• Title, Summary, Keyword: fermented soybean paste

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Prediction of Fermentation Time of Korean Style Soybean Paste by using The Portable Electronic Nose (휴대용 전자코에 의한 된장의 숙성정도 예측)

  • Noh, Bong-Soo;Yang, Young-Min;Lee, Taik-Soo;Hong, Hyung-Ki;Kwon, Chul-Han;Sung, Yung-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.356-362
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    • 1998
  • The study is to predict fermentation time of Korean style soybean paste by portable electronic nose that has six metal oxide sensors. Korean style soybean paste using Aspergillus oryzae was fermented at $15^{\circ}C,\;20^{\circ}C\;and\;25^{\circ}C$. The changes of sensitivity by electronic nose, amino nitrogen and reducing sugar were observed during fermentation. Sensitivities of six metal oxide sensor were decreased with increase of fermentation time while amino nitrogen was increased. Sensor #3 and #4 showed good correlation between sensitivities of the sensors and fermentation time $(r^2=0.71{\sim}0.95)$. And the good correlation between sensitivity by electronic nose and the produced amino nitrogen was shown until soybean paste was fermented. Portable electronic nose using metal oxide sensor (#3 and #4) could predict fermentation time of Korean style soybean paste.

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Characteristics of seasoning pastes fermented by Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus subtilis using edible insects (장류 미생물을 이용한 식용곤충 발효 조미페이스트 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Zhao, Huiling;Cho, Joo-Hyoung;Chung, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.297-307
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to develop a seasoning paste fermented by Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus subtilis using three edible insects: Tenebrio molitor larvae, Gryllus bimaculatus, and Bombyx mori pupa. No significant changes in pH and titratable acidity were observed between the insect pastes and soybean control during a 5-week fermentation process. The amino nitrogen was 0.35-0.50% (w/w) in the early stage of the fermentation and increased to 0.72-0.78%. The total nitrogen was 2.36-3.62% (w/w) in the early stage and was preserved during the fermentation period. Free amino acids of the insect pastes were similar to those in soybean paste. In general, the fermented insect pastes showed a lower flavor and color than soybean paste but B. mori pupa-fermented paste did not show any significant difference in preference from soybean. Glutamate, aspartate, lysine, phenylalanine, arginine, and serine were found to affect taste preference. It was possible to ferment edible insect protein to produce a fermented seasoning paste like Korean doenjang.

Effect of Doenjang (Korean Fermented Soybean Paste) on Lipid Oxidation and Cooking Properties of Pork Patties

  • Oh, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Chang-Soon
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1138-1144
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the cooking properties and lipid oxidation stability during storage at $4{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ when the various levels (5 to 20%) of doenjang (Korean fermented soybean paste) were added to pork patties cooked by pan frying (PF) and convection oven (CO). With increasing the addition of doenjang, cooking properties of pork patties revealed the improved cooking yield, less diameter reduction, and less thickness increase. Also, the shear force, hardness, and chewiness of pork patties were reduced. The PF cooking method showed better cooking properties than CO. Lipid oxidation expressed by the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values was significantly reduced by the addition of more than 5% doenjang (p<0.05). The TBARS values of cooked pork patties by PF were significantly lower than CO during the 8 days of the storage (p<0.05). The development of warmed-over flavor (WOF) in cooked pork patties was delayed as the amount of the doenjang was increased. It was suggested that the addition of doenjang and PF favorably affected the cooking properties and stability of lipid oxidation in pork patties.

Isolation of a Fermenting Microorganism Involved in Formation of ortho-Dihydroxyisoflavones in Doenjang (Korean Fermented Soybean Paste)

  • Seo, Hyo-Seel;Lee, Jae-Hwan;Kwon, Dae-Yong;Park, Jin-Byung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1030-1034
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    • 2009
  • A fermenting microorganism involved in formation of ortho-dihydroxyisoflavones (ODIs) during aging of doenjang (Korean fermented soybean paste) has been investigated. Microorganisms in ODI-containing doenjang were isolated by cultivating on yeast mold (YM) agar medium containing 0-7% NaCl. ODI formation of the isolated strains was examined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis after cultivation in modified YM broth or soybean extract medium. An ODI-producing microbe was identified as Bacillus subtilis HS-1 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The strain has produced 8-hydroxydaidzein as a major product during growth in the modified YM broth or soybean extract medium. Therefore, it was concluded that one of the microorganisms involved in the formation of ODIs in doenjang was B. subtilis HS-1.

