• Title, Summary, Keyword: fatty acid methyl ester content

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Biodiesel production from soapstock by acid catalyst (산촉매를 이용한 Soapstock으로부터 바이오디젤의 제조)

  • Park, Ji-Yeon;Kim, Young-Joo;Kim, Deog-Keun;Lee, Joon-Pyo;Park, Soon-Chul;Lee, Jin-Suk
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.541-543
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    • 2006
  • The feasibility of biodiesel production from soapstock by acid catalyst was tested. The water content of soapstock was more than 40%. Before the esterification of soapstock, the pre-treatment of soapstock was conducted adding potassium hydroxide and sulfuric acid. The pre-treated soapstock contained 99.6wt% of free fatty acid. When the free fatty acid was esterified with methanol, the fatty acid methyl ester content became 91.7wt% under the solid acid catalyst, Amberlyst-15. When this biodiesel was distilled the methyl ester content was 98.1wt% which satisfied the biodiesel Standard. Amberlyst-15 could be recovered easily because it was the soliid catalyst. When sulfuric acid was used as the acid catalyst, the fatty acid methyl ester content was 91.0wt%. From the results, it was possible to produce biodiesel efficiently from soapstock after pre-treatment. Because soapstock is very cheap, it will become good feedstock for biodiesel product ion.

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Cellular growth and fatty acid content of Arctic chlamydomonadalean

  • Jung, Woongsic;Kim, Eun Jae;Lim, Suyoun;Sim, Hyunji;Han, Se Jong;Kim, Sanghee;Kang, Sung-Ho;Choi, Han-Gu
    • ALGAE
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2016
  • Arctic microalgae thrive and support primary production in extremely cold environment. Three Arctic green microalgal strains collected from freshwater near Dasan Station in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Arctic, were analyzed to evaluate the optimal growth conditions and contents of fatty acids. The optimal growth temperature for KNF0022, KNF0024, and KNF0032 was between 4 and 8℃. Among the three microalgal strains, KNF0032 showed the maximal cell number of 1.6 × 107 cells mL-1 at 4℃. The contents of fatty acids in microalgae biomass of KNF0022, KNF0024, and KNF0032 cultured for 75 days were 37.34, 73.25, and 144.35 mg g-1 dry cell weight, respectively. The common fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) analyzed from Arctic green microalgae consisted of palmitic acid methyl ester (C16:0), 5,8,11-heptadecatrienoic acid methyl ester (C17:3), oleic acid methyl ester (C18:1), linoleic acid methyl ester (C18:2), and α-linolenic acid methyl ester (C18:3). KNF0022 had high levels of heptadecanoic acid methyl ester (26.58%) and heptadecatrienoic acid methyl ester (22.17% of the total FAMEs). In KNF0024 and KNF0032, more than 72.09% of the total FAMEs consisted of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Oleic acid methyl ester from KNF0032 was detected at a high level of 20.13% of the FAMEs. Arctic freshwater microalgae are able to increase the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids under a wide range of growth temperatures and can also be used to produce valuable industrial materials.

Development of Biodiesel Production Equipment from Animal Fats and Consideration for Reaction Condition of Animal Biodiesel (동물성 유지를 원료로 한 바이오 디젤 제조 장치 개발 및 바이오 디젤의 반응조건 고찰)

  • Kim, Yong Hun;Cho, Young Hak
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we analysed fatty acid methyl ester contents in the biodiesel which is produced from the newly developed biodiesel production equipment. The lard oil was used as the raw material through various experimental conditions. Thirty one experiments were conducted, which were based on the experimental conditions that designed by central composite design method. The effects of four independent variables, including reaction temperature, reaction time, oil to methanol molar ratio, and catalytic amount, were investigated at five levels using central composite design (CCD). Fatty acid methyl ester content was chosen dependent variable. Although the results of analysis of the surface with an irregular surface geometry showed that the biodiesel was partially impure after the reaction due to the natural characteristics of the lard oil as the raw material, we could confirm the relationship between them from the facts that the production amount of fatty acid methyl ester changes according to reaction temperature, reaction time, oil to methanol molar ratio, and catalytic amount.

