• Title, Summary, Keyword: expression

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Analysis of Advertisement Types of Global Fashion Brands : A study focused on the trends of photo image components and styles of expression in global fashion advertisements. (글로벌 패션브랜드 광고의 유형 분석 - 패션광고 사진이미지 구성요소와 표현형식을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Gyeong-Hae
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the trends of photo image components and forms of expression in global fashion advertising photos. First, photo image components are classified into seven categories: location (indoor-outdoor), the model's movement, pose, facial expression, gender, race and number of models. The forms of expression are classified into six categories: direct expression, sensual expression, symbolic expression, storytelling expression, dramatic expression, and sexual expression. With the aforementioned classifications, the trends were studied for three years from 2013 to 2015. The analysis result indicates the following: for the details of photo image components, the portion of indoor photos, static poses and conscious facial expressions was over 60% of the total for every season of the 3 years, while there was a slight increase in the number of models and the diversity of races. For the forms of expression, the sensual expression showed the largest portion accounting for over 50% of the total, followed by direct expression and storytelling expression. The findings from this study show that the trends of photo image components and forms of expression in global fashion advertisements are changing. Therefore, domestic companies will need to develop photo image components and forms of expression in line with the changing global fashion advertisement trends.

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The Collaboration Expression in the Modern Fashion Design - Focusing on the Collaboration of Korean Cultural Contents - (현대 패션디자인에서의 콜래보레이션 표현성 - 한국적 문화콘텐츠의 응용을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Eun-Sook;Kim, Sae-Bom
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2012
  • This study intends to explore the collaborative expression in the modern fashion design by analyzing the collaboration of motifs symbolizing Korean cultural identity. As for the data research, in order to examine the expressional objects of collaboration in the collections of the fashion designers from Korea and overseas who have applied the Korean culture among their collections posted on the Internet sites, www.firstview.com, and www.style.com from 2005 to 2012 were collected for analysis. 923 pictures used in the analysis sheet. As for the research method, the content analysis method was used. In the modern fashion design, the collaborative expression in the motifs symbolizing Korean cultural identity are limited to tangible expression, intangible expression, integrated expression. The results of this study were as follows. First, in the tangible expression, traditional tangible assets are used in the shapes, items, colors, materials, patterns and details to symbolize uniquely Korean image. The intangible expression, the applicability for Korean intangible assets include the master's (intangible cultural assets) and the craftsmanship of the modern designers being collaborated onto the contemporary customs to express the Korean traditional culture in a realistic or an abstract trend. The hybride expression, it is to represent Korean thoughts and values using the tangible elements. Second, The expressivity of collaboration of each year mostly shows integrated expression, intangible expression and tangible expression were shown respectively. The trend of seasonal collaboration expressivity was muchly the integrated expression in most seasons, and intangible expression and tangible expression followed respectively. It is recognizable that the expressivity of collaboration of each designer was; integrated expression was muchly shown in Lie Sang Bong and Lee Young Hee's works, Duri Jung showed much of intangible expression, and much tangible expressivity was shown in Carolina Herrera.

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Auto Setup Method of Best Expression Transfer Path at the Space of Facial Expressions (얼굴 표정공간에서 최적의 표정전이경로 자동 설정 방법)

  • Kim, Sung-Ho
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartA
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    • v.14A no.2
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a facial animation and expression control method that enables the animator to select any facial frames from the facial expression space, whose expression transfer paths the system can setup automatically. Our system creates the facial expression space from approximately 2500 captured facial frames. To create the facial expression space, we get distance between pairs of feature points on the face and visualize the space of expressions in 2D space by using the Multidimensional scaling(MDS). To setup most suitable expression transfer paths, we classify the facial expression space into four field on the basis of any facial expression state. And the system determine the state of expression in the shortest distance from every field, then the system transfer from the state of any expression to the nearest state of expression among thats. To complete setup, our system continue transfer by find second, third, or fourth near state of expression until finish. If the animator selects any key frames from facial expression space, our system setup expression transfer paths automatically. We let animators use the system to create example animations or to control facial expression, and evaluate the system based on the results.

Prognostic Significance of Sirtuins Expression in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

  • Kang, Yea Eun;Shong, Minho;Kim, Jin Man;Koo, Bon Seok
    • International journal of thyroidology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2018
  • Background and Objectives: Sirtuins (SIRTs) play important roles in cellular and organismal homeostasis. They have distinct gene expression patterns in various cancers; however, the relationship between SIRT expression and the progression of thyroid cancer is unclear. We investigated the expression of SIRTs in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and their role as biomarkers for predicting the aggressiveness of this disease. Materials and Methods: We used immunohistochemical staining to evaluate the expression of SIRT1 and SIRT3 in tumor specimens from 270 patients with PTC. We also evaluated the potential association between SIRT expression and diverse clinicopathological features. Results: High SIRT1 expression was negatively correlated with lymphovascular invasion, central lymph node metastasis, and lateral lymph node metastasis. Multivariate analyses revealed that high SIRT1 expression was a negative independent risk factor for lateral lymph node metastasis. By contrast, high SIRT3 expression was positively correlated with locoregional recurrence. Interestingly, when patients were grouped by tumor SIRT expression patterns, the group with low SIRT1 expression and high SIRT3 expression was correlated with more aggressive cancer phenotypes including central lymph node metastasis and lateral lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: Our results suggest that SIRTs play dual roles in tumor progression, and the combination of decreased SIRT1 expression and increased SIRT3 expression is significantly associated with a poor prognosis in patients with PTC.

