• Title, Summary, Keyword: emotional display rules

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Emotional Display Rules: Preschooler' Gender, Emotional Display Intentions and Positive/Negative Emotion (유아의 정서표현규칙: 유아의 성, 정서표현의도 및 정서상황과의 관련성)

  • Jang, Yun-Jung;Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate emotional display rules and intentions of preschool children, any gender differences and the emotional intentions according to levels of understanding of emotional display rules and positive vs. negative situations. The subjects were 58 six-year-old preschoolers who were individually interviewed using 7 hypothetical scenarios that assessed emotional display rules and intentions. The children showed more self-protective intention than other intentions, although there were no gender differences in using emotional display intentions. Children with high scores of emotional display rules frequently tended to use prosocial and self-protective intentions and also used different emotional intentions on positive vs. negative emotional situations.

Secondary School Science Teachers' Emotional Display Rules and Emotional Labor Types (중등 과학교사의 감정표현규칙과 감정노동 유형)

  • Kim, Heekyong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.705-717
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study is to explore secondary science teachers' emotional display rules, types of emotional labor, science-specific emotional display rules and the episodes of emotional labor. For this purpose, the survey to measure emotional labor of science teachers (The Emotional Labor of Science Teaching Scale: TELSTS) was developed and the participants were 145 secondary science teachers in Korea. Results showed that first, secondary science teachers recognized the emotional display rules defined by their schools, especially, positive display rules. Second, secondary science teachers showed that they were carrying out emotional labor in order to keep their emotional display rules in check. The mean value of responses to deep acting was high. Also, there were statistically significant differences in emotional labor depending on whether they were full-time or part-time teachers and their teaching career. Third, as a result of analyzing the specificity of science teachers, it was mainly related to the objective and logical image of science, and experimental instruction. Seventy-four percent (74%) of responses were negative or neutral emotional display rules. Finally, implications for science education are discussed.

Parental Emotion Regulation and Children's Understanding of Emotional Display Rules (부모의 정서 규제와 아동의 정서 표출 규칙 이해)

  • 한유진
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.11
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate parental emotion regulation and children's understanding of emotional display rules. 31 boys and 29 girls of the first and fourth grades and their parents were selected for the subject. Sixty children were interviewed on eight interpersonal conflict situations and parent completed the PACES(Saarni, 1985) separately. The main results of this study were as follows. 1) Children's understanding of emotional display rules increased with age. 2) Children's primary justification for using emotional display rules was self-protective one. Girls used more often prosocial justification than boys. 3) Parental emotion regulation was significantly different between the two contexts: a child might cause another person substantial emotional distress and a child didn't cause another person substantial emotional distress. 4) Parental regulation was differed by children's age in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress. 5) Father's regulation was differed by children's sex in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress. 6) Maternal regulation was positively correlated to the level of emotional display rules in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress.

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Children's Understanding of Emotional Display Rules by Episodes: Interaction Effects of Intention Reasoning and Gender (이야기 상황에 따른 유아의 정서표현규칙이해: 의도추론유형과 성의 상호작용효과)

  • Bae, Seong Hee;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.293-310
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences that appeared in the episodes in understandings of the emotional display rules according to the types of emotions and subjects for expressing emotions. In addition, the interaction effects of intention reasoning types and gender on children's understandings of the real emotions and emotional display rules are explored. 144 4-5 year old children in Chungbuk province participated in the experimental interviews. The results are as follows. First, children comprehended the emotional display rules more clearly in a relationship with peers than adults. In terms of a type of emotion, it was the negative emotions rather than positives ones that those children understood better for real emotions and emotional display rules. Second, the main effect of the intention reasoning types on children's understanding of the emotional display rules appeared significant in all episodes. Especially, in negative emotion-peer episode, children with different types of intention reasoning showed a different level of understanding emotional display rules depending on gender of the children.

A Study on Antecedent Variables for Emotional Labor

  • Kim, Kwang-Ji
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.71-75
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to verify antecedent variables that affect emotional labor. The results are as follows. First, display rules positively affected deep acting and negatively affected surface acting. Second, customer contact time positively affected deep acting but did not affect surface acting. Third, the interaction between display rules and customer contact time did not have significant effects on surface acting but negatively affected deep acting. The implications based on these results are as follows. First, theoretically, this study extends the range of leading variables that affect emotional labor and verifies the moderation effects between these variables. Next, practically, this study suggests that presenting harmonious criteria with regards to display rules and customer contact time that fit well into the concept of food service company is a very useful tool to manage emotional labor of the employees. The limitation of this study is that the causal relationship between variables demonstrated in this study cannot be generalized due to convenience sampling and cross sectional research.

