• Title, Summary, Keyword: fire prevention

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A Study on Factors Affecting Fire Prevention (화재예방에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Chae, Jin
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to empirically verify the factors affecting fire prevention, which is a dependent variable, by establishing a safety culture related to fire prevention, fire prevention education, fire prevention equipment, fire safety knowledge, and fire safety practices as independent variables. The results obtained from the multiple regression analysis were derived as follows in relation to fire prevention. The fire prevention education was found to have the most statistically significant effect on fire prevention, and the fire prevention facility was found to have a statistically significant effect on fire prevention. In addition, fire safety practice was found to have a statistically significant effect on fire prevention.

An Investigation Study on the Fire Propagation model for Fire Simulation of building (건축물의 화재성상 시뮬레이션을 위한 연소 확대 모델 조사)

  • Lee, Rang;Kim, Dong-Eun;Lee, Jae-Won;Hong, Hae-Ri;Kim, Dong-Jun;Kwon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 건축구조물의 내장재 및 실내장식물 등의 연소 성상 DB를 바탕으로 화재 성상을 예측할 수 있는 기존 모델인 칼슨모델(B.Karlsson) 및 퀸티어리모델(J.G.Quintiere)을 비교, 분석하여 그 절차 및 차이점 등을 분석한 후 국내 가연물 연소성상 DB를 토대로 개구조건 및 건물구조 등을 고려한 화재성상 시뮬레이터 개발을 위한 기초 조사 자료이다. 조사 결과 칼슨모델과 퀸티어리모델의 차이점은 우선 초기 착화영역과 착화의 판단 및 연소면적 등에서 차이가 있었으며 향후 이를 기초로 실험 결과와 대비를 통한 분석을 수행 할 예정이다.

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A Study on Efficient Improvement Ways of Fire Protection Management System (방화관리제도의 효율적 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kook, Hyeong-Ho;Jo, Dae-Ho;Kong, Ha-Sung
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.115-127
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    • 2008
  • Fire protection management system has been introduced to prevent structure fire since establishment of Fire Prevention Act. Nevertheless, Damage by fires is continue. The main purpose of this study is to discuss approaches to improve fire protection management system into the fire prevention properties. Now fire protection management system has lots of the problems in managerial and systematical aspects. To improve these a unified fire protection management system must be establish by suggests revision of a unified Fire Prevention Act and foundation of Fire Prevention Institution, reform educational system for the fire safety directors would be essential to includes environment improvement, enhancement of certification requirements and education, a standardized computational management system of the fire protection properties must be build for efficient fire protection operations.

The Study on the Legal Improvement for Fire Protection in Wooden Architectural Heritage (목조건축 문화재의 화재방호를 위한 법규 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong Cheol;Roh, Sam Kew;Ham, Eun Gu
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2015
  • This study covers securing legal systems and institutions regarding the standards for installing fire prevention facilities to prevent fire on wooden architectural heritage. Conflicts among relevant laws were revealed and problems related to fire prevention performance, technical standards, responsibilities, etc. in the process of establishing legal fire prevention equipment and the equipment for self-extinguishing were identified through pondering over current legal systems of fire prevention facilities. To resolve the problems, at least the principle to preserve original shapes of wooden architectural heritage should be secured even though fire prevention facilities are installed and the installation process should be regulated by laws considering features of fire on wooden architectural heritage so that fire prevention performance can be guaranteed. The directions to improve installing system through legalization of design, construction, and audit review institutions and legalization of the technical standards for fire prevention facilities were suggested to guarantee performance when establishing fire prevention facilities for wooden architectural heritage.

The Self-regulating Fire Prevention System in Korea: with the Focus on the Role of Insurance System (자율예방체계의 구축 -규제개혁의 차원에서 보험의 역할을 중심으로-)

  • 김태윤
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 2001
  • This paper's purpose is three-folded: modeling the self-regulating fire prevention system, developing a packet of practical fire prevention measures and regulations, and reviewing the applicability of fire insurance system in Korea as a main components of the self-regulating fore prevention system. The so called self-regulating fire prevention system is defined as a grand national fire prevention framework based on and promoted by the vitality and creativeness of the market (or private sector). This drastically contrasts with the existing government-led fire prevention system in Korea. The self-regulating fire prevention system has three grounds: the principle of self-responsibility, the redefinition of the fire service as a public goods, and the principle of self-selection. It seems natural that the self-regulating fire prevention system requires the function of fire insurance institution as a pivoting mechanism providing individual decision makers with a system of incentives, resulting in rational behaviors in the part of each individuals and in the well-balanced fire prevention network in the part of the overall public. In this regard, this pilfer examines the institutions and performance of the fire insurance industry in Korea and reviews the limitation of the industry as an instant replacement mechanism of the current government-led fire prevention system in Korea.