Fuel properties of biodiesel produced from beef-tallow and corn oil blends based on the variation in the fatty acid methyl ester composition

  • Woo, Duk Gam;Kim, Tae Han
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.941-953
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    • 2019
  • Biodiesels are being explored as a clean energy alternative to regular diesel, which causes pollution. In this study, the optimum conditions for producing biodiesel (BD) by combining beef tallow, an animal waste resource with a high saturated fatty acid content, and corn oil, a vegetable oil with a high unsaturated fatty acid content, were investigated, and the fuel properties were analyzed. Furthermore, Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was used to verify the optimum conditions for producing biodiesel. The influences of control factors, such as the oil blend ratio and methanol to oil molar ratio, on the fatty acid methyl ester and biodiesel production yield were investigated. As a result, the optimum condition for producing blended biodiesel was verified to be tallow to corn oil blend ratio of 7 : 3 (TACO7) and a methanol to oil molar ratio of 14 : 1. Moreover, the interaction between the oil blend ratio and the methanol to oil molar ratio has the most crucial effects on the production of oil blended biodiesel. In conclusion, the analysis results of the fuel properties of TACO7 BD satisfied the BD quality standard, and thus, the viability of BD blended with waste tallow as fuel was verified.

Analysis of fatty acid methyl ester in bio-liquid by hollow fiber-liquid phase microextraction

  • Choi, Minseon;Lee, Soyoung;Bae, Sunyoung
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.174-181
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    • 2017
  • Bio-liquid is a liquid by-product of the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) reaction, converting wet biomass into solid hydrochar, bio-liquid, and bio-gas. Since bio-liquid contains various compounds, it requires efficient sampling method to extract the target compounds from bio-liquid. In this research, fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) in bio-liquid was extracted based on hollow fiber supported liquid phase microextraction (HF-LPME) and determined by Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID) and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). The well-known major components of biodiesel, including methyl myristate, palmitate, methyl palmitoleate, methyl stearate, methyl oleate, and methyl linoleate had been selected as standard materials for FAME analysis using HF-LPME. Physicochemical properties of bio-liquid was measured that the acidity was 3.30 (${\pm}0.01$) and the moisture content was 100.84 (${\pm}3.02$)%. The optimization of HF-LPME method had been investigated by varying the experimental parameters such as extraction solvent, extraction time, stirring speed, and the length of HF at the fixed concentration of NaCl salt. As a result, optimal conditions of HF-LPME for FAMEs were; n-octanol for extraction solvent, 30 min for extraction time, 1200 rpm for stirring speed, 20 mm for the HF length, and 0.5 w/v% for the concentration of NaCl. Validation of HF-LPME was performed with limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation (LOQ), dynamic range, reproducibility, and recovery. The results obtained from this study indicated that HF-LPME was suitable for the preconcentration method and the quantitative analysis to characterize FAMEs in bio-liquid generated from food waste via HTC reaction.

Reduction of Saturated Fatty Acid Methyl Esters of Biodiesel Produced from Beef Tallow by Acetone Fractionation (우지로부터 합성된 바이오 디젤의 포화도 감소를 위한 용매 분별 연구)

  • Zhang, Hua;Shin, Jung-Ah;Lee, Ki-Teak
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.472-481
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    • 2011
  • It is known that the content of saturated fatty acids methyl ester (SFAME) affect the pour point of biodiesel at low temperature. In this study, biodiesel (BD) was produced from beef tallow (TAL) by alkali catalyst. To reduce the saturation in BD, acetone fractionation was applied. Besides, TAL was also solvent-fractionated to reduce the saturated fatty acid (SFA) content for further producing BD. With acetone, TAL or TAL methyl ester (5:1 v/w) were fractionated at 10, 0, -10, and $-15^{\circ}C$, respectively. At $-10^{\circ}C$, 17.35% of SFA was observed in fractionated TAL (liquid part, -10TAL) when 5:1 solvent ratio was used for 24 hr. Under the same condition, fractionated BD (liquid part, -10BD) showed SFA (33.14%) with 78wt % yield. Also, fractionation of BD with different concentration of crystallizer 209 (0.1, 0.5, and 1%) along with different time (2, 6, 12, and 24 hr.) was observed. The best condition for reducing the SFA was 0.5% of crystallizer 209 addition for 12 hr of fractionation time at $-10^{\circ}C$, in which 30.14% of SFA content was observed in BD (liquid part). Among different crystallizer, ps 66 showed the least content of SFA content (23.28%) in BD after fractionation ($-10^{\circ}C$ and 24 hr) with 0.5wt% addition.

