• Title, Summary, Keyword: edible wild plants

Search Result 60, Processing Time 0.078 seconds

A herbological study on the wild edible plants of Ulleung island (울릉도 특산 산나물에 대한 본초학적 고찰)

  • Seo, Bu-Il
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.31-36
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objective : For the purpose of making use the wild edible plants of Ulleung island smoothly, this study was designed. Method : For the first time, I searched the wild edible plants of Ulleung island from various data. And I examined herbological books and research papers on the wild edible plants of Ulleung island. Result : The herbaceous plants in Ulleung island were 12 family and 22 species, Compositae and Liliaceae plants take the highest number of them. The woody plants in Ulleung island were 1 family(Araliaceae) and 2 species. The herbal medicines that originated from the wild edible greens of Ulleung island were 25 species. The herbal medicines that have the effects of clearing away heat(淸熱), eliminating toxin(解毒), subduing swelling(消腫) and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis(活血祛瘀) take the highest number of the effects of these herbal medicines. Conclusion : For the purpose of making use the wild edible plants of Ulleung island smoothly, we should recognize not only medical benefits but also matters that pay special attention.

A Historical Study on the Utilization of Wild Vegetables as Foods in Korea (한국산채류 이용의 역사적 고찰)

  • LeeKim, Mie-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.167-170
    • /
    • 1986
  • The first historical record on the use of wild edible plants as foods in Korea involves sswuk and manul concerned with the mythology of Tangun. Numerous names of wild vegetables had been recorded in various ancient books. Wild edible plants are of great value as food resources and for domestication, since they have variable edible portions and quite a long picking season. Several kinds of wild edible plants have been already grown as vegetable crops. Doragi (Platycodon grandiflorum) is probably the one with the longest history of cultivation. During World War II, an attempt had been made to substitute vegetable crops for wild edible plants. As picking wild greens requires a great deal of labor and plants of wild growth are limited in the amount, domestication of wild vegetables as crops appears to be an urgent need for securing food resources in Korea.

  • PDF

A Bibliographical Study on Namul of Koryo and Chosun Dynasty (고려와 조선시대의 문헌으로 본 한국의 나물)

  • 강은주
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.16-24
    • /
    • 1993
  • The "Namul" is a Korean common vegetable food composed of edible young leaves and soft stalks of wild plants or cultivating vegetables and treated with traditional condiments. It has been widely used as not only a regular diet but seasonal foods or special ceremonial foods. In this thesis, the kinds of edible plants for namul were philologically approached by books published in Korea from Koryo to Chosun dynasty. The first historical record about cultivated vegetable as food in Korea was a garlic and a gourd in $\ulcorner$Samkuksaki$\lrcorner$. According to numerous records, edible wild plants might have played an important part as food resources, since they have variable edible portions as famine relief foods. Four kinds of namul were first introduced in Koryo age, but in Chosun dynasty over eighty kinds were recorded. The root of ballonflower and white radish were most commonly used for raw namul and bamboo shoot and squash for boils ones. Most kinds of namul were introduced in $\ulcorner$Zeungtosanrimkwungiae$\lrcorner$ and $\ulcorner$Limwonsiprwukji$\lrcorner$ influenced by pragmatism in later half period of Chosun. The chronic state of famine in later half period of Chosun caused to introduce various edible wild vegetables, and had greatly influenced on the Korean people to acquire vegetarian food habits and to favor salty taste. It seems to need a further study on recent nutritional problems including dietary fiber.ary fiber.

  • PDF

Wild edible flowering plants of the Illam Hills (Eastern Nepal) and their mode of use by the local community

  • Ghimeray, Amal Kumar;Sharma, Pankaja;Ghimire, Bimal;Lamsal, Kabir;Ghimire, Balkrishna;Cho, Dong Ha
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.74-77
    • /
    • 2010
  • The Illam district, situated in the extreme North Eastern part (Latitude 26.58N and 87.58E Longitude) of Nepal, is a hot spot for floral diversity. The study of wild edible plants of this region was an attempt to highlight the types of wild flowering plants found there and mode of use by the people of the Illam hills. In this respect, a survey of natural resources of some of the representative regions of the district was undertaken and more than 74 major varieties of plant species were found to be used frequently by the people of the hills. The rich diversity occurring in Dioscoriaceae, Moraceae, Rosaceae, Myrtaceae, Poaceae, Urticaceae and Arecaceae provided the wild angiospermic species commonly used by the people of the hills.