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MULTI-SENSOR INTEGRATION SYSTEM FOR FOREST FIRE PREVENTION

  • Kim Eun Hee;Chi Jeong Hee;Shon Ho Sun;Jung Doo Young;Lee Chung Ho;Ryu Keun Ho
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.450-453
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    • 2005
  • A forest fire occurs mainly as natural factor such as wind, temperature or human factor such as light. Recently, the most of forest fire prevention is prediction or prevision against forest fire by using remote sensing technology. However in order to forest fire prevention, the remote sensing has many limitations such as high cost and advanced technologies and so on. Therefore, we need to multisensor integration system that utilize not only remote sensing but also in-situ sensing in order to reduce large damage of forest fire though analysis of happen cause and prediction routing of occurred forest fire. In this paper we propose a multisensor integration system that offers prediction information of factors and route of forest fire by integrates collected data from remote sensor and in-situ sensor for forest fire prevention. The proposed system is based on wireless sensor network for collect observed data from various sensors. The proposed system not only offers great quality information because firstly, raw data level fuse different format of collected data from remote and in-situ sensor but also accomplish information level fusion based on result of first stage. Offered information from our system can help early prevention of factor and early prevision against occurred forest fire which transfer to SMS service or alert service into monitoring interface of administrator.

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A Study on the Problems and Character for Management of Fire Prevention at the Wholesale Markets (도매시장 화재안전관리 측면에서의 특성 및 취약요소에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Sung;Im, Jae-Keun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.150-158
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    • 2010
  • There are lots of buildings with their deterioration in wholesale markets which have high concentration that can cause big fire due to difficulty of installing fire protection system in fire compartment, absence of safety awareness, access by many and unspecified people. There had been big fire that caused by these kind of fire weakness such as Seomun Market's in 2005 which costed tens of millions dollar, Dongmun Shopping District’s with 7 casualties. Now counter-measure against these fire is urgently needed. This study drew characteristic of current condition of wholesale markets and the one classified by main agent, fire cases and prevention of fire through statistical data. Also, current condition of fire prevention management and actual state were investigated by conducting a survey of person in charge of fire prevention and current practician. As a result, it was shown that securing professionalism of fire prevention, improvement of structural weakness of buildings, obtaining reliability on performance of fire protection system and internal fire education against practician in the market are needed.

A Study on Influential Factors of Egress Behavior in Respect of the Fire Prevention Manager in the Large-scale Shopping Mall (대규모 판매시설의 방화관리자의 측면에서 본 피난행동 영향요인에 대한 연구)

  • 박재성;윤명오
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2004
  • Emergency response of fire prevention manager has an effect on decisive emergency exit behavior of customer who is not accustomed to emergency response in a large-scale shopping department on fire. Especially enclosed stairways in a large scale store are usually located in back space where is impossible for customer to access. Therefore, speedy emergency exit inducement by fire prevention manager is needed for the customer's safe egress. The object of study is to analyse the factors affecting egress behavior and emergency response of fire prevention manager in respect of fire prevention management.

Application and development of Combustion Model for Fire Simulation in Building(II) (건축물 화재성상 시뮬레이션을 위한 연소확대 모델 개발 및 적용사례(II) - 불티에 기인한 연소확대모델 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Eun;Hong, Hae-Ri;Kang, Seung-Goo;Seo, Yoon-Jeong;;Kwon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.28-31
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    • 2011
  • 최근 산불과 같은 불티로 인한 2차화재의 발생 비율이 높아지고 있는 추세이다. 그러나 이를 불티로 인한 화재 성상을 CFD로 해석하기 위해서는 불티에 가해지는 유체력을 평가하여야 연소모델을 적용할 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기존 풍속에 의한 불티 확산실험의 결과를 토대로 FDS에 적용 할 수 있는 연소모델을 구축하고 위하여 수리 모델 및 수치 해법에 대해 정리하고 이를 FDS 연소모델에 적용을 실시하였다.

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