• Title, Summary, Keyword: fish oils

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A Study on the Utilization of Fish Oil in a Diesel Engine for Fishing Boats (어선용 디젤기계에 있어서 어유이용에 관한 연구)

  • 서정주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 1992
  • In this paper, combustion characteristics and engine performance varying with blending rate of fish oil using five test fuels, e.g.pure diesel oil and four types of sardine-oil-blended diesel oils, their blending rates by weight being 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% respectively, and operating condition of engine, were investigated experimentally both in the constant volume combustion bomb and in the engine. The results are summarized as follows: 1) In the bomb, the influence of temperature on ignition delay of sardine-oil-blended diesel oils was larger than that of pure diesel oil, and it tended to increase as the blending rate of fish oil increase sardine-oil-blended diesel oils. As far as the influence of pressure on ignition delay concerns, there was no significant difference with all the test fuels. 2) In the engine, the ignition delay of fish-oil- blended diesel oils was longer than that of pure diesel oil, and it tended to increase as the blending rate increases. In the bomb, the ignition delay in high temperature showed no significant difference between with pure diesel oil and with fish-oil-blended diesel oils, and it was especially short with 60% fish-oil-blended diesel oil. In low temperature, however, the delay became longer as the blending rate increase. 3) The combustion duration was shorter with fish-oil-blended diesel oils than with pure diesel oil and it became a little shorter as the blending rate increases. 4) The rate of fuel consumption showed no significant difference between with fish-oil-blended diesel oils and with prue diesel oil, although calorific value of fish oil was lower than that of diesel oil. 5) Smoke density in exhaust gas was lower with fish-oil-blended diesel oils than with pure diesel oil and the higher the blending rate was, the lower the smoke density became.

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A Study on the Ignition Delay of Fish Oil Using a Constant Volume Combustion Bomb (정용연소장치에 의한 어유의 착화지연에 관한 연구)

  • 서정주;왕우경;안수길
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.50-58
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    • 1993
  • The ignition delay of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils was investigated at various pressure and temperature conditions in a constant volume combustion bomb. The evaporation and combustion duration of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils were respectively different in high and low temperature. The dependence of ignition delay on the temperature was different in high and low temperature ranges which were divided at the 773K. The dependence of ignition delay on the pressure was almost linear, regardless of the test fuels at the constant temperature(863K). The ignition delay became longer as the blending rate of fish oil increased at the constant temperature and pressure, but it was especially short with 20% fish oil blended with diesel oils.

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Protective effect of dietary oils containing omega-3 fatty acids against glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis

  • Elbahnasawy, Amr Samir;Valeeva, Emiliya Ramzievna;El-Sayed, Eman Mustafa;Stepanova, Natalya Vladimirovna
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Glucocorticoids (GCs) are implicated in secondary osteoporosis, and the resulting fractures cause significant morbidity. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play a vital role in bone metabolism. However, few trials have studied the impact of omega-3 PUFA-containing oils against GC-induced osteoporosis. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine whether supplementation with omega-3 PUFA-containing dietary oils such as fish oil, flaxseed oil or soybean oil can impede the development of GC-induced osteoporosis. Methods: The fatty acids (FAs) content of oils was determined using gas chromatography. Male rats were subdivided into 5 groups (8 rats each): normal control (balanced diet), prednisolone control (10 mg/kg prednisolone daily), soybean oil (prednisolone 10 mg/kg + soybean oil 7% w/w), flaxseed oil (prednisolone 10 mg/kg + flaxseed oil 7% w/w), and fish oil (from cod liver; prednisolone 10 mg/kg + fish oil 7% w/w). Results: The study data exhibited a significant depletion in bone mineral density (BMD) and femur mass in the prednisolone control compared to the normal control, accompanied with a marked decrease in the levels of plasma calcium and 1,25-$(OH)_2$-vitamin $D_3$, and elevated levels of C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) and malondialdehyde (MDA). Supplementation with fish oil, soybean oil or flaxseed oil helped to improve plasma calcium levels, and suppress oxidative stress and inflammatory markers. Additionally, bone resorption was suppressed as reflected by the decreased CTX levels. However, fish oil was more effective than the other two oils with a significant improvement in BMD and normal histological results compared to the normal control. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that supplementation with dietary oils containing omega-3 PUFAs such as fish oil, soybean oil or flaxseed oil can play a role in the prevention of bone loss and in the regulation of bone metabolism, especially fish oil which demonstrated a greater level of protection against GC-induced osteoporosis.

