• Title, Summary, Keyword: erythrosine

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Influence of Additives for Food and Drug upon the Activity of Trypsin (의약(醫藥) 및 식품첨가물(食品添加物)의 소화효소(消化酵素) Trypsin 활성(活性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Hyun, Yeo-Joo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 1971
  • The effects of additives for food and drug upon the tryptic hydrolysis of casein an a Synthetic substrate, $N^{\alpha}-Benzoyl-L-arginine$ ethylester (BAEE) in vitro has been studied. The results of this study were summarized as follows 1) It was found that the action of inhibition became stronger in the following order: Methyl parabene>Rose Bengal> Phloxine> Sod. DHA> Erythrosine by the colorimetric method using BAEE. These results also showed that other additives had no effect on the activity of trypsin. 2) All samples tested showed respectively same tendency using casein in this method. But the activity by Erythrosine and Sod. DHA was slightly increased in this experiment.

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Efficacy of an LED toothbrush on a Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilm on a sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface: an in vitro study

  • Lee, Hae;Kim, Yong-Gun;Um, Heung-Sik;Chang, Beom-Seok;Lee, Si Young;Lee, Jae-Kwan
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.164-173
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of a newly devised toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on Porphyromonas gingivalis attached to sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surfaces. Methods: The study included a control group, a commercial photodynamic therapy (PDT) group, and 3 test groups (B, BL, and BLE). The disks in the PDT group were placed in methylene blue and then irradiated with a diode laser. The B disks were only brushed, the BL disks were brushed with an LED toothbrush, and the BLE disks were placed into erythrosine and then brushed with an LED toothbrush. After the different treatments, bacteria were detached from the disks and spread on selective agar. The number of viable bacteria and percentage of bacterial reduction were determined from colony counts. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to visualize bacterial alterations. Results: The number of viable bacteria in the BLE group was significantly lower than that in the other groups (P<0.05). Scanning electron microscopy showed that bacterial cell walls were intact in the control and B groups, but changed after commercial PDT and LED exposure. Conclusions: The findings suggest that an LED toothbrush with erythrosine treatment was more effective than a commercial PDT kit in reducing the number of P. gingivalis cells attached to surface-modified titanium in vitro.

Antimicrobial Effect on Streptococcus mutans in Photodynamic Therapy using Different Light Source (광원의 종류에 따른 광역동 치료시의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 항균 효과)

  • Kim, Jaeyong;Park, Howon;Lee, Juhyun;Seo, Hyunwoo;Lee, Siyoung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 2018
  • In a photodynamic therapy, the difference of antibacterial capacity was compared according to the type of source of light when the same quantity of energy is irradiated. After S. mutans is formed in planktonic state and biofilm state, erythrosine diluted to $40{\mu}M$ was treated for 3 minutes, and as the type of light source, Halogen, LED, and Plasma arc were used, which were irradiated for 30 seconds, 15 seconds and 9.5 seconds, respectively. After the completion of the experiment, CFU of each experiment arm was measured to compare the photodynamic therapeutic effects according to each condition. The CFU of each experiment arm had no statistically significant difference. Under the same quantity of energy, the photodynamic therapeutic effect can be said to be the same regardless of types of light source, which is a useful result in the clinical field with various light irradiators.

Investigation of the effect of Erythrosine B on a β-amyloid (1-40) peptide using molecular modeling method

  • Lee, Juho;Kwon, Inchan;Cho, Art E.;Jang, Seung Soon
    • Proceeding of EDISON Challenge
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 2015
  • Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common types of degenerative dementia. As a considerable cause of Alzheimer's disease, neurotoxic plaques composed of 39 to 42 residue-long amyloid beta($A{\beta}$) fibrils have been found in the patient's brain in large quantity. A previous study found that erythrosine B (ER), a red color food dye approved by FDA, inhibits the formation of amyloid beta fibril structures. Here, in an attempt to elucidate the inhibition mechanism, we performed molecular dynamics simulations to demonstrate the conformational change of $A{\beta}40$ induced by 2 ERs in atomistic detail. During the simulation, the ERs bound to the surfaces of both N-terminus and C-terminus regions of $A{\beta}40$ rapidly. The observed stacking of the ERs and the aromatic side chains near the N-terminus region suggests a possible inhibition mechanism in which disturbing the inter-chain stacking of PHEs destabilizes beta-sheet enriched in amyloid beta fibrils. The bound ERs block water molecules and thereby help stabilizing alpha helical structure at the main chain of C-terminus and interrupt the formation of the salt-bridge ASP23-LYS28 at the same time. Our findings can help better understanding of the current and upcoming treatment studies for Alzheimer's disease by suggesting inhibition mechanism of ER on the conformational transition of $A{\beta}40$ at the molecular level.

