• Title, Summary, Keyword: esophagus

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Clinical Practice Guideline for Taeeumin Disease of Sasang Constitutional Medicine: Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold (Wiwansuhan-pyohan) disease (태음인체질병증 임상진료지침: 표병)

  • Choi, Ae-Ryun;Shin, Mi-Ran;Lee, Eui-Ju
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.42-56
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    • 2015
  • Objectives This research was proposed to present Clinical Practice Guideline(CPG) for Taeeumin Disease of Sasang Constitutional Medicine(SCM): Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold (Wiwansuhan-pyohan) disease. This CPG was developed by the national-wide experts committee consisting of SCM professors. Methods First, collection and organization of literature related to SCM such as Donguisusebowon, Text book of SCM, Clinical Guidebook of SCM and Fundamental research to standardize diagnosis of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was performed. Secondly, journals related to clinical trial or Human complementary medicine of SCM were searched. Finally, 7 articles were selected and included in CPG for Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold (Wiwansuhan-pyohan) disease. Results & Conclusions The CPG of Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold (Wiwansuhan-pyohan) disease in Taeeumin Disease include classification, definition and standard symptoms of each pattern. Esophagus Cold-based Exterior Cold (Wiwansuhan-pyohan) disease consists of two aspects : Esophagus-Cold (Wiwanhan) and Esophagus-Cold Lung-Dry (Wiwanhan-paejo) symptomatology. Esophagus-Cold (Wiwanhan) symptomatology is classified into mild and moderate pattern by severity. Mild pattern of Esophagus-Cold (Wiwanhan) symptomatology is classified into Supraspinal Exterior (Baechu-pyo) initial and Wheezing-Dyspnea (Hyocheon) pattern. Moderate pattern of Esophagus-Cold (Wiwanhan) symptomatology is classified into Cold-reversal (Hanguel) and Cold-reversal (Hanguel) advanced pattern. And Esophagus-Cold Lung-Dry (Wiwanhan-paejo) symptomatology is classified into severe and critical pattern by severity. Severe pattern of Esophagus-Cold Lung-Dry (Wiwanhan-paejo) is classified into Dry-Cold (Johan) pattern and Dry-Cold (Johan) advanced pattern. Critical pattern of Esophagus-Cold Lung-Dry (Wiwanhan-paejo) symptomatology consists of Dry-Cold (Johan) intense pattern (Eumhyeol-mogal handa pattern).

Leiomyoma in the Esophagus (Report of A Case) (식도(食道) 평활근종(平滑筋腫)의 수술치험(手術治驗) 1례(例))

  • Oh, Chul Soo;Kim, Kun Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.311-314
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    • 1976
  • This is a report of leiomyoma in the esophagus. patient had suffered from mild intermittent dysphagia on eating without any other complaints. This complaint had been going for 45 days, but was not progressed. The esophagogram revealed an ovoid walnut-sized smooth filling defect in the midportion of the esophagus. The mucosal folds of the esophagus were not destroyed. A benign intramural tumor of the esophagus, such as leiomyoma, was suspected with X-ray finding and clinical features. On Aug. 13, 1976 a thoracotomy was performed at right 4th intercostal space. A firm, irregular shaped mass in the wall of the esophagus was enucleated by blunt dissection without any injury of the mucosa of the esophagus. The diagnosis of leiomyoma was confirmed with histopathological finding. Postoperative course was uneventful.

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The Result of Reconstruction of the Lower Esophagus With Jejunum for Carcinoma of the Lower Esophagus and the Cardia (공장을 대용식도로 이용한 하부식도암의 수술성적)

  • 김근호
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 1981
  • The results of reconstruction of the lower esophagus with jejunum in a total of 24 cases of primary carcinoma of the lower third esophagus and gastroesophageal carcinoma were presented, and clinical values of substitution for the esophagus with jejunum were also discussed. They were operated in the department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, Hanyang University Hospital during the period of 9 years from 1972 to 1981. Surgical managements to lower esophageal reconstruction with jejunum were carded out with not the same procedure in all cases studied, but with three different procedure mentioned below/ In 13 cases of lower third esophagectomy with or without partial `8astrectomy of a total of 24 cases, interposition of jejunum between the esophagus and the stomach were performed after the fashion to esophagojejunostomy with mobilized jejunal loops and 8astro-JeJunostomy with side to side anastomosis. In 7 cases of lower third esophagectomy and total gastrectomy, the continuity of the esophagus were performed the fashion to esophagojejunostomy with mobilized jejunum. In 4 cases of unresectable gastro-esophageal carcinoma, bypass operation of the lower esophagus and the stomach were performed after the fashion to esophagojejunostomy with side to and anastomosis. After the bypass operation, it was observed that oral feeding to the patients was excellent. Following these consecutive series of 20 cases of radical operation for lower esophageal carcinomas and 4 cases of bypass operation for unresectable gastroesophageal carcinomas, no complication such as postoperative leakage and stenosis from anastomotic site or Infection In operating area and operative death were observed.

