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Studies on Self-Perceived Health and Appearance, Health-Related Lifestyles and Dietary Behaviors of Korean College Students Attending Web Class

  • Cheong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Jin-Sook;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate self-perception and practices of health and appearance, health-related lifestyles and dietary behaviors of college students(137 male, 115 female) attending web class via the Internet. This cross-sectional survey was conducted by a self-administered questionnaire and data was analyzed by SPSS program. The average height, weight and BMI of the male and female college students were 174.4cm, 67.8kg, 22.3kg/㎡ and 162.3cm, 52.1kg, 19.8kg/㎡, respectively. Male collage students perceived their health statuses significantly better compared to female students. As for self-evaluation of anemia, female college students perceived significantly more anemia symptoms compared to male college students. Female college students perceived their body image to be obese compared to male college students. Underweight college students perceived significantly less healthy statuses, more anemia symptoms, and worse hair conditions compared to other college students. The rate of male students who exercise was significantly higher compared to that of female students. Male students reported significantly more smoking and drinking of alcohol compared to female students. The rate of female college students skipping meals was significantly higher than that of male college students. Frequency of eating out in female college students was significantly higher compared to that in male students. These results may provide some basic information in developing a nutrition education program for Korean college students using Internet.

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A Study on Cosmetic Purchasing Behaviors among Female College Students in Cheongju Area (청주지역 여대생의 화장품 구매행동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hee-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate cosmetic purchasing behaviors among female college students in Cheongju area. Three-hundred female college students who were attending universities in Cheongju area were selected. Questionnaire survey method and SPSS computer program were utilized. The findings of this study were as follow: First, 8.5% of monthly disposible money was spent for cosmetic and this amount of cosmetic expenditure was a little burden to female college students. Second, most female college students began to make up from freshmen or sophomore. And they were making up for self-satisfaction rather than showing off. Third, the purchasing behaviors of female college students were most affected by TV advertisements. Fourth, female college students thought that cosmetic is a necessity rather than luxury for them. And they were considering quality when they buy cosmetic first and price second. Fifth, female college students showed that rather low level of impulse purchasing behaviors.

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Wedding Perspective and Preference for Wedding Dress Design of Korean and Chinese Female University Students (한·중 여대생의 결혼관과 웨딩드레스 디자인 선호도)

  • Pan, Ge;Park, Hey-Ryung;Kim, Eun-Ha;Lee, Chang-Seek
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the perspective of marriage and preferences of wedding dress design for female college students in Korea and China. To this end, a questionnaire was administered for 191 Korean female college students and 199 Chinese female college students in Korea. The data were analyzed using SPSS PC + 25.0, and the applied statistical techniques were reliability analysis, cross-tab analysis, and mean comparison analysis. For statistical verification, chi-square and t-test were used. The main research results are as follows. First, Korean female college students were more likely to marry than Chinese female college students. For the reason of wishing to marry, Chinese female college students were higher than Korean female college students in economic, life, and parent-related items. The reason for not wanting to get married is that Chinese female college students were high in worrying about their spouse, work, and their career. Second, the wedding dress design preferred by Korean and Chinese female college students was different in the neckline. Finally, the policy measures for consumer preference and satisfaction in the future wedding industry were discussed.

A study on dietary habits, health related lifestyle, blood cadmium and lead levels of college students

