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The Comparative Study on Decoctions of Yukmijihwang-tang (Liuweidihuang-tang) Extracted by Different Extraction Method and Extraction Time (전탕 방법 및 전탕 시간에 따른 육미지황탕 전탕액 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Seo, Chang-Seob;Jeon, Woo-Young;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was performed to compare the differences between decoctions extracted by different extraction method and extraction time. Methods : Decoctions were prepared with pressed or non-pressed extraction conditions for 60, 120 and 180min. The yields of extracts, sugar contents, hydrogen ion concentrations(pH), the contents of reference compounds in Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang) were investigated. Results : The yields and the dissolved solid content containing sugar content of decoctions were more in pressed extraction method than unpressed extraction method, and they tended to be increased as extraction time increased. The pH values of decoctions methods did not show significant differences between pressed and unpressed extraction methods or extraction times. Most of reference compounds showed higher contents in pressed extraction method than unpressed extraction method and their contents were augmented according to increase of extraction time. The content of paeonol was decreased when extracted in more than 120min with pressed extraction method and tended to be decreased as extraction time increased in unpressed extraction method. Conclusions : The pressed extraction with long extraction time could be useful for decoction of Yukmijihwang-tang(Liuweidihuang-tang). However, another ingredients possible to decrease in such condition need to be considered to determine suitable extraction condition.

The Influence of Pressure and Time on the Preparation of Gumiganghwal-tang Decoctions

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Seong-Sil;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo;Seo, Chang-Seob
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.12-20
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study compared Gumiganghwal-tang (GGT) decoctions produced using different pressure levels for various extraction times to determine the optimal extraction conditions through hydrogen ion concentration (pH), total soluble solids content (TSSC), extraction yield, and content of chemical compounds. Methods: Decoctions were prepared by the pressure levels of 0 or $1kgf/cm^2$ for 30-180 min. The pH and TSSC were measured, the extraction yield was calculated, and the amounts of the chemical compounds were determined using high performance liquid chromatography. Results: The higher pressure and longer extraction time decreased the pH value, while those conditions increased TSSC and extraction yield: the decoction produced in 180 min by pressurized method showed the minimum value of pH, but maximum values of TSSC and extraction yield. The chemical compounds showed higher amounts in decoctions produced by non-pressurized methods than pressurized methods and their amounts were decreased over the peak extraction time in both pressurized and non-pressurized methods. The results of regression analysis confirmed the correlative influences of the pressure and extraction time on pH, TSSC, and extraction yield. Conclusions: This study suggests that pressure and extraction time influence the compositional constituents in GGT decoctions, and the non-pressurized method for 120 min should be chosen as the optimal extraction condition for the preparation of GGT decoction.

The Compositional Differences of Sipjeondaebo-tang(Siquandabu-tang) Decoctions Extracted by Different Extraction Method and Extraction Time (전탕 방법 및 전탕 시간에 따른 십전대보탕 전탕액 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Seo, Chang-Seob;Jeon, Woo-Young;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.108-119
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was performed to compare the differences between decoctions extracted by different extraction method and extraction time. Methods: Decoctions were prepared with pressurized or non-pressurized extraction for 60, 120 and 180min. The yield of extract, total soluble solid content, hydrogen ion concentration(pH) and the content of reference compound in Sipjeondaebo-tang (Siquandabu-tang) were investigated. Results: While yields and the total soluble solid of decoction were higher in pressurized method proportional to extraction time, pH values were lower in pressurized method and showed decreasing values with increasing extraction time. Albilflorin, ferulic acid, nodakenin, coumarin, cinnamaldehyde and glycyrrhizin were contained in decoctions by pressurized extraction method more than non-pressurized method whereas the content of coumarin was higher in decoctions by non-pressurized extraction method. In addition, coumarin was extracted increasingly with extraction time in decoctions by pressurized method, however, nine compounds except cinnamaldehyde showed the tendency of increasing proportional to extraction time. Conclusions: The results show that extraction methods including pressurized or non-pressurized extraction, and extraction time could affect the physicochemical characteristic or composition of Sipjeondaebo-tang(Siquandabu-tang) decoction.