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Esophageal Pressure Monitoring in Normal Korean Adults (정상 한국성인의 식도내압 측정)

  • 정황규
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.462-469
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    • 1980
  • Here, I and wer report the results of our studying about; 1. The length of esophagus and sphincters; 2. Resting pressure of upper sphincter, upper esophagus, mid-esophagus, lower esophagus and lower sphincter; 3. Pressure changes in swallowing at these points of esophagus; 4. Resting and swallowing pressure curves in these points in 50 normal Korean adults. In addition to these we wbserved pressure inversion point, slow and fast components of phasic pressure which are originating from respiration and heart beat. And we studied transportation time and speed of peristalsis. The speed of peristalsis is faster in the lower esophagus than in the upper. I can probalby be proud in the results of these study because these will become a standard criteria in the further evaluation of esophageal functional disturbances in such lesions as; Achalasia, Hiatal hernia, Esophageal canceer, Scleroderma, diverticula.

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Leiomyoma in the Esophagus [Report of A Case] (식도의 평활근종 수술치험 1)

  • Ryu, Ji-Yun;U, Jong-Su;Jo, Gwang-Hyeon
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 1987
  • We experienced a case of esophageal leiomyoma recently in department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surg., Pusan Baik Hospital, Inje Medical College. Patient had suffered from dysphagia and chest discomfort for 2 years. The esophagogram showed an ovoid smooth filling defect in lower portion of the esophagus, mucosal fold of esophagus was not destroyed. A benign intramural tumor of the esophagus such as leiomyoma was suspected with X-ray finding and clinical features. Open thoracotomy was performed through the left 8th intercostal space. A firm egg sized mass in the well of lower esophagus was enucleated by blunt dissection with caution to avoid injury of the mucosa of the esophagus. The diagnosis of leiomyoma was confirmed with histopathological finding. Postoperative course was uneventful.

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Duplication of the Esophagus -Report of A Case- (식도중복증의 1례)

  • 홍기우
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 1974
  • Duplication of the alimentary tract, especially of the esophagus, have been regarded as rare cong- enital anomalies. However, they are being reported with increasing frequency in the literature. In the . ,- past they have been described by a variety of names, such as "enteric cysts", "intestinal cysts", "giant diverticula", "`mediastinal cysts of foregut origin" "enterogenous cysts" and other descriptive terms. . Most authorities now agree that these anomalies are best described by the term "duplications of the alimentary tract. The duplications [of the alimentary tract] are spherical or tubular structures which poses a well developed smooth muscle layer and are lined with a mucous membrane from any part of the alimentary tract. They may occur at any place in the digestive tube from the tongue to the rectum and usually are intimately attached to some portion of the alimentary tube. We have experienced a duplication of the esophagus in 14 years old middle schoolboy. He complained dysphagia, eructation and substernal pain associated with intermittent high fever and chilliness, increasing in severity for recent three weeks. Routine chest X-ray film revealed nore markable abnormal finding but esophagogram. revealed marked narrowing of the esophagus throughout with a large blind pouch in lower half with fistulous communication at mid portion of the esophagus. On thoracotomy, a large infected blind pouch communicating with the lumen of normal esophagus proximally, Was extended from the level of 5th to 10th thoracic spine. The duplicated segment of the esophagus has a common muscular .wall and proximal communication with the adjacent esophagus. The infected, duplicated esophagus was segmentally resected, and esophagogastrostomy with pyloroplasty was done by displacing the stomach into the right thoracic cavity through midline laparotomy. His Postoperative course was uneventful and discharged without complication.

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Acoustic Features of Oral Vowels in the Esophagus Speakers (식도음성의 모음종류에 따른 음향학적 특성)

  • Yun, Eunmi;Mok, Eunhee;Minh, Phan huu Ngoc;Hong, Kihwan
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to establish characteristics related to voice and speech through the natural base frequency analysis of esophagus vocalization. In the study, 8 subjects were selected for esophagus vocals, and 10 other subjects were selected for a control group. MDVP(Multi-dimensional Voice Program, Model 4800, USA, 2001), Multi Speech(Model 3700, Kaypantax, USA, 2008) were used as experiment equipment. The speech samples selected for evaluation were vowels and sentences (both declarative and interrogative). For acoustic analysis, the intonation form of fo, jitter, energy, shimmer, HNR, and intonation patterns of the speech sample were measured. The results were as follows: First, the natural intrinsic frequency of extended vowels in the esophagus vocal group was lower than the frequency in the normal vocal group. In particular, the intrinsic frequency difference for high vowel /i/ was much greater than the frequency difference for low vowel /a/. Second, the jitter values of the esophagus vocal group were higher than the control group. In particular, there was a large difference between the jitter values for /a/ and /i/, with the jitter values being highest for /i/. Third, there was no significant difference in vocal strength between the esophagus vocal patient group and the control group. Fourth, the shimmer values of the voices in the esophagus vocal group were higher than shimmer values in the control group. In particular, there was a large difference in shimmer values for low vowel /a/. Fifth, the HNR values of the esophagus vocal group were showed significantly lower than the control group. In particular, the largest difference in HNR values between the two groups was for high vowel /i/. Sixth, the pitch contours of interrogative and declarative sentences of the esophagus vocal patient group showed a different form or only had with small differences compared to the pitch contours of the normal vocal group, thus presenting an inconsistent pattern.

