• Title, Summary, Keyword: etiologic factors

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Diagnosis and Management of Bruxism (이갈이의 진단과 치료)

  • Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.23-26
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    • 2005
  • Bruxism is defined as 'diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity including clenching, bracing, gnashing, and grinding of the teeth'. Bruxism and clenching are two of the most common contributing factors in patients with temporomandibular disorders and craniofacial pain disorders. Even though many studies report the high prevalence of bruxism, its cause is still not clear. Occlusal interference has been regarded as a major etiologic factor. Nowadays, psychological stress and sleeping disorders are generally regarded as major possible etiologic factors. More than likely, the cause is multifactoral and overlapping, which makes it difficult for the practitioner to apply comprehensive and effective management strategies. Although dentists and psychologists generally believe that effective treatment is best achieved with a better understanding of the etiology of a given disorder, for now treatment for this type of disorder must proceed without a clear understanding of etiology. To overcome this obstacle, evidence-based comprehensive management protocols based on accumulated scientific findings should be provided. In this presentation, epidemiology, etiology, and the characteristics of bruxism are reviewed. Diagnostic procedures and management strategies focused on occlusal appliances and behavioral approaches are also discussed.

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The New Etiologic Classification System of Korean Medicine (새로운 한의학 병인분류체계의 연구)

  • Park, Hae Mo;Lee, Kinam;Hwang, Guiseo;Shin, Yongchul;Go, Sunggyu;Lee, Haewoong;Lee, Youngjun;Lim, Byungmook;Lee, Sangjae;Jung, Myungsu;Jang, Bohyung;Park, Sunju;Lee, Sundong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.47-68
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This research aimed to develop a new etiologic classification for traditional Korean Medicine in order to respond to the social and environmental change. Methods : We reviewed the existing theories on etiological classification for East Asian Medicine thoroughly and discussed the problems and limitations. Based on the experts' consensus, we abstracted disease factors and etiologic items. Results : The disease factors are classified into three parts: the human body, the environment, and the interaction between the human body and the environment. We defined them as the inner factor, the external factor, and the interaction between the inner and the external factors. The inner factor is free from the influence of the environment, and it causes diseases solely from the components of the human body. It is divided into genetic factors. The external factor is defined as a case when a disease occurs due to a factor outside the human body and includes external injuries, environmental pollution, and natural disasters. The interaction between the inner and the external factors is a disease factor that causes diseases by the interaction of the human body and the environment and includes emotions, habits, and social environment. As a result of the analysis, it was possible to see the meanings at a single glance as the scattered and fractional meanings were integrated with focus on medicinal herbs, but the increasing number of analyzed medicinal herbs tended to more and more complicate their relationships, thus, requiring additional work like filtering. Conclusions : The new etiologic classification of Korean Medicine fully reflects the perspectives on life in Korean Medicine while embracing the changes in modem society. Also, by avoiding the usage of ambivalent terms and wrong classification methods, the new classification system constructs intuitive and concise etiology and improves usability in clinical medicine.

Epidemiological study of pulmonary lesions and diseases in slaughter cattle

  • Rahman, Akma;Nooruddinm, M.;Begum, N.;Rahman, M.S.;Lee, John-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2003
  • A cross-sectional epidemiological study using a multistage sampling strategy in slaughter cattle in Mymensingh, Bangladesh was conducted during September 2001 to April 2002 to study distributions and risk factors of specific pulmonary lesions and diseases. The pulmonary lesions and diseases were diagnosed on the basis of macroscopic and microscopic pathological and parasitological findings. The frequency distribution of pulmonary lesions and diseases in slaughter cattle was found to vary among categories of the study variables. The risk factors identified on statistical basis were male cattle and ${\leq}3$ years old cattle and summer in congestion, slightly thin physical condition and summer season in pulmonary emphysema, slightly thin physical condition in parasitic bronchitis as well as female cattle, autumn and rainy seasons in pulmonary hydatidosis. The population impact and etiologic significance of summer season on pulmonary congestion and emphysema was more important than that of adult male cattle. The population impact and etiologic significance of autumn season on pulmonary hydatidosis was more important than that of female cattle during rainy season. Population impact of slightly thin cattle on parasitic bronchitis was poor.