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Study on the Analysis of Water-Soluble Dyes by Use of the Thin-Layer Chromatography. -1. Separation and Identification of Xanthene Dyes- (Thin-Layer chromatcgraphy에 의한 수용성 색소의 분석에 관한 고찰 -1. Xanthene 계 색소의 분리 및 대안-)

  • 구성회;이성호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 1975
  • For analysis of Xanthene dyes according to the developing solvent and adsorbent was applied to Thin-layer chromatography with silicagel and cellulose plate. Silicagel chromato-plate used were prepared under different condition of activation. Using eight developing solvent, the influence of the condition for activation upon the separation of Xanthene dyes was investigated. The results are shown in Table 3. Methyl ethyl ketone+Acetone+$H_2O$ (10:0.1:0.4) mixture and n-butanol+Ammonia water (4:1) mixture gave clear separation for Xanthene dyes, including Fluorescein, Erythrosine Rhodamin B, Eosine, Rose bengale, phloxine and Acid red those Rf values decrease in the described ordor. Methyl ethyl ketone+Acetone+$H_2O$ (10:0.1:0.4) was applied to two adsorbents which were purchased from different manufactures. The results of Chromatograms are obtained Figure 6.

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Antimicrobial effect of toothbrush with light emitting diode on dental biofilm attached to zirconia surface: an in vitro study (지르코니아 표면에 부착된 바이오필름에 대한 LED 치솔의 항균효과)

  • Park, Jong Hew;Kim, Yong-Gun;Um, Heung-Sik;Lee, Si Young;Lee, Jae-Kwan;Chang, Beom-Seok
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.160-169
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of a toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on periodontitis-associated dental biofilm attached to a zirconia surface by static and dynamic methods. Materials and Methods: Zirconia disks (12 mm diameter, 2.5 mm thickness) were inserted into a 24-well plate (static method) or inside a Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) biofilm reactor (dynamic method) to form dental biofilms using Streptococcus gordonii and Fusobacterium nucleatum. The disks with biofilm were subdivided into five treatment groups-control, commercial photodynamic therapy (PDT), toothbrush alone (B), brush with LED (BL), and brush with LED+erythrosine (BLE). After treatment, the disks were agitated to detach the bacteria, and the resulting solutions were spread directly on selective agar. The number of viable bacteria and percentage of bacterial reduction were determined from colony counts. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed to visualize alterations in bacterial morphology. Results: No significant difference in biofilm formation was observed between dynamic and static methods. A significant difference was observed in the number of viable bacteria between the control and all experimental groups (P < 0.05). The percentage of bacterial reduction in the BLE group was significantly higher than in the other treated groups (P < 0.05). SEM revealed damaged bacterial cell walls in the PDT, BL, and BLE groups, but intact cell walls in the control and B groups. Conclusion: The findings suggest that an LED toothbrush with erythrosine is more effective than other treatments in reducing the viability of periodontitis-associated bacteria attached to zirconia in vitro.

Estimation of Daily Dietary Intake of Food Red Colors - Food Red No.2, No.3 and No. 40 - (식이를 통한 식품첨가물의 섭취량에 관한 연구 - 식용색소적색제2호, 적색제3호 및 적색제40호를 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Tal-Soo;Park, Seung-Kook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to measure the amount of daily intake on three synthetic food red colors (Amaranth: R2, Erythrosine: R3, Allura Red: R40) in foods by Korean. Analysis of three synthetic food red colors was conducted by HPLC with the foods including bread, confection, candy, alcoholic beverage, soft drink, ice cream, chocolate, and chewing gum. Recovery rates from the known concentrations of three standard food red colors which were spiked into foods were ranged from 85.1 to 100.4 (%) for each foods. Total Estimated Daily Intake (∑EDI) was from 0 to 1.632 mg/kg bw/day for each food item and from 0.512 to 7.281 mg/person/day for ages (1∼over 65 years old). The data of average food intake for each food item per person per day were obtained from the report of Korean National Nutrition Survey conducted by the Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2001. Total EDI of each red colors per person per day were showed as follows; 0.742 mg/kg bw/day for R2, 0.391 mg/kg bw/day for R3 and 2.018 mg/kg bw/day for R40 as total amount respectively, and the ranges of these values were 0.5∼7.1% of FAO/WHO's Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) values. Therefore, the amount of daily intake of three synthetic food red colors in Korea was regarded as safe.

