• Title, Summary, Keyword: flavor components

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Antibacterial Activity of Volatile Flavor Components from Houttuynia cordata Thunb

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Dong;Cha, In-Ho;Lee, Won-Koo;Song, Jong-Ho;Park, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.208-213
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    • 1996
  • The volatile flavor components were obtained from the aerial parts of Houttuynia cordata by a simultaneous distillation-extraction(SDE) method and bactericidal effects of the volatile flavor components on some strains were examined. Strong antibacterial activities were observed against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Vibrio cholerae 0-1 and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. To further elucidate the effective components in the extract, SDE extract was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS). A total of 98 volatile compound were detected. Of these, 90 were confirmed including 6 hydrocarbons(0.34%), 12 alcohols(1.31%), 13 aldehydes(33.81%), 1 acetal(0.01%), 6 esters(1.16%), 2 acids(3.10%), 5 ketones(5.87%), 2 furans(0.06%), 1 phenol(0.18%), 41 terpenes(53.23%)and 3 miscellaneous compound(0.93%). Major components were determined to be $\beta$-mycene, decanal, cis-ocimene and 2-undecanone.

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Analysis of Volatile Flavor Components of Pimpinella brachycarpa (참나물의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • 송희순;최향숙;이미순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.674-680
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    • 1997
  • Volatile flavor components of fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul (Pimpinella brachycarpa) were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction method, and essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Twenty five, 17 and 23 volatile flavor components were identified in essential oils extracted from the fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul samples, respectively; however, the kinds of individual components and its percent content of the total volatiles were varied depending on samples. The principal components of Chamnamul were isobutanal, trans caryophyllene, trans ${\beta}$-farnesene, and ${\alpha}$-selinene. Terpenoid compounds reached 44.11%, 33.91% and 72.63% respectively in fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul.

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Changes in the Volatile Flavor Components of Nutmeg(Myristica fragrans Houttuyn) during Aging (숙성에 의한 육두구(Myristica fragrans Houttuyn)의 향기성분 변화)

  • Kim, Hyean-Wee;Huh, Kyung-Taek;Choi, Chun-Un
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.760-765
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    • 1989
  • The change of volatile flavor components In nutmeg (Kernels of the fruits of Myristica fragrans Houttuyn) during aging at $37^{\circ}C$ were studied by using a fused silica capillary GC & GC/MS. Volatile flavor components having the low boiling point showed a general decrease during aging, but those of the middle and high boiling point showed a reactionary tendency Myristicin and myristic acid among volatile flavor components showing the high boiling point had the amount increased considerably, and those were composed of 24.50% and 18.69% in aging for 6 months, respectively. The amount of whole volatile flavor concentrate showed the increased tendency till the aging period for 4 months, and then subsequently decreased.

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Comparison of the Flavor Components of Barley Bran, Barley Meju and Sigumjang (보리등겨, 보리메주 및 시금장의 휘발성 향기성분 조성 비교)

  • Choi, Ung-Kyu;Kwak, Dong-Ju;Son, Dong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.303-307
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate difference of the flavor components of barley bran, barley meju and sigumjang. The number of flavor components identified in barely meju and sigumjang was 46, 67 and 61, respectively. Among the flavor components in sigumjang, tetramethylpyrazine was the most dominant and followed by 2-furancarboxaldehyde, ethyl palmitate, 4-ethylphenol. Among the 13 kinds of flavor components commonly identified in thest samples, butanoic acid, hexanoic acid, heptanoic acid, octanoic acid and 2-pentylfuran were the most abundant in barley bran and followed by barley meju and sigumjang. In the mean while the content of nonanoic acid, 2-furancarboxaldehyde, benzenacetaldehyde and tetramethylpyrazine were the most dominant in sigumjang followed by barley meju and barley bran.

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Chracteristics of volatile flavor compounds in improved kochujang prepared with soybean koji during fermentation (콩고오지를 사용한 개량식고추장의 숙성과정 중 휘발성 향기성분의 특성)

  • Choi, Jin-Young;Lee, Taik-Soo;Park, Sung-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1144-1150
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    • 1997
  • Volatile flavor components of soybean koji kochujang made from a glutinuous rice by improved method were analyzed by using a purge and trap method during fermentation, and identified with GC-MSD. Fifty-six volatile flavor components including 16 alcohols, 15 esters, 7 acids, 4 aldehydes, 5 alkanes, 3 ketones, 1 benzene, 1 alkene, 2 phenol and 2 others were found in improved kochujang. The number of volatile flavor components detected immediately after making kochujang were 32 and increased to 46 components after 30 day of fermentation. The most number 55 of volatile flavor components were found after 90 day of fermentation. Thirty-one kinds of volatile flavor components were commonly found through the fermentation period 9 alcohols such as 2-methyl-1-propanol, ethanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 8 esters such as methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, 2-methylpropyl acetate, 3 aldehydes such as butanal, acetaldehyde, furfural and 11 othesrs. Although the various types of peak areas (%) of volatile flavor components were shown in kochujang during the fermentation days, ethanol. ethyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, 2-methylpropyl acetate, 2-methyl-1-propanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol were mainly detected during fermentation. Those might be the major volatile flavor components in kochujang made by improved method. Peak area of ethanol was the highest one among the volatile flavor components at immediately after mashing and 90 day while ethyl acetate showed the highest Peak area after $30{\sim}60$ day of fermentation and 3-methyl-1-butanol showed the highest peak area after $120{\sim}150$ day of fermentation.