Emotional Display Rules and Emotional Labor Strategy of Childcare Teachers (보육교사의 정서표현규칙과 정서노동 수행전략에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeon Jun;Suh, Young Sook
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.19-37
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the linkage between emotional display rules and emotional labor strategy and the affects of the display rule factors on the emotional labor strategy. The participants of this study were 268 childcare teachers in Seoul, and the collected data were analyzed using correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: First, display rule perception was positively related to deep acting and surface acting. And the deep acting was positively related to display rule education, commitment, fairness of display rule, and explicit display rule. Second, display rule perception has a positive effect on deep acting and surface acting. And the commitment to display rule has a positive effect on deep acting. This study provided practical implications to help childcare teachers' emotional labor, and suggested directions for the education program for the emotional competence of childcare teachers.

Emotion Regulation as a Predictor of Aggression and Peer Relationships in School-Age Children (아동의 정서조절 능력과 공격성 및 또래관계의 질)

  • Han, Eugene
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2005
  • The 299(162 female and 137 male) participants in this study listened to six stories designed to elicit prosocial or self-protective rules. The Aggression Scale is composed of verbal and physical aggression and expression of anger. The Quality of Peer Relationships scale has both positive and negative components. Results showed girls used more appropriate emotional regulation strategies for managing negative emotions and more prosocial motives than boys. In the regression analysis emotional display rules and gender positive strategies accounted for 6%, 9%, and 5% of the variance in verbal aggression, physical aggression and anger expression of anger. Children with prosocial motives for emotional regulation and many strategies showed lower levels of egocentricity and peer rejection.

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Factors Affecting Nurse's Health Promoting Behavior: Focusing on Self-efficacy and Emotional Labor (간호사의 건강증진행위에 영향을 주는 요인: 자기효능, 감정노동을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Eunyoung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study examined self-efficacy, emotional labor, and health promoting behaviors. It also investigated factors affecting health promoting behaviors of nurses working for tertiary and general hospital. Methods: Between June and July 2013, a convenience sample of 233 subjects was collected from 2 tertiary hospitals and 4 general hospitals. The data analysis was done with ANOVA, t-test and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Emotional labor of the subjects was slightly lower than that of other nurses and the average level of health promoting behaviors was lower than the median. Health promoting behaviors were differentiated by education, hospital type, and monthly income. Self-efficacy showed positive correlation with HPLP-II, but emotional labor showed negative correlation with self-efficacy and HPLP-II. The most significant factor affecting health promoting behaviors was self regulation(16.3%). The combination of self regulation, attentiveness to required display rules, BSN, preference to task difficulty, and monthly income(${\geq}300$) accounted for 25.4% of health promoting behavior. Attentiveness to required display rules was a negative factor of HPLP-II. Conclusion: When developing health promotion programs for nurses, self-efficacy should be considered and further research is needed to identify mediating variables between emotional labor and health promoting behaviors.

Concept Analysis of Nurses' Emotional Labor (간호사의 감정노동 개념분석)

  • Ahn, EunKyong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to analyze the concept of nurses' emotional labor. Method: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used. Result: Nurses' emotional labor can be defined by two attributes: emotional distortion and self-regulation process. Antecedents of nurses' emotional labor include interactional, organizational and personal factors. The consequences of nurses' emotional labor are emotional dissonance and internalization of organizational display rules. Conclusion: Appropriate instrument to operationalize the concept need to be developed.

The Effect of Call Center Consultant 's Emotional Labor on Burnout: The Moderating Effect of Resilience and Social Support (콜센터 상담원의 감정노동이 소진에 미치는 영향: 회복 탄력성과 사회적 지지의 조절효과)

  • Park, Hayoung;Kim, Jungkyu
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.340-349
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effect of resilience and social support to analyze that call center consultants' emotional labor impacts on the burnout. Methods: A survey questionnaire was conducted to people who work at call center in Gwangju and Deagu. The data from 444 were analyzed. Results: The result from the hierarchical multiple regression is as follows. First, deep acting decreased burnout, but surface acting of emotional labor increased burnout. Also, frequency of emotion display, variety of emotion required to be expressed and attentiveness to required display rules increased burnout. Second, Resilience had moderating effect between deep acting and burnout. Third, the moderate effect of interaction of social support from leader with surface action was found at burnout. Also, moderating effect of social support from leader were shown in frequency of emotion display with burnout and attentiveness to required display rules with burnout. Fourth, social support from colleague did not have buffering effect on emotional labor and burnout. Conclusions: It is expected that the moderator variables identified in this study can be used for prevention and treatment of burnout caused by emotional labor.