Down-regulation of miR-34a Expression in Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia with Human Papillomavirus Infection and Its Relationship with p53 Expression

  • Lee, Kyung Eun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.348-352
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    • 2013
  • microRNAs (miRNAs) play pivotal roles in controlling cell proliferation and differentiation. miRNA expression in human is becoming recognized as a new molecular mechanism of carcinogenesis. microRNA-34a (miR-34a), a member of the p53 network, was found to be regulated in multiple types of tumor. The purpose of this study was to define roles of miR-34a expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia with human papillomavirus infection, and its relationship with p53 protein expression. This study was performed to analyze expression of miR-34a by using qRT-PCR, and to evaluate p53 protein expression by using immunohistochemistry in 40 cases. Down-regulation of miR-34a expression was detected in 27 (67.5%) out of 40 cases and Immunoreactivity for p53 was found in 17 (42.5%) out of 40 cases. Nineteen (82.6%) of the 23 cases with a negative p53 expression showed a down-regulation miR-34a expression, there was a significant associations between miR-34a and p53 protein expression (P=0.04). These results suggest that miRNA-34a expression tend to be reduced depending on the advanced histologic grade, and down-regulation of miR-34a expression might be associated with inactivation of p53 protein expression by human papillomavirus infection.

Robust Facial Expression-Recognition Against Various Expression Intensity (표정 강도에 강건한 얼굴 표정 인식)

  • Kim, Jin-Ok
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
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    • v.16B no.5
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    • pp.395-402
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposes an approach of a novel facial expression recognition to deal with different intensities to improve a performance of a facial expression recognition. Various expressions and intensities of each person make an affect to decrease the performance of the facial expression recognition. The effect of different intensities of facial expression has been seldom focused on. In this paper, a face expression template and an expression-intensity distribution model are introduced to recognize different facial expression intensities. These techniques, facial expression template and expression-intensity distribution model contribute to improve the performance of facial expression recognition by describing how the shift between multiple interest points in the vicinity of facial parts and facial parts varies for different facial expressions and its intensities. The proposed method has the distinct advantage that facial expression recognition with different intensities can be very easily performed with a simple calibration on video sequences as well as still images. Experimental results show a robustness that the method can recognize facial expression with weak intensities.

Phased Visualization of Facial Expressions Space using FCM Clustering (FCM 클러스터링을 이용한 표정공간의 단계적 가시화)

  • Kim, Sung-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a phased visualization method of facial expression space that enables the user to control facial expression of 3D avatars by select a sequence of facial frames from the facial expression space. Our system based on this method creates the 2D facial expression space from approximately 2400 facial expression frames, which is the set of neutral expression and 11 motions. The facial expression control of 3D avatars is carried out in realtime when users navigate through facial expression space. But because facial expression space can phased expression control from radical expressions to detail expressions. So this system need phased visualization method. To phased visualization the facial expression space, this paper use fuzzy clustering. In the beginning, the system creates 11 clusters from the space of 2400 facial expressions. Every time the level of phase increases, the system doubles the number of clusters. At this time, the positions of cluster center and expression of the expression space were not equal. So, we fix the shortest expression from cluster center for cluster center. We let users use the system to control phased facial expression of 3D avatar, and evaluate the system based on the results.

Endo-sulfatase Sulf-1 Protein Expression is Down-regulated in Gastric Cancer

  • Gopal, Gopisetty;Shirley, Sundersingh;Raja, Uthandaraman Mahalinga;Rajkumar, Thangarajan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.641-646
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    • 2012
  • In our recent report on gene expression in gastric cancer we identified the endo-sulfatase Sulf-1 gene to be up-regulated in gastric tumors relative to apparently normal (AN), and paired normal (PN) gastric tissue samples. In the present report we investigate the protein expression levels of Sulf-1 gene in gastric tumors, AN and PN samples using tissue microarray (TMA) and immunohistochemistry. Expression data was collected from two sets of TMA's containing replicate sections of tissue samples. Scoring data from TMA set-1 revealed a significant difference in Sulf-1 immunoreactivity between tumors and "normals" (PN and AN) (p-value = 0.001928). Also, Sulf-1 expression in tumors was also significantly different from either PN (p-value = 0.019) or AN (p-value = 0.006) samples. Similar results were obtained from analysis of scoring data from the second set of arrays. Comparison of mRNA expression and protein expression in gastric tumor tissues revealed that in 6/20 (30%) tumor samples showed up-regulated protein expression concordant with over-expression of mRNA. However, a discord with mRNA being over-expressed relative to down regulated protein expression was observed in majority 14/20 (70%) of tumor samples. Our study indicates down regulation of Sulf-1 protein expression in gastric tumors relative to PN and AN samples which is discordant with mRNA over-expression seen in tumors.