• Title, Summary, Keyword: family cohesion and adaptability

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The Influence of Family Adaptability and Cohesion on Marriage Satisfaction and Distress of Married Couples (가족적응성, 응집성이 부부의 결혼만족도와 디스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • 고정자;김갑숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • This study was to identify the influence of family adaptability and cohesion on marriage satisfaction and distress of married couples. For the data 434 married couples Living in Pusan, Korea were chosen. The data were analyzed using M, SD, t-test, factor analysis, MANOVA, scheffe-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. The findings of this study are as follows; First, marital satisfaction is higher for husbands than wives. Physical and psychological distress are higher for wives than husbands. Second, married couples who perceived family adaptability to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction. And husbands who perceived family adaptability to be higher bevel are higher physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Third, husbands who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological and physical distress than other levels of adaptability. Wives who perceived family cohesion to be higher level are higher marital satisfaction, and are lower psychological distress than other levels of adaptability. Fourth, for husbands, family adaptability, cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological and physical distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress For wives, family cohesion and marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on psychological distress. Besides, family cohesion are indirectly associated with psychological and physical distress.

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A Study on the family cohesion.adaptability perceived by dual career housewife and household task performance (취업주부가 지각한 가족응집력.적응력 및 가사노동수행방안)

  • 이정우
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of wives' demographic variables, the family cohesion and adaptability perceived by dual-career wives on household task performance. The subject of this study were 391 employed professional wives working in seoul. Using the questionnary, the data was obtained and the data was analysed by percentile, frequency, ANOVA, multiple regression. The results were as follows. 1) the family cohesion and adaptability scores showed a little higher than those of previous research. Number of children, age of the youngest child and family pattern were statistically significant in the family cohesion, number of children and family pattern were statistically significantly in the family adaptability. 2) The division of housework by family members was influenced by the family adaptability and family pattern. The family cohesion was a significant determinant of the division of housework by husband. The standard of housework was influenced by wives' age, the family cohesion and a housework time.

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Communications and Family Cohesion & Adaptability Between Mother and Adolescent (어머니와 청소년자녀가 지각하는 의사소통유형과 가족 응집성 및 적응성)

  • 박은주
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 1995
  • The purposes of this study were to find out general trends of mother-adolescent communication patterns and to analyze communication variables which influence on family cohesion and adaptability. The subjects were 386 high school students and their mothers living in Kwang-ju. PACI and FACESIII were used to measure mother-adolescent communication patterns and family cohesion and adaptability. The results are as follows : Mothers highly perceived open communication pattern with adolescents, but adolescents perceived close communication more. Communication patterns, family cohesion and adaptability showed significant differences in according to communication variables as communication time and satisfaction. Family cohesion and adaptability were significantly different in according to communication patterns. Especially, open communication pattern between mothers and adolescents was the most important in order to increase family cohesion and adaptability.

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Relationships between Parent-Adolescent Communication and Family Cohesion and Adaptability: Korean Adolescents Resident in Korea and in America (한국 청소년과 재미교포 청소년이 지각한 부모 자녀간 의사 소통과 가족 응집성 및 적응성간의 관계)

  • Kil, Ae Jin;Yi, Soon Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between parent-adolescent communication, family cohesion and family adaptability perceived by Korean adolescents resident in Korea (K-K) and Korean adolescents resident in America (K-A). Subjects were selected from among middle and high school, undergraduate and graduate school students in Korea (N=555) and counterpart students in Los Angeles (N=296). The survey instruments were the Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (Barnes & Olson, 1982) and FACES III (Bell, Olson, & Partner, 1982). Major findings were that : (1) K-A adolescents engaged in open communication with their parents more than K-K adolescents. (2) K-A families communicated about their health and life styles more frequently than K-K families, while K-K families communicated about school problems and problems with friends more than K-A families. (3) In both groups, family cohesion was related to family adaptability. That is, when family cohesion was high, family adaptability was also high. (4) When communication styles were open, perceived family cohesion and adaptability was high.

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The Relationship of Family Interaction to Korean High School Girls′ Career Attitude Maturity

  • Lee, Sang-Kil
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2003
  • This research aims to examine the influence of Korean high school girls' perceived family adaptability and cohesion on maturity with regards to career attitude. In order to verify statistically the research questions, Cluster Sampling with Stratification was conducted among high school girls in Seoul; a total of 670 questionnaire sheets were administered to 10th graders;and Multiple Regression was used for data analysis. Subsequently, the following results were obtained: a high school girl's perceived family adaptability and cohesion significantly influenced her maturity with regards to her career attitude. Particularly, the sub-variables such as democratism, participation, supportiveness, and unity of family adaptability and cohesion had significant relevance to career attitude maturity. In general, family adaptability and cohesion had an R square of 47.3% with regards to a female 10th grader's career attitude maturity.