Compositions of Nitrogen Compound and Amino Acid in Soybean Paste(Doenjang) Prepared with Different Microbial Sources (미생물 급원을 달리한 숙성 된장의 질소성분과 아미노산 조성)

  • Park, Jung-Sook;Lee, Myung-Yul;Kim, Jung-Soo;Lee, Taik-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.609-615
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    • 1994
  • Fermented traditional soybean paste(doenjang), koji soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae, natto soybean paste by Bacillus natto and koji & natto soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus natto were analyzed for compositions of amino acids and contents of nitrogens. Amino type nitrogen was the highest in fermenting for 90 days as $271{\sim}868\;mg/100g$, and its contents were in the order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste in all samples tested. In compositions of total amino acids, glutamic and aspartic acids were rich in koji soybean paste but big differences were not observed in all samples. But some differences were observed in free amino acid compositions in all samples, that is, glutamic acid, tyrosine, lysine and aspartic acid were detected more abundantly. Sum of free amino acids for 90 days were in order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste. The ratios of free to total amino acids were $3.28{\sim}19.81%$ for 45 days, but increased to $10.88{\sim}25.10%$ for 90 days, and in order of traditional doenjang>koji doenjang>koji & natto doenjang>natto doenjang. Methionine and histidine showed higher ratios of free to total amino acid but lower in glutamic acid and aspartic acid. These results suggest that koji and traditional soybean paste of having high ratios of free amino acids to free and total amino acids may be more favorable in soybean paste fermentation.

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Antioxidative characteristics of isolated Crude Phenolics from Soybean Fermented Foods(Doenjang) (콩 발효식품에 있어서 페놀물질의 분리와 이의 항산화성)

  • 이정수;최홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.376-382
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    • 1997
  • Antioxidative characteristics of doenjang(fermented soybeans paste) phenolics on the lipid oxidation systems were studied by the determination of the oxidative related activity including lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibition, metal chelating and free radical scavengning of doenjang phenolics. Manlikong variety containing the highest amounts of phenolic compounds among the soybean variety, was used for doenjang processing. Doenjang was prepared by the series of processes including soaking for overnight, cooking for 1hr at 12Lb, first fermentation (3 days at 30$\pm$2$^{\circ}C$) for the preparation of meju(soybean koji) after inoculation of Asp. oryzae, and further fermentation(60 days at 30$\pm$2$^{\circ}C$) for the ripening after addition of salt 13% to meju. In order to investigate the antioxidative activity of phenolics in doenjang, the doenjang phenolics was extracted with methanol form freeze dried defatted doenjang. Antioxidative effects of methanol extract on linoleic acid oxidation system were observed by the significantly decreased levels of peroxide and conjugated diene formation. In addition, methanol extract resulted in the inhibition of LOX activity. and also, metal(FeCl$_3$) chelation and free radical scavengning activities were increased with increasing concentration of methanol extract.

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Quality Properties of Soy-paste Soybean Cultivar for Fermented Soybean Products (장류용 콩 품종별 발효물의 품질 특성)

  • Shin, Dong-Sun;Park, Chang Hwan;Choi, In Duck;Lee, Seuk Ki;Park, Ji Young;Kim, Nam Geol;Choi, Hye Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 2019
  • This study evaluates the quality properties of soy-paste soybean cultivar for fermented soybean products. The six soybean varieties that include Jinpung, Saedanbaek, Daepung 2, Pyeongwon, Cheonga and Saeolkong were used in the experiment. The range of water uptake ratio, hardness after soaking and hardness after steaming were 117.00~131.33%, 1.65~3.30 kg and 0.05~0.14 kg, respectively. The physicochemical analysis indicated the following: Moisture content, 63.27~68.72%; pH, 6.43~6.60; total acidity, 0.27~0.45%. Color values for L value (lightness), a value (redness), and b value (yellowness) ranged from 39.07~67.92, 7.64~11.79, and 7.48~20.67, respectively. The amylase and protease activities of the Saedanbaek samples were the highest among all cultivars. The amount of viscous substance in the fermented soybean products by cultivars ranged from 5.93 to 8.37%, and Saedanbaek was the highest. The total viable cells counts for soybean fermented products were 9.11~9.42 log CFU/g. The amino-type nitrogen contents of all samples were in the range of 401.07 to 524.47 mg% and Saedanbaek cultivars showed the highest content (524.47 mg%). Based on the results, Saedanbaek will be suitable as a soy-paste soybean cultivar and the quality standards for the fermentation process of the fermented soybean products.