A Study on the Combustion of Fish Oil as Alternative Fuels for Diesel Engines (디젤기관용대체연료로서의 어유연소에 관한 연구)

  • 서정주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 1996
  • The combustion characteristics of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils were investigated at various blending rate of fish oil in diesel engine and constant volume combustion bomb. The evaporation and combustion duration of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils were respectively different high and low temperature. The dependence of ignition delay on the temperature was different in high and low temperature ranges which were divided at the 773K. The ignition delay become longer than that of diesel oil as the blending rate of fish oil increases, and its difference were larger at different loads. The densityof smoke was lower as the blending rate of fish oil increases, and the rate offuel consumption showed no significant difference between diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils.

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Characterization of Fish Oil Extracted from Fish Processing By-products

  • Byun, Hee-Guk;Eom, Tae-Kil;Jung, Won-Kyo;Kim, Se-Kwon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2008
  • To improve the utilization of fish processing by-products, fish oils were extracted from hoki, yellowfin sole, mackerel, and horse mackerel, and their compositions were examined. The proximate compositions obtained for these 4 species of by-product revealed they were composed of 68.1$\sim$78.1% moisture, 1.2$\sim$1.6% ash, and 13.8$\sim$18.8% protein. Fish oils extracted from the hoki, yellowfin sole, mackerel, and horse mackerel were 5.5, 9.4, 13.4, and 10.3%, respectively. The total lipids extracted from the by-products of the 4 species were 6.21, 10.43, 12.81 and 10.06%, of which neutral lipids accounted for 77.38, 77.46, 87.21 and 86.79%, respectively. Neutral lipid analysis by TLC showed that triacylglycerol was the major component, while 1,3- and 1,2-diacylglycerols, free fatty acids, free sterols, and sterol esters were present as minor components. The major fatty acids were palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid. DHA and EPA were contained at levels of 0.2$\sim$4.7% and 3.7$\sim$9.5%, respectively, in the 4 types of fish oil. The fish oils extracted from the dark muscle fish, mackerel and horse mackerel, had greater polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) contents than those of the white muscle fish species, hoki and yellowfin sole.

A Study on the Combustion of Fish Oil in a Diesel Engine (Exhaust Emission, Endurance Test) (디젤기관의 어유 연소에 관한 연구(배기에미션, 내구시험))

  • 서정주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted on the properties of exhaust emissions of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils using a direct injection diesel engine at different loads, and on the conditions of carbon deposits of diesel oil and 40% blend oil in the combustion chamber after 20 hours operation at $\frac{1]{2}$ load. The properties of exhaust emissions by fish oil blended with diesel oils showed no significant difference with diesel oil. However, soot emissions decreased, increasing the ratio of fish oil. Carbon deposits by fish oil blended with diesel oils were high level compared with diesel oil, which might be overcome by preheating of fuel oil and operating conditions.

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A Study on the Engine Performance and Combustion Characteristics of Fish Oil in a Diesel Engine (디젤기관에서의 어유의 연소특성과 기관성능에 관한 연구)

  • 서정주;왕우경;안수길
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 1994
  • The engine performance and combustion characteristics of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils were investigated at various blending rate of fish oil in a diesel engine. The maximum pressure showed no significant difference among test fuels at low load, but it was higher as the blending rate of fish oil increases at high load. Increasing the blending rate of fish oil, the rate of heat release and burned fraction were higher than those of diesel oil. The ignition delay became longer than that of diesel oil as the blending rate of fish oil increases, and its differences were larger at different loads. The combustion duration and density of smoke were shorter and lower as the blending rate of fish oil increases. The rate of fuel consumption showed no significant difference between diesel oil and fish blended with diesel oils.

