• Title, Summary, Keyword: fatty liver

Search Result 1,124, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

An Association between Liver Markers and Physiological Variables: Comparison between Normal and Fatty Liver Subjects

  • Hyun, Kyung-Yae
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.105-112
    • /
    • 2011
  • We evaluated whether liver markers such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), and bilirubin have a relationship with other physiological factors in the normal (n=115) and fatty liver subjects (n=122) and there are differences between the two populations. Body indices were higher in the fatty liver group than in the normal group. Liver markers and blood pressure (BP) were greater in the fatty liver group than in the normal group. AST and ALT levels were positively correlated with body indices in the fatty liver group, but not in the normal group. AST, ALT and GGT levels in the fatty liver group had positive relationship with cardiovascular indices (CI). ALP and bilirubin levels were negatively associated with some of CI. Liver markers were negatively or positively correlated with inflammatory markers, thyroid hormones, or several biochemical markers levels. These findings suggest that abnormal changes in liver markers may be useful tool for diagnosis or prognosis of development of cardiovascular and/or inflammatory diseases as well as metabolic syndrome.

The Association of Cardiovascular Risk Factors with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Health Checkup Examinees (일부 종합검진 수검자 중 비알코올성 지방간과 심혈관질환 위험요인과의 관련성)

  • Yu, Jae-Hee;Lee, kang-Sook;Lee, Seon-Young;Hong, A-Rum;Park, Yong-Sang
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.41 no.6
    • /
    • pp.407-412
    • /
    • 2008
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of nonalcoholic fatty liver and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: This study was conducted to investigate the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver and cardiovascular risk factors for adult men (n=2976) and women (n=2442) who were over 19 years old, after excluding the HBsAg(+) or anti-HCV(+) patients and the men and women with increased alcohol intake (men: 40g/week, women: 20g/week). Results: Compared with the normal liver subjects, the nonalcoholic fatty liver subjects showed a significantly increased frequency of abnormal systolic blood pressure (${geq}120mmHg$), fasting blood sugar (${\geq}100mg/dL$), total cholesterol ($({\geq}200 mg/dL$), triglyceride ($({\geq}150mg/dL$), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (<40 mg/dL), low density lipoprotein cholesterol ($({\geq}130g\; m/dL$) and abdominal obesity in men, and all these measures were significantly increased in the women except for abnormal HDL cholesterol. After adjusting for the body mass index, age, smoking, exercise and a nonalcoholic liver, the odds ratios of an abnormal waist hip ratio were 1.35(95% Confidence Interval=1.05-4.72) in the mild fatty liver, 1.61 (1.19-2.18) in the moderate fatty liver, 2.77(1.57-4.92) in the severe fatty liver compared with a normal liver. The adjusted odds ratios for abnormal fasting blood sugar were 1.26(1.03-1.53) in the mild fatty liver, 1.62(1.27-2.06) in the moderate fatty Iiver and 1.77(1.12-2.78) in the severe fatty liver. The adjusted odds ratios for abnormal triglyceride were 1.38(1.11-1.72) in the mild fatty liver, 1.73(0.33-2.24) in the moderate fatty liver and 1.91 (1.17-3.10) in the severe fatty liver of men. Adjusted odds ratios for abnormal triglyceride were 1.50(1.04-2.15) in mild, 1.71(1.07-2.68) in moderate, 1.81(0.69-4.38) in severe fatty liver of women. Conclusions: The nonalcoholic fatty liver subjects had more cardiovascular risk factors compared with the normal liver subjects. Thus, prevention and treatment of the nonalcoholic fatty liver is necessary by lifestyle modifications such as restriction of alcohol intake, no smoking, exercise and adequate eating habits.

The Role of Fatty Acid Binding Protein in the Fatty Liver Induced by Alcohol or High Cholesterol Diet in Rats (알코올 및 고콜레스테롤 식이로 유도된 흰쥐의 지방간에서 지방산 결합단백질의 역할 및 특성)