Effects of Properties of Raw Materials on Biodiesel Production (바이오디젤 생산에 미치는 원료 특성의 영향)

  • Jeong, Gwi-Taek;Park, Seok-Hwan;Park, Jae-Hee;Park, Don-Hee
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2008
  • Biodiesel is an alternative and renewable energy source, which is hoped to reduce global dependence on petroleum and environmental problem. Biodiesel produced from a variety of oil sources such as vegetable oil, animal fat and waste oils, and has properties similar to those associated with petro-diesel, including cetane number, volumetric heating value, flash point, viscosity and so on. In this study, we investigate the effect of quality of raw materials on alkali-catalyzed transesterification for producing of biodiesel. The increase of content of free fatty acid and water in oil were caused the sharp decrease of conversion yield. Also, the low purity of methanol in reactant was inhibited the reaction rate. In the case of addition of sodium sulfate as absorbent to prepare catalyst solution, the content of fatty acid methyl ester in product was increased more about 1.6% than that of control. However, the addition of zeolite, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate as absorbent in reactant to remove water generated from reaction did not show any enhancement in the reaction yield. This result may provide useful information with regard to the choice and preparation of raw materials for more economic and efficient biodiesel production.

Enzymatic Synthesis of Fructose-based Sugar Fatty Acid Ester Using Methyl Fructoside (메틸프룩토시드를 이용한 과당계열 당 지방산 에스테르의 효소적 합성)

  • 허주형;김해성
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.706-717
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    • 1998
  • Enzymatic synthesis of fructose-based sugar fatty acid esters, such as methyl fructoside oleic acid mono and diester, was investigated using methyl fructoside as a sugar starting material. For the production of methyl fructoside fatty acid monoester by solvent process, 2-methyl 2-propanol was found to be a god reaction medium resulting a higher yield and productivity due to its high sugar solubility. The yield and productivity of methyl fructoside oleic acid monoester were 70% and 12.6g/L-hr, respectively, when molar ratio of methyl fructoside, initial concentration of methyl fructoside, enzyme(Novozym 435) content, and reaction temperature were 3:1, 200g/L, 1%(w/v), and $60^{\circ}C$, respectively. Methyl fructoside oleic acid diester was prepared by lipase-catalyzed diacylation of methyl fructoside and oleic acid in the solvent-free process. Maximum yield of 98% and productivity of 140g/L-hr were achieved when molar ratio(methyl fructoside and oleic acid) of 1:2 enzyme content of 10%(w/v) and reaction temperature of $70^{\circ}C$ were applied for the operating conditions under a reduced pressure of 20∼200 mmHg.

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The Transesterification Prediction of Vegetable Oils Based on Viscosity Changes (점도변화에 의한 식물유의 전이 에스테르화 추산)

  • Hyun, Young-Jin;Kim, Hae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.12-18
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    • 2006
  • The transesterification of vegetable oils into Biodiesel at $60^{\circ}C$ was performed on the rotary viscometer. The overall yield(%) of fatty acid methyl ester from canola oil at optimum conditions was 95%. The viscosities of fatty acid methyl esters were predicted by Orrick and Erbarr's model. The overall yield increased as the viscosities of fatty acid methyl esters decreased. The limiting molar ratio of methanol to oil appeared to be 1:5. The content of sodium hydroxide as the optimum catalyst appeared to be 0.5wt%.

Analysis of Fatty Acid Compositions and Biodiesel Properties of Seeds of Woody Oil Plants in Korea (국내 목본 유지식물 종자의 지방산 조성 및 바이오디젤 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Kwang Soo;Lee, Yong Hwa;Jang, Young Seok;Choi, In Hu
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.628-635
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    • 2013
  • In order to evaluate their potential as sources of biodiesel, oil content and fatty acid composition of seeds and fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) properties from seven woody oil plants in Korea were analysed. The oil content of seed of all woody plant species ranged from 15.1 (Ligustrum lucidum) to 70.3% (Camellia japonica) by dry weight. Fatty acid composition consisted mainly of oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid, with oleic acid being the most abundant. The content of unsaturated fatty acids of all species was higher than saturated fatty acids. Oxidation stability of seed oils of all woody plants ranged from 2.25 to 8.62 hours/$110^{\circ}C$. Fatty acid methyl ester of Styrax japonica has been found to have the highest iodine value, indicating that unsaturated fatty acid content is higher than other seed oils. Cold filter plug point(CFPP) was varied over a wide range from $0^{\circ}C$ to $-13^{\circ}C$. The cold fluidity of FAME of Chionanthus retusa were excellent.