• Title, Summary, Keyword: environmental assessment

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Environmental Specimen Bank and Ecosystem Assessment

  • Kim, Myungjin;Kim, Jiyeon;Cho, Yongjoo;Yoo, Byungho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.429-434
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    • 2009
  • Environmental specimen bank (ESB) is a new tool to assess ecosystem in environmental impact assessment (EIA). ESB looks at changes in the concentration of pollutants in human and environmental specimens over long periods of time through retrospective analysis of archived samples. Korea started to design its National Environmental Specimen Bank (NESB) in 2007 and planned to launch an operational pilot project by 2010. NESB prepares five Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of shoots of Red and Korean pine, leaves of Mongolian oak, Pigeon's egg, and Common carp's muscle out of 14 planned specimens in 2009. ESB contributes to monitoring the effectiveness of EIA projects and policies by providing a time capsule through ecosystem assessment of representative species. This study reviews ecosystem assessment in EIA and the ESB establishment in Korea and probes NESB applications in ecosystem assessment.

A Study of Effective Collection of Public Opinion on Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가상의 효율성 주민의견 수렴에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Heon-Seok;Joo, Yong-Joon;Jeong, Seong-Hoon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.311-319
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    • 2002
  • Procedures to establish well-balanced development and effectiveness of environmental impact assessment need include various stakeholder's participation in writing and reviewing document of environmental impact assessment, collecting public opinion, and post monitoring. Accordingly, to encourage effective and efficient collection of resident's opinion analyze present conditions and problems and suggest institutional and politic alternative proposals of it. This study resulted in following conclusions. In institutional aspects, (1) Proposal for drafting document of environmental impact assessment (2) Composition of committee for collecting and regulating stakeholder's opinion (3) Width of civil participation scale. In politic aspects, (1) Use of local community (2) Guide of local information from local society and environmental specialist (3) Understandable document and data of environmental impact assessment (4) Strength of roles and duties of local government.

Environmental Assessment Index Development (환경평가지표의 개발)

  • Choi, D.I.;Chang, C.K.;Kim, M.J.;Lee, J.W.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1992
  • As the environmental concerns in Korea have shifted gradually from the environmental pollutions to the quality of life (QOL) enhancement, it has become increasingly important to implement comprehensive assessment of environmental quality as possible. This is the major reason to develop Environmental Assessment Index. This study focuses on indices development of factors in Environmental Impact Statement Preparation Regulation. Environment in this regulation is composed of natural environment, life environment and socio-economic environment, and it is composed of 22 factors. EAI(Environmental Assessment Index)studied in this research is integrated by 16 factors. It will contribute to public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment process and environmental policy.

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A Study on the Implication of Sustainability and Environmental Assessment (지속가능성과 환경평가의 연계에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2011
  • Sustainability assessments tend to integrate ecological, social, and economic concerns. Sustainability assessment could be considered the highest rung in the assessment ladder. Broad strategies that seek to integrate individual SEA(Strategic Environmental Assessment) could be subjected to a sustainability assessment. Sustainability assessment could incorporate global and transboundary effects and priorities into SEA and project-level EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment). SEA could provide an environmental context and direction for project-level EIA. Procedural and substantive EIA requirements can be addressed through tiering such as sustainability assessment, SEA, project-level EIA. In Korea, PERS(Prior Environmental Review System) that has been utilized to evaluate administrative plans related with various kinds of development projects should be evolved not only to incorporate environmental impacts into early stage decision-making, but also to implicate sustainability assessments that include social equity and economic efficiency. Integration of SEA and sustainability assessment can be initiated through the application of DPSIR (Driving Force - Pressure - State - Impact - Response ) framework that was developed by European Environmental Agency.

Regulatory Development of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea (한국 환경 영향평가제도의 변천)

  • Chang, Chun-Ki;Lee, Jae-Woon;Kwon, Myeong-Hee;Jeong, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 1993
  • EIA has been introduced as a tool for environment protection into promulgation of the Environment Preservation Act in 1977, which replaced the Pollution Control Act in Korea. EIA system has been improved with the enlargement of project type, public participation, guideline improvement, and regulatory development. Recently, Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) Act will have an important role for sustainable development. This article deals with regulatory development, implementation order, EIA project type, and EIS preparation guidelines by Act promulgated and amended, also it explains comparison analysis of Environmental Policy Act and Environment Impact Assessment Act Major results are summarized in the table.