  • 김혜경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.628-636
    • /
    • 1999
  • There is a marked increase in geriatric disease, especially liver disease, due to the continuous increase in alcohol and fat consumption. Since the fatty liver, induced by alcohol or fat, is basically from abnormalities in the lipid metabolism, it is possible that fatty acid binding protein(FABP) which is related to the fatty acid metabolism may also be abnormal in these livers. FABP is a small molecular weight protein family present in cytosol in high concentration. It has been proposed as a fatty acid transfer protein and as a binding protein responsible for controlling intracellular free fatty acid concentration. In this research, we have examined the relationship between liver FABP and fatty liver induced by alcohol or high cholesterol diet. Rats were fed one of either semipurified liquid diets; control diet containing 65% carbohydrate, 20% protein, and 15% fat or high cholesterol diet containing 1%(w/w) cholesterol or alcohol diet containing 37% of alcohol instead of carbohydrate. After 5 weeks of feeding period, all rats received commercial chow diet for 5 weeks to examine recovery effect. Liver and blood samples were collected at 0, 1, 3, 5 and 10 weeks to analyze lipid compositions. FABP was purified from liver cytosol and injected to rabbit to obtain antiserum. Liver FABP amount was determined by SDS-PAGE and western blotting methods. Fatty acid binding capacity was determined by binding of 14Cpalmitate with the delipidated liver cytosol. Consumption of alcohol increased serum cholesterol, triglyceride concentration and decreased HDL-cholesterol concentration after 5 weeks. Serum apolipoprotein B concentration increased after 3 weeks and LDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A concentration changed after 1 week. Liver cholesterol and triglyceride concentration increased after 3 weeks. Consumption of high cholesterol diet changed liver and serum lipid composition after 3 weeks. Swiching to normal diet for 5 weeks did not normalize most of lipid composition in serum and liver except serum and liver except serum cholesterol, triglyceride and liver cholesterol. Liver cytosol FABP content and the fatty acid binding capacity decreased dramatically after 1 week with alcohol consumption. This results indicate that FABP content changes before the changes before the changes of blood or liver lipid composition, suggesting changes of FABP may cause development of the fatty liver induced by alcohol and can be used as an index of detecting a early development of fatty liver.

  • PDF

1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Based Plasma Metabolic Profiling of Dairy Cows with Fatty Liver

  • Xu, Chuang;Sun, Ling-wei;Xia, Cheng;Zhang, Hong-you;Zheng, Jia-san;Wang, Jun-song
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.219-229
    • /
    • 2016
  • Fatty liver is a common metabolic disorder of dairy cows during the transition period. Historically, the diagnosis of fatty liver has involved liver biopsy, biochemical or histological examination of liver specimens, and ultrasonographic imaging of the liver. However, more convenient and noninvasive methods would be beneficial for the diagnosis of fatty liver in dairy cows. The plasma metabolic profiles of dairy cows with fatty liver and normal (control) cows were investigated to identify new biomarkers using $^1H$ nuclear magnetic resonance. Compared with the control group, the primary differences in the fatty liver group included increases in ${\beta}$-hydroxybutyric acid, acetone, glycine, valine, trimethylamine-N-oxide, citrulline, and isobutyrate, and decreases in alanine, asparagine, glucose, ${\gamma}$-aminobutyric acid glycerol, and creatinine. This analysis revealed a global profile of endogenous metabolites, which may present potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of fatty liver in dairy cows.

Diagnostic Process Analysis of Prescribing Injinho-tang in Non Alcohoic Fatty Liver Disease Using by AHP (AHP 기법을 이용한 비알콜성 지방간에 인진호탕(茵蔯蒿湯) 선택과정 분석)

  • Kim, Kitae;Ko, Heung;Shin, Seonmi
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.159-171
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives: Lately, non alcoholic fatty liver patients are increasing rapidly and the average age of patients are getting younger. Non alcoholic fatty liver often represents asymptomatic and korean pattern diagnosis is difficult to implement without symptoms. This study aimed to analyze interrelationship between non alcoholic fatty liver disease and Injinho-tang. Methods The AHP is a systematic procedure for analyzing the elements of any problem hierarchically. Based on survey of expertise, as series of pairwise comparison judgements is performed to evaluate the various elements in the hierarchy. We are expected to use the AHP analysis that would apply to oriental doctor's diagnostic process analysis. Results and conclusion Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease induced complex causes of the metabolic syndrome. Injinho-tang has been widely used disease that causes jaundice and liver biliary disease. According to AHP analysis, LFT is the most important facor in choosing Injinho-tang on non alcoholic fatty liver disease. BMI and body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis are the next important factors. Personal hot temper also gives a big impact on choicing Injinho-tang on non alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Validity of Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Living Liver Donors (생체 간이식 공여자에서 비알코올성 지방간 질환의 진단에 있어서 초음파검사의 타당도 연구)

  • Kim, Yon-Min;Han, Dong-Kyoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.11 no.10
    • /
    • pp.342-348
    • /
    • 2011
  • The study aimed to compare the validity between the abdominal ultrasonographic(US) grading system of fatty liver and histologic grading system of fatty liver in living liver donor candidates. As the fatty liver is defined as pathologic total fat >10%, US validity was sensitivity 64.6%, specificity 68%, positive predictive value 76.8%, negative predictive value 54%. As the strict data handling on US grading normal, mild fatty liver are negative, moderate fatty liver is positive, US validity was sensitivity 26.8%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 45.5%. ROC curve analysis according to different cut off value of liver-to-kidney brightness ratio was Area under ROC curve=0.859(95% CI=0.795~0.922, state variable= total fat 10%). There were statistically significant difference( p<0.001). Ultrasonography for the fatty diagnosis showed a high validity to predict the result of histology grade of fatty liver.