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Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils from Pinaceae Leaves Against Fish Pathogens (어병 세균에 대한 소나무과 잎 정유의 항세균 효과)

  • HAM, Youngseok;YANG, Jiyoon;CHOI, Won-Sil;AHN, Byoung-Jun;PARK, Mi-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.527-547
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    • 2020
  • Fish pathogens cause not only economic damages to fish farming but also infectious pathogens known as a zoonotic agent. Since the continued use of antibiotics to control fish pathogens entails side effects, materials of natural origin need to be developed. The purpose of this study is to discover coniferous essential oils with excellent antibacterial effects in order to develop antibiotic alternatives. We have extracted essential oils using hydro-distillation from the leaves of Abies holophylla, Pinus thunbergii, Pinus parviflora, Tsuga sieboldii, and Pinus rigitaeda, which are all Pinaceae family. And, we have evaluated antibacterial activity with the extracted essential oils against Edwardsiella tarda, Photobacterium damselae, Streptococcus parauberis, and Lactococcus garvieae, which are fish pathogens. As a result, the essential oils from A. holophylla and P. thunbergii showed the selectively strong antibacterial activity against E. tarda and P. damselae, which are gram-negative bacteria. From GC-MS analysis, it was identified that main component of A. holophylla essential oils are (-)-bornyl acetate (29.45%), D-limonene (20.47%), and camphene (11.73%), and that of P. thunbergii essential oils is α-pinene (59.81%). In addition, we found three compounds: neryl acetate, (-)-borneol, and (-)-carveol, which are oxygenated monoterpenes. These exist in a very small amount but exhibit the same efficacy as essential oil. Therefore, we expect that A. holophylla and P. thunbergii essential oils having excellent growth inhibitory effect against gram-negative fish pathogens can be used as biological products such as feed additives and fishery products.

Effects of Seven Dietary Oils on Blood Serum Lipid Patterns in Rats

  • Jin, Young-Hee
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.78-84
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effects of seven dietary oils on the serum lipid patterns of rats. Seventy weanling Wistar Kyoto rats were divided into seven groups of ten rats each. Walnut oil (rich in PUFA), wheat germ oil (rich in PUFA), corn oil (rich in PUFA), canola oil (rich in monounsaturated fatty acids), fish oil (rich in PUFA), primrose oil (rich in PUFA), and palm oil (rich in saturated fatty acids) were employed for 21 days. Serum total cholesterol concentrations for rats fed palm oil, walnut oil, and wheat germ oil were significantly higher than were concentrations for rats receiving corn oil. fish oil, and primrose oil. The mean serum LDL cholesterol values for rats fed fish oil, primrose oil, and corn oil were significantly lower than those for rats fed walnut oil, wheat germ oil, canola oil, and palm oil. HDL cholesterol concentrations were the highest when wheat germ oil was fed and the lowest when fish oil was fed. The feeding of wheat germ oil and palm oil to rats resulted in considerably higher serum triglyceride levels than did all other treatments. The feeding of wheat germ oil to rats resulted in considerably higher serum phospholipid levels. Serum phospholipid concentrations were significantly lower in rats fed the canola oil, fish oil, ,and primrose oil diets, when compared to concentrations achieved with the feeding of walnut oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil, and palm oil. Palm oil, which has a high ratio of saturated to polyunsaturated fatty acids, resulted in the highest serum total cholesterol and highest LDL cholesterol levels, while fish oil, primrose oil, and corn oil produced the lowest total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. Wheat germ oil produced the highest values for HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids. In general, feeding oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids produced more favorable responses than feeding oils containing large amounts of monounsaturated or saturated fatty acids.

In vitro combination effects of natural substances and antimicrobials against Edwardsiella tarda and Streptococcus iniae (In vitro에서 Edwardsiella tarda와 Streptococcus iniae에 대한 항균제와 천연 유래 항균물질의 병용효과)

  • Bak, Su-Jin;Kang, Bong-Jo;Park, Kwan Ha
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the possibility of essential oils and flavonoids improving the performance of antibiotics, proving a higher efficacy in the presence of natural substances against Edwardsiella tarda and Streptococcus iniae. Increased efficacy was observed in several cases: both essential oils and flavonoids increased antibacterial efficacy of oxytetracycline and flumequine against E. tarda by 2-fold; essential oils and flavonoids increased antibacterial efficacy of nalidixic acid against E. tarda by 4-fold; flavonoids increased antibacterial efficacy of josamycin against S. iniae by 4-fold. The results obtained in this study suggest that essential oils and flavonoids might be especially useful in increasing the antimicrobial activity of nalidixic acid and josamycin against E. tarda and S. iniae in fish. Natural compounds examined in this study could also be useful to help decrease the overuse of antibiotics in fish.