• Title, Summary, Keyword: family policy expenditure

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A Study on the Relationship Between Child Poverty Rate and Family Policy Expenditure of Welfare States -Focused on OECD Countries- (복지국가의 아동·가족복지지출과 아동빈곤율의 관계 -OECD 국가를 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Yun Kyu;Baek, Seung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.36
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    • pp.65-99
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between child poverty rate and family policy expenditure of welfare states (focusing on OECD countries). We analyzed not only the total social & family policy expenditures but the components of the family policy expenditure. OECD SOCX and calculated data from the LIS & OECD data were utilized for child and family policy expenditures and the poverty rate. One-way correlation and cluster analysis were employed for the analysis. The analytic results are as follows: Southern European and Anglo-Saxon countries' child poverty rates were higher and Scandinavian countries' child poverty rates were lower than any other clusters. The countries with high child poverty rate had higher child poverty rate than the entire nation's poverty rate, but Scandinavian countries' child poverty rate was lower. There was a strong correlation between family policy expenditure and child poverty rate. Especially the service expenditure and leave benefit expenditure were highly correlated with child poverty rate. On the other hand, cash expenditure was not significantly correlated with child poverty rate. We can suggest the policy implications from these results. Based on the analytic results, policy implications that the government should increase the family policy budget, especially the budget for family services and leave benefit to decrease child poverty rate and should make effort to support the employment of parents through policies such as active labor market strategies can be suggested.

Analysis of Educational Expenditures by family life cycle (가족생활주기에 따른 가계의 교육비 지출 분석)

  • 양정선;김순미
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.135-152
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    • 2003
  • This study examined which factors influence educational expenditure by family life cycle. Data for this study were from the 2001 Household Income and Expenditure Survey and consisted of a sample of 2,681 households. The results showed that the households having high school students had the highest educational expenditure and the households having middle school students had the highest ratio of educational expenditure to consumption expenditure. The education of household head, family type, the number of children, the age of the youngest child, and family income had significant effect on educational expenditure in all the stages of family life cycle. The results of this study will be useful for financial management of households and give suggestions for the government policy on education.

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Issues of Education Expenses and Policy Implication of On-Line Education Service for the Middle Aged Families (중년기 가족의 교육비 문제와 디지털 시대의 해결방안 모색)

  • 손상희;정영숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze expenditure on children's private, after-school education, perceptional need for private education, and budget planning pattern for the expenditure of education applying survey data, and to investigate current situation to Identify solving planning for digital age. taking on-line educational service system and internet financial planning for children's educational expenditure into account. Under the purposes, this study especially focused on the condition of on-line educational service system and the merits as well as problems of the system, the need for household financial planning for children's education, and the condition or nature of internet financial planning system, in terms of providing market information and of suggesting policy implications.

Difference in Outpatient Medical Expenditure and Physician Practice Patterns between Medicaid and Health Insurance Patients (건강보험환자와 의료급여환자 간 의원 외래 의료이용 차이와 공급자 진료행태)

  • Joo, Jung-Mi;Kwon, Soon-Man
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.125-141
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the role of provider practice patterns in the difference in health expenditure between the two types of patients: Health Insurance and Medical Aid type 1. The study used the outpatient claim data for all Medicaid and health insurance patients of hypertension who received medical services from 8,454 primary care physicians during the first half of 2006. The data were stratified by patient's gender and age for the two groups of patients who received care from the same physician. The dependent variables were the differences in medical expenditure per case, patient days per case and medical expenditure per patient day between Medicaid patients and health insurance patients. Empirical results showed that physician characteristics, such as physicians under age 50, greater proportion of pediatric Medicaid patients, lower proportion of new Medicaid patients and the greater number of comorbidity of Medicaid patients are associated with the greater difference between the two types of patients (i.e., greater expenditure of Medicaid patients relative to health insurance patients). This study shows that factors associated with provider practice patterns need to be taken into account in Medicaid policy.

An Analysis of the Household Consumption Expenditure Structure by the Korean Economic-Development Plan Years (한국경제개발 계획년도별 가계소비지출 구조분석)

  • 박선미;김영숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to consider the socio-economic development and policy in each five-year economic development plan influences of urban households and to seek a plan of household stability and reasonable consumption expenditure on the aspect of Family economics. Data is based on the "Annual Report on the Family Income and Expenditure survey" of the National Bureau of Statistic Economic Planning Board, Republic of Korea and analyzed as follows: First, in analysis to the structure of consumption expenditure, the averaged percentage of each item to total consumption expenditure is estimated by each Economics Development Plan year. Second, in order to analyze the relative importance value of household consumption expenditure, priority correlation order is derived from comparison of characteristics of household consumption expenditures by multiple regression analysis. Third the patterns of consumption expenditure of salary and wage earner's households in all cities are estimated by the household consumption function, marginal propensity to consume, and income elasticity, according to socio-economic variable, and demographic variable. In the recent Korean economy, income level of household is increased and consumption expenditure level is largely increased because of the execution of economic development plan. But the improvement of income derives the increasment of the consumption needs and over-consumption trend is spread due to the import liberization. And above all, the reasonable household management and economic life are needed.

