• Title/Summary/Keyword: factor score

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Evaluation of Water Quality using Principal Component Analysis in the Nakdong Rivev Estuary (주성분 분석법을 이용한 낙동강 하구 해역의 수질 평가)

  • Sin, Seong-Gyo;Park, Cheong-Gil;Song, Gyo-Uk
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to evaluate water quality utilizing principal component analysis in the Nakdong River Estuary. From the results of analysis, water quality in the Nakdong River Estuary could be explained up to 65.3 Percente by three factors which were Included In river loadlnwastes from the Nakdong River and rainfalls : 39.1%1, sediment resuspension(13.7BS) and metabolism(12.5%). In the eastern part of estuary In flowing the Nakdong River, river loading factor score(factor 1 Pas higher than that In western part. Sediment resuspension factor score(factor 2) was high in shallow water, while metabolism factor score(factor 3) was high in deeper water. For seasonal variations of factors score, factor 1 was h19h- 1y related to rainfall season.

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Sparse Document Data Clustering Using Factor Score and Self Organizing Maps (인자점수와 자기조직화지도를 이용한 희소한 문서데이터의 군집화)

  • Jun, Sung-Hae
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2012
  • The retrieved documents have to be transformed into proper data structure for the clustering algorithms of statistics and machine learning. A popular data structure for document clustering is document-term matrix. This matrix has the occurred frequency value of a term in each document. There is a sparsity problem in this matrix because most frequencies of the matrix are 0 values. This problem affects the clustering performance. The sparseness of document-term matrix decreases the performance of clustering result. So, this research uses the factor score by factor analysis to solve the sparsity problem in document clustering. The document-term matrix is transformed to document-factor score matrix using factor scores in this paper. Also, the document-factor score matrix is used as input data for document clustering. To compare the clustering performances between document-term matrix and document-factor score matrix, this research applies two typed matrices to self organizing map (SOM) clustering.

Imputation Using Factor Score Regression

  • Lee, Sang-Eun;Hwang, Hee-Jin;Shin, Key-Il
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2009
  • Recently not even government polices but small town decisions are based on the survey data/information, so the most of government agencies/organizations demand various sample surveys in each fields for more detail information. However in conducting the sample survey, nonresponse problem rises very often and it becomes a major issue on judging the accuracy of survey. For that matters, one solution ran be using the administration data. However unfortunately most of administration data are restricted to the common users. The other solution can be the imputation. Therefore several method, of imputation are studied in various fields. In this study, in stead of the simple regression imputation method which is commonly used, factor score regression method is applied specially to the incomplete data which have the unit and item misting values in survey data. Here for simulation study, Consumer Expenditure Surveys in Korea are used.

Evaluation of Water Quality in the Keum River Estuary by Multivariate Analysis (다변량 해석기법에 의한 금강 하구역의 수질평가)

  • 김종구
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.591-598
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to evaluate water quality in the Keum River estuary using principal component analysis. The results was summarized as follow; Water quality in the Keum River estuary could be explained up to 70.40% by three factors which were included in the inffluent loading by the Keum River and Kyungpo cheon(38.99%), seasonal variation and organic matter pollution(19.05%), sediment resuspension and internal metabolism(12.35%). For spatial variation of factor score, artificial pollutant loading is highest at st.1, below Keum River barrage, and decreases toward the outer sea. For annual variation of factor score, factor 1 was highly related to artificial pollutant leading, and it was gently increased in 1994. Also, organic matter pollution, sediment resuspension and internal metabolism were increased to every year. It is necessary to control the nutrient leading by Keum river and Kyongpo cheon for Water quality management of estuary.

