• Title, Summary, Keyword: flavor components

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Volatile Flavor Components of Traditional Korean Nuruk Produced by Nuruk Fungi (누룩사상균으로 제조된 전통누룩의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 김현수;유대식
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2000
  • The character-istics of the volatile flavor components of traditional Korean Nuruk produced by Aspergillus oryze NR 3-6 and Penicillium expansum NR 7-7 were investigated. Volatile flavor of Nuruk was identified twenty-one components by gas chromatography-mass spectronmeter. Major flavor components were alkanes such as tridecan, tetradecan, penta-decane, hexadecane, heptadecane, octadecan, undecane, and dodecane.

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Analysis and Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components in Rice Wine Fermented with Phellinus linteus Mycelium and Regular Commercial Rice Wine

  • Choi, Sung-Hee;Jang, Eun-Young;Choi, Byung-Tae;Im, Sung-Im;Jeong, Young-Kee
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.32-36
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    • 2008
  • This study identified and compared the volatile flavor components of two commercial rice wines: one fermented using the mycelium of Phellinus linteus and a regular commercial rice wine. The volatile flavor components were isolated from the infusions by Porapak Q (50-80 mesh) column adsorption. The concentrated aroma extracts were then analyzed and identified by GC and GC-MS. Thirty-four kinds of flavor components were identified in the mycelium-fermented rice wine, including 11 alcohols, 8 esters, 3 ketones, 6 acids, 3 hydrocarbones, and 4 others. In the regular commercial rice wine, 36 kindss of flavor compounds were identified, including 9 alcohols, 6 esters, 4 ketones, 6 acids, 9 hydrocarbones, and 2 others. Therefore, the data indicate that the primary flavor components in the rice wines were alcohols and esters.

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Identification and Antibacterial Activity of Volatile Flavor Components of Cordyceps Militaris

  • Park, Mi-Ae;Lee, Won-Koo;Kim, Man-Soo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 1999
  • Flavor characteristics of raw Cordyceps militaris significatntly different from those of dried one. In the case of raw Cordyceps militaris , major flavor components were composed of 5 alcohols, 3 ketones, 4 phenols, 9 alkanes , and 3 alkenes. The major alcohol was 1-octen-3-ol(22.56%, 1147.3% ng/ml), which contributed to the characteristic green flavor. Ketones (3-ocatone, inparticular )were present in the highest concentration in raw Cordyceps militaris . In contrast, major flavor components of dried Cordyceps militaris were composed of 4 alcohols, 4 ketones, 3 furans, 4 pyrizines, 2 dithiazines, 5 phenols , 8alkenes , 17 alkanes, and 8 fatty acids. Dried Cordyceps militaris had unique sweet aroma of sesame as wella s a milky flavor. Green or fruit flavor were rarely detected . In alkanes , 10 cosanes, component fo wax were present. Typical flavor components of alkanes such as $\beta$-caryophyllen and Δ-cadinene were also detected. Fatty acids of dried Cordyceps militaris ranged from myristic acid (14 :0) to linoleic acid (18 ; 2). The sweet aroma of dried Cordyceps militaris was mostly due to pryazines, dithaiazines, and furans. Two dithaizines were identified and characteristics of these flavor components was a roasted bacon flavor. Strong antibacterial acitivity was observed toward Vibrio spp. such as V. vulnificus, V.cholerae, V. parahaemlyticus. Relatively high antibacterial acitivity was shown toward Bacillus subtilis , B,cereus, Staphyllococcus aureus, and Corynebacterium xerosis.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Boiled Snow Crab (Chionoecetes japonicus) and Its Concentrated Cooker Effluent

  • Park, Sung-Hee;Kim, Young-Man;Hyun, Sook-Kyung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2001
  • The volatile flavor components of snow crabs from the Young-duk coast of Korea and their concentrated cooker effluent were isolated by a modified method from Likens and Nickerson, using a simultaneous distillation and extraction apparatus. The concentrated extract was analyzed and identified by gas chromatography and GC-MS. The flavor profile of boiled crab demonstrated that the favorable flavor characteristic of crab involved a seafood-like note, and that of concentrated cooker effluent demonstrated that the weak boiled crab flavor involved a fishy note. The main flavor components of boiled crab were heterocyclic compounds including alkylpyrazines, thizoles and thiolanes, aliphatic ketones including 2-heptanone and nonanone. On the other hand, the main flavor components of cooker effluent were aldehydes including 3-methylbutanal, alipatic ketones including 2-heptanone and alkanes including 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-pentadecane. Almost all of heterocyclic compounds, which seem to be important contributors to the flavor of boiled crab, were not identified in concentrated cooker effluent. As a result, there may be a need to add the crab flavor components formed through model experiments of Maillard reactions to the concentrated cooker effluent for human consumption.

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Change of Volatile Flavor Components of Codonopsis lanceolata Cultivated on a Wild Bill and Stored at Various Conditions (저장조건과 포장재에 따른 야산더덕의 향기성분의 변화)

  • Oh Hae Sook;Kim Jun-Ho;Choi Moo Young
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2005
  • We investigated the changes of volatile flavor components from Codonopsis lanceolata, which were packed in woven polypropylene(WP) film or low density polyethylene(LDPE) film and stored for 15 and 30 days at refrigerated($2{\∼}4^{\circ}C$ ) or room($18{\∼}20^{\circ}C$) temperature. A hundred and sixty seven volatile flavor components in the fresh C. lanceolata were identified by GC/MS analysis. When determining the flavor components from C. lanceolata cultivated on a wild hill and stored at 4 conditions for 30days, six volatile components such as 1-hexadecene, 2,6-dimethyl-2-octanol, 2-methyl-2-dodecanol, $\alpha$-guaiene, $\delta$-cadinene and trans-2-hexen-1-ol were detected as common components of all stored samples, and The types of common flavor components of C. lanceolata were different according to storage conditions. The numbers were 16 from refrigerated, 7 from room temperature stored, and 10 components from WP or LDPE packed conditions, respectively. The total peak area ratio of the major 10 compounds were $52.0{\∼}86.8\%$, and the percentage of trans-2-hexen-1-ol, which was the only common compound among the major 10 components, was the highest as $26.4{\∼}68.1\%$ The major flavor profile, describe by highly trained panel, were green, aldehydic, earthy and camphoreous. As the result from sensory evaluation, the freshness of C. lanceolata was maintained better by controlling storage temperature rather than selection of package materials. The best condition for characteristic flavor of C. lanceolata was packing with LDPE and chilling.

