• Title, Summary, Keyword: elderly Japanese

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Life Styles and Health Care Behaviors: The Study on Japanese Elderly (일본 노인들의 라이프스타일과 건강상태에 관한 연구)

  • 문숙재;최혜경;정순회
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships of the life style to health care behavior among Japanese elderly. The sample was composed of 89 older people over 60 years old who live in Osaka area in Japan. Major findings are as follows: 1) Japanese elderly have strong interests in health care and put themselves out to care health, 2) Japanese elderly are likely to be benefited with the medical treatment in hospital, but not economically dependent upon their children, 3) Their life style reflects both Japanese traditional collectivism and the neo-aging cultural value, and 4) Life style patterns of the Japanese elderly are related to their health state and health care behaviors.

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Comparison of Health Status, Health-related Life Habits, Activities of Daily Living and Biophysical Index between Korean and Japanese Elderly (노인의 건강상태와 건강관련 생활습관, 일상생활 수행능력 및 신체 생리 지수의 한일 비교 연구)

  • Choe, Myoung Ae;Chae, Young Ran;Kim, Jeung Im;Jeon, Mi Yang
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.612-621
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study was to identify the health status, health-related life habits, activities of daily living and biophysical index of the elderly in Korea and Japan respectively, and to compare the Korean elderly with those of the Japanese elderly. Method: Two hundred ninety five elderly from Korea and 325 elderly from Japan, aged over 65 years were conveniently recruited from welfare centers in both countries. Health status, health-related life habits, and activities of daily living were assessed by self-report questionnaires. BMI, lean body mass, body fat, body fat rate, muscle area of limbs and grip strength were measured for biophysical indices. Descriptive statistics, non paired t-test and Chi-square test were used to describe and to compare the levels of these variables. Results: The mean scores on frequencies of Korean and Japanese elders' chronic diseases were 2.9 and 0.8. The mean scores on activities of daily living were 9.8 and 12.4 respectively. The Korean elderly had higher mean scores of BMI, and body fat rate than The Japanese elderly, and showed lower mean scores of muscle areas of the lower extremities and grip strength. Hypertension was the most prevalent disease in the both groups. Conclusion: Significant differences in several variables of health status, health-related life habits, activities of daily living and biophysical index were noted between the Korean and Japanese elderly.

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Comparison of Health Management and Leisure Activities between Korean and Japanese Elderly in Urban-Rural Composite Areas (한국과 일본 도농복합 지역 거주 노인의 건강관리 및 여가활동 실태 비교)

  • Park, Kyung-Min;Kang, Hyun-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.184-191
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare health management and leisure activities of the Korean and Japanese elderly. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive research design. A total of 149 Korean and 140 Japanese older adults living in two urban-rural composite areas participated in this research project. Data were collected using interviews with the participants. t-test and $x^2$ test were used to analyze the data. Results: Eighty eight point two percent of the Japanese perceived that their health status was good whereas 27.3% of the Koreans responded that their health status was poor. There were significant differences in types of leisure activities in art, intellectual, events, and volunteer activities between the two groups. A majority of the Japanese elderly replied that they spent some time and money for leisure activities; however, 20.2% and 27.2% of the Koreans reported that they did not spend time or money at all for leisure activities. Conclusion: The number of the Korean elderly participating leisure activities was significantly lower than Japanese participants. Developing nursing strategies using leisure programs would improve the quality of life of older adults and the quality of nursing care.

A Study on the Trends of Supply and the Physical Characteristics of Residents in For-profit elderly homes of Japan (일본 유료노인홈의 공급 및 입주자 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soonjung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2009
  • This study has been started in order to provide basic information for the planning of Korean elderly care facilities by analysing For-profit elderly homes of Japan. Japan is famous for her high elderly proportion and also her fast aging speed. Therefore, Japanese experiences of trials and errors related to the supply of elderly homes will be a good guideline for Korea which is undergoing the sharp increase in elderly population. Data have been mainly collected from the official statistics of Japan and Korea. The outcomes of this study are as follows. At first, the definition of For-profit elderly homes of Japan has been proposed clearly. Secondly, the trends of them related to supply and operational characteristics have been analysed. Thirdly, the size and utilization rate of them have been analysed. And finally, the physical characteristics of elderly residences in For-profit elderly homes of Japan have been discussed.

