• Title, Summary, Keyword: ethanol-induced liver damage

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Protective Effect of Crataegus pinnatifida and Cinnamomum cassia on Ethanol-induced Cytotoxicity and DNA Damage in HepG2 Cells

  • Kim, Nam Yee;Song, Eun Jeong;Heo, Moon Young
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2014
  • Plant extracts produced from branches of Crataegus pinnatifida and barks of Crataegus pinnatifida inhibited ethanol-induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage in liver cells. Furthermore, these two extracts inhibited the expression and activities of CYP2E1 enzyme. Cinnamomum cassia had a better effect on inhibition of DNA damage than Crataegus pinnatifida, as well as showed a high tendency to inhibit CYP2E1 expression and catalytic activities. It is considered that extracts produced from Crataegus pinnatifida or Cinnamomum cassia have an effect to reduce ethanol-induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage in liver cells. Therefore, we suggest to use Crataegus pinnatifida and Cinnamomum cassia and their ingredients as potential candidate substances to prevent and treat ethanol-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in liver cells.

Effects of G009 on Chemical-Induced Liver Damage in Rats (G009의 간 보호작용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joo-Young;Park, Ki-Sook;Chung, Jin-Ho;Cho, Mee-Jung;Ko, Kwang-Ho;Lee, Jun-Woo;Jeong, Hoon;Lee, Seung-Yong
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.206-212
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    • 1994
  • The present study was performed to determine the protective effect of G009 on liver damage induced bv ethanol $CCl_4$ and thioacetamide in rats. In acute fatty liver animal model induced by ethanol, triglyceride accumulation was markedly decreased to the normal control level by 25 mg/kg G009 treatment. In addition, G009 significantly reduced serum ALT and AST levels in $CCl_4$-induced acute hepatitis animals. Treatment of G009 to the acute hepatitis rats induced by thioacetamide resulted in a dose dependent reduction of serum ALT level as well as AST level up to the normal control level. These protective effects of G009 were confirmed by histological examinations of the liver. These results suggested that G009 could be effective for the protection from the liver damage induced by ethanol, $CCl_4$and thioacetamide.

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Hepatoprotective Effects of Allium monanthum MAX. Extract on Ethanol-Induced Liver Damage in Rat

  • Choi, Byun-Suk;Lee, Myung-Yul;Jeong, Yoonhwa;Shin, Gil-Man
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.245-252
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the effects of an ethanol extract of Allium monanthum MAX. (AME) on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 100~150 g, were divided into 5 groups; normal group (NOR), AME 200 mg/kg treated group (S1), ethanol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S2), AME 200 mg/kg and ethanol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S3) and AME 400 mg/kg and alcohol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S4). AME was fractionated by the following solvents: n-hexane, chloroform, EtOAC and n-BuOH. Antioxidant index of the n-BuOH fraction was 600 ppm, highest among fractions. The growth rate and feed efficiency ratio were decreased by ethanol, but gradually increased to the corresponding level of the normal group by administering AME. The serum ALT activities that were elevated by ethanol were significantly decreased by AME administration. It was also observed that the hepatic activities of SOD, catalase, xanthine oxidase and GSH-Px that were increased by ethanol were also markedly decreased in the AME treated group with compared to ETB. These results suggest that ethanol extracts of Allium monanthum MAX. may have a protective effect on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

Effects of Onion Juice on Ethanol-Induced Hepatic Lipid Persoxidation in Rats (양파즙이 에탄올에 의한 백서의 지질산화물 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박평심;이병래;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.750-756
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    • 1994
  • The effect of onion juice on ethanol -induced lipid peroxidation were studied were studied in rats. The contents of thiobarbituric acid (TBA) -reactants increased significantly in liver thanol(4ml/kg/day) administered -rats. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase increased by ethanol administration compared with control group, but alterations of antioxidant enzymes activities in liver of ethanol administered rats were not significant vs control group. The glutathione contents in liver decreased by ethanol , whereas the glutathione level increased in ethanol and onion juice group compared with ethanol group. The contents of hepatic TBA-reactants and serum aminotrasnferase activity in ethanol group were reduced by onion juice administration. In these results, increased hepatic TBA-reactants of liver in ethanol group might be due to decreased glutathione contents in liver. Reduced glutathione (GSH) plays an important roles in the liver in several detoxification and the reduction of lipid peroxides. So the protective effects of onion juice on ethanol-induced increment of TBA-reactants may be due to the increament of lgutathions content. The glutathione depletion by ethanol was an important factor of ethanol-induced cell damage, and the prevention of onion juice to the glutathione depletion reduced by ethanol may be an important factor on the protection from ethanol-induced lipid perpxidation in rats.