  • Shin, Na-Ri;Hyun, Wha-Jin;Lee, Hong-Mie;Ro, Man-Soo;Song, Kyung-Hee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.340-348
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed in order to investigate dietary habits, health related lifestyle and blood cadmium and lead levels in female college students. 80 college students (43 males and 37 females) participated in the survey questionnaires. Body weight and height, blood pressure, and body composition were measured. The systolic blood pressure of male and female students were $128.9{\pm}13.9$ and $109.8{\pm}12.0$, respectively. The diastolic blood pressure of male and female students were $77.1{\pm}10.3 $and $66.0{\pm}6.9$, respectively, showing that male students had significantly higher blood pressure than female students (P < 0.001). The BMI of male and female students were $23.4{\pm}3.3$ and $20.2{\pm}2.3$, respectively. Most male students were in the range of being overweight. The dietary habits score of female students was significantly higher than that of male students (P < 0.01).The blood cadmium level of male and female students were $0.54{\pm}0.23$ and $0.52{\pm}0.36$, respectively. There was no significant difference between male and female students. The blood lead level of male and female students were $1.09{\pm}0.49 $and $0.59{\pm}0.45$, respectively. The blood lead level of male students was significantly higher than that of female students (P < 0.001). The blood cadmium level of smokers and nonsmokers were $0.69{\pm}0.29 $and $0.49{\pm}0.29$ respectively (P < 0.05). The blood cadmium level of smokers was significantly higher than that of nonsmokers (P < 0.05). The blood lead level of smokers and nonsmokers were $1.09{\pm}0.43$ and $0.80{\pm}0.54$, respectively. The blood lead level of smokers was significantly higher than that of nonsmokers (P < 0.05). Therefore, proper nutritional education programs are required for college students in order to improve their dietary and health related living habits.

Nursing Image and Professionalism Perceived by Male and Female Nursing Students in College (3년제 간호학 전공 남학생과 여학생이 지각한 간호이미지와 간호전문직관)

  • Joo, Mee Kyoung;Shin, Gye Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.510-521
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree and correlations between the nursing image and professionalism perceived by male and female nursing students in College. Method: The subjects were composed of 683 nursing students (male 59, female 624) in college located in Gyeonggi province using convenience sampling method. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test were used for data analysis. Results: The mean score of nursing image perceived by male nursing students was 3.80 (${\pm}0.51$) and that of female nursing students was 3.75 (${\pm}0.45$). The mean score of professionalism perceived by male nursing students was 3.61 (${\pm}0.55$) and that of female nursing students was 3.64 (${\pm}0.42$). There was no significant difference between nursing image of male and female students in statistical analysis (t=1.38, p=.248). And there was no significant difference between professionalism of male and female students in statistical analysis (t=1.73, p=.167). The nursing image perceived by male nursing students was positively related to professionalism (r=.74, p<.001). The nursing image perceived by female nursing students was positively related to professionalism (r=.69, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, further research is needed to change of perspectives on new educational approach to male nursing students.

What do Female College Students think about Spiritual Values?

  • Kim, Jungae
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the meaning and structure of the experience of female college students. For this purpose, 22 female college students, regardless of age, participated in the interview three times in total. Interview data were processed through the analysis and interpretation process using the phenomenological research method, Giorgi method. As a result, 34 semantic units were derived, then divided into 14 subcomponents, and then divided into 6 categories. As a result of analysis, the spiritual value of female college students was composed of "family", "friendly person", "professional person", "empathy", "reflection" and "trust". Based on the above meaning, the structure of the spiritual value of female college students can conclude that they were a continuation of life that forms a strong sense of value and empathy and trust with patience with family and friends. Based on this, intervention on spiritual well-being of female college students suggests that intervention to form values based on empathy and trust based on family and close friends is implemented.

Correlations among Life Stress, Dietary Behaviors and Food Choice of College Students (일부 지역 대학생의 생활 스트레스, 식행동, 식품 선택에 관한 상관성 연구)

  • Sung, Min-Jung;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.655-662
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to investigate stress levels, dietary behaviors and food choices, and their correlations in college students. General characteristic stress scores, using a stress test, and the dietary behaviors and food choices of subjects under stress were measured in 358 subjects (185 males and 173 female). The mean total stress scores of the male and female students were $67.91{\pm}44.85$ and $85.62{\pm}48.91$, respectively. Female students were more stressed than males in relation to family, value, future, friends, and study related factors. There were gender differences in the food intake and frequency of eating sweet things when under stress. Stress increased the food intake and frequency of eating sweet things in female students. Especially, stress factors, such as value, economic, future, friends and study problems increased the food intake of female students. Female students preferred sweet tasting items; whereas, male students preferred hot tasting items when under stress. These results show the effect of life stresses on the dietary behaviors and food choices of college students. Stress not only increased energy consumption in certain individuals, but also changed their food choices. Therefore, education with regard to nutrition is necessary if college students are to practice good eating habits for the correct management of life stresses.