Studies on Unutilized Plant Resources(I) -Components of Wild Edible Plants- (미이용(未利用) 식물자원(植物資源)의 연구(硏究)(I) -식용(食用) 야초(野草)의 성분(成分)에 관하여-)

  • Kim, Tae-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-27
    • /
    • 1975
  • To evaluate nutritional values and to detect pharmacologically active and antibacterial components of wild edible plants in Korea, 20 species were examined. 1) The essential free amino acid compositions of these plants were determined by TLC. The plants contained threonine, leucine, valine and methionine. 2) In antibacterial tests of 17 species the plants Hemerocallis sp. and Plantago asiatica showed an antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus, Bacillus, Eschericia, and Salmonella species. 4) Rutin. quercitrin, $k\ddot{a}mpferol$, chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid were also identified.

  • PDF

Assessing Soil Fertility Status of Edible Wild Plants Fields in Ulleung Island

  • Park, Sang-Jo;Park, Jun-Hong;Kim, Byung-Sung;Chung, Yun-Hak;Lee, Dong-Jun;Kwon, Oh-Heun;Park, So-Deuk;Lee, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.368-374
    • /
    • 2016
  • The perennial edible wild plants such as Aster glehnii, Solidago virgaurea subsp. gigantean, Allium ochotense, Athyrium acutipinnulum, Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus and Codonopsis lanceolata have cultivated as the main income crops introduced into the fields about 30 years ago in Ulleung island. Soil samples were collected from 190 fields and assessed the effects of management practices on soil chemical properties at wild edible plant fields under no-till system. The strong acidic soils of pH 5.4 or less were detected in 45% of the soil samples. The level of soil organic matter was being held at mean $63{\pm}28g\;kg^{-1}$, 2.7 times higher than upland soils in Korea. Available phosphate and exchangeable potassium showed more than recommended levels of upland crops as $680{\pm}489mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $1.94{\pm}1.7cmol_c\;kg^{-1}$, respectively. The fields of Solidago and Aster showing strong soil acidity and high level of available phosphate and water soluble $NO_3{^-}$ were distinguished from other crops in analysis of variance and principal component analysis of soil chemicals. These results suggested that high frequency of acidic soil and high levels of available $P_2O_5$, exchangeable $K_2O$ and water soluble $NO_3{^-}$ were accompanied with the use of urea and NPK-fertilizer based on nitrogen in the field. However, further research is needed to understand the appropriate management of fertilization and the prevention of soil acidification for wild edible plants.

A Study on the Edible Parts and Cooking Methods for the Korean Medicinal Plants (국내 자생 약용식물의 식용부위와 조리방법에 대한 문헌 고찰)

  • Kim, Min-Ji;Lee, Sang-Jae
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.59-70
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives : The aim of the research is to study the edible parts and cooking methods for the Korean medicinal plants using documents of Japanese occupation era. Through this study, we expect that it will be used as a basis data on further Korean traditional edible herb. Methods : The research analyze the usage of 74 species of medicinal plants that are listed in the 『Wild Food Plants of Chosen(Korea)』 along with analyzing 8 extra documents about famine relief plants and cooking method written during Japanese occupation. Results : The result shows that the sprouts and buds are the most popular for the edible purposes but they are never used for medical reason. Roots and fruits take the highest percentage when it comes to medical purposes. Types of medicinal plants that were used a lot of cooking methods were side dishes such as 'Namul, Saengchae, Jangajji'. Conclusions : Using medicinal plants for edible and medical purposes were traditionally familiar with Korean culture but the changes provoked by industrialization forbid the knowledge to pass through. However, recently, the trend of having a healthy life interests people to backtrack this traditional way of using medicinal plants with new purposes. To inherit traditional knowledge and for the future development of Korean traditional ingredients, further research should be conducted.

