• Title, Summary, Keyword: emotion regulation strategy

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Children's Emotional Response, Emotion Regulation Strategy and Emotion Regulation Effect: Relationships among the Emotion Regulation Strategy, Emotion Regulation Effect and Psychological Well-being (아동의 정서반응 유형, 정서조절 전략 및 효과 탐색: 정서조절 전략 및 효과와 심리적 안녕감간의 관계)

  • Lee, Hae-Lyon;Kim, Kyong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate children's emotional response, emotion regulation strategy, and emotion regulation effect (regulation effect of strategies), and to determine the relationships among emotion regulation strategy, emotion regulation effect and children's psychological well-being in anger, (ear, and disappointment situations. Emotion regulation strategy recomposed four strategies through factor analysis based on the children's direct answers to the question inquiring on the method used to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment. A total of 359 elementary school children in glades 5 or 6 selected one strategy use to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment. The effect of that selected strategy were estimated. Psychological well-being is evaluated by a questionnaire. The results of this study showed that most of elementary school children used the attention evocation strategy to regulate anger, fear, and disappointment, and this strategy was confirmed to be the most effective. Children's psychological well-being was associated with only emotion regulation effect in anger, fear, and disappointment situations.

Effects of Maternal Parenting, Self-Esteem and Emotion Regulation Strategy on Emotion Regulation of Children (아동이 지각한 어머니의 양육행동과 아동의 자아존중감 및 정서조절방략이 정서조절능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Su-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of maternal parenting, children's self-esteem and emotion regulation strategy on emotion regulation. Data were collected from 493 5th and 6th graders. The results were as follows: Firstly, maternal authoritarian and permissive parenting directly affected children's maladaptive emotion regulation, while maternal affectionate and permissive parenting directly affected children's adaptive emotion regulation. Secondly, children's selfesteem directly affected both their maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation, while also acting as a mediator between maternal parenting and children's maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation. Children's cognitive reappraiser strategy positively affected adaptive emotion regulation, but emotion suppressive strategy negatively affected adaptive emotion regulation. These emotion regulation strategies played a mediating role between maternal parenting or children's self-esteem and adaptive emotion regulation.

Child Difficult Temperament and Mothers' Reaction to Child Negative Emotion as Predictors of Child Emotion Regulation Strategy (유아의 까다로운 기질 및 유아의 부정적 정서표현에 대한 어머니의 반응유형과 유아의 정서조절전략 간의 관계)

  • Park, Seong-Yeon;Lee, Eun-Gyoung;Bae, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of difficult temperament and mothers' reactions to child negative emotion on child emotion regulation strategies. Mothers of 253 preschoolers(Mage=4.04yrs.) responded to questionnaires on child temperament, mothers' reactions to child negative emotion, and child emotion regulation strategy. The results of regression analysis revealed that; 1) child difficult temperament positively predicted child's aggressive or outburst/appealing strategies whereas negatively predicted avoidance/none strategy; 2) child difficult temperament was not the variable predicting positive coping strategy, but mothers' emotion-focused or problem-focused reactions predicted child positive coping strategy whereas punitive or distress reactions predicted either aggressive or avoidance/none strategy; 3) child temperament moderated the link between mothers' reactions to child's negative emotion expression and child emotion regulation strategies. In particular, children with higher difficult temperament showed higher aggressive strategy under mothers' higher distress or punitive reaction and lower emotion focused or problem focused reaction. On the other hand, children with lower difficult temperament only showed avoidance/ none strategy when mothers showed higher minimization or punitive reaction. The results of current study underscore both child temperament, mothers' reactions and their interactions in predicting child emotion regulation strategies.

Influencing Factors for Nurses' Problem Solving Ability Related to Dysfunctional Beliefs and Emotion Regulation Strategy (역기능적 신념과 정서조절 양식이 간호사의 문제해결 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.402-412
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore influencing factors of dysfunctional beliefs and emotion regulation strategy for nurses' problem solving ability. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional design with a sample of 745 nurses from 1 university hospital located in Gyeonggido. The scales were Dysfunctional Beliefs Test (70 items), Emotion Regulation Strategy Questionnaire (25 items) and Social Problem Solving Inventory (52 items). The data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 employing ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean score for problem solving ability was 11.26 points. Influencing factors for nurses' problem solving ability were identified as 'active regulation style' in emotion regulation strategy and 'negative concept of social self' in dysfunctional beliefs. Conclusion: It is plausible to assume that dysfunctional beliefs which are vulnerability factors in cognitive variables and emotion regulation strategy affect nurses' problem solving ability.

Relationship between Spouse's Covert Narcissism and Marital Satisfaction : Mediating Effect of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies (배우자의 내현적 자기애성향과 결혼만족도의 관계: 인지적 정서조절전략의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Sung-Mi;Lee, Su-Lim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.186-201
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the mediating effect of adaptive/maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the relation between perceived spouse's covert narcissism and marital satisfaction. For this purpose, 300 adults who were married in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were subjected to covert narcissism, marital satisfaction, and cognitive emotion regulation strategy scale and analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 program. The results of the study was followed. First, perceived spouse's covert narcissism showed a significant negative correlation with marital satisfaction and adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy, whereas it showed a significant positive correlation with maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy. The marital satisfaction showed a significant positive correlation with adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy, but a significant negative correlation with maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy. Second, adaptive/maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies partially mediated the effects of perceived spouse's covert narcissism of on marital satisfaction. Based on these results, the implications and limitations of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Children's Social Competence and Emotion Regulation Strategy according to Peer Friendliness (아동의 또래친밀도에 따른 정서조절전략과 사회적능력)