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Studies on the Pulmonary Functions of College Students (대학생(大學生)의 폐기능(肺機能)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -의과대학생(醫科大學生)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Shim, Dong-Won;Yoon, Pyung-Jin
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.41-43
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    • 1977
  • In pulmonary function which is important place which national physical power, in maximal grade of physical power, and end growth and development whom aged 20 years old that whole members 74 students, and taken pulmonary functions examination records, and took as the following results. 1) Frequency of breathing: Pertaining of the frequency of breathing are about form 15, to 16 times per minute at male and female students. 2) Vital capacity: Measures of vital capacity are in case of male students, whom was about 4.3 liter, and female students was about 3.6, liter which different between male and female students was more low quantity at female students with comparison male students. 3) Tidal volume: Pertaining of the volume are in case of male students, whom was 521ml, and female students was 497m1, and was slightly low quantity at female students with comparison male students, 4) Breathing holding time: Breathing holding time are in case of male students, whom was 64 sec, and female students was 55 sec, and was sbout 10 sec more high quantity at male students than female students.

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A Study on Dietary Intake and Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use by Korean College Students Attending Web Class

  • Cheong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Jin-Sook;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2001
  • The Purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary intake of nutrients and the use of vitamin and mineral supplements by Korean college students attending Web class and the socioeconomic, dietary and health-related factors involved. The subjects were 137 male and 115 female students amending a health and nutrition-related Web class at a cycler university. This cross-sectional survey was conducted by self-administered questionnaire and the data were analyzed by SAS and SPSS PC package programs. Nutrient intake data collected using three-day recall method were analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program. Average intake by male students of most nutrients except energy, vitamin B$_2$ and calcium and intake by female students of those except energy, vitamin $B_2$, calcium and iron was higher than Korean RDA. Nutrient intake of male students was significantly influenced by the mother s job, skipping meals, exercise, vitamin and mineral supplement use, flood supplement use and self-evaluated anemia. Skipping meals and flood supplement use significantly influenced the nutrient intake of female students. A total of 47.4% of male students and 53.9% of female students were vitamin and mineral supplement users. In female students, socioeconomic characteristics such as the father s education level and household income were significantly different between vitamin and mineral supplement users and non-users. In both male and female students, there were significant differences in cross analysis between vitamin and mineral supplement use and flood supplement use. As for the self-reported health status of male and female students, vitamin and mineral supplement users perceived their health status to be worse compared to non-users. Therefore, nutrition education via the Internet is necessary in order to encourage college students to practice optimal nutrition strategies, including maintaining well-balanced diets by choosing various floods wisely.

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Self-efficacy, Depression and Health Promotion Behaviors of Nursing and Non-nursing Female College Students (간호계열과 비간호계열 여대생의 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강증진행위)

  • Jeong, Yeon-Hee;Song, Min Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.290-299
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the self-efficacy, depression, and health promotion behaviors of nursing and non-nursing female college students, and to develop a program to improve the health promotion behaviors of female college students. Methods: One hundred sixty-six females (84 nursing, 82 non-nursing) college students participated in the study. Data collection was conducted between November 20 and December 8, 2017. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$ test, ANCOVA, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression analysis with the SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: The results of health promotion behaviors of the nursing college students were higher than non-nursing college students (F=7.14, p=.008). Both nursing and non-nursing college students showed a positive correlation between health promotion behaviors and self-efficacy, and there was a negative correlation between health promotion behaviors and depression. Self-efficacy was the most influential factor in health promotion behaviors for both nursing and non-nursing female college students. Conclusion: In order to improve the health promotion behaviors of female college students, it is necessary to educate individuals to help them improve their self-efficacy and be able to maintain healthy lifestyles by perceiving and managing their own health conditions.