Epiphrenic Diverticulum of the Esophagus (횡격막직상부 식도계실 3례)

  • Lee, Nam-Soo;Sin, Chang-Seop;Sohn, Kwang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.312-318
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    • 1980
  • The first case was a 20 year old female who has been suffered from epigastric pain, and anorexia for 2 years. A thumb tip sized pulsion diverticulum 4cm above the esophagocardial junction was elicited by esophagogram and on exploration. A diverticulectomy with long esophagocardiomyotomy was performed. The second case was a 30 year old house wife who has had postprandial epigastric pain for 2 months accompained with frequent vomiting. Fiberscopy and esophagogram showed epiphrenic diverticulum of the esophagus. Same operative procedures were carried out and obtained a good result as first case. The third case was a 55 year old house wife who was admitted to this Chest Surgery Department because of regurgitation and intermittent vomiting for approximately 3 months. Esophagogram showed a large epiphrenic diverticulum of the esophagus. On exploration, a tennis ball sized pulsion diverticulum was found on the anterolateral wall of the esophagus. A partial esophagectomy including the diverticulum and esophagoesophagostomy was performed. The specimenshowed some erosive changes of the mucosal surface of the diverticulum and also the esophagus suggestive of diverticulitis and esophagitis. She has been satisfactory result until 4 months postoperatively, when she developed regurgitation and epigastric pain. Esophagogram showed stenosis of the operative site. Readmission and esophageal dilatations were done and improved without any problem. Epiphrenic or supradiaphragmatic diverticulum of the esophagus is a rare condition. Pathophysiologically, the conditions accompanied the spasm of the esophagus, many authors prefered the procedures of a diverticulectomy plus long esophagocardiomyotomy rather than simple diverticulectomy or esophagectomy and esophagoesophagostomy. Here we report the cases and reviewed the literatures.

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Surgical treatment on the stenosis of the esophagus (식도섬책에 대한 외과적 치료)

  • Kim, Geun-Ho;Kim, Yeong-Hak
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.134-140
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    • 1989
  • A clinical evaluation was made on total 207 cases of corrosive esophageal stricture after ingestion of various corrosive substances and 173 cases of neoplasms in the esophagus and the cardia. The various complications associated with esophageal corrosion were observed on 28 cases [13.5%] in a total of 207 cases. Pathoanatomic findings of complication may be classified to the five category as follow; [1] stenosis in the pharynx due to adhesion of the epiglottis, [2] esophagobronchial fistula, [3] esophageal perforation with bougienation, [4] necrotic rupture of the esophagus and the stomach, and [5] so-called chronic corrosive gastritis. The comparative studies were done on a total of 165 cases of the various procedures of esophagoplasty to the reconstruction of the esophagus, which consists of antethoracal esophagoplasty with jejunum, retrosternal esophagoplasty with jejunum, retrosternal esophagoplasty with right colon, and retrosternal esophagoplasty with left colon. There is no hard and fast rule in selection of jejunum, right colon or left colon as the transplanting bowel and an operative method either antethoracal or retrosternal approach. When there was no possibility of the complication and no any defect of the anatomical states, one stage retrosternal esophagoplasty using right colon was better in various points of view. The 173 patients of the neoplasm of the esophagus consist of 28 cases of benign tumors and 145 cases of malignant tumors in the esophagus and cardia. 28 cases of benign tumors in the esophagus received the surgical treatment and they obtained with excellent results postoperatively. Of the 145 patients of esophageal carcinoma who received surgical managements, 101 cases [69.6%] were found to be operable and 44 cases [30.3%] were inoperable. Due to the various level of carcinoma in the esophagus, the following different surgical procedure was properly used case by case to get the best results in each case. Esophageal carcinoma in the upper and middle third segment received the total esophagectomy and the reconstruction of the esophagus using right colon by substernal procedure. Esophageal carcinoma in the lower third segment received an esophagojejunostomy in the mediastinum after the resection of lower third segment of the esophagus. Carcinoma in the esophago cardia and the stomach received also an esophagojejunostomy after the resection of the lower third segment of the esophagus and subtotal gastrectomy. For the 44 patients with inoperable carcinoma, the several palliative surgical managements such as gastrostomy or jejunostomy for feeding and esophagojejunostomy for bypass of the lower esophagus and the stomach were properly performed case by case for their maximum improvement.

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Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Esophagus - A case report - (식도 선낭포종양치험 1예)

  • 임승균
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.865-868
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    • 1987
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the esophagus has been relatively an uncommon, slow growing tumor. A 51 year-old man patient had a tumor in the lower third of the esophagus which was incidentally found during an examination for UPPER C-I series, and resected successfully without Thoracotomy. The tumor exhibited a polypoid appearance covered by normal esophageal epithelium, localized entirely in the submucosal layer of the esophagus and morphologically identical to adenoid cystic carcinoma in the salivary glands.

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