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A Fruit Extract of Paeonia anomala Attenuates Chronic Alcohol-induced Liver Damage in Rats

  • Oidovsambuu, Sarangerel;Yun, Ji Ho;Kang, Kyungsu;Dulamjav, Batsuren;Tunsag, Jigjidsuren;Nam, Eui Jeong;Nho, Chu Won
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2016
  • Prolonged alcohol consumption causes alcoholic liver damage due to the generation of reactive oxygen species, the accumulation of fatty acids, and an increase in inflammatory cytokines in the liver. In this study, the protective effect of a fruit extract of Paeonia anomala (FEPA) against chronic alcohol-induced liver damage was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats fed an ethanol or a control Lieber-DeCarli diet for 5 weeks to induce alcoholic liver damage. FEPA (50, 25, and 10 mg/kg body weight/day) as well as the reference control silymarin (25 mg/kg body weight/day) were administered along with the ethanol diet. FEPA protected against increases in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in serum and attenuated alcohol-induced increases in triglycerides, tumor necrosis factor alpha, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and cytochrome P450 2E1 enzyme activity in the liver compared with the group treated with ethanol only. Anti-oxidative defenses such as the total glutathione level and glutathione peroxidase activity were increased by FEPA treatment. These results suggest that FEPA exerts protective effects against chronic alcohol-induced liver damage by attenuating hepatosteatosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine production and enhancing anti-oxidative defense mechanisms in the liver.

Hepatoprotective Effects of GongJin-dan, on Ethanol-mediated Experimental Liver Damage in Rats

  • Hur, Hyun;Kim, Hee-Jun;Park, Kyung;Kwak, Min-A;Kim, Dae-Jun;Byun, Joon-Seok
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.1037-1047
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    • 2008
  • Background : A traditional Oriental medicine, GongJjn-dan (GJD), is one of the most well-known tonic agents in Korea. Among 6 types of GJD components, antler, red ginseng, and Cornus fructus have shown antioxidant effects, while EtOH-induced tissue damage may be a consequence of oxidative stress. Objectives & Methods : The hepatoprotective effects of GJD were evaluated on EtOH-mediated experimental liver damaged rats at 50, 100, 250 and 500mg/kg comparing with 100mg/kg of silymarin as a reference drug in the present study. Test substances were dosed once a day for 60 days with oral administration of 20% ethanol 2.5ml/100g body weight twice a day (equivalent to 7.9g ethanol/kg/day). Each of 8 rats per group was selected using body weight at 10 days after acclimatization. Experimental animals were sacrificed after 60 days of continuous oral treatment of test substances with 20% ethanol treatment, and changes on the body weight, liver weight, and serum AST and ALT were observed. Results : There were dramatic decreases of body weight and increases of liver weight and serum AST and ALT. Similar inhibition effects on the EtOH-induced hepatic damages were detected between equal dosages of GJD and silymarin. Conclusion : Based on these results. it is concluded that GJD showed clear hepatoprotective effects on EtOH-induced hepatic damage.

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Hepatoprotective Effects of Hovenia dulcis Fruit on Ethanol-Induced Liver Damage in vitro and in vivo (세포 및 동물모델에서의 알코올에 의해 유발된 간손상에 대한 지구자 추출물의 보호효과)

  • You, Yang-Hee;Jung, Kuk-Yung;Lee, Yoo-Hyun;Jun, Woo-Jin;Lee, Boo-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 2009
  • The hepatoprotective effect of ethanol extract from Hovenia dulcis fruit (HD) against ethanol-induced oxidative damage was investigated. Ethanol-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and liver damage on HepG2/2E1 cells were protected by $100{\mu}g/mL$ ethanolic extract from HD. Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 3 groups; control (NC), ethanol (ET), ethanol plus 1 g/kg body weight ethanolic extract of HD (ET-HD). The activities of serum alanine amintransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were significantly increased in ethanol-treated group. However, ET-HD group showed protective effect by lowering serum activities. The ET group markedly decreased the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione-s-transferase (GST) with the reduced level of glutathione (GSH) in liver. On the other hand, ET-HD group increased the activities of SOD and GST, and the level of GSH. Lipid peroxidation level, which was increased after ethanol administration, was significantly reduced in ET-HD group. Based upon these results, it could be assumed that ethanolic extract of HD protected the liver against ethanol-induced oxidative damage by possibly inhibiting the suppression of antioxidant activity and reducing the rate of lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, extract of Hovenia dulcis fruit might be used as a protective agent for ethanol-induced hepatic damages.

