• Title, Summary, Keyword: enzyme-resistant starch

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Effects of RS-3 type resistant starches on breadmaking and quality of white pan bread (RS-3형태의 저항전분 첨가가 제빵 및 빵의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 송지영;이신경;신말식
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.188-194
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    • 2000
  • Effects of native and RS-3 type resistant starches prepared from autoclaved-cooled amylomaize VII(AVII) and normal maize starches(NMS) on the rheological and baking properties of wheat flour dough and quality of breads were investigated. In farinogram, water absorption and dough development time were increased, but stability was reduced by the addition of RS. The addition of native starches or resistant starch made from AVII to wheat flour improved the total volume and specific loaf volume of bread compared with the control(no addition), but the addition of NMS-RS reduced those. During the storage of bread at room temperature, the moisture content of control was decreased but those of native starch- or RS-added breads remained constantly. AVII-RS- or NMS-RS-added bread was evaluated to have good overall acceptability compared with control by elementary school students. The addition of enzyme-resistant starch to bread regardless of botanical sources of starch not only improved the overall acceptability and nutritional benefits but also improved the sensory acceptability.

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Induction of Glucoamylasen in the Yeast Candida tsukubaensis

  • Chun, Soon-Bai;Chung, Hee-Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.342-347
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    • 1995
  • The induction of glucoamylase biosynthesis from the yeast Candida tsukubaensis by different carbon sources was investigated by using either an enzyme activity assay or immunoblot analysis. The induction by C. tsukubaensis appears to be independent of the carbon sources, although the level of enzyme activity was lower in slowly utilizable carbon sources such as galactose. This glucoamylase is a constitutive enzyme and its biosynthesis is resistant to carbon catabolite repression. Glucose was more effective for the enzyme induction than starch, maltose or glycerol. In addition, this enzyme is regulated by both induction and repression.

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Effects of Extrusion and Enzyme Treatment on Characteristics of Whole Grains (압출성형 및 효소처리가 전곡립의 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Shin, Hae-Hun;Park, Bo-Sun;Lee, Sun-Hee;Kim, Young-Sook;Hwang, Jae-Kwang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2005
  • Extrusion with enzyme treatment improved processing characteristics and physiological activity of whole grains, strongly suggesting industrial potential of whole grains for production of cereal-based functional foods containing activated nutraceuticals. Physicochemical properties of whole grains prepared by extrusion were characterized in terms of vitamin, mineral, and resistant starch contents, gelatinization, and digestibility in comparison with those of raw and roasted grains. Extrusion increased grain gelatinization, with degree of gelatinization in extruded barley being seven times higher than that of raw barley. Extrusion improved digestibility of whole grains in comparison with those of raw and roasted grains. Dispersibility of starch was improved through extrusion, while content of resistant starch decreased. Release of ${\beta}-sitosterol$ present in whole grains increased 13-fold when both extrusion and enzyme treatment were used.

Formation of Enzyme Resistant Starch by Extrusion Cooking of High Amylose Corn Starch (고아밀로즈 옥수수전분의 압출성형에 의한 난소화성화)

  • Kim, Ji-Yong;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1128-1133
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    • 1998
  • Extrusion cooking treatment was compared with autoclaving/cooling treatment for formation of enzyme resistant starch of high amylose corn starch (HACS). Effects of barrel temperature $(100^{\circ}C,\;120^{\circ}C,\;140^{\circ}C)$ and feed moisture content (25%, 35%, 45%) on extrusion processing in a co-rotating twin-screw extruder under fixed screw speed (100 rpm) were investigated by measuring enzyme resistant starch (RS) yield. RS yield were estimated by in-vitro pancreatin digestion method and enzymatic-gravimetric method using termamyl. Barrel temperature and yield of RS were negatively correlated and feed moisture content and yield of RS was positively correlated as determined by in-vitro pancreatin method. The highest yield (38.4%) of RS was obtained from HACS extrudate processed at the barrel temperature of $100^{\circ}C$ and the feed moisture content of 45%, while the yield of RS by 5 times of autoclaving/cooling was 25%. The yield of RS by in vitro pancreatin digestion method was 20.7% with high amylose corn starch and 8.2% with ordinary corn starch (CS), respectively, under the same extrusion condition (barrel temperature $120^{\circ}C$, feed moisture content 35%). At the same condition, the yields of RS by enzyme-gravimetric method were 14.6% with HACS and 6.8% with CS, respectively. The yield of RS increased during the storage at $4^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks and the highest yield (60%) was obtained by the storage of HACS extrudates extruded at $100^{\circ}C$ and 45% feed moisture content.

