• Title/Summary/Keyword: fishermen

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A Study on the Marketing of Fishermen′s Cooperative in Korea -Especially with the Problems of Marketing Channel- (수산업협동조합의 마아케팅에 관한 연구 - 마아케팅 경로를 중심으로 -)

  • 안세원
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1981
  • This essay examines the marketing of Fishermen's Cooperative in Korea, and in particular considers the marketing channel of fisheries products, No company can perform by itself all the activities involved in the production and distribution of its products and services to its final markets. It must work with other firm to get the job done. Thus marketing channel firms of the fisheries products include primarily the Fishermen's Cooperative the licensed dealers and tile merchant middlemen, The goal of marketing is in matching of segments of supply and demand. Every producer seeks to the link the marketing channel firms that will help it accomplish its objective best. Therefore this study surveys the three types of marketing channels through tile central market That. is, they are a marketing channel through the terminal market, a marketing channel through the fishermen's cooperative terminal market, and a marketing channel through the private fish market. Consequently the Fishermen's Cooperative can choose to improve in any of tile marketing channel as follows: \circled1 The Fishermen's Cooperative is nominated wholesaler in the terminal market. \circled2 It is abolished to sell by double auction in the production district terminal market and the consuming city terminal market of Fishermen's Coopertive. \circled3 The steady wholesalers in private fish market are entitled to the licensed dealers. \circled4 The Fishermen's Cooperative sponsored voluntary chains join with retailer, supermarkets, consumers' society. Therefore the study of marketing channel of fisheries products can appropriately referred to satisfying needs and wants through exchange process.

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A Study on the Fisheries financing before the Liberation of Korea (해방이전의 수산금융에 관한 연구)

  • 김경호
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 1984
  • In fisheries financing before the liberation of Korea, the accommodation of funds through modern monetary facilities was hardly benefited to most of small-scale Korean fishermen except Japanese fishermen living in Korea and some large-scale Korean fishermen. In fact, since Korean economy was only in the beginning stage of capitalism free from natural economy in the end of Yi Dynasty, it was natural that the supply of funds should be lacked. But after the opening of ports in Korea, the external shapes in Korean society were slowly changed according as heteronomous modernization was pushed forward by means of western capitalism and the intentional invasion of Japanese was gradually weighed. Thus all kinds of fishing equipments and technique were developed by dint of modernization, and modern monetary facilities also came into being. But most of Korean fishermen were hardly benefited by modern monetary facilities. Fishermen who were faced with destitution of funds were forced to rely upon high interest loans in order to make a living or maintain fisheries, and they were severely exploited by usurers. The situation was the same in the period of Japanese imperialism. Japanese felt the necessity of advancement of Korean fisheries and established fisheries institution suitable for all kinds of colonial fisheries policy toward Korea so that they could build up the foundation according to the development of capitalism and carry out the Russo-Japanese War and the Sino-Japanese War. There were a series of bottlenecks in financing on account of the deficiency of fisheries institution in the beginning of Japanese imperialism, but the financial pressure was lightened because the arrangement of institution greatly contributed to the smoothness of fisheries financing in the latter part of it. Despite such improvement of financing, the benefit of funds could not equally reach to all the fishermen. It only reached to Japanese fishermen living in Korea and some large scale Korean fishermen. Thus most of korean fishermen could not free themselves from destitution of financing and the pressure of high interest loans. This phenomenon took place because Korean fisheries had the antinomic characteristics that financial restriction was excessive owing to the industrial speciality of fisheries, on the other hand there was a large financial demand in fisheries in the character of industry.

