• Title, Summary, Keyword: emergency exit

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Real-time Intelligent Exit Path Indicator Using BLE Beacon Enabled Emergency Exit Sign Controller

  • Jung, Joonseok;Kwon, Jongman;Jung, Soonho;Lee, Minwoo;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Cha, Jaesang
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.82-88
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    • 2017
  • Emergency lights and exit signs are an indispensable part of safety precautions for effective evacuation in case of emergency in public buildings. These emergency sign indicates safe escape routes and emergency doors, using an internationally recognizable sign. However visibility of those signs drops drastically in case of emergency situations like fire smoke, etc. and loss of visibility causes serious problems for safety evacuation. This paper propose a novel emergency light and exit sign built-in with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Beacon to assist the emergency self-guiding evacuation using devices for crisis and emergency management to avoid panic condition inside the buildings. In this approach, the emergency light and exit sign with the BLE beacons deployed in the indoor environments and the smart devices detect their indoor positions, direction to move, and next exit sign position from beacon messages and interact with map server in the Internet / Intranet over the available LTE and/or Wi-Fi network connectivity. The map server generate an optimal emergency exit path according to the nearest emergency exit based on a novel graph generation method for less route computation for each smart device. All emergency exit path data interfaces among three system components, the emergency exit signs, map server, and smart devices, have been defined for modular implementation of our emergency evacuation system. The proposed exit sign experimental system has been deployed and evaluated in real-time building environment thoroughly and gives a good evidence that the modular design of the proposed exit sign system and a novel approach to compute emergency exit path route based on the BLE beacon message, map server, and smart devices is competitive and viable.

Design of Smart Device Assistive Emergency WayFinder Using Vision Based Emergency Exit Sign Detection

  • Lee, Minwoo;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Mfitumukiza, Joseph;Lee, Junghoon;Cho, Juphil;Cha, Jaesang
    • Journal of Satellite, Information and Communications
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we present Emergency exit signs are installed to provide escape routes or ways in buildings like shopping malls, hospitals, industry, and government complex, etc. and various other places for safety purpose to aid people to escape easily during emergency situations. In case of an emergency situation like smoke, fire, bad lightings and crowded stamped condition at emergency situations, it's difficult for people to recognize the emergency exit signs and emergency doors to exit from the emergency building areas. This paper propose an automatic emergency exit sing recognition to find exit direction using a smart device. The proposed approach aims to develop an computer vision based smart phone application to detect emergency exit signs using the smart device camera and guide the direction to escape in the visible and audible output format. In this research, a CAMShift object tracking approach is used to detect the emergency exit sign and the direction information extracted using template matching method. The direction information of the exit sign is stored in a text format and then using text-to-speech the text synthesized to audible acoustic signal. The synthesized acoustic signal render on smart device speaker as an escape guide information to the user. This research result is analyzed and concluded from the views of visual elements selecting, EXIT appearance design and EXIT's placement in the building, which is very valuable and can be commonly referred in wayfinder system.

Systematic Emergency Exit Planning Method in School Design (ㄷ자형 초등학교의 비상구를 중심으로 한 정량적 배치방법)

  • Lee, Seung-Sun;Kwun, Joon-Bum;Jeong, In-Jae
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2011
  • This study examined emergency exit location with the most representing school floor type with a mathematical model that applied optimized algorithm in the field of engineering. Recent school buildings became much more diverse in floor planning than the old days. Nevertheless, architect's approach to building prevention against fire related emergency planning still relies on an personal experience and knowledge. Therefore, since school buildings are much more likely to be exposed to any fire related events, emergency exit planning has to be seriously evaluated with a scientific method. The algorithm, which acquires the number of persons in each spatial type(node) and the minimum physical distance between spatial types(arc), can propose the most optimized emergency exit locations. Consequently, this study compared an architect's fire exit planning with the scientific outcome of this study and suggested the most reliable emergency exit locations.

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Development of Emergency Exit System in the Driverless Vehicle (무인 차량에서의 전두부 비상 탈출 시스템 개발)

  • Jung, Hwa-Sic;Kim, In-Yong;Park, Chong-Chon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1235-1242
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    • 2009
  • The Emergency Exit System is evacuation equipment that operated by crew or passenger when emergency state such as fire, accident, etc in the rolling stock. Generally front emergency exit is installed in the drivers area and it is isolated to passenger area, so its design is little big easy. But front emergency exit that is installed in driverless vehicle have to consider not only anti-vandalism and failure but also its design because it is installed in the passenger area. Therefore, we survey the characteristic, function and needed condition the emergency front exit of driverless vehicle and present the developing system that can be a help to make design.

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Design and Implementation of LoRa-based Emergency Exit Guide System (LoRa 기반 피난 유도 체계의 설계 및 구현)

  • Shin, Jaejun;Eun, Seongbae;So, Sun-Sup;Kim, Byungho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.569-574
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes and implements a LoRa-based emergency exit guide system which can direct the optimal refuge path accounting for the real state of the fires. Each 4-way emergency exit guide sign presents a right direction through one of four LED signs toward the possible exit dynamically calculated by the shortest path algorithm. We constructed a simulation environment with 8 spots of the emergency exit guide signs and 2 exits, which can simulate variant cases of fire accidents, and showed that the proposed algorithm can presents the right guidance for each emergency exit guide sign. We also evaluated the performances of LoRa-based wireless communications using a self developed communication module in the various indoor and outdoor environments. The proposed system can be applied to small and medium sized buildings as well as larger ones in terms of cost efficiency, in which there's no needs to invest for the complex equipments except only sensors and emergency exit guide signs.

