• Title, Summary, Keyword: ethnographic interview

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An Exploratory Study of Household Inheritance Based on Ethnographic Approach (가계내 재산상속 행동에 관한 탐색적 연구 - Ethnographic 접근 방식을 중심으로-)

  • 박명희;정주원
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the familial and economic problems(household-financial management) came out as a result of inheritance in household with a qualitative Ethnographic interview analysis method. As a result of interview, we found out three results; first, inheritance consciousness, attitude of predecessor(parents generation) second, the changes in familial economic relationship by inheritance stages (pre-inheritance stage, inheritance progressing stage, post-inheritance stage) third, the emotional changes of predecessor(paraents generation). The results indicated that there were significant importance and influence of household inheritance, therefore, the necessities of definite and systemic old-aged plan with financial management of inheritance should be introduced.

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A Comparative Analysis on Elementary Students방 Scientific Attitudes by Questionnaire and Ethnographic Study (질문지법과 문화기술적 방법에 의한 초등학생의 과학적 태도에 대한 비교 분석)

  • 김운배;김효남
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2000
  • For a profound understanding about the elementary students' scientific attitude, I have performed this study based on the students' opinion by the ethnographic interview and participant observation of science classes. I have analyzed the data by qualitative data analyzing method, and compared the analyzed results with analyzed results by the Likert's scaled as il questionnaire method. To perform this study, I selected one elementary school located in an agricultural village in Choong-Buk Province in Korea and studied four 5th grade students. Here, I present results of this study as follows. First, in ethnographic interview, all informants represented positive reaction to scientific curiosity. But, It is appeared that there are external curiosity and internal curiosity. Internal curiosity is more closely and positively related to problem solving skills. Second, all informants represented positive open-mindness expressing their own opinions actively and accepting other students' opinions. Students who had positive critical-mindness and voluntariness recorded high scores in science achievement. Third, scientific attitude analyzed by ethnographic methods didn't correspond with scientific attitude measured by Likert's scale in all cases. I presumed this discrepant result could come from subjects' different tendency on replying to questionnaire and students' own criterion.

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Qualitative Methodology and Ethnographic Research Method (질적 연구 방법론과 일상생활 기술적 연구방법)

  • 유은광
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.713-725
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    • 1993
  • This paper presents methodological paradigms : quantitative positivistic (logical empiricism) as the received tradition in the scientific inquiry and qualitative naturalistic (post -positivism or nataralism) as a new paradigm in the Kuhnian sense. Various kind of qualitative methods under the umbrella term, qualitative inquiry, were briefly introduced. Details on the definition, epistemology, naming of subject, field technique (participant observation and ethnographic interview) of ethnographic research method as an adequate method for studying on the unique nursing phenomena in Korean culture were done. Besides, the concept of triangulation, issues on the methododogical paradigm, a criteria for rigor of qualitative naturalistic inquiry were mentioned.

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Ethnographic study of the selection attributes for wedding planner (웨딩플래너 선택속성에 관한 에스노그라피적 연구)

  • Kim, Ha Jeong;Yu, Jihun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.217-232
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    • 2018
  • As the types of wedding ceremonies become diversified, and consumers' needs become more selective, greater importance is given to wedding planners' roles in the wedding industry, and consumers require differentiated types of wedding service. As a preliminary qualitative study in this field, an ethnographic study was conducted to identify factors valued by consumers when selecting a wedding planner in the wedding planner market, which has rapidly grown in recent years. An in-depth interview was performed with eight participants in terms of wedding planner utilization type and consumers' understanding of wedding preparation with a wedding planner. The collected data were analyzed through taxonomy, component analysis and decision table analysis; for validation, professional wedding planners were asked to review the items valued by consumers in selecting a wedding planner. Four factors - expense characteristic, wedding planners, wedding consulting companies, and customer characteristics - were identified, along with eight sub-factors (capability, service attitude, technical communication, personal factors, wedding planner encounter paths, spouse's satisfaction status, and companies). Out of these, price (within budget), wedding planners' capability, wedding planners' service attitude are expected to be meaningful in further research because they were found to be attributes commonly valued by every respondent. This study is significant in that it has made a new approach to understanding wedding planner selection attributes through ethnographic research and identified new wedding planner selection attributes.

An Ethnographic Case Study on the Meaning of an Employer Supported Educare Center : Focus on Lives of Working Mothers (직장보육시설의 의미에 관한 문화기술적 사례 연구 - 취업모의 삶을 중심으로 -)

  • Kweon, Mee-Ryang;Chun, Hui-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-44
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    • 2006
  • This study focused on the lives of working mothers in its examination of the meaning of an employer supported educare center. Ethnographic methods including participant observation, in-depth interview, and the analysis of documents were used for the case study at D educare center where management has been entrusted to K University. Results showed that employer supported educare center had significant meanings in the lives of working mothers. Meanings consisted of stories about relieving time conflicts, adapting themselves to life space, putting confidence in the educare center, and organizing community. Meanings gained from this study suggest that D educare center could be a model for employer supported educare centers focused on the lives of working mothers.

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Teachers' Perspectives on Environmental Education and Expectations for Learners' Changes : An Ethnographic Case Study in Two Korean Middle Schools (교사의 환경교육 해석과 학습자 변화에 대한 기대 -두 중학교에서의 문화기술적 사례 연구-)

  • 김찬국;이동수
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2002
  • This study is an ethnographic case study aiming at understanding the environmental education (EE) classes of 'Discretionary Activity' which has recently been introduced into Korean middle school curricula. To show the characteristics of the classes, researcher described the phenomena unique to two schools. Two middle school teachers were included in this study as research participants. Qualitative approaches were used to understand the status quo of school environmental education, teachers's perspectives on EE and their expectations for learners' changes. Data were gathered using the methods of participant observation during two school terms and in-depth interview with two teachers and nine students. Ethnographic analysis/interpretation methods such as domain analysis were used to analyze the data. To verify the research methodology and conclusions, triangulation, members checking and peers debriefing were used. Research questions emerging through the circulative research process include 1) what are the teachers' perspectives on EE and how do the teachers' perspectives affect their EE teaching? 2) what are the teachers' expectations for learners' changes and how are teachers/researcher able to perceive learners' changes? Two research participants have different life experiences and perspectives on environment and EE. The perspectives had influence on the selection of the contents and the styles of their teaching. Teachers' expectations for learners' changes were also different according to the styles of the teaching.