(-) Epigallocatechin gallate restores ethanol-induced alterations in hepatic detoxification system and prevents apoptosis

  • Anuradha, Carani V;Kaviarasan, Subramanian
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.311-320
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    • 2007
  • The present study was designed to estimate the protective effect of (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on ethanol-induced liver injury in rats. Chronic ethanol administration (6 g/kg/day ${\times}$ 60 days) caused liver damage that was manifested by the elevation of markers of liver dysfunction - aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, bilirubin and ${\gamma}$-glutamyl transferase in plasma and reduction in liver glycogen. The activities of alcohol metabolizing enzymes such as alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase were found to be altered in alcohol-treated group. Ethanol administration resulted in the induction of cytochrome p450 and cytochrome-$b_{5}$ activities and reduction of cytochrome-c reductase and glutathione-S-transferase, a phase II drug metabolizing enzyme. Further, ethanol reduced the viability of isolated hepatocytes (ex vivo) as assessed by trypan blue exclusion test and induced hepatocyte apoptosis as assessed by propidium iodide staining. Treatment of alcoholic rats with EGCG restored the levels of markers of liver injury and mitigated the alterations in alcohol metabolizing and drug metabolizing enzymes and cyt-c-reductase. Increased hepatocyte viability and reduced apoptotic nuclei were observed in alcohol + EGCG-treated rats. These findings suggest that EGCG acts as a hepatoprotective agent against alcoholic liver injury.

Effect of Korean red ginseng extract on liver damage induced by shortterm and long-term ethanol treatment in rats

  • Seo, Su-Jeong;Cho, Jae Youl;Jeong, Yeon Ho;Choi, Yong-Soon
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.194-200
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    • 2013
  • Korean red ginseng (KRG) is prepared by the process of steaming the roots of Panax ginseng. In this study, the feeding effects of KRG-water extract (KRGE) on ethanol-induced liver damage were elucidated by measuring serum biomarkers in rats. Serum ${\gamma}$-glutamyltranspeptidase (g-GT) activity and the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) were significantly increased by short-term and long-term ethanol treatment in rats, whereas the activities of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) did not respond. Pretreatment with KRGE maintained the activity of serum GPT, and the MDA concentration induced by short-term ethanol ingestion remained within the normal range. However, co-feeding of KRGE to rats decreased the concentration of MDA but failed to modulate the serum ${\gamma}$-GT activity induced by long-term ethanol treatment. Our studies suggest that in rats, it appears that KRGE does not sufficiently reverse the physiological response evoked by long-term ethanol ingestion to maintain normal conditions, in view of the serum biomarker ${\gamma}$-GT, regardless of KRGE's favorable antioxidant activity.

Liver Protective Effects of Jageum-Jung in Alcohol-induced liver injury mice model (알코올 유발 간 손상 마우스 모델에서 자금정의 간 보호 효과)

  • Kim, Kwang-Youn;Park, Kwang-Il;Cho, Won-Kyung;Ma, Jin-Yeul
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : This study investigated the hepatoprotective effects effects of Jageum-jung extract on alcohol-induced liver disease mice model. Methods : Alcoholic liver disease was induced by Ethanol in C57/BL6 male mice, which were fed Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing ethanol. Jageum-jung (100,200 and 300 mg/kg bw/day) were orally administered daily in the alcoholic fatty liver disease mice for 16 days. Results : The results indicate that Jageum-jung promotes hepatoprotective effects by significantly reducing aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels as indicators of liver damage in the serum. Furthermore, Jageum-jung decreased accumulation of triglyceride and total cholesterol, increased levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) in the serum of the alcoholic fatty liver disease mice model. Additionally, it improved the serum alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity. Conclusions : This study confirmed the anti-oxidative and hangover elimination effects of Jageum-jung extract, and suggests the possibility of using Jageum-jung to treat alcholic liver disease.