• Title, Summary, Keyword: edible mushrooms

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Drying characteristics and physical properties of medicinal and edible mushrooms (약용버섯과 식용버섯의 건조방법에 따른 품질특성)

  • Kim, Bo-Min;Jung, Eun-sun;Aan, Yong-hyun;Hwang, In-Wook;Chung, Shin-Kyo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.689-695
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the drying characteristics of medicinal (Ganoderma lucidum, Phellinus linteus) and edible (Pleurotus eryngii, Lentinus edodes) mushrooms were investigated. Their shrinkage ratios, Hunter's color values, and rehydration ratios were evaluated. Mushrooms were cut with rectangular (1 cm) and square ($1{\times}1cm$) shapes, and dried in the room temperature and at $50^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$ using hot-air dryer. Initial moisture contents of edible mushrooms were higher than those of medicinal mushrooms, whereas final moisture contents were vice versa. Drying rate was the highest when drying at $70^{\circ}C$ (p<0.05). Moreover the drying rate of square slices was higher than that of rectangular slices (p<0.05). The shrinkage ratios of both medicinal mushrooms and edible mushrooms were the least when drying at $50^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$, respectively (p<0.05). The changes of color values were less in the medicinal mushrooms dried in the room temperature than in the hot-air dried medicinal mushrooms (p<0.05). However, in case of edible mushrooms, the changes of color values were less in the hot-air dried mushrooms (p<0.05). Rehydration ratios of medicinal mushrooms dried at $50^{\circ}C$ was the highest (p<0.05). In contrast, rehydration ratios of edible mushrooms was the highest when drying in the room temperature (p<0.05). Thus, the hot-air drying at $50^{\circ}C$ would be suggested as the efficient drying method for both medicinal mushrooms and edible mushrooms.

Resources Use Characteristics of Higher Fungi in Byeonsanbando National Park (변산반도 국립공원 고등균류의 자원이용적 특성)

  • Jang, Seog-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.230-251
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    • 2017
  • According to the survey on higher fungi from 2009 to 2011 and also in 2015 in Byeonsanbando National Park, a total of 2 division, 6 class, 18 orders, 61 families, 157 genera and 323 species were observed. In case of Agaricales, there were 23 families, 67 genera and 153 species; Boletales, there were 6 families, 27 genera and 45 species; Russulales, there were 3 family, 4 genera and 40 species; Polyporales, there were 6 family, 21 genera, 28 species. Thus, most of them belonged to the following 4 orders: Agaricales, Russulales, Boletales and Polyporales. Dominant species belonged to Boletaceae (37 species), Russulaceae (36 species), Agaricaceae (28 species) and Amamtaceae (25 species). For the habitat environment, the ectomycorrhizal mushrooms were 40.2% (poisonous mushrooms, 46 species; edible & medicinal mushrooms, 51 species; unknown edible & poisonous mushrooms, 26 species), litter decomposing and wood rotting fungi 35.3%(poisonous mushrooms, 10 species; edible & medicinal mushrooms, 52 species; unknown edible & poisonous mushrooms, 46species), grounding Fungi 22.3%(poisonous mushrooms, 8 species; edible & medicinal mushrooms, 31 species; unknown edible & poisonous mushrooms, 29 species). Monthly, most of poisonous mushrooms, edible & medicinal mushrooms and unknown edible & poisonous mushrooms were found in July and August. In terms of altitude, the most species were observed at 1~99m and the populations dropped by a significant level at an altitude of 200m or higher. It seemed that the most diversified poisonous mushrooms, edible & medicinal mushrooms and unknown edible & poisonous mushrooms occurred at climate conditions with a mean air temperature at $24.0{\sim}25.9^{\circ}C$, the highest air temperature at $28.0{\sim}29.9^{\circ}C$, the lowest air temperature at $20.0{\sim}21.9^{\circ}C$, a relative humidity at 77.0~79.9% and a rainfall of 300.0~499.9mm.