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A Study on Reform Directions for Promotion of Fishermen's Labor Condition (어선선원(漁船船員)의 노동조건(勤勞條件) 개선방안(改善方案)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Zong-Keun;Im, Dnog-Cheul
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 1993
  • The Korea Seaman's Act is providing that fishermen s salaries are exceptionally defined and working hours and paid leave are not defined at all. Significant problems of Fishermen's Labor Condition are, (1) It is hard to guarantee the basic right of fishermen as their wages are variable depending on the catch. (2) Excessive working hours would hamper the labor reproduction ability and increase the frequency of disaster. (3) Moreover, fishermen have to search for a new job following the lay off after working aboard during the period defined by contract. The possible implement of Seamen's Act are : (1) The wage system must be unified by regular wages. If it is hard to perish the lay system its relative importance should be diminished whereas the fixed minimum wages and the allowance depending on the position and working days should be paid. (2) This discrimination of the fishing vessels from merchant should be eliminated by removing the item on the Act which excludes the fishermen on the working hours. If it is hard to do so practically the lower regulations defining the maximum periods of duty and minimum periods of rest for fishermen must enact separately as in Japan and England. (3) The difference in the provisions of paid leave between the merchant seamen and fishermen must be abolished (4) It is the most desirable to improve the fishermen's labor conditions through the completion of the Act. However, before doing this, the employers and employees must try to solve the problems through the collective agreement by themselves.

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A Study on the Fisheries Financing of the Late Yi Dynasty (한말의 수산금융에 관한 연구)

  • 김경호
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.31-48
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    • 1982
  • Though modern banking organs were established in Korea with the Kanghwa Treaty as a momentum, the benefit of financing at that time, which was mainly given to merchants and industrialists and traders, was extremely limited to the fishermen. The fishermen who were out of favor with the benefit of financing of modern banking organs were forced to rely on high interest loans, a category of usury capital, issued by the middlemen (the Kaekju) who lent them the deficit of their necessary funds. The fact was that in the field of fisheries the middlemen who issued usury capital played the leading part in fisheries financing of the Late Yi Dynasty. The middlemen, however, sqeezed a part or all of surplus products and on occasion even necessary products out of the fishermen by means of outward compulsion of economy. Moreover they put the fishermen further in trouble by putting-out system. In order to keep on with the production of aquatic products, the fishermen with little capital and no property established the antinomic rotations with the middlemen whose disadvantageous terms they were inevitably to accept. Thus the middlemen who did business with the fishermen exercised their authority over them, securing a strong activity foundation in the field of fisheries. But the traditional form of the Kaekiu was transformed and gradually declined in the field of fisheries according as the market rules were proclaimed in 1914.

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An Analysis of Fishermen's Perception to Climate Change in Korea (기후변화에 대한 어업인 인식의 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Bong-Tae;Lee, Sang-Geon;Jeong, Myung-Saeng
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2014
  • This study indicates that 84.5% of fishermen have perceived climate change and 74.9% of fishermen have responded that frequency and intensity of the impacts of climate change are increasing. The results of regression analysis have shown that the level of fishermen experiencing the impacts of climate change differs according to individual's characteristics including age, length of experience, sea area (fishing area) and types of fisheries. About half of the respondents have shown that they are not taking any actions against the effects of climate change. The main reasons are that they either have lack of knowledge on how to respond to the impacts of climate change or have the perception that climate change is irresistible. The majority of respondents have responded that they are not aware of the government's climate change policy and emphasized that it is necessary to have effective countermeasures strengthening the provision of information about climate change policy. The result of perception survey have highlighted that it is essential for the government and the fishermen to share relevant information and to consider method of cooperation.

Prevalence of Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption among Fishermen in Udupi Taluk, Karnataka, India: a Cross-Sectional Study

  • Rane, Prasad Pramod;Narayanan, Prakash;Binu, VS;Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1733-1737
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    • 2016
  • Background: Stress associated with fishing is known to trigger consumption of alcohol and tobacco among fishermen. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption among fishermen in Udupi Taluk in the state of Karnataka, India, and to study associations with health status and job stress. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among 825 fishermen in Udupi Taluk of Karnataka between January-June 2015, using a two stage cluster sampling procedure. Associations between variables of interest were assessed using multivariable analysis and logistic regression models. Results: The prevalences of consumption of tobacco, alcohol and either of these substances were 64.2%, 45.6% and 86.9% respectively. There was a positive association between alcohol and any form of tobacco consumption with income but none with respondent's job stress and health status. Conclusions: Our study concluded that fishermen with poor health status are seen more among tobacco and alcohol users.