  • Song, Ji-Hae;Hwang, Hae-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate children's emotional regulation and social competence in relation with peer friendliness. Specifically, it examined the hypotheses that children's emotion regulation strategies would be different depending on age, gender, and peer friendliness, and that children's emotion regulation strategies would affect their social competences. The subjects were 197 of the second, fourth, and sixth graders in an elementary school located in Gangdong-gu, Seoul. The findings are as follows: first, children's emotion regulation strategies are different according to gender and age. Girls use more 'external response strategy' than boys do. Elder children use more 'internal response strategy' than younger children, and younger children use more 'problem solving strategy' than elder children. Second, children's emotion regulation strategies are different depending on the degree of peer friendliness. Children employ more 'problem solving' and 'internal response' strategies to close friends rather than to just friends. Children used more the strategies as 'request for social support', 'evasion', and 'external response' to just friends rather than to close friends. Finally, children's social competencies are influenced by the strategies of 'problem solving' and 'evasion'.

The Effect of Experience Emotion on Pilot's Risk Perception: Interaction Effects of Emotion Regulation (경험정서가 조종사의 위험인식에 미치는 영향: 정서조절의 상호작용 효과)

  • Eom, Tae Keun;Han, Tae Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of experience emotion (i.e., happy, proud, sad, fear) on the risk perception. This study also examined interaction effects of emotion regulation (i.e., reappraisal strategy, problem focused strategy) between experience emotion and risk perception. The study collected data from 168 flight crew members in Korean commercial airlines, using an online research in which an experiment of emotion manipulation and a survey were included. The results of the study found the positive effect of happiness emotion on the risk perception regarding cases 1(these cases have high possibility of negative result and low circumstance control) and the positive effect of sadness emotion on the risk perception regarding cases 2(these cases have low possibility of negative result and high circumstance control). This study also found the interaction effect of reappraisal emotion regulation strategy between the relationship of happiness and risk perception regarding cases 2. From these results, the study provided that theoretical and practical implication that happiness and sadness emotion contribute risk perception and reappraisal strategy has a moderating role in the relationship between happy emotion and risk perception. Finally, based on these results, the limitations of this study and future research were discussed.

The Effects of Perfectionism and Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Strategies on Test Anxiety (완벽주의와 인지적 정서조절 전략이 시험불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, A-Hyun;Kang, Min Ju
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.61-76
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the effects of perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on the test anxiety. The participants in this study were 423(227 boys, 196 girls) 6th graders recruited from four elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. The participants completed the Test Anxiety Inventory-Korea(Kim, 1991), the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale(CAPS; Flett at al, 2000), and the Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(CERQ; Garnefski, 2001). The results of this study were as follows. First, self-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism were both positively associated with test anxiety. Additionally, the children who used more adaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported lower test anxiety, whereas the children who used more maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported higher test anxiety. Secondly, there was an interactional effect between self-oriented perfectionism and maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety. Lastly, socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies had a significant effect on children's test anxiety. However, there were no interactional effects observed between socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety.

Effects of Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression on Negative Emotion in Female College Students (성인 여성에게서 나타나는 부정적 정서 자극에 대한 인지 재평가와 억제 기제의 사용 및 효과)

  • Lee, Mi-Jee;Kim, So-Yeon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to compare the effects of two emotion regulation strategies, namely, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression in female college students. Specifically, the effects of these two emotion regulation strategies were tested and the intrapersonal factors related to the effects of these strategies were explored. The participants included 60 female college students. In Study 1, 40 participants were randomly assigned to each of the two different strategy groups, i.e., a between-subject design was employed. In Study 2, 20 participants were asked to use both strategies to regulate their emotion, i.e., a within-subject design was employed. The results revealed that both emotion regulation strategies effectively reduced negative emotion of emotional stimuli. However, the use of emotion regulation assessed with a questionnaire was not matched to the actual usage of regulation strategies examined with a task. Finally, the use of a suppression strategy was related to the extroversion psychological adaptive variable. Our findings suggest that the subjective assessment of the use of an emotion regulation strategy may not be the same as the actual use of an emotion regulation strategy. Furthermore, we demonstrated that when participants have an option to use both strategies, the cognitive reappraisal is more functional than expression suppression. This concurs with the previous findings on the effects of emotion regulation strategies.

Mediating Effects of Cognitive Emotion Regulation on Influences of Self-differentiation and Family Function in High School Students' Problem Behavior (고등학생의 자아분화와 가족기능이 문제행동에 영향을 미치는 관계에서 인지적 정서조절 전략의 매개효과)

  • Chang, Jin Joo;Shin, Sung Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.248-259
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the mediation effects of cognitive emotion regulation on influences of self-differentiation and family function in high school students' problem behavior. Methods: Study design was a cross-sectional descriptive analysis of causal research. A survey was conducted with 194 students in a C city high school. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. Results: There were direct effects of self-differentiation (${\beta}=-.39$, p<.001), adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (${\beta}=-.16$, p=.004) and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (${\beta}=.34$, p<.001) on problem behavior in these students. A mediator effect was found for self-differentiation, as it had a direct impact on the maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy (${\beta}=-.15$, p=.014), which then had a direct impact on problem behavior. However, family function had no direct impact on both the maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy and the adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy and on problem behavior, no mediator effect was observed. Explanatory power of these variables for problem behavior was 48.0%. Conclusion: Study findings suggest that to intervene for problem behavior in high school students, there is a need to develop and utilize programs that not only intervene for self-differentiation but also decrease high school students' use of non-adaptive cognitive emotion regulation.