Extraction Yields and Functional Properties of Garlic Extracts by Response Surface Methodology

  • Lim, Tae-Soo;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2008
  • Extraction characteristics of garlic and functional properties of corresponding extract were monitored by response surface methodology (RSM). Maximum extraction yield of 26.41% was obtained at microwave power of 146.29 W, ethanol concentration of 63.31 %, and extraction time of 5.88 min. At microwave power, ethanol concentration, and extraction time of 114.84 W, 58.83%, and 1.42 min, respectively, maximum electron-donating ability (EDA) was 72.86%. Maximum nitrite-scavenging ability was 94.62% at microwave power, ethanol concentration, and extraction time of 81.83 W, 2.65%, and 3.83 min, respectively. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) showed maximum pseudo-activity of 49.12% at microwave power of 34.23 W, ethanol concentration of 33.11 %, and extraction time of 4.40 min. Based on superimposition of 4-dimensional RSM with respect to extraction yield, electron-donating ability, nitrite-scavenging ability, and pseudo-activity of SOD, optimum ranges of extraction conditions were microwave power of 0-100 W, ethanol concentration of 40-70%, and extraction time of 2-8 min.

Changes in Chemical Compositions of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis L) under the Different Extraction Conditions (침출 조건에 따른 녹차 추출물의 성분 조성 변화)

  • 최혜자;이우승;황선주;이인중;신동현;김학윤;김길웅
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 2000
  • The factors affecting chemical composition of green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) during extraction process were temperatures and times. The optimum extraction conditions were measured in relation to the changes of chemical compositions from water extracts of green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) under different extraction temperatures (50, 70, 9$0^{\circ}C$) and extraction times (1, 3, 5 minute). The change of color intensity during browning reaction, flavonoid components, contents of total phenols and hydrogen donating activity (reducing activity for $\alpha$, $\alpha$'-diphenyl-$\beta$ -picryhydrazyl) of water extracts form green tea increased as extraction temperatures increased from 50 to 9$0^{\circ}C$ and extraction times prolonged from 1 to 5 min. The contents of important free sugars such as sucrose and glucose slightly increased as the extraction time was prolonged, while little difference in the content of fructose with the prolonged extraction time. Catechins contents extracted from the commercial steamed green tea were increased at higher temperature and longer extraction time. Epigallocatechin (EGC) extracted from 9$0^{\circ}C$ (extraction time 5 min). presented 99.9 mg/g in highest composition of catechin followed by epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), epicatechin (EC), epicatechin gallate (ECg). The content of vitamin C extracted from green tea was increased about 2 times as the extraction temperature increased from 50 to 9$0^{\circ}C$ and as the extraction time increased from 1 to 5 min. with exception at 9$0^{\circ}C$(extraction time:5 min) which showed less vitamin C content than 7$0^{\circ}C$(extraction time : 3 min) probably due to possible destruction of vitamin C by high temperature.

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The influences of extraction time and pressure on the chemical characteristics of Gyejibokryeong-hwan decoctions

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Nari;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo;Seo, Chang-Seob
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : This study was aimed to compare Gyejibokryeong-hwan (GBH) decoctions produced using different pressure levels for various extraction times to find the optimal extraction conditions through extraction yield, total soluble solids content (TSSC), hydrogen ion concentration (pH), and the contents of chemical compounds. Methods : Decoctions of GBH were prepared under the pressure levels of 0 or $1kgf/cm^2$ for 30-180 min using water as extraction solvent. The extraction yield, TSSC, and pH were measured, and the amounts of the chemical compounds were determined using high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector. Results : The higher pressure and longer extraction time increased the values of TSSC and extraction yield, while decreased the pH value. The decoctions produced in 180 min by pressurized method and produced in 150 min by non-pressurized method showed maximum values of extraction yield and TSSC with minimum value of pH. The amounts of chemical compounds showed variations in pressurized and non-pressurized decoction during overall extraction times. The influences of pressure and extraction time on extraction yield, TSSC, pH, and the contents of chemical compounds were confirmed by regression analysis, which showed that all extraction values were significantly affected by at least one of two extraction factors, pressure and extraction time. Conclusions : This study suggests that the pressure and extraction time can significantly affect the extraction efficiency of components from GBH decoctions. However, optimal extraction conditions could not be chosen due to the variation of the amounts of chemical compounds.

