• Title, Summary, Keyword: fermented soybean paste

Search Result 261, Processing Time 0.068 seconds

Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Fermented Soybean Paste Sauce added Lotus Leaf Powder (연잎분말을 첨가한 된장소스의 이화학적 품질 특성)

  • Han, Hye-Young;Lee, Seung-Ju
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.8-14
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study is to examine the physicochemical and quality characteristics of fermented soybean paste sauce containing lotus leaf powder at concentrations of 0% (control), 2%, 4%, 6% and 8%. The color of increasing the amount of concentrated lotus leaf powder in the fermented soybean paste sauce tended to increase the pH, total soluble solids, saltinity and viscosity. It also tended to increase total polyphenol, flavonoids content and DPPH radical scavenging ability. The total bacteria numbers increased with storage period, and those of fermented soybean paste sauce with 4% lotus leaf powder were lower compared to the other samples. The results of this study suggest that lotus leaf is a beneficial ingredient for increasing quality characteristics and the functionality of fermented soybean paste sauce.

The Quality of Doenjang (Soybean Paste) Manufactured with Bacillus brevis (Bacillus brevis 로 제조한 된장의 품질)

  • 양성호;최명락;지원대;정영건;김종규
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.980-985
    • /
    • 1994
  • We investigated the quality of soybean paste(Doenjang) fermented by BAcillus brevis. The results obtained were as follows : soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis had alkaline pH and yellow ochre color. Dextrinizing activity was about 98 D.P. unit from 5th to 25th day of fermentation at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and after that day somewhat decreased . Saccharifying activity was respectively 6.1, 7.2, 6.8, 6.4 S.P. unit on 5, 15, 25 and 35th day of fermentation. Protease activity suddenly increased after 15th day of fermentation and was 250, 275, 299 unit on15, 25, 35 th day of fermentation , respectively. The most abundant free amino acid was found to be glutamic acid (561.8mg%) in soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis. In case of free sugar and non-volatile organic acid, fructose and oxalic acid showed highest content of 10.25mg% on 25th day and 12.20mg% on 15th day. The contents of free amino acids, free sugars, organic acids in soybean paste fermented by B.brevis were most abundant after 25 days of fermentation and this results were similar to that of traditional soybean paste. The odor of soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis was improved to be a nice soybean paste odor on 25th day of fermentation. However, sensory evaluation value of the taste of it decreased after 10 th day of fermentation.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Vacuum Packaged Fermented Pork with Soy Sauce, Red Pepper and Soybean Paste Seasoning during Storage (간장, 고추장 및 된장 양념으로 발효한 진공포장 돈육의 저장기간 동안 품질 특성)

  • Jin, S.K.;Kim, I.S.;Hah, K.H.;Lyou, H.J.;Park, K.H.;Lee, J.R.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.47 no.5
    • /
    • pp.825-836
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the quality characteristics of the fermented pork with soy sauce, red pepper paste and soybean paste. The ham of pork were cut to cube (7 × 10 × 2 cm3) and Korea traditional seasonings such as soy sauce (T1), red pepper paste (T2), soybean paste (T3) were seasoned by the proportions of meat to seasonings (1:1), respectively. The pH of fermented pork with soybean paste seasoning were significantly higher compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce and red pepper paste seasoning at 1 and 28 days of storage, but were significantly lower at 14 days of storage. The water-holding capacity of fermented pork with soy sauce seasoning were significantly higher compared to those for fermented pork with red pepper and soybean paste seasoning at 28 days of storage. The surface meat L* values of fermented pork with soybean paste seasoning were significantly higher compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce and red pepper paste seasoning, but a* and b* values of fermented pork with red pepper paste seasoning significantly higher. The volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) of fermented pork with soybean paste seasoning were significantly lower compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce seasoning at 1 and 28 days of storage. The shear force and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) of fermented pork with soybean paste seasoning were significantly lower compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce and red pepper paste seasoning. The total plate counts of fermented pork with soybean paste seasoning were significantly higher compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce and red pepper paste seasoning at 14 days of storage, but were significantly lower at 28 days of storage. The Escherichia coli of fermented pork with soy sauce and soybean paste seasoning were significantly lower compared to those for fermented pork with red pepper paste seasoning at 1 day of storage. The Lactobacilli spp. of fermented pork with red pepper paste seasoning were significantly lower compared to those for fermented pork with soy sauce and soybean paste seasoning.

Antimicrobial Activities of Soybean Paste Extracts (된장추출물의 항균활성)

  • 이상덕;양재승;정재홍;성창근;오만진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1230-1238
    • /
    • 1999
  • To identify antimicrobial activities of soybean paste, studies have been carried out with laboratory manufactured soybean paste, traditional and improved type soybean paste purchased on the market. The soybean paste fermented with Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus tamari and commercial soybean paste were shown antimicrobial activities for Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphy lococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhimurium. Non fermented soybean paste did not show antimicrobial activities against Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis. The extract of soybean paste extracted by 80% methanol showed the highest antimicrobial activities of in ethyl acetate fraction and followed butanol fraction, respectively. Antimicrobial activities of traditional and improved type soybean paste were shown against all tested microorganisms and clear zone length of traditional soybean paste was slightly larger than that of improved type. Components of antimicrobial fractions of soybean paste were guessed peptides, 4 hydroxy benzoic acid, benzoic acid by GC MS.