Volatile Flavor Components of Soybean Paste(Doenjang) Prepared from Different Types of Strains (균주를 달리한 된장의 향기 성분)

  • Park, Jung-Suk;Lee, Myung-Yul;Kim, Kyong-Su;Lee, Taik-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 1994
  • Four types of soybean paste(Doenjang), using traditional meju, koji, natto meju and mixture of koji and natto meju, were manufactured and fermented for 90 days. Analyzed volatile flavor components by GC-MS were confirmed to be thirty-six components including 5 alcohols, 5 aldehydes. 8 ketones, 3 acids, 9 esters and 6 miscellaneous ones. Traditional soybean paste tested had 29 components, koji and koji-natto soybean paste $26{\sim}24$ and natto soybean paste had 20 ones. Alcohol was found to be the most abundant volatile flavor components in all samples group. Traditional soybean paste had higher ratio of carbonyl to ester than any other types of soybean paste while koji-natto soybean paste had the lowest ratio of their components. The newly identified five volatile flavor components were 3-ethoxy-l-propene, dihydro-2-methyl-3-furanone. 1-hydroxy-2-propanone, 1-(2-furanyl)ethanone and 2-acethyl ethylhexanoate.

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The Development of High fiber Food for Constipation (변비 환자를 위한 고섬유질 음식 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 박혜원;정혜정;최은정;이지정
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.715-723
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    • 2002
  • In recent yearn, eating habit that is not right causes disease the dietary fiber (DF) intakes of Korean decreases. Occurrence of chronic disease such as constipation increased gradually. This study was performed to investigate of high fiber standard recipes for one day including major source of DF such as vegetables, cereals and grain products, seaweeds, fruits, fungi and mushrooms, and legumes and products for improving constipation through dietary treatment. Nutrient analysis per person marked energy, protein, fat and DF content. The food of high I : S ratio (Insoluble fibers: Soluble fibers) are soybean sprout salad, rice gruel with vegetables, pan fried mushroom with vegetables. The food of low I:S ratio are fermented soybean paste stew, fried rice with kimchi, fruits salad with yogurt dressing and seasoned noodle with vegetables. The representative high fiber diet menu is rice gruel with vegetable, rice with radish and oyster, fermented soybean paste stew, kimchi stew, assorted soybean sprout salad, three kinds of pancake roll, pan fried mushroom with vegetables, fruits salad with yogurt dressing and seasoned noodle with vegetables. The menu developed in this study, contains fiber of at least 8.97 times of RDA and in point view of 1 day intake, that is similar to the scope of RDA, 20-25 g per day. This findings should be appliable to nutritional education and medical food for constipation. And also, the aim of study is constipation patients easily applicate that developed the food of high fiber using Korean common food. And the result of the study will be the basic data about clinical test of food developed in this study and the danger of high fiber diet. The representative high fiber diet menu is rice gruel with vegetable, rice with radish and oyster, fermented soybean paste stew, kimchi stew, assorted soybean sprout salad, three kinds of pancake roll, pan fried mushroom with vegetables, fruits salad with yoghurt dressing and seasoned noodle with vegetables. This findings should be applicable to nutritional education and medical food for constipation.

A Review on Preparing Methods of Traditional Jeupjang (즙장의 전통적 유형과 제조방법의 고찰)

  • Jung, Soon-Teck;Park, Yang-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 1999
  • Jeupjang like salted soybean paste with vegetable is the Korean traditional side order eating at table. Bibliographical studies on the Jeupjang in historic books such as Jeungbo-Sanlim-Keongjae(Re-edition of agriculture economic), Imwon- Keongjae Ji(Book of country economic) and Keuhap-Chongseo(Handbook of household) described the Korean food in the 18 century carried out. In addition, investigation and analytical studies on various home-made Jeupjang in present was accomplished. Jeupjangs were classified into three types according to variety preparing methods. Three types were fermented soybean paste (Doenjang) type using traditional Meju(soybean cake stater) for Jeupjang, salted pickle (Jangachi) type buried cucumber and eggplant into soybean paste or soysauce (Kanjang), and salted sauer kraut (Kimchii) type prepared vegetable in Jeupjang-Meju mash. The procedures for producing Jeupjang were Jeupjang-Meju making, and mixing vegetable with Meju powder into brine. At last process was fermented in horse wastes or grasses for 7-14 days. But manufacturing methods of Jeupjang before the 18 century were different in present. Nowadays glutinous rice, red pepper powder and various vegetable were used for domestic Jeupjang.

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