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Studies on the Volatile Flavor Components of Fresh Ginseng (수삼중 휘발성 향기성분에 관한 연구)

  • 김만욱;박종대
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.22-31
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    • 1984
  • Volatile flavor components of fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.) were studied. Steam distillate of fresh ginseng was extracted with ethyl ether and the extract was separated into four fraction: neutral, phenolic, acidic and basis fractions. The ethyl ether concentrates and neutral fraction were analyzed by a combination of SE-54 fused silica capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Major flavor components of fresh ginseng were predominantly mono(n +2) and sesquiterpenes(n +3) in over two hundred constituents. Of these, 28 were newly identified in volatile flavor components of fresh ginseng by GC-MS.

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Volatile Flavor Components of Scent, Colored, and Common Rice Cultivars in Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Yung;Lee, Jong-Chul;Kim, Young-Hoi;Pyon, Jong-Yeong;Lee, Sun-Gye
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.181-185
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of three different cultivars of rice, Hyangnambyeo (aromatic cultivar), Heugjinjubyeo (pigmented cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar), the volatile flavor components of brown rice were isolated by Likens-Nickerson simultaneous steam distillation and extraction apparatus. The flavor concentrates obtained were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 65 components, including 14 aliphatic aldehydes and ketones, 7 aliphatic alcohols, 8 aromatic alcohols, 13 hydrocarbons, 9 esters, 7 aliphatic acids, and 7 miscellaneous components were identified. The aliphatic aldehydes, which are known as contributors to the overall flavor of cooked rice, were present in larger amounts in Hyangnambyeo than in Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo, while the difference in quantity of these components between Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo was not remarkable. Hyangnambyeo and Heugjinjubeyo contained 562 ng and 259 ng of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline per gram of brown rice based on dry weight, respectively, which is a key compound contributing to the popcorn-like aroma in aromatic rice. Dongjinbeyo contained about 6 ng.

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Flavor Components of Panax ginseng Cultured with Pine Tree Leaves Mulch (I) (잣나무잎 부초에 의한 인삼 향기성분의 변화(제1보))

  • 김요태;김영희
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.120-123
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    • 1991
  • Flavor components of panax ginseng cultured with pine tree leaves mulch instead of traditional rice straw were examined. The growth of two year old ginsengs grown with two different kinds of mulchs no difference, however, the flavor components of ginseng with pine tree leaves mulch 84 constituents detected showed significantly enhanced contents than those of ginseng with rice straw mulch.

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Effect of Deodorizing Temperature on Physicochemical Characteristics in Corn Oil IV. Effect of Deodorizing Temperature on Volatile Flavor Component Composition in Corn Oil (탈취온도가 옥수수기름의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향 제4보, 탈취온도가 옥수수기름의 휘발성 냄새성분 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이근보;한명규;이미숙
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 1998
  • We carried out separation and guantitation of flavor components by GC about essential oils extracted from deodorized corn oil at the different deodorizing temperature. Flavor components were detected total 16 kinds included aldehydes of 8 kinds, major components were propane, pentane, hexanal etc. These major components content was about 70~75% of the total flavor components. According to rise of deodorizing temperature, both ethane and aldehydes of 8 kinds content were in proportion to increase, but propane, pentane, hexane, octan, pentyl furan content were decreased by contraries, respectively. On the other hand, total flavor component content was appeared the lowest level at 245$^{\circ}C$ treating group, aldehydes content was in proportion to increase according to rise of deodorizing temperature. These phenomenons consider that the undesirable reactions such as partial auto-oxidation, degradation, polymerization and hydrolysis etc. by effecting factors of stripping steam and vacuum degree. Conclusively, deodorizing temperature under high temperature was undesirable for the minimization of off-flavor materials.

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Processing Conditions of Low Salt Fermented Squid and its Flavor Components 1. Volatile Flavor Components of Low Salt Fermented Squid (저염 오징어젓갈 제조 방법 및 향미성분 1. 저염 오징어젓갈의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 최성희;임성임;허성호;김영만
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.261-267
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    • 1995
  • Low-salted and fermented squid product, squid jeotkal was prepared with the addition of 10% salt and fermented for 50 day at 1$0^{\circ}C$. During fementation of squid, sensory evaluation and changes of volatile components were examined. Volatile flavor components in raw squid and low-salted squid jeotkal were extracted using a rotary evaporating system. The volatile concentrates were identified by GC and GC-MS. Major volatile components of raw squid were methional and 2-methyl-2-propanol. However, alcohols such as propanol, isoamyl alcohol, methionol and phenylethyl alcohol increased during the period of fermentation. The model reaction using microorganism was carried out, in order to confirm formation mechanism ofvolatile flavor compounds of the squid during fermentation. The main volatile components of Pseudomonas sp. D2 model system were isoamyl alcohol and acetoin. Those of Staphylococcus xylosus model system were isoamyl alcohol and phenylacetaldehyde.

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