• Title/Summary/Keyword: emergency exit signs

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Design of Smart Device Assistive Emergency WayFinder Using Vision Based Emergency Exit Sign Detection

  • Lee, Minwoo;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Mfitumukiza, Joseph;Lee, Junghoon;Cho, Juphil;Cha, Jaesang
    • Journal of Satellite, Information and Communications
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we present Emergency exit signs are installed to provide escape routes or ways in buildings like shopping malls, hospitals, industry, and government complex, etc. and various other places for safety purpose to aid people to escape easily during emergency situations. In case of an emergency situation like smoke, fire, bad lightings and crowded stamped condition at emergency situations, it's difficult for people to recognize the emergency exit signs and emergency doors to exit from the emergency building areas. This paper propose an automatic emergency exit sing recognition to find exit direction using a smart device. The proposed approach aims to develop an computer vision based smart phone application to detect emergency exit signs using the smart device camera and guide the direction to escape in the visible and audible output format. In this research, a CAMShift object tracking approach is used to detect the emergency exit sign and the direction information extracted using template matching method. The direction information of the exit sign is stored in a text format and then using text-to-speech the text synthesized to audible acoustic signal. The synthesized acoustic signal render on smart device speaker as an escape guide information to the user. This research result is analyzed and concluded from the views of visual elements selecting, EXIT appearance design and EXIT's placement in the building, which is very valuable and can be commonly referred in wayfinder system.

The visibility of emergency exit signs using phosphorescent materials (축광재료를 이용한 피난유도표지의 시인성에 관한 연구)

  • Hur, Man-Sung;Fujita, Akihiro
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2008
  • The optical characteristcs and visibility of emergence esit signs made with phosphorescent materials have been studied and compared with conventional signs. The phosphorescence of the materials meets standards as defineds by JIS, and achieved a level of brightness recognizable by the human eye. The visibility in the dard of the signs using the phosphorescent materials was shown to be higher than that of currently employed materials. It was confirmed that phosphorescent materials show excellent promise to improve the visibility of emergency exit signs.

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IoT Enabled Smart Emergency LED Exit Sign controller Design using Arduino

  • Jung, Joonseok;Kwon, Jongman;Mfitumukiza, Joseph;Jung, Soonho;Lee, Minwoo;Cha, Jaesang
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.76-81
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents a low cost and flexible IoT enabled smart LED controller using Arduino that is used for emergency exit signs. The Internet of Things (IoT) is become a global network that put together physical objects using network communications for the purpose of inter-communication of devices, access information on internet, interaction with users as well as permanent connected environment. A crucial point in this paper, is underlined on the potential key points of applying the Arduino platform as low cost, easy to use microcontroller with combination of various sensors applied in IoT technology to facilitate and establishment of intelligent products. To demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the system, devices such as LED strip, combination of various sensors, Arduino, power plug and ZigBee module have been integrated to setup smart emergency exit sign system. The general concept of the proposed system design discussed in this paper is all about the combination of various sensor such as smoke detector sensor, humidity, temperature sensor, glass break sensors as well as camera sensor that are connected to the main controller (Arduino) for the purpose of communicating with LED exit signs displayer and dedicated PC monitors from integrated system monitoring (controller room) through gateway devices using Zig bee module. A critical appraisal of the approach in the area concludes the paper.

Intelligent evacuation systems considering bottleneck (병목 현상을 고려한 지능형 대피유도 시스템)

  • Kim, Ryul;Joo, Yang-ick
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.69-70
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    • 2017
  • As the industry develops, the size of buildings and ships are getting bigger and more complicated. In such a complex space, emergency evacuation systems are required because of the possibility of casualties when an accident situation occurs. However, because present systems are composed of basic devices, such as alarms, emergency exit signs, and announcement regarding the situation and inform only the least information to evacuees, evacuees are not able to judge objectively. To solve these problems, various evacuation algorithms have been proposed. However, these studies aim to search evacuation routes based on specific risk factors or to model the effects of bottlenecks in evacuation situations. Therefore, there is a limit to apply to real systems. Therefore, we propose algorithms to search the optimal evacuation route considering various risk factors such as fire and bottleneck in evacuation situations and to be applicable in actual situation in this paper. Performance evaluation using computer simulations showed that the proposed scheme is effective.

