• Title/Summary/Keyword: fermentation

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Quality Characteristics of Jeung-Pyun According to the Leavening Agents (팽창제 종류에 따른 증편의 품질 특성)

  • An, Su-Mi;Lee, Kyung-A;Kim, Kyung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.48-61
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of four kinds of leavening agents on Jeung-Pyun fermantation. Milk-wine(M), fresh yeast(F), dry yeast(D), instant yeast(I) were used in Jeung-Pyun ingredients. The physicochemical properties, sensory evaluation were examined. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. Basic recipes for Jeung-Pyun by preliminary test were developed. 2. Specific volumes and expansion ratio of Jeung-Pyun was higher in the fresh yeast-added sample. 3. The pH of Jeung-Pyun was decreased significantly as the fermentation progressed 4. In the result comparing Jeung-Pyun extracting after 1st fermentation with Jeung-Pyun extracting 2nd fermentation by SEM, the former was widely distributed in stability of bubble and pore than the latter. 5. Standard recipe by Q.D.A. test added four kinds of leavening agents were as follows: (1)Jeung-Pyun added milk wine was 240min for 1st fermentation time, 60min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 80% for fermentation humidity respectively. (2) Jeung-Pyun added fresh yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 40min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 80% for fermentation humidity respectively. (3)Jeung-Pyun added dry yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 60min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 60% for fermentation humidity respectively. (4)Jeung-Pyun added instant yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 40min for 2nd fermentation time, 30$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 60% for fermentation humidity respectively. 6.Based on sensory evaluation, Jeung-Pyun added fresh yeast was significantry higher than others in color, sweetness, moistness, softness, and overall quality. There was negative significance between milk wine flavor and astrigentness, and yeast flavor.

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Changes of Chemical Components in Kochujang Added Sea Tangle Powder During Fermentation (다시마를 첨가한 고추장의 숙성 중 화학적 성분 변화)

  • 배태진;김경은
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.144-152
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    • 2001
  • In order to improve functionality of kochujang which is one of the traditional foods of Korea, sea tangle powder(2, 4, 6 and 8% sea tangle powder on the glutinous rice weight basis) was added to the raw material of kochujang and then investigated the change of physiochemical properties with control kochujang during the fermentation at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 120 days. During 120 days fermentation, moisture and crude protein contents were gradually decreased with fermentation time, whereas crude fat content NaCl were slightly increased with fermentation time. The contents of reducing sugar of sea tangle kochujang was rapidly increased until 60 days of fermentation after that it was increased slightly up to 90 days of fermentation to the highest value and then reduced slightly or not changed approximately until 120 days. pH was reduced up to 60 days of fermentation after that it remained 4.63~4.91 in 90~120 days. Acidity was increased with fermentation time, and it was the highest value of 11.5~12.4$m\ell$ in 120 days of fermentation. Viscosity was increased with increased with fermentation time. Especially a case of additional sample of 8% sea tangle powder was highly increased until 60 days. A case of color difference value, in initial time of preparation of kochujang was distinct difference of value for additional samples respectively but as the fermentation progressed, among the samples not found consistent change of color difference value. L value was gradually decreased during fermentation. A value was decreased up to 30 days of fermentation and it was increased again totally at 60 days of fermentation. B value was decreased totally at initial time of fermentation and a case of control was increased again at 90 days of fermentation, the other samples increased again 60 days earlier than 30 days.

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Monitoring for the Fermentation Conditions of Sweet Persimmon Vinegar using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 단감식초 제조조건의 모니터링)

  • 정용진;서권일;이기동;윤광섭;강미정;김광수
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 1998
  • To utilize deteriorated sweet persimmon effectively, response surface methodology(RSM) was used to determine the optimal vinegar fermentation conditions and monitored by a divided two stage fermentation. The optimum conditions for maximum alcohol content were obtained when the first stage (alcohol fermentation) was carried out with an initial sugar concentration of 18.5$^{\circ}$Brix, agitation rate of 140.8 rpm, fermentation time of 127.6 hr. When sugar concentration was 14$^{\circ}$Brix maximum alcohol content(7.1%) was predicted at fermentation conditions of 160 rpm in agitation rate, 140hr in fermentation time. The optimum conditions for maximum acidity were obtaiend when second stage(vinegar fermentation)was carried out 249.5 rpm in agitation rate, 148.8 hr in fermentation time. Predicted values at the optimum conditions were similar to experimental values.

