• Title, Summary, Keyword: fertilizer

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Long-term Application Effect of Silicate Fertilizer on Soil Silicate Storage and Rice Yield

  • Kim, Myung-Sook;Park, Seong-Jin;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Ko, Byong-Gu;Yun, Sun-Gang
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.819-825
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    • 2016
  • Monitoring of soil fertility and crop productivity in long-term application of silicate fertilizers is necessary to use fertilizers efficiently. This study was conducted to investigate effects of continuous application of silicate fertilizer for rice cultivation from 1969 to 2014. The treatments were no silicate fertilizer treatments (N, NC, NPK, and NPKC) and silicate fertilizer treatments (N+S, NC+S, NPK+S, and NPKC+S). The 46-yr input of $2\;ton\;ha^{-1}yr^{-1}$ of silicate fertilizer increased pH 0.6 ~ 1.1 and exchangeable Ca $2.0{\sim}2.4cmol_c\;kg^{-1}$ in silicate fertilizer treatments (N+S, NC+S, NPK+S, and NPKC+S) compared with no silicate fertilizer treatments (N, NC, NPK, and NPKC) because silicate fertilizer included Ca component. Also, available silicate concentrations of silicate fertilizer treatments (N+S, NC+S, NPK+S, and NPKC+S) increased $169mg\;kg^{-1}$ compared to no silicate fertilizer treatments. In Period II ('90~'14), the mean annual Si field balance varied from 62 to $175kg\;ha^{-1}yr^{-1}$ in silicate fertilizer treatments, indicating continuous accumulation of soil Si. Silicon uptake and grain yield of rice had greater differences between N treatment and N+S treatment than other treatments. This showed that the application of silicate fertilizer had greater effect in nutrient-poor soils than in proper nutrient soils. Thus the application of silicate fertilizer led to improvement the fertility of soil and increasement of rice production for the lack of soil nutrients.

Fertilizer Use Efficiency of Taro (Colocasia esculenta Schott) and Nutrient Composition of Taro Tuber by NPK Fertilization

  • Lee, Ye-Jin;Sung, Jwa-Kyung;Lee, Seul-Bi;Lim, Jung-Eun;Song, Yo-Sung;Lee, Deog-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.388-392
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    • 2016
  • The objectives of fertilizer recommendation are to prevent the application of excessive fertilization and to produce target yields. Also, optimal fertilization is important because crop quality can be influenced by fertilization. In this study, yields and fertilizer use efficiency of Taro (Colocasia esculenta Schott) were evaluated in different level of NPK fertilization. N, P and K fertilizer application rates were 5 levels (0, 50, 100, 150, 200%) by practical fertilization ($N-P_2O_5-K_2O=180-100-150kg\;ha^{-1}$), respectively. In the N treatment, the yields of Taro tuber were about $33Mg\;ha^{-1}$ from 90 to $360kg\;ha^{-1}$ N fertilization. However, the ratio of tuber to total biomass decreased with increasing N fertilization rate. In the P and K treatments, yields of Taro tuber were the highest at $150kg\;ha^{-1}$ fertilization. Fertilizer use efficiency was decreased by increase of N and K fertilization. Crude protein of Taro tuber was the highest at practical fertilization. Sucrose content of tuber was influenced by phosphate application.

Domestic and International Fertilizer Situation (화학비료(化學肥料)의 국내외(國內外) 수급사정(需給事情))

  • Han, Ki-Hak
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.117-132
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    • 1976
  • Fertilizer has been played greately on the agricultural development as well as food production and agriculture has also promoted the development of fertilizer industry. There were, however, many difficulties between supply and demand of fertilizer throughout the decade. In this regard, this paper is involved with present situation and prospect of commercial fertilizers, in view of domestic and international scheme on resources, production, and demand within the limited information. Brief history of commercial fertilizer in Korea has outlined for the introduction and fertilizer consumption per unit area also discussed.