A Study on the Institutional Improvement for the Guarantee of Fisher Wage Claims (어선원 임금채권의 보장을 위한 제도적 개선방안)

  • Yim, Jong-Sun
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.49-71
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    • 2020
  • A fisher means any person employed to provide his/her labor in a fishing vessel in exchange for a wage. There is no concept of a fisher in Seafarers Act. This act shall not apply to seafarers who are in service on board a fishing vessel the gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons. However, of the total 63,112 fishing vessels, only 2,829 fishing vessels have a total tonnage of more than 20 tons. Fishermen engaged in fishing vessels with a gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons are not guaranteed to be paid arrears through the Wage Claim Guarantee Fund for Seafarer (Article 56). In addition, fishermen working on a fishing vessel are excluded from the Wage claim Guarantee Act. The Labor Standards Act shall apply to fishermen engaged in fishing vessels with a gross tonnage of which is less than 20 tons. Fishermen and seafarers are at a higher risk of living security than regular workers. Guaranteeing the payment of wages is essential for fishermen to improve the life and employment stability. In order to guarantee fisher wage claims, the concept of a fisher in the Seafarers Act must be realized by sources such as the Wage Claim Guarantee Fund of Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, step by step expansion of members in the wage claim guarantee fund for seafarers and interest for delayed payment of wages, etc.

A Study on Devices of Reducing Foreign Fishermen's Rate of Deserting from Coastal and Offshore Fishing Vessels in Korea (연근해어선 승선 외국인어선원의 무단이탈률 저감 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Un;Park, Moon-Kab
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to reduce the foreign fishermen's rate of deserting from Korean coastal and offshore fishing vessel. There are two employment systems for foreign fishermen who work on a coastal and offshore fishing vessel in Korea. One is employment permit system and the other is foreign seamen system. The former permits the foreign fishermen to work on the fishing vessels which are less than 20 gross tonnage. The latter permits the foreign fishermen to work on the fishing vessels which are more than 20 gross tonnage. The recent rate of deserting from their workplace are 21.5% in foreign seaman system and 26.8% in employment permit system by October 2011. In this paper, the authors propose eight means to reduce the rate of deserting from their workplace.

An Comparative Study on the Foreign Worker's Employment System of Fishing Vessels in Korea and Japan (한·일 외국인선원 고용제도 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Un
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.559-573
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to reduce the foreign fishermen's rate of deserting from coastal and offshore fishing vessel in Korea and to suggest the future direction of foreign fishermen's employment policy. There are several employment systems for foreign fishermen who work on a coastal and offshore fishing vessels in Korea and Japan. Foreign fishermen's employment systems can be divided by the following forms : 1) Employment permit system for foreigners in Korea 2) Foreign seamen system in Korea 3) Skill training system for foreigners in Japan Foreign fishermen's rate of deserting from Korean fishing vessel is very high compared to that of Japan. The recent rate is 29.6% in employment permit system, and 21.5% in foreign seamen system in Korea. However, 2.2% in skill training system for foreigners in Japan. In this paper, the author investigated and compared the employment status of foreign seamen's in 2 country's fishing vessels and suggest to reduce the rate of deserting from workplace in Korean fishing vessels.

A Study on the Importance-Satisfaction Analysis of Consignment Sale Factors of Fisheries Cooperatives -A Case of the Oyster Hanging Fisheries Cooperatives- (산지수협 위판요인의 중요도·만족도 분석 - 굴 수하식 수협을 사례로 -)

  • Song, Jung-Hun;Park, Bo-Gyeong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.322-334
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    • 2014
  • In order to enhance consignment sale businesses of fisheries cooperatives, it is needed to seek measures to accept needs of customers who use the fisheries cooperatives consignment sale market by examining recognition of fishermen. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop measurement items and scales of the consignment sale factors for fishermen of the fisheries cooperatives port consignment sale market, and to determine the difference between consignment sale factors importance and satisfaction of fishermen. For this, it conducted a survey targeting fishermen who use the fishery product port market consignment sale of the oyster hanging fisheries cooperatives. It used the Importance-Satisfaction Analysis (ISA) for an analysis tool.