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The Evaluation of Water Quality in Coastal Sea of Incheon Using a Multivariate Analysis (다변량 해석기법을 이용한 인천연안해역의 수질평가)

  • Kim, Jong-Gu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.1017-1025
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate characteristic of water duality in coastal sea of Incheon using a multivariate analysis. The analysis data in coastal sea of Incheon was aquired by the NFRDI data which was surveyed from March 1997 to November 2003. Eleven water quality parameters were determined on each survey The results were summarized as follow : Water quality in Incheon coastal sea could be explained up to 64.62% by three factors which were included in loading of fresh water and nutrients by the land(36.98%), seasonal variation(16.19%), and internal metabolism (11.24%). The results of time series analysis by factor score, in case of factor 1, station 1 influenced by Han river was shown to high factor score and station 3 located by outer sea was shown to low factor score. In case of factor 2, station 1 was appeared to high variation and station 3 was appeared to low variation. The result of cluster analysis by station was classified into three group that has different water quality characteristics. Especially, station 1 which affected by Han river and station 4 which affected by sewage treatment plant was appeared to considerable water quality characteristics against other station. In yearly cluster analysis, three group was classified and water quality in 2003 years due to high precipitation was different to another year. It could be suggested from these results that it is important to control discharge of fresh water by Han rivet and sewage treatment plant for water quality management of coastal sea of Incheon.

The Evaluation of Water Quality in Coastal Sea of Kunsan Using Statistic Analysis (통계분석기법을 이용한 군산연안해역의 수질평가)

  • Lee, Nam-Do;Kim, Jong-Gu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.369-376
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate water quality in coastal sea of Kunsan using multivariate analysis. The analysis data in Coastal Sea of Kunsan use of surveyed data by the NFRDI from April 2000 to November 2002. Twelve water Quality parameter were determined on each sample. The results was summarized as follow ; Water quality in coastal sea of Kunsan could be explained up to 62.782% by four factors which were included in loading of nitrogen-nutrients by Keum river(24.688%), suspended solids variation (12.180%), seasonal climate variation (18.367%) and variation of DIP (10.546%). To analyze spatially and monthly variation by factor score, it was divided by inner area and outer area spatially, and spring and summer monthly. The result of time series analysis by factor score, inner area of Kunsan coastal sea(St.1 and St. 2) was the most affected by nitrogen-nutrient and suspended solids due to runoff by Keum river. It could be suggested from these results that it is important to reduce tile pollution loads from Kuem river for the control of the water quality in coastal sea of Kunsan.

A Study on Somatotype and Body Shape Variation of Female in the Twenties (20대(代) 여성(女性)의 소마토타입과 체형변화(體型變化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Jung, Myoung Sook;Lee, Soon Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 1993
  • This paper is to show the difference in body shape between 2 female groups; one group of 129 subjects is from 18 to 24 years old and the other group of 49 subjects from 25 to 29. Anthropometric somatotyping method by Heath-Carter and descriptive classification method by Sheldon are applied to classify somatotype. There is no difference in somatotype between 2 groups. The average somatotype is 443, which is the balanced type. By comparing the results of T-test, principal component analysis, and factor score, detailed differences in body shape between 2 groups are shown. The results of factor score for obesity factor of both groups are almost same and agree to somatotype results.