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Monitoring of the Changes in Volatile Flavor Components in Oriental Melon Wine Using SPME (SPME를 이용한 참외와인의 휘발성 향기성분의 모니터링)

  • Jo, Yong-Jun;Kim, Ok-Mi;Jeong, Yong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate changes in the main volatile flavor components of oriental melon during the process of alcohol fermentation via SPME (solid phase micro extraction). The flavor components of oriental melon were shown to have mainly included melon and green flavors. The green flavor was identified to be nonanal, 1-butanol, 1-octen-2-ol and benzene, and its relative concentration was shown to be 16.66%. The nonanal concentration was shown to have been reduced among the green-flavor components, but no significant change in remaining components was observed. Mainly, sweet flavor tended to increase, and the relative concentration of benzene was particularly shown to have increase by 25.58%, accounting for the highest relative concentration. The amount of green-flavor components, except for 1-butanol, was shown to have significantly decrease after alcohol fermentation. Then, no component of green-flavor, which causes an offensive smell, was found during fermentation and aging. Meanwhile, the volatile flavor components, which are consist of acids, were shown to have been produced during alcohol fermentation. In particular, octanoic acid, which causes off-flavor, was shown to be 60.99%, a very high relative concentration during the aging stage. In addition, acetic acid with a pungent sour flavor tended to be produced. A further study on the improvement of flavor in the production of oriental melon wine is required.

Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Commelina communis L. (닭의장풀의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.464-470
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    • 1995
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Commelina communis L. were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Eighty nine volatile flavor components, including 33 hydrocarbons, 4 aldehydes, 9 ketones, 23 alcohols, 6 esters, 10 acids and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Twenty three components, including 14 hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols and 2 esters were confirmed in leaves. Six components, including 3 hydrocarbons and 3 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 18 components, including 13 hydrocarbons, 1 ketone, 3 alcohols and 1 acid were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with other portions of this wild plant.

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The Flavor Components of Korean Cnidium officinale Makino (국내산 천궁의 향기 성분)

  • 최성희;김혜정
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.582-585
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    • 2000
  • This study was performed to identify the flavor compnenets of Korean Cnidium officinale M.. The extraction of the flavor compounds of Cnidium officinale M. was accomplished by a simultaneous distillation and extraction method using a Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus. The concentrated extract was analyzed and identified by gas chromatography and GC-mass spectrometry. The change of the 림팩 contents in each samples was determined in terms of two different storage conditions. The flavor contents of sample at low temperature storage were higher than those at room temperature storage, and increased until storage period of 70 days. The major components of Cnidium officinale M. were terpene compounds including α-pinene, β -selinene, γ-selinene, and phthalides including butylidenephthalide, cnidilide, neocnidilide, senkyunolide A, ligustilide, which are believed to contribute to the characteristic flavor of the Cnidium officinale M.. Especially, great amount of cnidilide and ligustilide was shown in sample of low temperature storage.

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Effects of Ethylene Oxide and Gamma Energy on the Flavor-Related Components of Mushrooms (Lentinus edodes) (표고버섯의 향미관련 성분에 대한 에틸렌옥시드와 감마에너지의 영향)

  • 권중호;변명우;정신교;조한옥
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 1992
  • Flavor-related components were analyzed for dried oak mushrooms (Lentinus edodes) when subjected to ethylene oxide and gamma energy. Volatile flavor components identified by GC and GC-MS were composed primarily of l-oden-3-ol (72.8%), 3-octanone (11.5%) and dimethyl disulfide (6.7%). Most of volatile components were shown labile to the standard cycle of ethylene oxide and 5 kGy-gamma energy, while insignificant changes were observed in the contents of free sugars (mannitol, arabitol, trehalose) and free amino acids. Instrumental analysis have shown, however, that the deterimental effects on flavor-related components were more apparent in EO-fumigated groups than in gamma-irradiated ones, even though the organo-leptic test revealed no significant differences between treated samples and the corresponding control.

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Changes of Flavor Components in Chewing Gum during Storage by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS에 의한 저장중 츄잉껌 향기성분 변화연구)

  • Shin, Seong-Kee;Kim, Sang-Ho;Lee, Yoon-Hyung;Rhee, Kyu-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 1992
  • The changes of amount in flavor components of chewing gum during storage of various relative humidity were studied by GC/MS. The volatile components in chewing gum were extracted by sample preperation and 15 volatile components were identified by NIST/NBS library searching. According to the period of storage, quantities of major volatile components extracted by tetrahydrofuran-methanol solutions were determined by using tetradecane as internal standard. Until 4 weeks, comparing with starting peak area ratio, the decrease of chewing gum flavor components were rapid at 33, 75 than 53 R.H(%). And after 16 weeks, amount of chewing gum flavor at all storage conditions similarly decreased to $45{\sim}49%$ of the initial amount.

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