• Title, Summary, Keyword: female genital neoplasms

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An Occurrence of Multiple Complex Neoplasms in the Genital Organs of a Female Dog (암컷 개의 생식기에서 발생한 다발성 낭포선암종과 섬유종)

  • Cho, Sung-Jin;Hong, Sun-Hwa;Lee, Hyun-A;Kim, Ok-Jin
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.542-545
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    • 2011
  • A 12-year-old Yorkshire Terrier bitch evaluated with vaginal prolapsed and vaginal bleeding. Abdominal sonography and radiography demonstrated abnormal enlargement of uterus in abdominal cavity. The dog had been submitted to the vaginal mass resection and the ovariohysterectomy. In gross examination, the vaginal mass was firm and multiple cysts were detected in both ovaries and uterine horns. In microscopic examination, vaginal fibroma, uteroovarian cystadenocarcinoma were revealed. To our knowledge, this report is a very rare case of multiple complex neoplasms in the genital organs of dog. These findings may contribute to study and enhance the knowledge on genital tumors.

Functional Status in Turkish Women with Gynecological Cancer

  • Akkuzu, Gulcihan;Talas, Melek Serpil;Ortac, Firat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.2045-2049
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    • 2014
  • Background: Functional status is the ability to perform daily activities. Little is known about quality of life and health status of gynaecological cancer patients. The present study therefore aimed to evaluate the functional status of women receiving treatment for gynecological oncological disease while not hospitalised. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study covered 42 patients monitored by the Gynecological Oncology Unit in 2011. Data were collected using the Functional Living Index-Cancer and analysed with the chi square test, independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, one-way ANOVA test and the Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results: Of the 42 cases, 66.7% had been diagnosed within the previous year and 90.5% were undergoing chemotherapy. The most severe symptoms experienced were pain (35.7%), fatigue-weakness (40.5%) and nausea and vomiting (56.5%). Daily activities where the most difficulty was experienced were housework (28.6%), average pace walking (31.0%), carrying more than 5 kg (28.6%). The mean Functional Living Index score was quite high ($103.5{\pm}24.1$). FLIC-C scale scores did not vary with the educational status, diagnosis duration, and family history of cancer (p>0.05). Conclusions: Evaluation of the functional status of gynecological cancer patients and how they cope with problems should indicate to healthcare professionals what help can be given to maintain quality of life.

Clinical and Bacteriological Evaluation of the Patients with Anaerobic Bacteria Isolation from Blood (혈액에서 혐기성 세균이 분리된 환자의 임상 및 세균학적 검토)

  • Kim, Jin-Ju;Chong, Yun-Sop;Lee, Samuel Y.
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 1985
  • Isolation and identification of anaerobic bacteria from blood cultures are still technically demanding procedures. Recently, with the use of gas liquid chromatography, the accuracy of identification is much improved. However, there has never been a satisfactory data analysis on anaerobic bacteremia in Korea. The authors evaluated both the clinical and the bacteriological data of 129 anaerobic bacteremias found at the Yonsei Medical Center during the period of 1973 to 1984. The most frequently isolated anaerobic bacteria were Bacteroides (52.7%), among which the major species was B. fragilis (38.7%). Incidence of anaerobic bacteremia by sex was 57% in male and 43% in female. Mortality was higg in groups below 1-year old and above 50-year old. The cause of death seemed closely correlated with the patient's age, general condition and the severity of the underlying disease. Various neoplasms were the most common (20%) underlying diseases predisposing the anaerobic bacteremia. Biliary tract was considered the most frequent route of infection in anaerobic bacteremia. The frequent clinical signs in anaerobic bacteremia were fever (65%), followed by liver function abnormality (29%), jaundice (20%) and hypotention(18%). When analysis of positive rate of blood culture was made on the patients from whom 4 cultures were done within 24 hours, it was found that 33% of the samples were positive. Isolation rate of anaerobic bacteria in thioglycollate medium was 83.8%, while it was 44% in Tryptic soy broth. Among the anaerobic bacteremia, 25.4% were polymicrobial infections with aerobic bacteria (92.5%), such as E. coli(33.3%). From these studies, it is concluded that B. fragilis is the most important causative organism in anaerobic bacteremia, with high fatality, particularly in those who have underlying diseases. The ports of entry are mainly biliary, gastrointestinal and female genital tract. Fever is the most frequent clinical sign. Single blood culture is not sufficient to detect all anaerobic bacteremia, therefore more cultures with optimal time interval are needed. The incidence of polymicrobial infection in anaerobic bacteremia is higher than that in overall bacteremia.

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The Relationships among Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV), Non-Pharmacological Coping Methods, and Nutritional Status in Patients with Gynecologic Cancer (부인암 환자의 항암화학요법으로 인한 오심과 구토, 비약물적 대처방법과 영양상태간의 관계)

  • Lee, Haerim;ChoiKwon, Smi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.731-743
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can cause severe malnutrition. However, relationships between CINV levels, non-pharmacological coping methods, and nutritional status of female cancer patients have rarely been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze their relationships in gynecologic cancer patients. Methods: Participants receiving a highly and moderately emetogenic chemotherapy were recruited. The level of CINV was assessed using a numeric rating scale. Coping methods were determined using multiple-choice self-report questionnaires and categorized into seven types for statistical analysis. Nutritional status was evaluated using biochemical and anthropometric parameters. Results: Among all the 485 patients, 200 eligible inpatients were included. Despite the administration of prophylactic antiemetics, 157 patients (78.5%) still experienced CINV, and several used nonmedically recommended coping methods, such as just enduring the symptom or rejecting food intake. A total of 181 patients (90.5%) had nutritional disorders. Although the level of CINV was indirectly related to the occurrence of nutritional disorders, patients who rejected food (${\beta}=1.57$, p=.023) and did not use physical measures (${\beta}=-1.23$, p=.041) as coping methods were under the high risk of nutritional disorders. Conclusion: Korean gynecologic cancer patients had high levels of CINV and were at high risk of nutritional disorders, which may be related to the use of nonscientific coping methods, possibly due to cultural backgrounds and lack of proper nutritional program. Therefore, developing a culturally appropriate educational program for the cancer patients with CINV is urgently needed.