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Background and Facility Characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing in Japan (일본 서비스제공 고령자주택의 도입배경 및 시설 특성)

  • Kwon, Soonjung;Ji, Junhwan
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study tries to explore and analyse Service Attached Elderly Housing of Japan in order to prepare new elderly housing type effectively for aged society of Korea. Service Attached Elderly Housing was introduced in 2011 and it includes existing elderly housing of Japan such as Designated Elderly Housing, Elderly Friendly Housing and Superior Elderly Housing. Methods: Historical transition of Japanese elderly housing and background of the introduction of Service Attached Elderly Housing have been reviewed first. Thereafter research team visited to 3 elderly housings of Japan providing elderly services such as elderly care, meal, cleaning, washing, safety check, entertainment, etc. Based on the literature survey and field trip, the characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing have been drew out. Results: As the characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing of Japan, mixed use facility, community based housing, generation mix, barrier free design, and provision of daily life service for the elderly have been identified. Implications: Not only physical consideration including Universal Design but also elderly services such as elderly care, meal, housework, safety check, entertainment and so on are necessary for the supply of elderly housing.

A Biographical Study on Historical Experiences of the Elderly in Later Years -Their 'Individual Historical Experiences' during the Japanese Occupation and Korean War- (후기노인들의 역사경험에 대한 생애사 연구 -일제강점기와 6.25전쟁에 관한 '개인적인 역사경험'을 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Yeung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.255-281
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    • 2009
  • This research purports to reconstruct how the respective historical experiences on the Japanese colonial rule and Korean War have influenced the lifes of the Korean elderly in later years from the biographical context. Nine interviews were conducted using Sch$\ddot{u}$tze's 'autobiographical-narrative interview.' Interview data collected were analyzed following Rosenthal's 'analysis of narrative-biographical interview.' How individual historical experiences have impacted the elderly's lifes mostly indicated a difference in the way they experienced such historical events. While their pro-Japanese activities and direct, historical experiences during the Japanese colonial rule and their direct, historical experiences as veterans of the Korean War have influenced their life as individualized, their indirect, historical experiences on the Japanese colonial rule and Korean War have manifested themselves as a potential life severed from the historical past at the same time. Based on the understanding of how the elderly's individual, historical experiences have exerted an influence on their life, finally, some suggestions were addressed as regards welfare practices for the elderly.

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A Study on Changes to the Upper Body Shape of Elderly Japanese Women -Analysis of the Transverse Plane by Age Group-

  • Oh, Hee-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.726-736
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    • 2018
  • This study determined how the upper body shape of elderly women changes with age in order to improve the fit of clothing worn by elderly women. Thirty-nine healthy elderly Japanese women had their body measurements taken by measuring tape and a 3D body line scanner (Hamamatsu Model #C9036-02) from December 2011 to March 2012 at a university in Tokyo. It was found that the shoulder line shortens in women between the ages of 70 and 74, but that the upper arm lengthens in women between the ages of 75 and 79. It was also found that the upper part of the scapular area rolls forward in women between the ages of 70 and 74, and that the point of the back which protrudes the most-the lower scapular area-rolls forward in women between the ages of 75 and 79. The results will be helpful for designing clothes for elderly women as their body shape changes with age.

