• Title, Summary, Keyword: fire safety design

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Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor Factory (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계)

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.325-336
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    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room (FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design (PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

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Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor factory(1) (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계(1))

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.211-229
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    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room(FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design(PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

A Review on Fire Safety Engineering: Key Issues for High-Rise Buildings

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Zhang, Chao;Jiang, Jian
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.265-285
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a state-of-the-art review on the design, research and education aspects of fire safety engineering (FSE) with a particular concern on high-rise buildings. FSE finds its root after Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD, followed by Great London Fire in 1666. The development of modern FSE is continuously driven by industry revolution, insurance community and government regulations. Now FSE has become a unique engineering discipline and is moving towards performance-based design since 1990s. The performance-based fire safety design (PBFSD) involves identification of fire safety goals, design objectives, establishment of performance criteria, and selection of proper solutions for fire safety. The determination of fire scenarios and design fires have now become major contents for PBFSD. To experience a rapid and positive evolution in design and research consistent with other engineering disciplines, it is important for fire safety engineering as a profession to set up a special educational system to deliver the next-generation fire safety engineers. High-rise buildings have their unique fire safety issues such as rapid fire and smoke spread, extended evacuation time, longer fire duration, mixed occupancies, etc., bringing more difficulties in ensuring life safety and protection of property and environment. A list of recommendations is proposed to improve the fire safety of high-rise buildings. In addition, some source information for specific knowledge and information on FSE is provided in Appendix.

The Problems and Improvements of Process to Predict Fire Risk of a Building in Performance Based Design (성능위주설계에서 화재위험성 예측 과정의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Lee, Se-Myeoung
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2014
  • Performance based design(PBD) is the method to make a fire safety design against them after predicting the factors of fire risk in a building. Therefore, predicting fire risk in a building is very important process in PBD. For predicting fire risk of a building, an engineer of PBD must consider various factors such as ignition location, ignition point, ignition source, first ignited item, second ignited item, flash over, the state of door and fire suppression system. But, it is difficult to trust fire safety capacity of the design because the process in Korea' PBD is unprofessional and unreasonable. This paper had surveyed some cases of PBD that had been made in Korea to find the problems of the process to predict fire risk. And it have proposed the improvements of process to predict fire risk of a building.

A Study on the Fire Safety of High-rise Office Buildings in Respect of Architectural Design (고층 사무소건축의 화재안전에 관한 건축계획적 연구)

  • 이강훈
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.3-15
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this paper is to present refernce data to be considered in designing for the fire safety of high-rise office buildings. This paper deals with the characteristics of high-rise office buildings in the fire safety aspects, the basic principles for the fire safety of high-rise office building design, and this study is focused particularly on the location of the escape route of core plan for fire safety in high-rise office buildings.

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A practical approach for fire safety design of fire-resistant steel members

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Ding, Jun;Sakumoto, Y.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.71-86
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    • 2005
  • Based on the test data of Nippon Steel Corporation, the formulas for calculating mechanical properties of fire-resistant (FR) steel at elevated temperatures have been established. A practical approach for fire safety design of FR steel members, including axially compressed members, flexural members and eccentrically compressed members, is developed in this paper. Compared with the full-scale specimen experiments and FEM numerical analysis, this practical approach for fire safety design of FR steel members is demonstrated to be effective and precise.

Performance Based Design of Passive Fire Protection Using Consequence Analysis (사고 영향 분석을 이용한 성능위주의 내화설계)

  • Han, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2004
  • Performance based design is a recent evolutionary step in the process of designing fire protection systems. In essence, it is a logical design process resulting in a solution that achieves a specified performance. Sometimes the prescriptive solutions presented in various codes and standards are too expensive or inflexible. Often the solutions do not and enables optimization of a solution for cost and function. In this study, performance based design was carried out to determine the extent of passive fire protection for oil terminal facilities. The results of performance based design were compared with those of prescriptive code based design. Performance based design is not always more economic than prescriptive code based design but provides more reliable and effective design that is fit for the purpose.

A Study on the Design Fire Model for Structural Fire Resistant Design in Buildings (건축구조물의 구조내화설계를 위한 설계화재모델에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.256-257
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the fire risk of architectural structures is increasing due to the super high - rise and super - size of the buildings. Therefore, the direction of fire safety design tends to change from the existing design to the performance - based design. In particular, domestic fire safety policies are divided into building law and fire fighting law. In case of fire fighting law, performance design is already carried out. Therefore, this study summarizes the prediction formula for fire characteristics among the structural fireproofing design field as shown in Fig. 1 according to this situation, and compares it with the standard method of each country in particular.

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Some Considerations for the Fire Safe Design of Tall Buildings

  • Cowlard, Adam;Bittern, Adam;Abecassis-Empis, Cecilia;Torero, Jose L.
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2013
  • In any subject area related to the provision of safety, failure is typically the most effective mechanism for evoking rapid reform and an introspective assessment of the accepted operating methods and standards within a professional body. In the realm of tall buildings the most notable failures in history, those of the WTC towers, widely accepted as fire induced failures, have not to any significant extent affected the way they are designed with respect to fire safety. This is clearly reflected in the surge in numbers of Tall Buildings being constructed since 2001. The combination of the magnitude and time-scale of the WTC investigation coupled with the absence of meaningful guidance resulting from it strongly hints at the outdatedness of current fire engineering practice as a discipline in the context of such advanced infrastructure. This is further reflected in the continual shift from prescriptive to performance based design in many parts of the world demonstrating an ever growing acceptance that these buildings are beyond the realm of applicability of prescriptive guidance. In order for true performance based engineering to occur however, specific performance goals need to be established for these structures. This work seeks to highlight the critical elements of a fire safety strategy for tall buildings and thus attempt to highlight some specific global performance objectives. A survey of tall building fire investigations is conducted in order to assess the effectiveness of current designs in meeting these objectives, and the current state-of-the-art of fire safety design guidance for tall structures is also analysed on these terms. The correct definition of the design fire for open plan compartments is identified as the critical knowledge gap that must be addressed in order to achieve tall building performance objectives and to provide truly innovative, robust fire safety for these unique structures.

A Study on the Structural Fire Resistance Performance Design of RC Structural according to the Explosive Spalling - The Investigate Study on the PBD for Fire Resistance - (폭렬현상을 고려한 RC구조물의 PBD기반 구조내화설계 기술개발에 관한 연구(II) - PBD기반 구축을 위한 조사연구 -)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Kim, Se-Jong;Kwon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 2008
  • Performance based fire engineering design is being adopted around the world as a rationed means of providing efficient and effective fire safety in Building. This development is being supported by the adoption of performance based codes which specify the objective and minimum performance requirements for fire safety traditional design for fire safety which is still practiced in many countries, relies on "prescriptive" codes which specify how a building is to be built, which no statement of objective and little or no opportunity to offer more rational alterative design. It is the aim of this study to investigate and analyze the research direction of structural fire resistance design of RC structures for recommendation of PBD in Korea.

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