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Fall Performance of Korean Lawngrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.)as affected by Bio -fertilizer Application (발효계분비료시용이 들잔디(Zoysia japonica Steud.)의 추계생장양상에 미치는 영향)

  • 심재성;정원일
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 1990
  • The effect of bio-fertilizer, which was manufactured poultry manure, on the fall performance of Korean lawngrass was determined on a clay loam soil. Plant length was characterized by increasing the amount of bio-fertilizer applied. This trend was also true in dry matter yield of tops during the experimental period from August 31 through October 30. Both tiller numbers and stolon length steadily increased with increasing amount of bio-fertilizer applied, and 40m/t application of bio-fertilizer was found to be most effective on both components. performance shown on November 5 was prominent for both green leaf and root weights when the increased amount of bio-fertilizer was applied. Korean lawngrass had three times as much green leaf weight with 40m/t application of bio-fertilizer as with other treatments. Several functions of increment of above- ground part components caused by increasing root weight, which is greatly affected by bio-fertilizer application, was discussed. Turf quality was much improved by applying bio-fertilizer, indicating that this fertilizer might play an improtant role in respect of soil structure, water retention etc.

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Fertilizer on Growth Characteristics and Yield of Fritillaria thunbergii Miquel (비료종류(肥料種類)에 따른 패모(貝母)의 생육(生育) 및 수량(收量))

  • Choi, In-Sik;Park, Jae-Seong;Lee, Je-Hong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to clarify the effect of different fertilizer on growth and yield of Fritjllaria thunbergii in Chungbuk Rural Development Administration from 1993 to 1995. Emergence date was faster about 1 to 5 days in fertilizer application than that of non-fertilizer, and emergence ratio was lower about 2.4% to 35.7% in fertilizer application than that of non-fertilizer. Plant height was longer about 2.8cm to 10.6cm in fertilizer application than that of non-fertilizer, and leaf length and width had same tendencies. Bulb height was increased about 0.1 to 0.2cm in fertilizer application than 1.9cm in non-fertilizer and bulb width was increased about 0.5 to 0.7cm in fertilizer application than 2.2cm in non-fertilizer. Total yield was increased about 27% in N-P-K fertilizer, 24% in compost, 23% in compound fertilizer for garlic and 21 % in fowl dropping manure than 572kg/10a in non-fertilizer. Yield of marketable goods was high about 79% in compost. 72% in compound fertilizer for garlic and fowl dropping manure, and 69% in organic fertilizer than 229kg/l0a in non-fertilizer. Therfore, in the cultivation of Fritillaria thunbergii the application of organic fertilizer such as compost and fowl dropping manure was considered more profitable than the application of chemical fertilizer in middle region.

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Effects of Organic Fertilizer and Several Plant Growth Regulators on Yield Components and Quality of Tomato under the Plastic Film House Condition (유기질비료 및 수종의 성장조절제처리가 토마토 수량 구성요소 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, J-S;Kim, Y-C
    • The Journal of Natural Sciences
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    • v.4
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 1991
  • This experiment was carrid out to investigate the effect of organic fertilizer and plant growth regulators application on the growth and quality of tomato. The results are summarized as follows. 1. Plant height of tomato was recorded highest when chemical fertilizer plus organic fertilizer was applied, and did not have significant effects in number of leaf. But stem diameter was positively effected by chemical plus organic fertilizer application than chemical fertilizer alone. 2. Flower formation, flower weight, anther weight and ovary weight were generally increased by organic fertilizer application. 3. Fruit-set and number of flower were significantly increased by organic fertilizer application. 4. Deformity fruit was the lowest rate at chemical plus organic fertilizer application when it was 14.7 percent, and it was increased by chemical fertilizer application. 5. Days of ripening was slightly delayed by organic fertilizer application and also flowering date shortened by chemical fertilizer application. 6. Plant growth regulators had positive effects on number of flower, flower weight, anther weight, and ovary weight, and variations of their effect by cluster were apparent. 7. Fruit-set was increased by 2,4-D 10ppm and BA 20ppm treatments but was decreased by treatments of Ethephon 10ppm and control. 8. By the BA 20ppm and 2,4-D 10ppm treatments, the rate of deformity fruit was decreased and fruit ripening date was also shortened.