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Two-stage Bioprocesses Combining Dark H2 Fermentation: Organic Waste Treatment and Bioenergy Production (혐기성 수소발효를 결합한 생물학적 2단공정의 유기성폐자원 처리 및 바이오에너지 생산)

  • LEE, CHAE-YOUNG;YOO, KYU-SEON;HAN, SUN-KEE
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.247-259
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to investigate the application of dark $H_2$ fermentation to two-stage bioprocesses for organic waste treatment and energy production. We reviewed information about the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, microbial fuel cells (MFCs), or microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) by using academic information databases and university libraries. Dark fermentative bacteria use organic waste as the sole source of electrons and energy, converting it into $H_2$. The reactions related to dark $H_2$ fermentation are rapid and do not require sunlight, making them useful for treating organic waste. However, the degradation is not complete and organic acids remain. Thus, dark $H_2$ fermentation should be combined with a post-treatment process, such as $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs. So far, dark $H_2$ fermentation followed by $CH_4$ fermentation is a promising two-stage bioprocess among them. However, if the problems of manufacturing expenses, operational cost, scale-up, and practical applications will be solved, the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs have also infinite potential in organic waste treatment and energy production. This paper demonstrated the feasibility of two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation as a novel system for organic waste treatment and energy production.

Antioxidative Materials in Domestic Meju and Doenjang 1.Lipid Oxidation and Browning during Fermentation of Meju and Doenjang (재래식 메주 및 된장중의 항산화성 물질에 관한 연구 1. 메주 발효 및 된장 숙성중의 지질산화와 갈변)

  • 이종호;김미혜;임상선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.148-155
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    • 1991
  • Lipid oxidation and browning during fermentation of domestic Meju and Doenjang were examined in order to elucidate the antioxidative effects of browning products and phenol compounds from Meju and Doenjang. Peroxide values of lipids from Meju were detectable and slightly increased until 3 weeks of fermentation, but started to be decreased after 3 weeks of fermentation and notdetectable after 6 weeks. Peroxides were not detected in Doenjang during the whole fermentation, but started to be decreased after 3 weeks of period of 22 weeks fermentation. Carbonyl value were increased during the whole period of Meju fermentation, but started to be decreased at the early stage of Doenjang fermentation. Hydrophilic fraction of browning products from Meju was much higher than lipophilic fraction and the former fraction was dramatically increased at the early stage of the fermentation. But the both fractions maintained high values during Doenjang fermentation. Hydrophilic browning products and phenol and phenol compound in Meju showed strong antioxidative against linoleic acid.

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Changes in Enzyme Acrivities of Salted Chinese cabbage and Kimchi during Salting and Fermentation (배추의 소금절임과 김치숙성 중 효소류의 활성변화)

  • 오영애;김순동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.404-410
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    • 1997
  • Amylase, protease, polygalacturonase and $\beta$-galactosidase activities were monitored during salting of Chinese cabbage and kimchi fermentation at 1$0^{\circ}C$. A part of enzymes in the tissue of Chinese cabbage were eluted during salting, and other remained enzymes activities were decreased in proportion to the amount of elution. But total enzyme activities were increased during salting. Amylase, protease and polygalacturonase activities decreased at the early fermentation stage but increased at the late fermentation stage. $\beta$-Galactosidase activity was continuously increased during all periods of fermentation. Enzymic actions at the early fermentation stage come from Chinese cabbge and at the late fermentation stage come from major microorganisms in kimchi fermentation. Kimchi fermentation involves the activation of the enzymes by salting; hydrolysis of micromoleculars such as polysaccarides cell wall composed polysaccarides and proteins of cell wall during early fermentation of kimchi; overripening of the kimchi caused by propagation of homofermentative lactic acid bacteria which demand autotroph.