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Optical Characteristics of Phosphorescent Materials with Water-based Ceramics (축광세라믹스의 광학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Fujita Akihiro;Kagami Shinya;Hur Man-Sung;Jones Mark I
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2005
  • This study is intended to examine the degree of phosphorescent luminance in proportion to the amount of phosphorescent pigments in the ceramic based coating. The results of this study were that the degree of phosphorescent luminance was Increased in proportion to the amount of phosphorescent pigments in the ceramic based coatings. Samples with more than $20\%$ of phosphorescent pigments exceeded the Japanese Industrial Standard for security signs. Luminance levels 10 times greater than the KS and JIS standard were obtained with a concentration of $50\%$. The luminance increased initially with the number of applications of the ceramic based coating but there was no further increase for more than 4 applications. The water-based phosphorescent ceramics developed here are made entirely of inorganic materials and do not generate toxic gases. The optical characteristics of these materials makes them suitable for use in phosphorescent emergency exit signs in place of the traditionally used vinyl chloride materials.

Real-time Intelligent Exit Path Indicator Using BLE Beacon Enabled Emergency Exit Sign Controller

  • Jung, Joonseok;Kwon, Jongman;Jung, Soonho;Lee, Minwoo;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Cha, Jaesang
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.82-88
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    • 2017
  • Emergency lights and exit signs are an indispensable part of safety precautions for effective evacuation in case of emergency in public buildings. These emergency sign indicates safe escape routes and emergency doors, using an internationally recognizable sign. However visibility of those signs drops drastically in case of emergency situations like fire smoke, etc. and loss of visibility causes serious problems for safety evacuation. This paper propose a novel emergency light and exit sign built-in with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Beacon to assist the emergency self-guiding evacuation using devices for crisis and emergency management to avoid panic condition inside the buildings. In this approach, the emergency light and exit sign with the BLE beacons deployed in the indoor environments and the smart devices detect their indoor positions, direction to move, and next exit sign position from beacon messages and interact with map server in the Internet / Intranet over the available LTE and/or Wi-Fi network connectivity. The map server generate an optimal emergency exit path according to the nearest emergency exit based on a novel graph generation method for less route computation for each smart device. All emergency exit path data interfaces among three system components, the emergency exit signs, map server, and smart devices, have been defined for modular implementation of our emergency evacuation system. The proposed exit sign experimental system has been deployed and evaluated in real-time building environment thoroughly and gives a good evidence that the modular design of the proposed exit sign system and a novel approach to compute emergency exit path route based on the BLE beacon message, map server, and smart devices is competitive and viable.

Flexible Intelligent Exit Sign Management of Cloud-Connected Buildings

  • Lee, Minwoo;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Lee, Junghoon;Cho, Juphil;Cha, Jaesang
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2017
  • Emergencies and disasters can happen any time without any warning, and things can change and escalate very quickly, and often it is swift and decisive actions that make all the difference. It is a responsibility of the building facility management to ensure that a proven evacuation plan in place to cover various worst scenario to handled automatically inside the facility. To mapping out optimal safe escape routes is a straightforward undertaking, but does not necessarily guarantee residents the highest level of protection. The emergency evacuation navigation approach is a state-of-the-art that designed to evacuate human livings during an emergencies based on real-time decisions using live sensory data with pre-defined optimum path finding algorithm. The poor decision on causalities and guidance may apparently end the evacuation process and cannot then be remedied. This paper propose a cloud connected emergency evacuation system model to react dynamically to changes in the environment in emergency for safest emergency evacuation using IoT based emergency exit sign system. In the previous researches shows that the performance of optimal routing algorithms for evacuation purposes are more sensitive to the initial distribution of evacuees, the occupancy levels, and the type and level of emergency situations. The heuristic-based evacuees routing algorithms have a problem with the choice of certain parameters which causes evacuation process in real-time. Therefore, this paper proposes an evacuee routing algorithm that optimizes evacuation by making using high computational power of cloud servers. The proposed algorithm is evaluated via a cloud-based simulator with different "simulated casualties" are then re-routed using a Dijkstra's algorithm to obtain new safe emergency evacuation paths against guiding evacuees with a predetermined routing algorithm for them to emergency exits. The performance of proposed approach can be iterated as long as corrective action is still possible and give safe evacuation paths and dynamically configure the emergency exit signs to react for real-time instantaneous safe evacuation guidance.