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A Study on the 'Closed ㄱㄴ Type' of Traditional Folk Housing in Goyang, Gyonggi-do, Focused to Dweller's Life (거주자 생활중심으로 본 경기 고양 전통민가 연구 - 폐쇄형 ㄱㄴ자집을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hee-Bong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.53-76
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    • 2005
  • Through a field study of the folk houses, 'Closed ㄱㄴ Type' in Goyang-si, Gyonggj-do, focused on the dweller's life by the method of ethnographic interview, observation, and physical survey. L and opposite L type of inner and outer buildings form a closed inner court, and innermost backyard for woman is enclosed by fence. Form and space of the house contains dweller's traditional life. Outer space of a front gate becomes semiprivate space, for thrashing and piling up harvest and raising vegetables and pigs. Confucius principle does not fully dominate dweller's life of ancestral rite at Daecheong floor, and separation of man's and woman's quarter. Superstitious worship activities took place for lord of site and house. In everyday life, Anbang, inner main room, is assigned for parent's quarter instead of woman's quarter, and Geornbang, next room, was for son's family. Anbang has symbolic meaning for a place of deathbed. House contains agricultural activities, crop harvesting, thrashing, putting into storage, hulling rice, and keeping grain near kitchen. At present, rooms are needed more; sheds are made into rooms, rooms are enlarged toward outside, half outside space like Daechong floor becomes interior space by sash screen. And modern facilities of kitchen and bathroom are equipped for convenience. At the end, meaning and generative principle of those forms are discovered.

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Effects of a Yoga Program on School Stress of the Elementary School Children (요가 프로그램이 초등학생의 학교 스트레스에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Mi-Ae;Ahn, Ie-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.175-193
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to examine effects of a yoga program for children on school stress of the elementary school children. To achieve this goal, total 10 students out of 231 in 6 classes among the third graders in M elementary school in B city were selected as subjects for this study. After regular school hours, they participated in a children's yoga program for 16 times for 45 minutes per session in the course of 8 weeks. An ethnographic interview was conducted to identify the effects of the program. During the initial stage of the children's yoga program, the participants were interviewed preliminarily. An analysis of areas and an analysis of classifications were made based on the initial interview results, and an area classification table was drawn on the school stress perceived by the elementary school children. After the yoga program ended, a follow up interview was made to apply an analysis of components by comparing changes in the school stress level due to a yoga effect. A research report was written through a cycle of addition and supplement in which the previous data analysis was complemented and corrected by new findings of the study. As a result of the ethnographic interview to analyze the school stress perceived by the elementary school children, and an examination of the changes in the school stress level, the children's yoga program proved to be significantly effective in reducing the school stress. However there were limitations to a certain degree in stress reduction. Details of such findings in each sub-category are as follow. First, as a result of the initial interview analysis, the school stress was classified broadly into 4 categories of study stress, friendship stress, teacher stress, and school environment stress. Second, the study stress as the first category of the school stress was classified into 3 sub-categories of homework, class, and exam stresses. In spite of minor differences among 3 sub-categories, the stress was reduced in general. Third, the friendship stress as the second category of the school stress was also classified into 3 sub-categories of bullying, alienation, and performing one's duty. There were minor differences among sub-categories, however stress reduction also appeared with the exception of the performing one's duty category which had relatively little effect from the yoga program. Fourth, regarding the teacher stress as the third school stress, a classification was made into 3 sub-categories of preference, penalty, and teaching method. Minor differences among the 3 sub-categories notwithstanding, stress reduction appeared with the exception of the teaching method stress which had relatively little effect from the yoga program. Fifth, the school environment stress as the fourth category of the school stress was classified into 2 sub-categories of school meals and facilities. Minor differences between the 2 categories notwithstanding, stress reduction appeared with the facilities stress having relatively little effect.

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An Ethnographic Case Study on the Early Motherhood (초기 모성경험에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Noh, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the structure of maternal experiences. This study applies ethnographic case study, interview data were collected through in-depth interviews of 10 key interviewees. Findings were as follows: (1) Experiences of the body were about creating a new being through the pain of giving a birth and differed according to woman's self-evaluation of identity. (2) Child-rearing experiences marked a shift of position from a child to a parent. Interviewees experienced the hardhsip of life as a mother, its meanings differed according to the social context of interviewees. Child-rearing experiences meant a process of personal maturity. (3) Mother-child relationship shaped by child-rearing experiences, is a process of building meanings. It led to empathy and reinterpretation of her mother's life.

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Development of Ward for multi-patients through Ethnographic Field Study (현장연구를 통한 다인용 병실 모델 개발)

  • Kwon, Young-Mi;Chung, Yean-Kang
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study is to heighten the reusing rate of hospital making its good image ultimately and giving a feeling of satisfaction to the patients, and to suggest more pleasant and comfortable environment to the wards which the patients are spending 24 hours a day from the view of nurse. The field study was in medical ward of the C University Hospital in Seoul through ethnographic method. The data were collected through observation and interview. On the basis of the results, the ward model for 4 patients was developed so as to be able to have their own area in consideration of privacy and improvement of life level & consciousness level of patients.

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