Route Exploration Algorithm for Emergency Rescue Support on Urgent Disaster (긴급 재해 발생 시 피난 지원을 위한 탈출 경로 탐색 알고리즘)

  • Hwang, Jun-Su;Choi, Young-Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2016
  • The emergency evacuation support system supports evacuation assistance when an urgent disaster occurs. We have implemented evacuation route search algorithm to assist people's escape when a disaster occurs such as fires or terrorism in the building. The algorithm will guide the escape route at the fastest emergency exit of each region at the emergency state. The algorithm calculates the escape route by applying the weighting factor of age groups and population density around the emergency exit and of other regions. So the system helps escape to bypass the crowded emergency exit and the disaster area, and reduces the congestion of emergency exit and overloading of evacuation route.

Environment Adaptive Emergency Evacuation Route GUIDE through Digital Signage Systems

  • Lee, Dongwoo;Kim, Daehyun;Lee, Junghoon;Lee, Seungyoun;Hwang, Hyunsuk;Mariappan, Vinayagam;Lee, Minwoo;Cha, Jaesang
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 2017
  • Nowadays, the most of commercial buildings are build-out with complex architecture and decorated with more complicated interiors of buildings so establishing intelligible escape routes becomes an important case of fire or other emergency in a limited time. The commercial buildings are already equipped with multiple exit signs and these exit signs may create confusion and leads the people into different directions under emergency. This can jeopardize the emergency situation into a chaotic state, especially in a complex layout buildings. There are many research focused on implementing different approached to improve the exit sign system with better visual navigating effects, such as the use of laser beams, the combination of audio and video cues, etc. However the digital signage system based emergency exit sign management is one of the best solution to guide people under emergency situations to escape. This research paper, propose an intelligent evacuation route GUIDE that uses the combination centralized Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and digital signage for people safety and avoids dangers from emergency conditions. This proposed system applies WSN to detect the environment condition in the building and uses an evacuation algorithm to estimate the safe route to escape using the sensor information and then activates the signage system to display the safe evacuation route instruction GUIDE according to the location the signage system is installed. This paper presented the prototype of the proposed signage system and execution time to find the route with future research directions. The proposed system provides a natural intelligent evacuation route interface for self or remote operation in facility management to efficiently GUIDE people to the safe exit under emergency conditions.

A Study on the Evacuation Planning in the Multiplex Cinema (멀티플렉스 영화관의 피난계획에 관한 연구)

  • So Eun-Tark;Song Byung-Ha
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 2005
  • As multiplex theaters are increasing rapidly in number, concerns over the evacuation process in case of fire emergency are also increasing. The study investigates the users' awareness and recognition of evacuation route by the method of questionnaire, and analyzes the users' behavior in choosing the route by the simulation program called Simulex. Among others, findings indicate a vast majority of the users are unaware of the proper route in the emergency, yet anticipate to evacuate by it, instead of the entry/exit route that they are familiar with. This aspect, however, can be useful to provide the proper route of evacuation for the users, if an appropriate information is given that the entry/exit route is also used as an emergency egress. The simulation shows heavy congestion at the closer evacuation route from the exit, and distinctly less traffic at the farther means of egress. Based on this natural phenomenon, it is suggested that the emergency stair should be nearby and aligned with the exit from auditorium. Although the present building regulation only requires a minimum dimension at each route, there is a need to widen the passageway that is likely to be recognized easily and subsequently overcrowded in case of fire emergency.

Radio Frequency Based Emergency Exit Node Technology

  • Choi, Youngwoo;Kim, Dong Kyoo;Kang, Do Wook;Choi, Wan Sik
    • Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2013
  • This paper introduces an indoor sensor fusion wireless communication device which provides the Location Based Service (LBS) using fire prevention facility. The proposed system can provide information in real time by optimizing the hardware of Wi-Fi technology. The proposed system can be applied to a fire prevention facility (i.e., emergency exit) and provide information such as escape way, emergency exit location, and accident alarm to smart phone users, dedicated terminal holders, or other related organizations including guardians, which makes them respond instantly with lifesaving, emergency mobilization, etc. Also, the proposed system can be used as a composite fire detection sensor node with additional fire and motion detect sensors.

Effective Evacuation based on Elementary School's Floor Layout (초등학교 층별 구성과 비상시 대피효율성의 관계)

  • Kwun, Joon-Bum;Kim, Duk-Su;Kim, Khil-Chae
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2016
  • This study compared evacuation effectiveness between the conventional school floor plan and a suggested hypothetical floor plan that was generated by a mathematical model that is commonly applied in the field of industrial engineering. Recent school buildings became much more complicated in floor planning due to the new educational system and modern curriculum than the old days. Nevertheless, architect's approach to floor composition in terms of fire emergency evacuation planning, still has no relation to optimized effective but relies more on a conventional school planning. Therefore, since elementary school buildings are much more likely to be exposed to any fire related events than middle school or high-school, emergency exit effectiveness based on spatial composition has to be seriously evaluated with a scientific method. The algorithm, which acquires the number of persons in each spatial type (node) per floor and the minimum physical distance between spatial types (arc), can propose the most optimized spatial compositing per floor regarding emergency evacuation event. Consequently, this study evaluated elementary school's fire exit effectiveness with the scientific tool and suggested the most reliable spatial composition per floor regarding possibile emergency evacuation event.