The Evaluation of the Primary Infertility (원발성(原發性) 불임증(不妊症)의 분석평가(分析評價))

  • Ju, Gap-Soon
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 1977
  • A total of 636 patients of primary infertility were analyzed by computer on the basis of statistical evaluation of etiological factors and therapy with the outcome of the pregnancy. In this report, it included the results of the study analyzed the single etioligic factors responsible for the primary infertility with the outcome of the pregnancy. 1. Two hundred and fourty one patients out of a total 636(37.9%) achieved pregnancy. 2. Four hundred and fifty nine patients out of a total 636(72%) had a single etuiologic factor responsible for the primary infertility. 3. One hundred and seventy six patients out of 459 parients (38.3%) who had a single etiologic factor responsible for the primary infertility achieved a pregnancy. 4. The endometriosis was the most frequent responsible factor for the primary infertility. 5. The success rate of the pregnancy was different in each etioligic factor responsible for the primary infertility. The highest success rate of the pregnancy was in the patients who had the intermediate factor responsible for the primary infertility as much as 66.7% of the patients. 6. The expectancy of the pregnancy in terms of the duration of the therapy and the follow-up was variable and depended upon the etiologic factor of the primary infertility.

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A Philological Study on the prescription of Beriberi (각기(脚氣)의 처방(處方)에 대한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim Ki-Hyung;Sin Mi-Suk;Sul Jae-Uk;Choi Jin-Bong
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.29-77
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    • 2004
  • After this study: I report the following result from it. 1. Beriberi is defined as sensory or motor disorder of leg with a painful-swelling and pyrexia. If it progress severely, the disease transmits to heart and cause numbness of the lower abdomen, vomiting, anorexia, palpitation, chest distress and confusion. 2. The external etiologic factors of Beriberi are wind-toxic pathogen, dampness, improper diet and climate sickness, the internal etiologic factors are deficiencies of the kidney, both Gi and blood and original vital energy. 3. The treatment of Beriberi is free-going of blockage, because it is a blocked disease. 4. Danggwiy-juntongtang and Ganghwar-dochetang is the most in the order of frequency of use. Mahwang-juagyongtang, Banha-juagyongtang, Daehwang-juagyongtang, Shinbi-juagyongtang are used in sequence. 5. The prescriptions of Beriberi are made up of the herbs that clear heat, for example, Ganghwar, Changchul, Mahwang and Bangpung, and the herbs that reinforces Gi, for example, Insam and Bakchul.

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Management of tooth Restoration

  • Jeong, Anne-Hee;Cho, Yong-Bum;Shin, Dong-Hoon;Hong, Chan-Ui
    • Proceedings of the KACD Conference
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    • pp.241-242
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    • 2001
  • Tooth resorption os perplexing problem for all dental practitioners. The etiology factors and diagnosis are vague, chosen treatment dose not prevent the rapid disappearance of the calcified dental tissues. Since the etiologic factors, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis differ for these various types of resorptive defects, it is important to diagnose resorption radiographically or clinicall and distinguish internal from external resorption. Following these cases are internal root resorption, external root resorption of serious complication subsequent to avulsion and traumatic injury.

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Multicenter Epidemiologic Study on Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Turkey

  • Can, Alper;Dogan, Erkan;Bayoglu, Ibrahim Vedat;Tatli, Ali Murat;Besiroglu, Mehmet;Kocer, Murat;Dulger, Ahmet Cumhur;Uyeturk, Ummugul;Kivrak, Derya;Orakci, Zuat;Bal, Oznur;Kacan, Turgut;Olmez, Sehmus;Turan, Nedim;Ozbay, Mehmet Fatih;Alacacioglu, Ahmet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2923-2927
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    • 2014
  • Background: Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is one of the important health problems in Turkey, being very common and highly lethal. The aim of this study was to determine clinical, demographic features and risk factors. Materials and Methods: Nine hundred and sixth-three patients with HCC from 13 cities in Turkey were included in this study. Results: Only 205 (21%) of the 963 patients were women, with a male:female predominance of 4.8:1 and a median age of 61 years. The etiologic risk factors for HCC were hepatitis B in 555 patients (57.6%), 453 (81%) in men, and 102 (19%) in women, again with male predominance, hepatitis C in 159 (16.5%), (14.9% and 22.4%, with a higher incidence in women), and chronic alcohol abuse (more than ten years) in 137 (14.2%) (16.8% and 4.9%, higher in males). The Child-Pugh score paralleled with advanced disease stage amd also a high level of AFP. Conclusions: According to our findings the viral etiology (hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections) in the Turkish population was the most important factor in HCC development, with alcohol abuse as the third risk factor. The Child-Pugh classification and AFP levels were determined to be important prognostic factors in HCC patients.