  • PDF

Aroma Components of Traditional Korean Soy Sauce and Soybean Paste Fermented with the Same Meju

  • Seo, Jae-Soon;Chang, Ho-Geun;Ji, Won-Dae;Lee, Eun-Ju;MYEONG-RAK-CHOI;HAENG-JA-KIM
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.278-285
    • /
    • 1996
  • We identified volatile components of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste which had been manufactured with the same traditional Meju with a view to improving the quality of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste. All of the volatile components were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) apparatus. To obtain more detailed information, whole volatile components were separated into fractions. The volatile components of the whole and of each fraction were identified by GC-mass and Kovat's retention index. Sixty two and eighty six components were identified in traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste, respectively. Many aroma components of traditional Korean soy sauce differ from those of traditional Korean soybean paste. It was confirmed that many aroma components of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste are completely different from those of Japanese fermented soy sauce (Shoyu) and soybean paste (Miso).

  • PDF

Growth Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori by Ingestion of Fermented Soybean Paste (된장 섭취에 의한 Helicobacter pylori의 생장 억제)

  • Kim, Hyung-Rak;Kim, Young-Hyu;Park, Seong-Chan;Kim, Mi-Sun;Baik, Keun-Sik;Cho, Hyun-Wook;Seong, Chi-Nam
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1695-1700
    • /
    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the ingestion effect of fermented soybean paste on the growth inhibition of Helicobacter pylori. Anti-H. pylori effect of the aqueous extract of soybean paste and cell-free supernatant of the isolates from soybean paste were determined using agar diffusion method. Soybean paste and the isolates inhibited the growth of H. pylori. Effect of soybean paste ingestion was estimated using urea breath test against infected volunteers showing no symptom of gastric disease. When 10 g of soybean paste was ingested 3 times a day for 6 weeks, average value of $P={\Delta}^{13}C(T_1-T_0)$ decreased from P=58 to P=28. This result indicated that fermented soybean paste was effective to inhibit the growth of H. pylori in gastric tissue.

Carbon Dioxide Production and Quality Changes in Korean Fermented Soybean Paste and Hot Pepper-Soybean Paste (포장된 전통 된장 및 고추장의 저장 중 $CO_2$ 발생과 특성변화)

  • Kim, Gi-Tae;Hwang, Yong-Il;Lim, Seong-Il;Lee, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.29 no.5
    • /
    • pp.807-813
    • /
    • 2000
  • One hundred fifty grams of Korean fermented soybean paste and hot pepper-soybean paste were packaged in glass jar of 232 mL and Sotred at 5, 13, 22 and 30℃. During the storage, the changes in their microbial flora and quality attributes were monitored. Carbon dioxide production rate from the stored pastes were also determined from initial change of CO₂concentration in headspace of the pack. Hot pepper-soybean pate showed much higher CO₂ production rate higher dependence of CO₂ production on temperature compared to soybean paste. Total aerobic bacteria count and lactic acid bacteria count did not change significantly through the storage. Yeast count in soybean paste decreased slowly after initial uprise while that of hot pepper-soybean paste steadily decreased. Surface color of hot pepper paste changed to dark red with slight decrease in 'L' value and slight increase in 'a' and 'b' values, whereas any significant color change was not observed in soy paste. Titratable acidity increased with time with higher increase in soybean paste, but pH stayed at constant level for both pastes. All the rates of quality change were higher with higher temperature. Pressure buildup due to CO₂ production needs to be considered first in designing the packages of the fermented pastes before their color changes and other chemical quality changes.

  • PDF

Aglycone Isoflavones and Exopolysaccharides Produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus in Fermented Soybean Paste

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Lee, Je-Hyuk;Surh, Jeonghee;Kang, Soon Ah;Jang, Ki-Hyo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.117-123
    • /
    • 2016
  • Bioconversion of aglycone-formed isoflavones from glycoside-formed isoflavones by commercial lactic acid bacteria in fermented soybean paste was evaluated. Enterococcus faecium KCTC 13410 showed the most resistant capacity and Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC 3925 had a sensitive susceptibility at a high NaCl concentration (13.2%) in fermented soybean paste. Among the 5 strains tested, Lac. acidophilus KCTC 3925 showed the highest relative ratio of aglycone-formed isoflavones to total isoflavones in fermented soybean paste. Production of exopolysaccarides (EPS) by lactic acid bacteria was compared using de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe medium containing 1% sucrose at $37^{\circ}C$ for 48 h. Among the 5 lactic acid bacteria, Lac. acidophilus KCTC 3925 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus KCTC 3929 were investigated to produce EPS. Based on the results concerning growing susceptibility and conversion of aglycone-formed isoflavones/EPS production, it is anticipated that Lac. acidophilus KCTC 3925 may be used for preparation of Cheonggukjang, which contains relative low NaCl content.