Application of electric pulsed power on fruit body production of edible and medicinal mushrooms

  • Ohga, Shoji
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.591-594
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    • 2012
  • Effect of pulsed power was investigated on fruit body formation of 10 edible mushrooms, Lentinula edodes, Glifola frondosa, Pholiota nameko, Flammulina velutipes, Hypsizygus marmoreus, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus abalonus, Agrocybe cylindracea and Sparassis crispa. Pulsed power of 100-170 kV was directly charged to the substrate just before fructification. The effect of the pulsed power resulted to promote for 10 edible mushrooms fructification. The treatment especially stimulated the fructification on Pleurotus species.

Water-solubility of β-Glucans in Various Edible Mushrooms - Research Note -

  • Lee, Young-Tack;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.294-297
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    • 2005
  • The amount of $\beta-glucans$ in 12 edible mushroom species was determined and their water-solubility was assessed. A large variability in $\beta-glucans$ content was observed in the mushroom species, ranging from 4.71 to $46.20\%$ on a dry basis. Gyrophora esculenta, Lentinus edodes, Coriolus versicolor, Ganodenna lucidum, and Flammulina velutipes had high levels of $\beta-glucans$ Soluble $\beta-glucans$ content, which plays a key role in the physiological effects of mushrooms, also varied greatly according to the mushroom species, ranging from 2.12 to $19.66\%$. Water-solubility of $\beta-glucans$ in the edible mushrooms, as a percentage of total $\beta-glucans$ content varied from 42.55 to $73.35\%$.

Screening of Inhibitory Effect of Edible Mushrooms on Tyrosinase and Isolation of Active Component (한국산 식용버섯류의 Tyrosinase 활성 저해 검색 및 그 유효성분 분리)

  • 박영현;장성근
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 1997
  • For the purpose of isolation and screening of tyrosinase inhibitory activity from edible mushrooms, Pleurotus ostreatus, Auricularia auricula-Judae, Umbilicaria esculenta, Agaricus bisporus, Flammuline velutipes, Lentinus edodes, Ganoderma lucidum, and Coriouls versicolor were examined by tracing inhibitory activities against tyrosinase, utilizing L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) as a substrate. Among the eight edible mushrooms tested, Umbilicaria esculenta showed potent enzyme inhibitory activities above 7804% against tyrosinase in ethylacetate (EtOAc) extracts. Ganoderma lucidum and Agaricus bisporus showed inhibitory activities of 67.3% and 51.5% in water extracts. EtOAc extracts of Umbilicaria esculenta was fractionated from silicagel column chromatography and one fraction showed the most inhibitory activity of 60.9%. The three bands (Rf=0.38, 0.27, 0.19) were isolated from preparative TLC of the fraction for purification and identified as mixtures of orsellinate, methyl orsellinate, methyl lecanorate, and methyl gyrophorate by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultravisible spectrophotometer (UV), mass spectrophotometer (Mass), nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer (NMR).

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Utilization of Robinia pseudoacacia as Sawdust Medium for Cultivation of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms

  • Chai, Jung-Ki;Lee, Sung-Jin;Kim, Yoon-Soo
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.42-48
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    • 1999
  • This study was undertaken to examine the feasibility of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) as substrates for several edible mushrooms. For the cultivation of several edible and/or medicinal fungi on black locust, optimum bulk densities, synthetic or semisynthetic additives, natural additives and pretreatment methods were investigated. Fruit body yields of the fungi on various sawdust media composed of different wood species were also analyzed for testing the capability of black locust as a substrate for mushroom production. Mycelial growths decreased proportional when the bulk density increased. The most suitable carbon and nitrogen sources as additives to promote the mycelial growth were sucrose (2%, w/w) and ammonium phosphate (0.2%, w/w) respectively. When corn-powder and beer-waste as natural additives were added to sawdust of black locust showed the significant growth of mycelia. And the optimum mixing ratio was 10:2:1 (sawdust: corn-powder: beer-waste, w/w). Black locust after cold water treatment showed the outstanding mycelial growths. Any significant changes of pH, moisture content (%) and dry-weight losses (%) could not be found among culture substrates (sawdust of black locust, oak and poplar wood) examined before and after harvesting of fruit bodies. Yield of fruit bodies on black locust culture media were comparable with those culture media composed with oak and poplar wood. The present work indicated strongly the potentiality of black locust as raw materials for edible and medicinal mushrooms.