Clinical Significance of the Degree of Fatty Liver Diagnosed by Ultrasonography (초음파검사로 진단된 지방간 정도의 임상적 의의)

  • Kim, Yong-Kyun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.135-140
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: Fatty liver is one of the most commonly found disease by abdominal ultrasonography. The status of fatty liver is classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees. The study was conducted to investigate the clinical significance of fatty liver using ultrasonography. Materials and method: Test set consisted of 2,185 patients who visited D healthcare center in Daejeon to receive an abdominal ultrasonic test from January to December 2007. Out of the 2185 patients, 524 patients was diagnosed as fatty liver (290 male and 234 female patients). They were divided into three groups, group I for mild degree. II for moderate degree, and III for severe degree, depending on the echo of liver parenchyma, the sound attenuation, and the visibility of intrahepatic blood vessels and diaphragm. Then the correlation of obesity indices, liver function tests and metabolic syndrome was analyzed for males and females separately. Results : As for the degree of fatty liver, 350 cases (66.8%) were classified as group I, 153 cases (29.2%) as group II, and 21 cases (4.1%) as group III. In addition, severe degree of fatty liver was more frequently found in males than in females. The mean ages of three groups for males were 46.1, 44.5, and 39.1, and those for females were 48.8, 50.2, 52.4, respectively. Males with lower mean ages have severely of fatty liver for both males and females. Conclusion: The results in this study show that the classification into three degrees of fatty liver in ultrasonography practice is helpful to treat and observe the progress of fatty liver. In addition, careful examination is required to measure the severity of fatty liver as well as detection of it. A standardized method to classify the degree of fatty liver is also needed for more objective measurement.

  • PDF

The Effects of Ka-Mi-Chung-Gan-Tang on Rat with Alcoholic Fatty Liver (가미청간탕(加味淸肝場)이 Rat의 알콜성 지방간에 미치는 영향)

  • Zheng, Cheng-Xuan;Yim, Dong-Sool;Lee, Sook-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.229-232
    • /
    • 2004
  • Chronical intake of alcohol can cause alcoholic fatty liver. Fatty liver is caused by fat infiltration: the state of high rate of fat in liver cells and by losing the balance between the synthesis and the secretion of fatty acid. It could be developed into liver necrosis and cirrhosis. Ka-Mi-Chung-Gan-Tang (KMCGT) is a decoction used for fatty liver as oriental medicines in China. The prescription is composed of Ginseng Radix, Bupleuri Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Pinelliae Tuber, Artemisiae capillaris Herba, Gardeniae Fructus, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zizyphi Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix etc. We have induced alcoholic fatty liver by ethanol administration (6 g/kg, single dose/day, for a week) on rats and observed changes of triglyceride, cholesterol and lipid peroxidation in liver tissues of them. Also we checked the activities of GOT and GPT in blood of rats. KMCGT inhibited significantly the increase of triglyceride, cholesterol, lipid peroxidation level and effectively the increase of malondialdehyde (MDA).

Lipid Metabolism and Fatty Liver in Poultry (닭의 지방대사와 지방간)

  • Moon, Yang Soo
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.45 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-118
    • /
    • 2018
  • A great progress in genetic selection, nutrition and management practices has contributed to the improved growth rate of broilers and egg production in laying hens. For the increased productivity of modern poultry, a healthy chicken liver needs to cope with the increased metabolic demands. The liver is the major site of de novo fatty acid synthesis; therefore, hepatic lipogenesis is crucial for producing better quality meat and eggs. When de novo lipogenesis exceeds the capacity of lipid metabolism and secretion, large amounts of lipids accumulate in the liver of broilers, leading to a fatty liver. Upon onset of egg-laying in hens, lipids including free fatty acids, triglycerides, and phospholipids are dramatically increased in blood plasma for the synthesis of yolk precursors in oocytes. Productive hens with fatty liver often have hemorrhagic syndrome and sudden death due to the heavy demands of yolk synthesis, which burdens the liver. Understanding the lipid metabolism and hepatic lipid disorders is a key point in the improvement of the growth and production of chickens. This review focuses on the recent studies on lipid metabolism, the hepatic lipid disorders, and the prevention or reduction of fatty liver in poultry.

A Clinical Study of the Effects of Chungganhaeju-tang on Alcoholic Fatty Liver (청간해주탕이 알코올성 지방간에 미치는 영향에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • 이장훈;박신명;김영철;우흥정
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.107-113
    • /
    • 2001
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate effects of Chungganhaeju-tang on alcoholic fatty liver. Methods : Thirty patients with alcoholic fatty liver were included in this study. Chungganhaeju-tang was administered to subjects for 1 month. The changes of clinical symptoms and chemical liver function tests were evaluated before and after treatment. Results : Chungganhaeju-tang has effects on the improvement of clinical symptoms such as fatigue, anorexia, dyspepsia, nausea, and RUQ (Right Upper Quadrant) pain. On the chemical liver function test, serum AST, ALT, GGT, and TG level significantly decreased (P<0.05, by paired t-test). Conclusions : These results suggest that Chungganhaeju-tang has significant effects on the improvement of clinical symptoms and chemical liver function test with alcoholic fatty liver.

  • PDF