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A Method of Improving Air Quality Impact Assessment and Prediction (대기질 영향평가와 예측방법에 대한 개선방향)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Won, Gyeong-Mee;Kim, Seong-Su
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 1994
  • When we conduct environmental impact assessment, main contents consist of summary, project outline, environmental conditions, environmental impacts due to the project, mitigation devices, and alternative measures of harmful impact on environment. In this Paper, to understand how they really conduct air quality impact assessment and prediction and examine their effectiveness, we considered the provisions and actual case of environmental impact assessment in Korea with that in Japan. As a result, we propose a method of improving air quality impact assessment and Prediction, such as reflection of the result in environmental impact assessment, detailed assessment focused on relatively important environmental impact elements, field measurement investigation over four season and seven sucessive days, the uniformity of units, the proper model development to predict environmental concentration and a biennial environmental impact assessment for ex post management.

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Official Development Assistance and Environmental Assessment (공적개발원조사업(Official Development Assistance)의 방향과 환경평가)

  • Lee, Jong Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2014
  • ODA projects such as multi-purpose dam, industrial complex, road construction etc. have resulted in environmental damage and resident relocation including destruction of site of living. Even the grandiose developments as ODA projects have made clear the value clashes between development and environmental conservation, and have brought about conflicts between public interests and public environmental right, and the discordance between public interests and private property rights in the recipient country. This study summarizes and analyses the Korea's ODA projects and will suggest the public participation and governance system based on Saemaul Movement, Strategic Environmental Assessment and Environmental Impact Assessment based on the guideline of OECD DAC, and emphasize Strategic Environmental Assessment and Social Impact Assessment in the procedure of ODA projects. In the future the ODA project should be implemented for the overcome of poverty and response to climate change based on the experience and trial and errors of Korea's compact growth and past ODA projects.

A Developmental Methodology of Environmental Impact Assessment: Application of Health Risk Assessment (환경영향평가에 있어서 건강위해성평가 기법의 활용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, J.K.;Chung, Y.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 1992
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is defined as an activity designed to identify and predict the impact on the environment. In the process of an EIA, the quantitative evaluation is generally performed for the air and water quality which have the national environmental quality standards. But the predicted values for the air and water quality are simply compared to the environmental standards. At present, the EIA process of Korea has no consideration for the possible human health risk resulting from the development projects. Environmental Health Impact Assessment(EHIA) is an applied methodology of EIA to estimate the acceptable health risk caused by a specified level of environmental pollutants. Estimating the excessive lifetime risk that is a possibility of dying of a certain disease by environmental contaminants, is useful as an evaluation technique of EHIA. It is recommanded the decision-makers to make efficient use of EHIA not only the development projects but also legislative proposals, policies and programmes in future.

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Assessment of Documentation Status of the Statement on the Sea Area Utilization according to Artificial Structure Installation in Public Water (공유수면 인공구조물 설치에 따른 해역이용협의서 작성실태 평가)

  • Eom, Ki-Hyuk;Lee, Dae-In;Kim, Gui-Young;Yoon, Sung-Soon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.265-276
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    • 2013
  • This study assessed documentation status of each environmental assessment items by analyzing the 243 case of marine EIS on the Consultation System of Sea Area Utilization. Observed rate of tidal elevation, current, temperature, salinity in maine environment were below 20%. The EFDC tool is applied substantially in hydrodynamic modeling. The verification process, however, is very insufficient using the recent observed data. Also, in-situ assessment rate of pelagic organism such as phytoplankton was below 50%, and assessment for Chlorophyll a was not accomplished. Ecological index evaluation for zooplankton and benthic ecosystem were not considered in statements. Especially, the rational assessment on the fisheries resources and protected species were very limited. It was necessary that the core assessment items (checklists) were established for environmental scoping. Furthermore, suggestion of information related to development, regional coastal management plan, aquaculture farms, and facilities were enhanced. The redundancy problem of proceedings between Environmental Impact Assessment and Sea Area Utilization Assessment System was improved.

Integrated Approaches of Health Impact Assessment as part of Environmental Assessment in Korea (한국에서 환경평가의 부분으로서 건강영향평가의 통합적 접근에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Park, Joo-Hyun;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.309-322
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    • 2006
  • During the last decade, Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has been discussed worldwide as being an important tool for the development of healthy public policy. HIA has been advanced as a means of bringing potential health impacts to the attention of policy makers, particularly in sectors where health impacts may not otherwise be considered. HIA, a systematic assessment of potential health impacts of proposed public polices, programs, and projects, offers a means to advance population health by bringing public health research to bear on questions of public policy. In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important objective component for the implementation of Environmental Assessments (EA). As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. This study examines linkages for HIA from the related and relatively well-developed field of Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is similar to SEA and EIA in Korea.