Etiologic Classification of Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (습관성 유산의 원인적 분류)

  • Park, Moon-Il;Lee, Ki-Hun;Chung, Sung-Ro;Lee, Jai-Auk;Moon, Hyung;Kim, Doo-Sang
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 1991
  • Etiologic classification was performed in 155 patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion history. The incidence was 9.3% among 1658 pregnant women at Hanyang university hospital during the same period. In etiologic classification, 37 cases of on-going patients for diagnostic evaluation were excluded. Of the remained 118 patients, the patients with unknown etiology were 32 cases (27.1%), and 86 cases were classified into each etiologies using appropriate diagnostic modalities. Anatomic causes were the largest etiology, which revealed 46.6% (55 among 118 patients). The next etiology was immunologic cause, which revealed 24.6% (29 patients). Of the 86 patients who have at least one cause, 40.7% (35 among 86) have two or more etiologies. Furthermore, six cases (7%) have 3 combined etiologies. The uterine synechia and/or incompetent internal os of the cervix, namaly anatomic causes, revealed highest combination ratio than other etilogies. The popular abortion technique in Korea, D&C, seems to be main factors for these anatmic causes. The combined causes rather than single cause of recurrent spontaneous abortion were unique situation in Korea especially with anatomic etiologies. From this point of view, we think anatomic etiologies should be rule out first in the evaluation of the patients. For this purpose, we believe hysteroscopy would be helpful as a diagnostic work-up and treatment modality in the management of recurrent spontaneous abortion patients in Korea.

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A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE PATIENTS WITH INFECTION OF THE ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL REGION (구강 및 악안면 영역의 감염증에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Baek, Jin-Hyun;Lee, Young-Soo;Shim, Kwang-Sup
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.323-336
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    • 1996
  • This is a retrospective study on the patients with infection of the oral and maxillofacial region with the purpose of obtaining some useful data for diagnosis and treatment plan of that relatively common disease in dentistry. The used materials of study were 87 in total, including 52 male patients, 35 female patients who diagnosed and treated at the Department of the Dentistry in Hanyang Medical College Hospital for the period of Jan. 1990 to Dec. 1994. The author analyzed the distribution and incidence of sex, age, admission period, etiologic factors, etiologic teeth, treatment method of infections, pus culture, antibiotics sensibilities and medication. The result obtained as follows : 1. The developmental incidences by sex was superior in male by the ratio of 1.5 : 1 and the infection was most frequently occurred during the third decades(35.6%). 2. The number of admitted patients elevated in February, March, and April, and average of admission period was 9.8 days. 3. Main etiologic teeth showed on lower molar region in adult(63%) and upper molar region in primary dentition(46.1%). 4. Medications were administrated in all of the cases, and surgical incision and drainage were performed in 53% and extraction of the causative teeth were performed in 63.6% of all cases. 5. The most common involved fascial spaces were Buccal space(41.4%), Infraorbital space(27.6%), Submandibular space(16.1%),in order, and 9 cases(10.3%) were Ludwig's Angina. In 68.2% of the patients, and infection involved only one fascial space and in 21.8% of the patients, it involved to more fascial spaces. 6. The most causative organisms isolated from pus culture were Gram-positive facultative cocci(55.5%), and antibiotics sensitivities on the total isolated bacterial strains were exposed chloramphenicol(88.6%), Cephalothin(88.6%), Erythromycin(81.5%), Lincomycin(77.8%) in order, but it showed resistant on Gentamycin(58.3%), Tetracycline(56.5%), Methicillin(38.5%).

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