Antioxidant Activity in Water and Methanol Extracts from Korean Edible Wild Plants (국내산 산채류의 물 및 메탄올 추출물에 대한 항산화 활성)

  • Lee, Young-Min;Bae, Ji-Hyun;Jung, Ho-Young;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Park, Dong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-36
    • /
    • 2011
  • The present study was performed to investigate antioxidant activities of Korean edible wild extracts. In water and methanol extracts of edible wild plants, total polyphenol content of water and methanol extracts ranged 4.6~183.8 and 8.2~270.1 mg/g, respectively. Radical scavenging activity against DPPH and ABTS radicals was observed to be high in Lysimachia barystachys, Aceriphyllum rossii, Securinega suffruticosa, Sedum kamtschaticum, and Pedicularis resupinata. Pedicularis resupinata, Securinega suffruticosa, Patrinia villosa, and Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica showed effective SOD-like activity. There was significant correlation between polyphenol content and DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities, and SOD-like activity. Plant extracts such as Pedicularis resupinata, Securinega suffruticosa, Rhapontica uniflora, Lysimachia barystachys, and Aceriphyllum rossii had higher polyphenol content, radical scavenging, and SOD-like activity. These results indicate that Korean edible wild plants may be useful as potential antioxidant sources for improving human antioxidant defense system.

The edible medicinal piano with antitumor activity used in Korea

  • Lee, Sang-Rae;Harunori Ooda;Lee, Sook-Young
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.84-89
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study has been undertaken to detect edible medicinal plants with antineoplastic property on the basic of a number of traditional Korean medical literatures, besides studies on development of anti-cancer medical wild plants growing in Korea and to prove experimentally their efficacy by in vitro and in vivo tests.235 species from 45 family 79 genus were screened primarily as edible sources of antitumor effect. Among those the crude. extracts of 40 spp. showed considerable cytotoxicity in vitro and especially Pegangkuen(Patrinia scabiosaefolia), Deod-eog(Codonopsis lanceolata), Okssusu(Zea may), and Geureong(Eragrositis ferru-ginea) exhibited significant antitumor activity against sarcoma 180 asites mice. However, additional researches should be mode for the confirmation of their availability as antitumor plants.

  • PDF

Survey on Wild Edible Plant Resources in Korea and Its Germination Characteristics (우리나라 야생식용 자원식물의 종류 및 발아 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 강병화;심상인;이상각;박수현
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.42 no.2
    • /
    • pp.236-246
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to obtain the basic information of edible resources among plant species. Potentials of resource plants were important in various usages, healthy food, medicinal materials, and breeding materials. Through our investigation 609 species of resources plants were considered as edible resources. These species belong to 74 families in which Asteraceae, Poaceae, Fabaceae, and Rosaceae were major families. Brassicaceae, Liliaceae, and Asteraceae contained large numbers of edible plants because plants belonged to these families were mainly used as vegetable. But Cyperaceae and Poaceae had relatively small numbers of species in the category of edible plant because plants belonged to these families have not been used directly as vegetables, common usage of edible plant. But Poaceae have a potentials as genetic donor for resistance-breeding strategies in major cereals. Although Poaceae can not be used as food directly, Poaceae should be investigated intensely in future for improvement of major cereals or application as fodder plants. The beneficial traits of edible plants as breeding materials have not been studied yet and development of new crop from plant resources requires the information about current situation in occurrence of resources plants genetically related to current crop species. Our results do not cover all plant species in Korea but this classification and identification about edible resources will provide primary information about plant resources. The collected seeds of resource plants showed wide spectrum in germination rate among plant species. The germination rate would probably be affected by collecting times, collected stage, and stored period. The proper methods about improving germination rate have to be elucidated to propagate the resource plants.

  • PDF