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Fertilizer Placement Effect on Agronomic Characteristics of Burley Tobacco(N. tabacum L.) (시비방법이 버어리종 잎담배의 농경적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 조천준;배성국;임해건;김요태
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 1997
  • Recently the method of basal compound fertilizer (N : P : K = 18.2 : 9.8 : 35.0) Placement has been changed from banding to broadcasting in tobacco cultivation. The effects of the compound fertilizer placement, level of fertilizer and additional urea application on the agronomic characteristics, two chemical compositions and physical Properties of burley tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. KB 108) were investigated at Chonju Experiment Station, Korea Ginseng and Tobacco Research Institute in 1995-1996. Six treatments consisted of (1) band (method of fertilizer Placement) + In kg/10a(compound fertilizer) + 0(additional urea applied), (2) broadcast+140+0, (3) broadcast+140+25, (4) band+180+0, (5) broadcast+180+0, and (6) broadcast +180+25. The additional urea was applied at hilling. No significant differences were detected between banding and broadcasting method of compound fertilizer Placement in field 9rowth, wield, organoleptic qualify(price Per kilogram), chemical composition and Physical properties of cured leaf, The increased compound fertilizer by 30%(40k/10a) or the additional urea application by 25kg per 10a produced slightly higher yield than the recommended amount of basal compound fertilizer without additional urea application did. It also increased the total alkaloid content of cured leaf. It is recommended that no more basal fertilizer above the recommended amount and no additional urea application are needed in burley tobacco fertilization, even though the method of basal fertilizer placement being chanced from banding to broadcasting. Key words : Nicotiana tabacum, fertilizer placement, additional urea.

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Mineral N, Macro Elements Uptake and Physiological Parameters in Tomato Plants Affected by Different Nitrate Levels

  • Sung, Jwa-Kyung;Lee, Su-Youn;Kang, Seong-Soo;Lee, Ye-Jin;Kim, Ro-Gyoung;Lee, Ju-Young;Jang, Byoung-Choon;Ha, Sang-Keun;Lee, Jong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.551-558
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study was to know whether leaf nitrate can be a substitute of total leaf N to justify plant N status and how nitrate influences macro elements uptake and physiological parameters of tomato plants under different nitrogen levels. Leaf nitrate content decreased in low N, while showed similar value with the control in high N, ranging from 55 to $70mg\;g^{-1}$. Differences in nitrate supply led to nitrate-dependent increases in macro elements, particularly cations, while gradual decrease in P. Physiological parameters, photosynthesis rates and antioxidants, greatly responded in N deficient conditions rather than high N, which didn't show any significant differences compared the control. Considering nitrogen forms and physiological parameters, total-N in tomato plants represented positive relation with growth (shoot dry weight), nitrate and $CO_2$ assimilation, whereas negative relation with lipid peroxidation.

Effect of Application of Organic Fertilizer on the Growth of Korean Lawngrass(Zoysia matrella L. Merr.) (유기질비료의 시용이 한국잔디(Zoysia matrella L. Merr.)의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 함선규;이정재;김인섭
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.7 no.2_3
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 1993
  • This experiment was carried out in order to study effect of organic fertilizer on the growth of Korean lawngrass(Zoysia matrella L. Merr.) and the change of soil chemical characteristics. Results obtained are summarized as follows: l. Organic fertilizer was appropriate for base-dressing in the establishment of turfgrass by means of sod. 2. Chlorophyll contents in mixed application plot of complex organic fertilizer were more abundant than that in single application plot of organic fertilizer. 3. The yield of dry weight in single application plot of organic fertilizer was greater about 40% than that in control plot. 4. As a whole, the growth of Korean lawngrass in mixed application plot of complex and organic fertilizer was more greater than that in single application plot of complex fertilizer. 5. Application of organic fertilizer promote effectiveness of available phosphorous in soil.

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Plant Analysis Methods for Evaluating Mineral Nutrient

  • Lee, Ye-Jin;Sung, Jwa-Kyung;Lee, Seul-Bi;Lim, Jung-Eun;Song, Yo-Sung;Lee, Deog-Bae;Hong, Suk-Young
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2017
  • Analysis of mineral nutrients in plant is required for evaluating diagnosis of plant nutritional status. Pretreatment procedure for the analysis of plant can be varied depending on elements to be analyzed. Wet-digestion is suitable for total nitrogen, phosphate and cations, however, digestion solution including nitric acid is not suitable for nitrogen analysis. Incineration procedure is required to analyze chloride, silicate and total sulfur. After digestion, total nitrogen is analyzed by Kjeldahl method, and phosphate is detected at 470nm by colorimetric analysis with ammonium meta vanadate. Cations and micro elements are determined by titration or colorimetry, also, these elements can be measured by Atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) or Inductively coupled plasma spectrometer (ICP).