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A Study on the Factors Influencing Health Care Expenditure of Elderly Households : Focused on the Elderly Single and Elderly Couple Households (노인가계의 보건의료비 지출에 영향을 미치는 요인의 분석 : 노인독신가게와 노인부부가게를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Ji-Yeon;Sung, Young-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.159-174
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the health care expenditure of elderly single and elderly couple households whose head is more than 60 years old. The data analyzed for the study were Korean Retirement and Income Study(KRelS) conducted in 2007 by National Pension Corporation. The major finding of this study were as follows: First, the amount of health care expenditure of elderly single households was lower than that of elderly couple households. However, ratio of health care expenditure to total consumption expenditure of elderly single households was larger than that of elderly couple households. Second, the ratio of health care expenditure in consumption expenditure in this study was larger than the ratios in past analyse showed in the previous studies. Third, common factor affecting on health care expenditure of elderly single and elderly couple households was the existence of the family member with chronic disease or handicap. The health care expenditure of elderly singer households was influenced by income, gender and the ownership of national health insurance. The influence of income for elderly singer households seemed to be greater than for elderly couple households. The variables which affected health care expenditure of elderly couple households were age and housing tenure status. The amount and ratio health care expenditure were increased as the age increases. These results show that the health care expenditures for each groups varied according to socio-demographic variables and health-related behavior variables. It is suggested that there should be a discriminative health care policy for each elderly single and elderly couple households. In addition, the health care policy for the elderly households of which member has a chronic disease is certainly necessary. Especially a health care plan for the elderly single households with lower income is in need. For the elderly couple households, the priority group of health care policy would be the high age group.

A Qualitative Study on Dual-earner Couples' Work-life Balance (맞벌이 가정, 삶의 경로와 조정방식에 대한 질적 연구)

  • Kim, Seonmi
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.219-241
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    • 2013
  • The study explored the work-life balance of three dual-earning couples using the household economics approach according to the hermeneutics paradigm. Three families were analysed. The couples were interviewed individually with a non-structural interview guide about their work history and life history, and with a semi-structured interview and structured questionnaire about their work hours, childcare practice, husband-wife relation, household income and expenditure, and daily and weekly schedule. The results revealed the different paths and various strategies to adjust work-life balance among the cases. Strategies were discussed to facilitate changes in labor market policy, childcare policy, working place culture and family's daily life planning.

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Technical Improvements of the Projection of Household Health Care Expenditure (보건의료 가책소비지출 추계 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Rho, Sang-Youn
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to improve the more confident and efficient projection method that is to estimate the Number of Household per Family scales(NHF) in projecting the Household Heath care Expenditure(HHE). For this purpose, this paper suggested three results of the research. First, because projecting the NHF does not reflect the recent socio-demographic trends in the process of projecting the National Health Expenditure(NHE),the prior projection results have serious problem in the confidence and political availability. Second, the projection results about the HHE might be underestimated relative to the real one. Third, in order to estimate the more confident and efficient estimates of the HHE, the estimated NHF reflecting the socio-demographic trend must be used to project the one. There is an alternative method that the NHF and the increasing or decreasing rate of them which are regularly surveyed and suggested by the KOSIS should be used to project the process.

Influence Factors on Health and Medical of Retirees Expense to Public Pension Recipients (공적연금유형에 따른 은퇴자들의 보건의료비지출 결정요인)

  • Choi, Ryoung;Hwang, Byung Deog
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2015
  • Background: This study aims to identify the monthly average medical expenses of public pension recipients, and analyze the determinants of total health and medical expenses and Western and Oriental medicine expenses, medical service expenses, and medical supplies expenses. Methods: This study used the fifth year data of 2013 out of the raw data of the Korean Retirement and Income Study collected by the National Pension Research Institute. This study conducted t-test, analysis of variance, and linear regression to verify publicly the relevance between pension recipients' general characteristics and health and medical expenses status using IBM SPSS ver. 21.0 for data analysis. Results: It was analyzed that there is a difference in the spending of expenditure and health care costs according to public pension recipients. Medical expenses of the national pensioners was higher compared to the special corporate pensioners. The national pensioner is related expenditure size, education level, family members living together, residential areas, status of spouse, number of chronic illness, and status of limitation in daily life with psychological health status. Conclusion: Therefore, fairness does not occur fire to the medical use between the special corporate pensioners and national pensioners, aggressive of government such as health policy and financial support for the retiree pension policy that reflects the reality intervention would be required.

The Association between Health Examination and Personal Medical Cost through Panel Survey (건강검진이 개인 의료비지출에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwan Hyung;Park, Jae Yong
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2014
  • Background: This paper describes the relationship and effect of health examination on personal medical cost by identifying the difference of the cost for medical care in physician visit between the population without and with health examination. Methods: After classifying into three cohorts in which, independent variables were designed according to the Andersen's behavioral model, the association of personal medical cost for medical care and prescription drugs which is dependent variable was analyzed by t-test and Mann-Whitney test for description and gamma regression model for inference. Results: In personal average medical cost, the population with health examination paid significantly more than without health examination, 11.6% more in cohort 2008, 26.6% more in cohort 2009, and 48.0% more in combined cohort. The odds ratio on medical expenditure of outpatients with health examination was 1.067, 1.126, 1.398 significantly in cohort 2008, 2009, and combined cohort respectively, comparing to the group without health examination. In independent variables, that is female, the elderly, never married, non-working, non-metropolitan, the higher family income, the smaller family size, people with disability, the people with chronic disease, and people with health examination have significantly being paid more tendency showing positive association with medical cost. Conclusion: This result showed that medical expenditure in physician visit has been increased after taking a health examination. Therefore reasonable limitation of getting preventive medical service is suggested to avoid medical shopping around and reduce being repeated health examination by unifying control to find out easily the clinical results from various medical facilities.