• Title, Summary, Keyword: fermented soybean paste

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Quality characteristics of Korean-Uzbekistanis fermented soybean paste (우즈베키스탄 고려인 제조 장류의 품질특성)

  • Seo, Bo Young;Eom, Jeong Seon;Song, Jin;Baek, Sung Yeol;Kim, Jae Hyun;Park, Shin Young;Choi, Hye Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.458-463
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    • 2015
  • Many Koreans, who are resident in Uzbekistan and Central Asia, are still avid fans of the Korean traditional soybean paste. No research study has been conducted on the Korean-Uzbekistanis soybean paste. The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of the Korean-Uzbekistanis fermented soybean paste. Nine kinds of soybean pastes prepared by Korean-Uzbekistanis were collected, and their physiochemical properties (protease activity, amylase activity, amino type nitrogen content, reducing-sugar contents, and aerobic bacterial count) have been analyzed. The Korean-Uzbekistanis' fermented soybean paste (KU-SP) showed higher protease activity than the Korean fermented soybean paste (K-SP). The protease activities of KU-SP B, D, and H were 832, 807 and 630 unit/g, respectively, which were significantly different from others. In addition, the content of amino-type nitrogen in KU-SP B, D, and H were 777 mg%, 686 mg%, and 705 mg%, respectively. In the meanwhile, ${\alpha}$-amylase activities showed wide ranges starting from 10.82 to 47.98 unit/g. The KU-SP values, except for the KU-SP C, have shown higher activities than the K-SP. The reduced sugar content and totoal aerobic bacteria number were within the range of 0.55~3.43%/g and 7.24~8.79 log CFU/g, respectively. Finally, this research provided the basic data and information for the quality characteristics of commercial soybean paste prepared by the Korean-Uzbekistanis. These basic data can be useful for understanding the Korean food culture in Central Asia.

Anti-microbial Activity of Korean Fermented Soybean Paste (Doen-jang) Against Oral Microbes (한국 전통 된장의 구강미생물에 대한 항균효과)

  • Lee, Sung-Lim;Kim, Jong-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate the anti-microbial activity of extract from Korean fermented soybean paste (doen-jang) against 16 types of oral microbes, and to determine the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of the extract for three major microbes causing human oral diseases (Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Candida albicans). The extract was prepared using ethyl acetate and it was treated with the oral microbes at a concentration of 5.00 mg/ml (0.5%). The anti-microbial activity and MIC were measured using broth dilution method. Significant reduction of microbial activities of 16 types of oral microbes occurred when the soybean paste extract was added to the broth compared to the control (p<0.01), and striking inhibition (more than 99%) was observed in ten types. S. mutans, which causes dental caries, showed MIC at a concentration of 1.25 mg/ml for the extract. P. gingivalis, which causes adult periodontal disease, showed MIC at a concentration of 2.50 mg/ml for the extract. C. albicans, which causes denture stomatitis and angular stomatitis, showed MIC at a concentration of 20 mg/ml for the extract. These results indicate that ethyl acetate extract of doen-jang showed strong anti-microbial effect against 16 types of oral microbes, and the anti-microbial effect of the extract against oral microbes was stronger against bacteria than against fungi. The anti-microbial effect might be possibly enhanced by the fermentation of soybeans.

Characteristics and HMG-Co A Reductase Inhibitory Activity of Fermented Red Pepper Soybean Paste(Kochujang) Prepared from Red-Rice and Barley. (홍국과 보리를 이용하여 제조한 고추장의 특성과 HMG-Co A Reductase 저해활성)

  • Hyun, Kwang-Uk;No, Jae-Duck;Lim, Seong-Il;Cha, Seong-Kwan;Choi, Sin-Yang
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to improve the palatability of fermented red pepper soybean paste (Kochujang). Five individual models of Kochujang were prepared the following: control, glutinous rice containing 50% (A) and 100% (B) of barley, glutinous rice containing 1.5% (C) and 3.0% (D) of red rice. These Kochujangs were prepared and fermented for 60 days at 30 in a crock, and examined for changes in their physicochemical properties. There were no distinguishable change in their pH, acidity, formol-N content. L (lightness)-, a (redness)- and b (yellowness)-values were decreased rapidly until 20 days of fermentation. After 60 days, the values of L-, a- and b- of A, B Kochujang were increased than those of control, C, D Kochujang. Sensory profiles of color, flayer, taste and overall quality on the final products which fermented for 60 days showed that there were no differences in quality of each models. HMG-Co A reductase inhibitory activities were observed in 1.5% of red rice containing Kochujang.

Aspergillus Associated with Meju, a Fermented Soybean Starting Material for Traditional Soy Sauce and Soybean Paste in Korea

  • Hong, Seung-Beom;Kim, Dae-Ho;Samson, Robert A.
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.218-224
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    • 2015
  • Aspergillus is an important fungal genus used for the fermentation of Asian foods; this genus is referred to as koji mold in Japan and China. A. oryzae, A. sojae, and A. tamari are used in the production of miso and shoyu in Japan, but a comprehensive taxonomic study of Aspergillus isolated from Meju, a fermented soybean starting material for traditional soy sauce and soybean paste in Korea, has not been conducted. In this study, various Aspergillus species were isolated during a study of the mycobiota of Meju, and the aspergilli were identified based on phenotypic characteristics and sequencing of the ${\beta}$-tubulin gene. Most strains of Aspergillus were found to belong to the following sections: Aspergillus (n = 220), Flavi (n = 213), and Nigri (n = 54). The most commonly identified species were A. oryzae (n = 183), A. pseudoglaucus (Eurotium repens) (n = 81), A. chevalieri (E. chevalieri) (n = 62), A. montevidensis (E. amstelodami) (n = 34), A. niger (n = 21), A. tamari (n = 15), A. ruber (E. rubrum) (n = 15), A. proliferans (n = 14), and A. luchuensis (n = 14); 25 species were identified from 533 Aspergillus strains. Aspergillus strains were mainly found during the high temperature fermentation period in the later steps of Meju fermentation.