A Comparative Study on the Social Worker's Knowledge about Facts on Aging and Attitude toward the Elderly between Korea and Japan (한.일 사회복지사의 노화사실 인지정도와 노인에 대한 태도 비교연구)

  • Lee, Hye-Won
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.46
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    • pp.377-403
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to measure the social worker's knowledge about facts on aging and attitude toward the elderly between Korea and Japan. and to find out the variables that may influence their attitude. Four hundred and sixty two social workers working in nursing homes were given the questionnaire containing the Kyung San Facts on Aging Quiz to measure the level of knowledge about aging and Yoon (1988)'s scale to find the direction of attitude toward the elderly. The results of this study are analyzed as follows: (1) The Korean social worker's level of knowledge about aging was 63.0%, which was lower than Japanese social worker's level (67.6%). (2) Using 5 points scale. mean of the Korean social worker's attitude toward the elderly was 2.2 (44.8%), which was significantly different from the Japanese social worker's attitude 3.2 (63.4%). (3) Using multiple regression analysis, the social worker's level of knowledge about aging was the most significant predictor to explain the social worker's attitude toward the elderly. The other variables that are also statistically significant predictors of the social workers' attitude were country, personal experience with the elderly. and voluntary experience for the elderly. Especially the significant predictors to explain the Korean social workers' attitude were their levels of knowledge about aging. age, and classification of social worker license. On the other hand. the significant predictors to explain the Japanese social workers' attitude were their levels of knowledge about aging and periods of activity, Based on the research results, implications for practice and education methods for making social workers' attitude toward the elderly more positive are also suggested.

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Consumer Impairment and Its Improvement on Longterm Care Insurance Service : Focused on the Current Conditions and the Analysis of Counseling Cases in Korea and Japan (노인장기요양보험 서비스에 관한 소비자피해와 개선방안 : 한일 서비스이용현황 및 상담사례 분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.51-67
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    • 2010
  • This study looked into the current conditions in Korean and Japanese care management for the elderly, cases of consumer counseling in these countries, and the supporting institutions for Japanese users regarding the use of care management for the elderly. The number of recipients of care management for the elderly in both Korea and Japan is growing every year, and more Japanese users receive various services compared to Korean users. The results of an analysis on consumer counseling regarding the use of Korean and Japanese care management revealed, two types of complaints: counseling for the improvement of the institution and complaints related to the procurement of service. Regarding the insurance system, the complaints were mostly related to affirmation of a rating and the burden incurred by cost-sharing. Regarding the use of service, such key impairment cases were related to in-service medical accidents, illegal acts including caregiver contract violations and forced retirement, careless service by workers, and human rights violations of the elderly. Japan has developed governmental and, related-administrative and business services as well as a local governmental system to redress customer impairment issues as this pertains to service for better quality care management. In addition, they have enlarged the locally closed service, provided exact information about the services offered, and improved service appraisal techniques. The Japanese cases will serve as a good reference to improve the Korean system. In particular, the construction of a system that reduces customer losses and the availability of more counseling information are urgently required to improve the system in terms of customer experiences when they seek care management.

What Caused the Emergence of Ethnic Contents in Japanese Elderly Care Services? : Interaction between Ethnic Movement and Social Welfare Policy (일본 노인복지서비스에 있어 새로운 민족적컨텐츠 등장의 배경과 요인에 대한 연구:민족운동과 복지정책과의 관계)

  • Lee, Hyunsun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2018
  • Japanese state has continuously tried to adapt itself to the social demands coming from rapidly greying population. Japanese government introduced the new social insurance system of elderly care, i.e. Long term Care Insurance with epoch-making changes in the Japanese welfare system. The most important aspects of the new system can be summarised as follows: 1) social insurance system of obligatory entry with paying premiums and co-payment 2) emphasis on the customer choice, competition, flexibility, free-market, relaxation of the regulation. This characteristics brought unexpected results of the emergence of ethnicity-centred contents of welfare services. As a selling point in freemarket and as a countermeasures against expected ethnic disadvantages, the Korean ethnic organisations brought the ethnic elements resulting in the diversified Japanese welfare services.