Optimization of Pre-Treatment Conditions for Hydrocarbons Detection from Irradiated Soybean Using Microwave-Assiated Extraction (마이크로파 추출법을 이용한 방사선 조사 대두의 Hydrocarbons 분석 전처리조건 최적화)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.612-621
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    • 2013
  • Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), which is known as less time and less solvent than current extraction methods, was applied to hydrocarbons extraction from irradiated soybean. Among the transported agricultural products, soybean was selected as representative samples for possible application of irradiated treatment and identification of radiation-induced markers. Using 4 kGy-irradiated soybean, different microwave extraction conditions (extraction time and microwave power) were applied and the changes in hydrocarbon concentrations were monitored. The predicted optimum extracted condition for hydrocarbon analysis of soybean was found to be microwave extraction with a microwave power of 97 W and extraction time of 2.2 min. This extraction time was significantly lower compared to the common extraction time of 12-24hr.

Extraction of Phenol from the Contaminated Soil Using Microwave Energy (Microwave Energy를 이용한 오염토양에서 Phenol의 추출)

  • 이기환;이태호;김윤아
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.447-459
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to develop an efficient process far the elimination of phenol pollutant from soils. An microwave-assisted process (MAP) and a conventional Soxhlet extraction method (SEM) were employed to extract phenol from two types of soils. The effects of extraction methods, aged time of the spiked soil samples, extraction solvent and extraction time on the extraction performance were compared. Our results demonstrate that the recoveries from standard soil spiked were at least 10% higher fer MAP than these f3r the conventional Soxhlet. The extraction time by MAP requires significantly shelter time (1 min) than 15 h of the conventional Soxhlet. The recoveries from non-contaminated soil spiked with phenol were also almost identical f3r above results. The reduction of the extraction times with efficiency higher than that afforded by the conventional Soxhlet technique supports the suitability of the MAP method.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Cold-Brew Kenya AA according to Cold Extraction Conditions (케냐AA의 냉추출에 따른 이화학적 변화)

  • Kim, Ki Myong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.504-510
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of soaking and ultrasonic extraction by observing the change of contents with extraction time of physicochemical properties (solid content, colorness, caffeine, chlorogenic acid, total polyphenols, DPPH, and ABTS). As a result of the analysis, solid content increased with longer extraction time and the whiteness tended to decrease with longer extraction time. Conversely, the extraction of functional materials showed a tendency to increase as the extraction time increased. Caffeine reached the maximum value after two hours soaking, but showed the same result as one hour for sonication. Chlorogenic acid did not show difference from the content of coffee extracted for one hour soaking only by sonication extraction for 30 minutes. The total polyphenols eluted with approximately two hours of soaking even after 30 minutes of sonication. DPPH and ABTS were insignificant in their concentrations, but their antioxidative effect was more than two hours of soaking with only 30 minutes of sonication. Sonication has a short time extraction from a functional aspect (caffeine content, chlorogenic acid, polyphenol content, and antioxidant capacity) and this experiment can provide basic data for the development of innovative recipes.

Studies on the Processing of Sauce by using Red Crab Shell (붉은 대게 껍질을 이용한 소스 제조에 관한 연구)

  • Seoung, Tae-Jong;Choi, Soo-Keun;Byun, Gwang-In
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.667-680
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    • 2008
  • The moisture contained in conventionally extracted red crab shell samples was lower than than in samples extracted using high pressure. In contrast, ash content increased as the extraction time increased and displayed no significant variation in high pressure extraction. Extraction time was influential, with lower lightness (L-value) being obtained in samples extracted at high pressure as compared to traditional extraction. However, large variation in a- and b-values resulted from traditional extraction. For both traditional and high pressure extraction increases in pH, salinity and saccharide content were noted with increasing extraction time, but these parameters did not vary substantially in red crab shell extracted at high pressure. The mineral content in samples extracted by high pressure was higher than in traditionally extracted samples. The mineral content increased with time, with marginally higher contents of essential amino acids and flavor enhancing amino acids noted following high pressure extraction. The contents of the flavor enhancing amino acids increased from 30?60 min, thereafter decreasing. Assessment of consumer acceptance revealed that, while traditionally manufactured red crab sauce was popular, sauce manufactured using a 60 min high pressure extraction was preferred. Extending the high pressure extraction time to 75 min produced a less sensory acceptable product, due to higher mineral and protein levels.