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Effect of the Cooking Condition on Enzyme-resistant Starch Content and in vitro Starch and Protein Digestibility of Tarakjuk (Milk-rice Porridge) (타락죽의 효소저항전분 함량과 in vitro 전분 및 단백질 분해율에 대한 가열조건의 영향)

  • Lee, Gui-Chu;Lim, Seung-Taik;Yoon, Hyun-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.765-772
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    • 2004
  • Cooking condition of Tarakjuk (milk-rice porridge) was established based on gelatinization temperature using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of roasted Ilpum rice flour, which has highest enzyme-resistant starch (RS) content. Effect of cooking temperature and time on DSC characteristics, crystallity with X ray diffractogram, RS content, in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD), amino acid composition, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) of Tarakjuk were determined. Tarakjuk was cooked at 50, 56.5, 64, and $69^{\circ}C$ for various durations. Rice flour ingredient used was Ilpum, previously roasted at $185^{\circ}C$ for 25 min. Tarakjuk cooked at 50 and $56.5^{\circ}C$ showed two thermal transitions between $63.7-125.2^{\circ}C$ as determined by DSC, corresponding to endotherms of starch gelatinization $(63.7-73.8^{\circ}C)$ and melting of amylose-lipid complex (AM-lipid complex, $97.7-125.2^{\circ}C$), whereas that cooked at 64 and $69^{\circ}C$ showed only AM-lipid complex melting transition between $96.9-127.6^{\circ}C$. As cooking temperature increased, RS content of Tarakjuk decreased, whereas IVSD increased. Total amino acid content was between 11,558-15,601mg/100g, depending on cooking condition used. Compared with conventionally made control, contents of essential amino acids, such as lysine and tryptophane, were higher at 50 and $56.5^{\circ}C$, and IVPD showed higher increase. Results reveal degree of gelatinization in Tarakjuk with high RS content as well as low IVSD and high IVPD, which are important from physiological and nutritional point of view, can be produced by controlling cooking condition.

A New Extremely Halophilic, Calcium-Independent and Surfactant-Resistant Alpha-Amylase from Alkalibacterium sp. SL3

  • Wang, Guozeng;Luo, Meng;Lin, Juan;Lin, Yun;Yan, Renxiang;Streit, Wolfgang R.;Ye, Xiuyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.765-775
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    • 2019
  • A new ${\alpha}$-amylase-encoding gene (amySL3) of glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 13 was identified in soda lake isolate Alkalibacterium sp. SL3. The deduced AmySL3 shares high identities (82-98%) with putative ${\alpha}$-amylases from the genus Alkalibacterium, but has low identities (<53%) with functionally characterized counterparts. amySL3 was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant enzyme (rAmySL3) was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. The optimal temperature and pH of the activity of the purified rAmySL3 were determined to be $45^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.5, respectively. rAmySL3 was found to be extremely halophilic, showing maximal enzyme activity at a nearly saturated concentration of NaCl. Its thermostability was greatly enhanced in the presence of 4 M NaCl, and it was highly stable in 5 M NaCl. Moreover, the enzyme did not require calcium ions for activity, and was strongly resistant to a range of surfactants and hydrophobic organic solvents. The major hydrolysis products of rAmySL3 from soluble starch were maltobiose and maltotriose. The high ratio of acidic amino acids and highly negative electrostatic potential surface might account for the halophilic nature of AmySL3. The extremely halophilic, calcium-independent, and surfactant-resistant properties make AmySL3 a promising candidate enzyme for both basic research and industrial applications.