Change of plaque removal ability by worn toothbrush (칫솔 마모에 따른 치태제거능력에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hak-Churl;Yang, Byung-Kun;Lee, Chul-Woo;Lee, Yong-Moo;Rhyu, In-Chul;Chung, Chong-Pyung;Han, Soo-Boo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2004
  • 연구 목적: 3개월 간의 잇솔질에 따른 칫솔의 마모의 정도와 양상을 관찰하고, 이를 이용한 잇솔질 시의 치태 제거능력의 변화를 평가하여 일반적으로 권장되고 있는 3개월 주기의 칫솔 교체 주기의 근거를 실제 임상적으로 확인해보고자 하였다. 연구방법: 치주적으로 건강한 치과 대학생 52명을 대상으로 설문지를 통해 잇솔질 습관을 조사하고, 치석제거술을 시행하고 실험기간 동안 동일한 칫솔과 치약을 사용하게 하였다. 1주일 후와 2달과 3달째에 구강 내를 erythrosine으로 염색한 후 6개의 Ramfjord 치아의 plaque score를 측정하고, 3달 동안 사용한 칫솔을 수거하여 brushing surface area의 면적으로 마모도를 평가하였다. 결과: 6명이 탈락하였고 전체 부위의 plaque score는 1주 때와 비교하여 2,3 개월의 값이 통계학적으로 유의한 차이가 없었으나, 치간 부위의 plaque score는 3개월의 plaque score와 상관관계는 약하였다. 교체 주기, 잇솔질 횟수, 시간 등의 잇솔질 습관과 마모도의 연관성도 없었지만, 잇솔질 시간과 3개월째의 plaque score의 상관관계는 유의성 있는 결과를 보였다. 결론: 3개월 동안 사용한 칫솔의 치간 부위 치태제거 능력은 감소하였으며, 이의 임상적 영향에 대한 장기간의 연구가 필요하겠다.

Color stability of three dimensional-printed denture teeth exposed to various colorants (다양한 색소에 대한 3D 프린팅 인공치의 색 안정성)

  • Koh, Eun-Sol;Cha, Hyun-Suk;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Ahn, Jin-Soo;Lee, Joo-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study evaluated color stability of Dentca 3D-printed denture teeth, in comparison to color stabilities of four conventional types of denture teeth, upon being immersed in various colorants. Materials and methods: Four types of conventional prefabricated denture teeth (Surpass, GC, Artic 6, Heraeus Kulzer, Premium 6, Heraeus Kulzer, Preference, Candulor), 3D-printed denture teeth (Dentca); and Z250 (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE) were prepared for testing. The samples were immersed in erythrosine 3%, coffee, cola, and distilled water (DW) at 37℃. Color change (ΔE) was measured by spectrophotometer before immersion and at 7, 14, and 21 days after immersion. One-way analysis of variance was performed along with Tukey's honestly significant difference multiple comparisons test (P<.05). Results: No great difference was observed between the color change of Dentca denture teeth and that of conventional denture teeth in most cases (P>.05). The color change of Dentca denture teeth immersed in erythrosine 3% was greater than that of Surpass (ΔE = 0.67 ± 0.25) after 1 week; Artic 6 (ΔE = 1.44 ± 0.38) and Premium 6 (ΔE = 1.69 ± 0.35) after 2 weeks; and Surpass (ΔE = 1.79 ± 0.49), Artic 6 (ΔE = 2.07 ± 0.21), Premium 6 (ΔE = 2.03 ± 0.75), and Preference (ΔE = 2.01 ± 0.75) after 3 weeks (P<.05). Conclusion: A color change was observed in Dentca denture teeth when immersed in some colorants; however, the maximum value of ΔE for Dentca denture teeth was within the clinically acceptable range.

Evaluation of Tar Dyes Used in Commercial Foods (식품 중 합성첨가물 사용실태 조사 연구 -타르색소 중심으로-)

  • 윤미혜;김국주;김정임;황선일;문수경;정은주;김재관
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to propose a simple method for the extraction of seven tar dyes such as tartrazine, sunset yellow FCF, amaranth, erythrosine, allura red, brilliant blue FCF and indigo carmine using aminopropyl amine cartridge and to determine the content of the dyes in candies, soft drinks, ice bars and okchuns produced in Korea. The tar dyes were simultaneously analyzed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The recovery rates of the dyes ranged from 65.8% to 99.6%. The contents of the dyes in candies, soft drinks, ice bars and octhuns were N.D.∼50.1 mg/kg, N.D.∼49.9 mg/kg, N.D.∼56.0 mg/kg and N.D.∼867.3 mg/kg, respectively. The types of the dyes used most frequently for candies, soft drinks and ice bars were tartrazine, brilliant blue and amaranth, respectively. Of the samples, tartrazine was used frequently, and indigo carmine was not used at all.

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