The Relationships among Internal-External Locus of Control, Perceived Family Support, Family Cohesion & Adaptability, and Children′s Social Behaviors (내외통제성, 가족의 지지, 가족의 응집 및 적응성과 아동의 사회적 행동간의 관계)

  • 김애경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among the internal locus of control, perceived family support, family cohesion, family adaptability, and children's social behaviors. The subjects were 285 6th and 8th grade students and their homeroom teachers. A questionnaire was used as survey method. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan post test. and multiple regression. The results are as follows: First, internal locus of control was positively related to social competence and negatively related to antisocial behavior. Perceived family support, family cohesion and adaptability were positively related to social competence and negatively related to antisocial behavior. Second, girls were higher internal locus of control, family cohesion, family adaptability and social competence and lower in antisocial behavior than boys. The 8th graders had lower scores than 6th graders in perceived family support, family cohesion, family adaptability and social competence and higher level of antisocial behavior. Third, perceived family support and family adaptability impacted social competence in girls, and grade impacted social competence in boys. Grade, perceived family support and locus of control had significant effects on the antisocial behavior in boys, and perceived family support impacted antisocial behavior in girls.

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The Relation between Juvenile Deliquency and Parent-Adolescent Communication, Family Cohesion and Adaptability (청소년 비행 정도와 부모-자녀간 의사소통 가족의 응집 및 적응과의 관계)

  • Min, Ha Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.112-124
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relation between juvenile deliquency and parent-adolescent communication, the family cohesion and adaptability as variables of psychological environment of the family. The subjects were 143 juvenile deliquents in jail, aged 16 to 19, and 347 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th grade students who resided in low income areas in Seoul and Taegu. The research data were collected by structured questionnaire. 143 juvenile delinquents and 87 students whose degree of deliquency was more than M+(0.5*S.D) were selected as the final data source. The statistical methods were frequency percentile, pearson's correlation, one-way ANOVA. Scheffe'test and multiple regression analysis. The major findings showed that (1) juvenile deliquency was significantly related to father-closed communication type. (2) juvenile deliquency was significantly related to low family cohesion and adaptability, (3) the family cohesion and adaptability was positively correlated with parent-adolescent communication. Father-adolescent communication had more important effect upon the family cohesion and adaptability than mother-adolescent communication.

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The Relationship between Children's Self-Concepts and Family Systems as Analyzed by the Circumplex Model (아동의 자아개념과 가족체계의 기능유형 - Circumplex Model을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Sang Boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.145-160
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between children's self-concepts and (1) types of functional family systems. (2) family cohesion and adaptability levels, and (3) the satisfaction of children with their current family systems. The subjects of this study were 347 middle S. E. S. children (168 boys, 179 girls) in grade 6. Analysis of functional family systems was by The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales III(1985) of the Circuplex Model (Olson et al., 1979). The Self-concept Inventory (Lim Jae Leun, 1987) was used to assess children's self-concepts. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ and Pearson correlation. It was found that there were no differences in children's self-concepts by types of functional systems. There were differences in children's self-concepts by family cohesion and adaptability levels. That is, the higher the level of cohesion and adaptability the more positive the child's self-concept. The more the child was satisfied with his/her current family system, the more positive the child's self-concept. Children whose family systems were at a high level of family cohesion and adaptability were more satisfied with their current family systems.

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A Structural Analysis on School-Aged Children's School Adjustment and Its Related Variables (학령기 아동의 학교적응 관련변인들 간의 관계 구조분석)

  • Lee, Hi-Eun;Moon, Soo-Back
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.161-174
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among different variables related to school adjustment. 601 elementary school students residing in Pohang-City in Korea completed questionnaires about school adjustment, internal problem behavior, external problem behavior, family adaptability and family cohesion. A variance-covariance matrix of this sample was analyzed using AMOS 19.0, and the maximum likelihood minimization function. The goodness of fit was evaluated via SRMR, RMSEA with a 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. The results were as follows: First, family adaptability, family cohesion, internal problem behavior and external problem behavior were all found to have a significant direct effect how the children adjusted to their school. Second, family adaptability, and family cohesion had a direct effect on internal problem behavior. Third, family cohesion had a direct effect on external problem behavior, but family adaptability had a substantial indirect effect on the children's external problem behavior that was mediated by their internal problem behavior. Fourth, internal problem behavior had a direct effect on external problem behavior.

A Study on the relation among Family Cohesion and Adaptability Authority patterns and Sex-role attitudes -The case of married women in Pusan- (가족의 응집력 및 적응력과 권위유형, 성역할 태도와의 관계연구 -부산시 주부를 중심으로-)

  • 안선영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.79-92
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    • 1994
  • The objectives of this study were to examine whether there were differences in family cohesion and adaptability perceived by married women when socio-demographic variables authority patterns and sex-role attitudes changed. Dividing the family system type into two parts by the levels of cohesion and adaptability then collected data were examined to test curviliner and linear hypothesis. The subjects were 542 married women living in Pusan. The guestionnaires included FACES III Authority Pattern and Sex-role attitude scales. The data were analyzed with statistical methods such as Frequency Distribution Percentile Mean T-test and X2-test. The major findings were as follows: 1) The levels of family cohesion and family adaptability perceived by married women were high. 2) There were no significant statistical differences in the levels of socio-demographic variables Authority pattern Sex-role attitude among the groups of family system type I based on the curvilinear hypothesis but significant statistical differences were found in preferred variables among the groups of family system type II based on the linear hypothesis. 3) Among the socio-demographic variables family type religion and husband's educational level were significantly correlated with the groups of family system type II,. The percentiles of HH(the levels of cohesion and adaptability were high) families were high when the married women's sex-role attitudes leaned toward modern and authority patterns were husband-dominant.

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