Survey on consumer response of Kochujang (fermented hot pepper-soybean paste) in Market (시판 고추장에 대한 소비자 반응에 관한 조사 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.419-425
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    • 1995
  • General views of 1,436 housewives respondents through the country on commercial kochujang (fermented hot pepper-soybean paste) were surveyed by questionnaires. The 65.0% of total respondents had experience of purchasing commercial kochujang on the market, mostly super market (43.0%) of respondents, and the respondents who has job and live in apartment purchased the commercial products more often than the others (80.5%). The reason for purchasing commercial products were convenience (36.1%) and short of time (13.0%). The critera for purchasing commercial product were previous experience (40.1%) and well known trademark (20.6%) and not for purchasing were concerning of noxiousness (29.2%) and inferior taste (25.0%). Respondents prefered glass packing (44.3%) and plastic bottle (20.2%) of 500 g pack for single usage (42.3%). The most important standards for kochujang taste were pungency (59.1%) and savory taste (28.6%). The problems indicated to commercial products were inferior taste (32.2%), especially too sweet (52.6%), and safety (20.6%).

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Growth Suppression Effect of Traditional Fermented Soybean Paste(Doenjang) on the Various Tumor Cells (순창 재래식 된장의 암세포 성장억제 효과)

  • 최신양;최미정;이정진;김현정;홍석산;정건섭;이봉기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.458-463
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    • 1999
  • Methanol extract and its fraction of traditional fermented soybean paste(doenjang) from Soonchang area were studied for growth suppression on the various tumor cells and suppression components, by using HPLC and GC were analysed. Hexane fraction of methanol extract was indicated 79%, 76%, 67%, 66%, 78% of growth suppression on L1210, P338D1, HepG2, WiDr and SNU 1 tumor cells, respectively. Ethylacetate fraction of methanol extract also showed 81%, 75%, 75%, 76% and 82% of growth suppression on the same tumor cells, respectively. Peak 8 obtained from HPLC of ethylacetate fraction indicated 81%, 77%, 77%, 75% and 79% of growth suppression on the same tumor cells and identified as a genistein, by comparing with standard one by HPLC analysis. Hexane fraction of methanol extract contained oleic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid.

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Antibacterial, Free Radical Scavenging, and Proliferative Effects of Korean Fermented Soybean Paste (Doenjang) Extracts

  • Yun, Soon-Il
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.138-143
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    • 2005
  • Antibacterial, free radical scavenging, proliferative, and cytotoxicity effects of Doenjang extracts were examined. All samples except water extract showed strong antibacterial activity against oral bacteria, Streptococcus. pyogenes, S. mutants, S. sanguinis, S. sorbrinus, S. criceti, S. antinosus, S. gordonii, and Porphyromonas. gingivalis (MIC and MBC values: 0.08-1.25 and 0.16-2.50 mg/ml, respectively). DPPH method showed ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts are effective inhibitors of oral bacteria. Based on MTT assay, 24 h exposure to 0.31 mg/ml of all extracts, excepted water extract, resulted in strong cytotoxicity on KB cells. All extracts strongly inhibited human gingival fibroblast viability.

Rheological Properties of Doen-Jang(Korea Fermented Soybean Paste) Suspensions (된장 현탁액의 리올로지적 성질)

  • Lee, Chul-Weon;Hwang, Eung-Soo;Lee, Shin-Young;Pyun, Yu-Ryang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 1990
  • The rheological properties of soybean paste suspensions as affected by concentrations and heating were studied. All suspensions of soybean paste showed thioxotropic plastic behavior. The concentrated suspensions below the ratio of water to soybean paste, 1.25 exhibited Figure-eight phenomena which were presented by two Intersections of the up curve with the dorm curve of shear rate. The dilute suspension (soybean paste: water=1:2) showed H type hysteresis loop at low temperature. But increasing the heating temperature above $60^{\circ}C$, the hysteresis loop exhibited a Figure eight phenomenon. Consistency index of the suspensions increased remarkably by heating and showed the highest value around isoelectric point of the protein. It was suggested that the proteinous nitrogen might be the main component taking part in viscous behavior under different pH and heat treatment.

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Optimization of the Production of Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Bacillus firmus NA-1 in Fermented Soybeans

  • Seo, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Sam-Pin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2004
  • Bacillus strains capable of producing fibrinolytic enzyme were isolated from traditional fermented Korean soybean paste and Japanese fermented soybean (Natto). Among the 16 strains, a selected Bacillus sp. was identified as bacillus firmus, with 80.7% homology, by API kit analysis. Seed starter or B. firmus NA-1 was prepared with 5% soymilk prepared from micronized soybean powder. To produce fibrinolytic enzyme by B. firmus NA-1 the liquid culture was performed with NB broth (pH 7.0) fortified with 1% galactose, 0.1% tryptone, and 0.5% $K_2$HPO$_4$, by shaking with 180 rpm at 37$^{\circ}C$. Fibrinolytic enzyme activity reached the highest value at 7.8 unit/mL (plasmin unit) after fermentation for 72 hr. The crude fibrinolytic enzyme showed higher relative activity in the range of pH 7.0∼9.0. The activity of crude fibrinolytic enzyme was well maintained even after concentration by the vacuum evaporation at 5$0^{\circ}C$ for 1 hr.