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A Study on Sexual Function of Women with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥질환 여성의 성기능에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Choon Shim;So, Hyang Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors related to sexual function of women with coronary artery disease, and to determine the predictors of sexual function. The study design, a descriptive correlational study, was done through structural questionnaire and interview. A total of 50 subjects from C University Hospital at Kwang-ju city who have undergone coronary angiography at department of cardiology were observed and interviewed from Feb. 22, 1999 to March. 23, 1999. The number of affected vessels, the level of total serum cholesterol, and the ejection fraction of 2-D echo cardiography were analyzed to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease. And also type A behavior pattern, health behavior, Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women (BISF-W) were measured. The data obtained were analyzed using percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis via SPSS PC+. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean age of the subjects were 58.1 and 72.0% of those have been married over 30 years. Seventy two percentage were unemployed and monthly family income of 56.6% was less than 1,000,000 won (approximately $ 840). Eighty percent were in their postmenopausal state, and the frequency of sexual intercourse of 84.0% were two to three times per month. 2. The scores of type A behavior pattern were from 16 to 38(mean 24.94) and health behavior ranged from 21 to 43(mean 31.2). Abstinence from smoking, alcohol, and caffeine were best compliant factors and weight control and exercise were least abided ones. The result of 2D-ECHO EF showed that the half of the subjects were abnormal, and 24% had more than 240mg/dl of total serum cholesterol. The coronary angiography showed that 64% of the subjects had more than one affected vessels. 3. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'orgasm' were number of health examination, the pre- or post-menopausal state, protestant, number of coronary vessel affected, level of serum total cholesterol, and comorbid group of hypertension and diabetes, and it's total variance accounted for 52.4%. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'sexual activity' were comorbid group of hypertension and diabetes and type A behavior pattern, which accounted for 22.4% of total variance. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'sexual satisfaction' were type A behavior pattern, no religion, exercise, level of serum total cholesterol, and pre or post menopausal state, which accounted for 52.1%. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'sexual desire' were the period of marriage, type A behavior, employment or unemployment, and weight control, which accounted for 43.2%. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'external force of sexual functioning' were physical overload and exercise, which accounted for 41.1%. The predictors to explain the factor score of 'sexual activity' were family monthly income, catholics, and exercise, and which accounted for 35.4%. Above results lead us to some consensus that sexual function of women with coronary artery disease is related to various factors including vasogenic factors such as total serum cholesterol level, number of coronary vessel affected, an endocrinal factor such as menopausal state, and type A behavior pattern as a sociopshychological factor. And also health behaviors such as fitness care, overwork, weight control, and emotional tension are contributed to sexual function.

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A Study on the Significance of Spatial Interaction Model from the Urban Competitive Point of View (입지 경쟁력과 공간상호작용 모형의 유의성 검정)

  • Kim, Dong-Yoon
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2012
  • This study aims at finding relationships between the competitiveness of cities and the size or distance of them, based on some premises; (1) the competitiveness can be measured on the interval-ratio level, that is, factor scores, (2) a hypothesis that the spatial interaction model is valid for the relationships can be generally accepted. Based on the general recognition a research hypothesis that the more is the population or the nearer is the distance from a central city the higher is the competitiveness score is constructed. According to the premises 5-factor scores and composite score are calculated by means of regression method, and the scores are regressed on cities' populations and distances from Seoul city. Using bootstrapping method for the tests of significance is effective due to small sample of 21 cities. Results of the analyses show that most aspects of the hypothesis should be rejected or adjusted. Scores on Health-welfare factor, public service factor, and commercial vitality factor have no relation to the cities' sizes or distances. But the results also find the facts that the strong (negative) relationships exist between (1) educational base factor score and population, (2) density factor score and distance. Although this study improves systematic and analytic understanding of spatial interaction patterns, the understanding should be invalid for the general context because it has used the data on 21 cities in the capital region at the time of 2009.

The Effects of Emotional Intelligence and Entertainer Idolization on School Life Adjustment in Middle School Students (중학생의 정서지능, 연예인 우상화가 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Im;Lee, Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.535-547
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the effects of emotional intelligence and entertainer idolization on school life adjustment of middle school students. For this study, questionnaires were administered to 300 first graders attending three different middle schools. The results were analyzed using correlation and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS/PC window program. The results were as follows. Firstly, general trends of emotional intelligence showed a slightly higher than average score. The score of entertainer idolization was relatively low and the characteristic factor score was higher than the assessment factor score. For school life adjustment, the factor having the highest influence was relationship with friends. Secondly, the most influential factor on school life adjustment was emotional regulation, followed by academic grades, emotional recognition, emotional expression, and empathy. In conclusion, the level of entertainer idolization in middle school students was moderate. The important influential factors on school life adjustment were emotional intelligence factors and academic grades. In particular, emotional regulation was found to have the greatest influence.