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Quality Characteristics of Commercial Baechukimchi During Long-term Fermentation at Refrigerated Temperatures

  • Jung, Lan-Hee;Jeon, Eun-Raye
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.924-927
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    • 2007
  • This study addresses the quality characteristics of commercial baechukimchi by analyzing its physicochemical characteristics and sensory properties in relation to fermentation time and temperature. The salinity of baechukimchi increased to 3.01% after 45 days of fermentation at 2 and $5^{\circ}C$, but decreased to 2.81% by 105 days. The pH decreased gradually at the beginning of fermentation, but decreased after 45 days. The acidity differed most between kimchi fermented at $2^{\circ}C$ (0.36%) and $5^{\circ}C$ (0.48%) at 45 days of fermentation. The vitamin C content was 8.47 mg% in kimchi fermented at both 2 and $5^{\circ}C$ on the day of initial production, then peaked after 45 to 60 days at 14.10 mg%, and decreased thereafter. The total microbial count gradually increased during the first 75 days of fermentation. The appearance and overall acceptability of baechukimchi were highest after 90 days of fermentation at $2^{\circ}C$ and after 60 days of fermentation at $5^{\circ}C$.

A Study on the Fermentation Characteristics of Garbages by the C/N Ratio Control using Kudzu Creeper and Sawdust (칡넝쿨 및 톱밥을 이용한 C/N비 조절에 따른 음식물찌꺼기의 발효특성에 관한 연구)

  • 박진식;안철우;문추연
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2000
  • In this study, to determine the optimum fermentation process for the feed production of food wastes and estimate the practical value of fermented feed using kudzu creeper and sawdust as bulking agent. This study considered initial C/N ratio control as the fermentation process variables. The result are summarized as follows. Minimum water contents of byproducts in the fermentation feed production showed 39%(kudzu), 37%(sawdust) at the C/N ratio 25 and 45%(kudzu, sawdust) at the C/N ratio 35. Temperature variations in the fermentation feed production at the C/N ratio 25 indicated $68^{\circ}C$(kudzu), $70^{\circ}C$(sawdust). Optimum condition of fermentation process of water content, C/N ratio and permeability (porous structure of the mixture). For optimum fermentation gravitationally dewatered garbage, the proper mixing ratios of kudzu(moisture contents : 17.3%) and sawdust(moisture contents : 13.2%) were 41% and 39%, respectively. Major biological reaction in the aerobic fermentation feed production occurred during 12~24hrs.

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Fermentation of Apple Vinegar in the Farmhouse (농가 자가발효에 의한 사과식초의 생산)

  • 김순동;장경숙;김미경
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 1994
  • The study was conducted to research the desirable method for fermentation of acidic apple beverage in the farmhouse. Step by step fermentation(SSF), complex fermentation after crushing of the fruit(CCF), complex fermentation after slicing of the fruit(SCF) and natural fermentation added yeast only after slicing of the fruit(SYNF) were compared. The brief fermentor for using stationary complex fermentation in the farmhouse was made in this experiment. The ability of acid production, flavor, taste and color were measured by sensory evaluation and mechanical methods. The quality of vinegar by SYNF and SCF were estimated by color, flavor, content, composition of sugar, and organic acids, and which was a suitable fermentation method for the farmhouse. The strains of acetobacter, SYNF-1 and 2 were isolated from the SYNF vinegar, and if has been shown that the SYNF-1 was a main strain in this study.

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A Study on Habak-kimchi added Fresh Ginseng (수삼을 첨가한 나박김치에 관한 연구)

  • 임희정;신승미;최윤정;권혜순;염초애
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.346-352
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of fresh ginseng on the physicochemical, microbiological and sensory properties of Nabak-kimchi during 33 day fermentation. Nabak-kimchi with the various levels (0, 2, 4, 6%) of fresh ginseng were fermented at 4$^{\circ}C$. During the fermentation, pH was lowered in all Nabak-kimchi samples and pH of Nabak-kimchi added fresh ginseng was a little lower than that of Nabak-kimchi without fresh ginseng. Acidity increased continuously during the entire fermentation. Saltiness was maintained at 1.60-1.67% levels during the whole fermentation. Total vitamin C contents increased drastically on the first day of fermentation and decreased after the first day and then increased during 21-24 day fermentation. Total bacteria increased rapidly at the beginning of fermentation and reached its maximum number on 6th day offermentation and then decreased slowly. Total bacteria of Nabak-kimchi added fresh ginseng was highly main-tained during the entire fermentation periods. As a result of the sensory evaluation, Nabak-kimchi added 4% fresh ginseng was the most palatable one.

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