Quality Characteristics of Noodle with Health-Functional Enzyme Resistant Starch (기능성 소재인 효소저항전분을 이용한 국수의 품질특성)

  • Mun, Sae-Hun;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 2000
  • A study was conducted to investigate the effect of ACAMS(Autoclaved-cooled amylomaize VII) and ACNMS(Autoclaved-cooled normal maize starch) containing resistant starch(RS) on ASW (Australian wheat flour) rheology and noodle quality. The water absorption in farinograph increased with the addition of ACAMS and ACNMS, but the dough stability decreased with the addition. The ACNMS added flours showed the highest initial pasting temperature and the lowest peak viscosity in RVA. The addition of ACAMS and ACNMS were not effective on the weight and volume of cooked noodles during cooking time for 5 min. However, as the cooking time increased, noodle weight and volume were the highest in control(no RS added flour) and the lowest in ACNMS added flours. Noodle texture was evaluated using rheometer. The hardness of RS(ACAMS, ACNMS) added noodles was higher than that of control. Cohesiveness was significantly different between control and ACAMS added noodles, but the cohesiveness of ACNMS added noodles was similar to other noodles. The elasticity of ACNMS added noodles in sensory test was lower than that of control but the smoothness and overall acceptibility were higher.

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Effect of heat treatment of digestion-resistant fraction from soybean on retarding of bile acid transport in vitro

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we investigated the heat effect of digestion-resistant fraction (RF) from soybean on retarding bile acid transport in vitro. The RFs from soybean retarded bile acid transport. A raw, unheated RF of soybean (RRF-SOY) was significantly more effective than the heated RF of soybean (HRF-SOY). The RS1 which physically trapped in milled grains and inaccessible to digestive enzyme after 18 hrs incubation level of content in RRF-SOY was found to be as high as 24.1% and after heating the RS1 of HRF-SOY was significantly reduced to 16.8%. The X-ray diffraction pattern of RF from soybean was altered after heat treatment. The RFs from soybean were characterized by peak at diffraction angles of $12.0^{\circ}$ and $20.0^{\circ}$ corresponding to RS content. Cellulose contents of RRF-SOY was 5% higher than that of HRF-SOY and pentosan contents of RRF-SOY was 5% higher than that of HRF-SOY, too. Whereas the hemicellulose content of RRF-SOY was 13% lower than HRF-SOY.

Purification and Properties of Glucoamylase form Yeast Candida tsukuaensis

  • Kim, Sanga-Moon;Bai, Suk;Chung, Hee-Young;Park, Jong-Chun;Lee, Jin-Jong;Kim, Dong-Ho;Song, Myoung-Hee;Chun, Soon-Bai
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.519-523
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    • 1992
  • The glucoamylase of Candida tsuubaensis was purified to homogeneity form culture filtrate by means of ultrafiltration, Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration and Sp-Sephadex C-50 chromatography. The purified enzyme was a glycoprotein with a molecular mass of approximately 50 kDa, which was a monomeric protein. Km values were 5.8 mg/ml for soluble starch and 0.04 mM for maltose. Glucoamylase also released only glucose from both pullulan and isomaltose. The analysis of amino acid composition revealed that the enzyme contained a high content of acidic and polar amino acids. In addition, Western blotting analysis indicates that C. tsukubaensis glucoamylase is resistant to glucose repression.

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Modification of Starch using Dextransucrase and Characterization of the Modified Starch. (덱스트란수크라제를 이용한 전분의 변형 및 특성 조사)

  • ;;;;;John E. Robyt
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 1998
  • Many enzymes catalyze a primary reaction and/or secondary reaction. Dextransucrase usually synthesize dextran from sucrose as a primary reaction. The secondary reaction of dextransucrase is the transfer of glucose from sucrose to carbohydrate accepters. We have reacted dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-742CB with sucrose and starches; granule or gelatinized starches, and Small or Potato starches. The yield of modified starch was ranged from 46% to 72%(s.d.<${pm}$5%) of theoretical depends on various reaction conditions. Modified products were more resistant against the hydrolysis of ${alpha}$-amylase, isoamylase, pullulanase and endo-dextranase than those of native starch. Based on the reactions from enzyme hydrolysis and methylation followed by acid hydrolysis modification of granule starch was more efficient than the modification of gelatinized starch. After modification of granule starch with dextransucrase, there produced a soluble modified starch. After modification the starch granules were fractionated to small size. The positions of glucose substitution of the modified products were determined by methylation followed by acid hydrolysis and analyzed by TLC. The products were modified by the addition of glucose to the position of C3, C4 and C6 free hydroxyl group of glucose residues in the starch.

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