochujang prepared with wheat and commercial kochujang. One hundred and twelve volatile flavor components which included 30 esters, 15 alcohols, 14 aldehydes, 13 acids, 9 ketones, 7 alkenes, 6 phenols, 3 alkanes, 3 pyrazines, 2 benzenes and 2 furans were identified. The major volatile compounds in traditional and commercial kochujang were 2-methyl propanal and ethanol, which represented $21{\sim}36%\;and\;2{\sim}44%$ of total GC peak area, respectively.

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Characterization of Yakju Prepared with Yeasts from Fruits 1. Volatile Components in Yakju during Fermentation (효모에 따른 약주의 품질특성 1. 분리균주의 동정 및 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 양지영;신귀례;김병철;김용두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.794-800
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to obtain the basic information for improving the flavor quality of yakju. Three kinds of yakju were prepared with different yeast strains to investigate the effects of those strains on flavor components. A total of 23 strains were isolated from fruits such as apple, pear, persimmon and citron and two strains were excellent in producing ethanol and flavors. They were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae S 2 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae S 6 from morphological cultural test and physiological quality. Yakju A, B and C were prepared with S 2, S 6 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae IFO 1950, respectively. Flavor components of yakju were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectr ometry. A total of 57 peaks were detected and 13 compound were identified. They were 4 alcohol, 2 esters, 7 acids and miscellaneous compounds.

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Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Aromatic Rice and Nonaromatic Rice (한국산 향미와 일반미와 휘발성 성분 비교)

  • 이종철;김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of two different types of rice, the volatile flavor concentrates isolated from brown rices Hyangnambyeo(aromatic cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar) were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. A total of components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 16 aldehydes and ketones, 15 alcohols, 4 acids, and 10 miscellaneous components were identified positively or tentat ively. Among them, n pentanol was the most abundant component in both samples and Hyangnambyeo contained more aldehydes and alcohols than Dongjinbyeo. 2 Acetyl 1 pyrroline which is chiefly responsible for the character istic odor of aromatic type rice was high in Hyangnambyeo compare to Dongjinbyeo, but these were detected as minor component.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Pumpking Vinegar

  • Hur, Sung-Ho;Lee, Wonkoo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 1998
  • Pumpkin venegar was produced using autoclaved pumpkin juice by fermenting with cetobacter starter and ethanol at the ratio of 4 % and 10% to the volume of pumpkin juice, respectivley. Fermentation was carried out at 2$0^{\circ}C$ for 14 days followed by aging at 1$0^{\circ}C$ for 14 days. Flavor components of pumpkin vinegar was determined using GC/MS. Identified components, were 2 aldehydes (4.74%), 5 acohols (30.06%), 4 ketones (8.99%), 4 acids (16.39%), 5 alkanes (11.10%), 11 miscellaneous compounds (27.01%) and 9 unknown compounds (1.71%). Pumpkin vinegar showed very similar flavor characteristics to those of conventional wien vinegar and sherry wine vinegar in particular , acetioin, methyl acetate, and butanoic acid were typical volatile components of these three kinds of vinegar. Pumpkin vinegar showed possiblity to compete with European wine vinegar.

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Flavor Characteristics of Hanwoo Beef in Comparison with Other Korean Foods

  • Ba, Hoa Van;Ryu, Kyeong-Seon;Hwang, In-Ho
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.435-446
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    • 2012
  • The present study identified volatile flavor components of Hanwoo longissimus muscle and other Korean foods (Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil) and their traits were compared in relation with flavor precursors that include fatty acids and protein degradation products. Hanwoo longissimus muscle was purchased from a commercial abattoir while the other foods were sampled from three separate households. The results showed totals of 68 ($9.94{\mu}g/g$), 60 ($15.75{\mu}g/g$), 49 ($107.61{\mu}g/ml$) and 50 ($7.20{\mu}g/g$) volatile components for Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil and Hanwoo beef longissimus, respectively (p<0.05). Aldehydes were the most predominant components in beef, but alcohols, acids and esters, and pyrazines are probably the major contributors to the flavor characteristics of other foods. SDS-PAGE revealed that beef longissimus muscle and Doenjang showed higher protein degradation than other foods which could be likely related to chiller ageing and ripening process. The total polyunsaturated fatty acids were approximately 50, 60, 41 and 5% for Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil and beef longissimus muscle, respectively. Based on the mechanism(s) of generation of the volatile compounds and the chemical composition of each food sample, differences and traits of volatile flavor components among the four food types are likely due to fatty acid profiles, proteolytic activity and processing conditions. Aroma intense compounds like pyrazines and sulfur-containing compounds were limited in cooked beef in the current experimental condition (i.e., relatively low heating temperature). This suggests that higher heating temperature as in the case of roasting is needed for the generation of high aroma notes in meat. Furthermore, proteolytic activity and stability of fatty acids during ageing have a great influence on the generation of flavor components in cooked beef.