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On the Amino Acids of Edible Mushrooms (식용균류의 아미노산에 관하여)

  • 김정희
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 1958
  • Amino acids in fifteen species of edible mushrooms were analyzed by Paper-chromatography. The results as follows : 1. The types of amino acids found in a species of mushroom were from four to thirteen. The mushrooms examined five were not identified. 2. Amino acids in the majority of the mushrooms examined were nine, i.e. DL-Alanine, DL-Methionine, L-Arginine, L-Aspartic acid, DL-Serine, L-Phenylalanine, Histamine, DL-iso-Leucine, D-Glucosamine. DL-Threonine, L-Lysine, Phenylalanine, Citurulline, Hydroxy-L-Proline in Agaricaceae, especially Tryptophane and Histamin were peculiar to Agaricaceae, and Alanine and Cistine in Hypholoma lateritum(SCHAFF) SCHROT. 3. It seems that the factor which determines the taste of each mushrooms depends upon hte various configuration the amino acids.

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Screening of Inhibitory Activity of Edible Mushrooms on Dopamine ${\beta}-Hydroxylase$ (식용 버섯류의 도파민 베타 수산화효소에 대한 저해활성 검색)

  • Hwang, Keum-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Ku;Han, Yong-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.194-197
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    • 1997
  • Dopamine ${\beta}-hydroxylase\;(DBH)$ catalyses the enzymatic reaction of dopamine to norepinephrine. For the purpose of screening DBH inhibitory activity from edible mushrooms, Ganoderma lucidum, Agaricus bisporus and Lentinus edodes were examined by tracing inhibitory activities against bovine adrenal DBH, utilizing tyramine as a substrate. Among the three edible mushrooms tested, Ganoderma lucidum showed potent enzyme inhibitory activilies above 100% against DBH in chloroform fraction. Lentinus edodes and Agaricus bisporus showed inhibitory activities in ethylacetate fraction on 79.7% and 64.7%, respectively. Each solvent fraction of these mushrooms were assessed in the aspects of their inhibitory activities against DBH, and their $IC_{50}$ values were calculated. $IC_{50}$ value of chloroform fraction of Ganoderma lucidum was $1.60{\times}10^{-4}\;g$, and those of ethylacetate fractions of Agaricus bisporus and Lentinus edodes were $5.50{\times}10^{-4}\;g\;and\;2.35{\times}10^{-4}\;g$, respectively.

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Determination of Mineral Components in the Cultivation Substrates of Edible Mushrooms and Their Uptake into Fruiting Bodies

  • Lee, Chang-Yun;Park, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Bo-Bae;Kim, Sun-Mi;Ro, Hyeon-Su
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 2009
  • The mineral contents of the cultivation substrates, fruiting bodies of the mushrooms, and the postharvest cultivation substrates were determined in cultivated edible mushrooms Pleurotus eryngii, Flammulina velutipes, and Hypsizigus marmoreus. The major mineral elements both in the cultivation substrates and in the fruiting bodies were K, Mg, Ca, and Na. Potassium was particularly abundant ranging 10${\sim}$13 g/kg in the cultivation substrates and 26${\sim}$30 g/kg in the fruiting bodies. On the contrary, the calcium content in the fruiting bodies was very low despite high concentrations in the cultivation substrates, indicating Ca in the cultivation substrates is in a less bio-available form or the mushrooms do not have efficient Ca uptake channels. Among the minor mineral elements determined in this experiment, Cu, Zn, and Ni showed high percentage of transfer from the cultivation substrates to the fruiting bodies. It is noteworthy that the mineral contents in the postharvest cultivation substrates were not changed significantly which implies that the spent cultivation substrates are nutritionally intact in terms of mineral contents and thus can be recycled as mineral sources and animal feeds.