A Study on the Classified Jang(Fermented Soybean) in Goryeo and Chosun Dynasty Period (고려시대 및 조선시대 장류)

  • Ann, Yong-Geun;Woo, Nariyah
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.460-482
    • /
    • 2012
  • On the basis of the cookbooks and Data Base of the Korean Classics(http://db.itkc.or.kr/itkcdb/mainIndexIframe.jsp), this paper analyzed the fermented soybean listed in the general documents of the Chosun Dynasty(1392~1897) and the Goryeo Dynasty(918~1392). In the Goryeo Dynasty, there are 15 kinds of Jang(soybean paste or solution), among which are Jang (soybean paste fermented by mold)(6 documents), Yeomgjang, Yeomshi(2), and Gaejang(1). However, the cookbook at that time is defunct. The Goryeo Court relieved the famine-stricken people by proving them with Jang. In the Chosun Dynasty, 111 kinds of Jang were listed in the general documents, and 153 kinds in cookbooks. There were 55 kinds of general Jang, such as Jang(204), Yeomjang(63), Chojang, Goojang(7), and Gaejang(6), are listed in the general documents, and in the cookbooks, there are 55 kinds of Jang, such as Sookwhangjang(9 cookbooks), Daemaekjang(8), Myeonjang(8), Saengwhangjang (8), and Yooinjang(8), and among them, 13 kinds belong to the Chinese origin. A total of 9 Kinds of Ganjang(soybean solution fermented by mold), such as Soojang(30), Cheongjang(23), Gamjang(8), and Ganjang(3) are found in the general documents. In the cookbooks, 12 kinds of Jang, as Cheongjang(10), Cheonrijang(4), Ganjang(3), and etc., are listed. There were 9 kinds of Gochoojang(red pepper-soybean paste), such as Chojang(12), Gochojang(3), and etc., are listed in the general documents, and 9 kinds as Gochojang(7), Manchojang(7), rapid Manchojang(4), and etc., are in the cookbooks. In addition, 16 Kinds of Yookjang(fermented soybean-meat paste) as Haejang(15), Hyejang(11), Yookjang(11), and etc., are found in the documents, and 22 kinds as Nanjang(9), Gejang(6), Yookjang(5), Shoigogijang(4), and etc., are in the cookbooks. Eighteen Kinds of Shi(soybean paste fermented by bacteria) as Yeomshi(40), Shi(35), Shijang(6), and etc., are recorded in the documents, and 19 kinds as Jeonkookjang(6), Shi(4), Sooshijang(4), and etc., are in the cookbooks, and among them 11 kinds belong to the Chinese origin. Six kinds of Jipjang(aqueous soybean paste) as Jipjang(7), Uoopjang(4), Pojang (2), Jangzoop(2) are recorded in the documents, and 15 kinds as Jipjang(9), Zoopjeo(7), and Hajeoljipjang(5) are in the cookbooks. Soybean paste, or solution for relieving hunger is not recorded in the documents. However, the Chosun court, for the purpose of relieving famine-stricken people, used general Jang. Such 21 Jang to relieve the famine-stricken people as Pojang(7), rapid Jang(6), and Sasamgilgyeongjang(4) are listed in the cookbook. Geonjang(dried soybean paste), Nanjang (egg-soybean paste), Doojang(soybean paste), Maljang(random soybean paste), Myeonjang(wheate-soybean paste), Sodoojang (red bean-soybean paste), Yookjang(soybean-meat paste) and Jang(soybean paste) are recorded in the documents, as well as in the cookbooks. Chinese-original Jang and Shi are recorded in the cookbooks, with no list in the general documents. Therefore, it seems that it didn't pass down to the general public.

Inhibition of Bacillus cereus Growth and Toxin Production by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RD7-7 in Fermented Soybean Products

  • Eom, Jeong Seon;Choi, Hye Sun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.44-55
    • /
    • 2016
  • Bacillus cereus is a gram-positive, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium that has been isolated from contaminated fermented soybean food products and from the environment. B. cereus produces diarrheal and emetic toxins and has caused many outbreaks of foodborne diseases. In this study, we investigated whether B. amyloliquefaciens RD7-7, isolated from rice doenjang (Korean fermented soybean paste), a traditional Korean fermented soybean food, shows antimicrobial activity against B. cereus and regulates its toxin gene expression. B. amyloliquefaciens RD7-7 exhibited strong antibacterial activity against B. cereus and inhibited the expression of B. cereus toxin-related genes (groEL, nheA, nheC, and entFM). We also found that addition of water extracts of soybean and buckwheat soksungjang (Korean fermented soybean paste made in a short time) fermented with B. amyloliquefaciens RD7-7 significantly reduced the growth and toxin expression of B. cereus. These results indicate that B. amyloliquefaciens RD7-7 could be used to control B. cereus growth and toxin production in the fermented soybean food industry. Our findings also provide a basis for the development of candidate biological control agents against B. cereus to improve the safety of fermented soybean food products.