• Title, Summary, Keyword: eating habits

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A Comparison between Seoul and Gangwon-do in Elementary Students' Eating Habits and Their Mothers' Parenting Attitude toward Eating Habits (서울시와 강원도 일부 초등학교 학생들의 식습관과 어머니의 식습관 관련 양육태도 비교)

  • Kwon, Myung Soon;Cho, Haeryun;Park, Dong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare eating habits and parenting about eating habits of the elementary schoolers in two regions, Seoul and Gangwon-do, in order to understand regional differences. Methods: The respondents of this study included 365 pairs of children and their mothers (150 pairs from Seoul and 213 pairs from Gangwon-do). Data was collected using a structured questionnaire from July to August, 2013. Results: Perceived body type, weight control, and eating habits were significantly different in two regions. Children's eating habits were significantly different by their perception of health status and body type. Their mother's parenting attitude toward eating habits was significantly different by children's weight control and mother's and children's perception of body type. Parenting attitude toward eating habits was not different between two regions by their mothers. eating habits and parenting attitude toward eating habits were significantly correlated. Conclusions: Health provider should consider regional difference when designing health promotion program for elementary students. Especially, when practicing eating habits related program, parents should be participated from the planning stage and provided with the information of the proper body image and weight control.

Development of the Pregnancy Nutrition Knowledge Scale and Its Relationship with Eating Habits in Pregnant Women visiting Community Health Center (임신영양지식 도구개발 및 식습관과의 관련성: 보건소 방문 임부 대상)

  • Kim, Hae-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop a pregnancy nutrition knowledge scale and to examine the relationships between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits in pregnant women. Methods: With convenient sampling, 189 pregnant women who used community health centers for their ante-natal care were recruited. Data were collected using a self administered questionnaire including items on pregnancy nutrition knowledge (18 items) developed by researcher and items on eating habits (14 items). Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis were examined to test reliability and construct validity of the scale. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to identify the relationship between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Results: Cronbach's alpha of 18 items was .80. In factor analysis using principal components, 6 factors explained 65% of the total variance. The level of pregnancy nutrition knowledge was not sufficient but correlations between pregnancy nutrition knowledge and some of eating habits were significant. Specifically, pregnancy nutrition knowledge was positively correlated with good eating habits and negatively with bad eating habits. Conclusion: The pregnancy nutrition knowledge scale developed in this study is acceptable for nutrition education led by nurses. Pregnancy nutrition knowledge and eating habits are considered as major variables for ante-natal nutrition education. In future studies, explorations are needed on dietary intake and physiological indices in pregnant women, comparison of women at risk with those not at risk, and development of nutritional education programs for pregnant women.

Eating Habits and Social Behavior in Korean Preschool Children (학령전 아동의 식습관과 사회적 행동과의 관계)

  • 박현서;안선희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.298-305
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the eating habits and social behavior of preschool children. Six hundred twenty seven children ranging in age from 4 to 7 and their mothers were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing the children's eating habits and kindergarten teachers were asked to rate the social behavior of their preschool children. The eating habits of children positively correlated to those of their mothers, primarily in meal regularity, breakfast frequency, unbalanced meals, overeating, eating delivery food and food preferences. The results showed that 33% of preschool children always had unbalanced meals and 50% sometimes had them. Children who had ice cream, cake, carbonated drinks or cookies as snacks more often, tend to have meals irregularly because they favored sweets and were possibly induced to have unbalanced meals. Sixty five percent of the children were graded as good in terms of having healthy eating habits and had good social behavior. The results indicate that the eating habits of children are related to problem behavior, especially social withdrawal and anxiety. That is, children who have undesirable eating habits are likely to be anxious or socially withdrawn.

Trends of Study on Sasang Constitution and Eating Habits in Recent 20 Years (사상체질과 식습관 특성에 따른 연구 동향)

  • Jeong, Kyoung Sik;Lee, Si Woo;Baek, Young Hwa
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2019
  • Background Sasang constitutional medicine explains that the difference in eating habits depending on constitutional characteristics affects health status. The aim of the present study is to investigate research trend on Sasang constitution (SC) and eating habits. Method Research papers from 2010 to 2019 on SC and eating habits were searched in domestic and international 5 databases. As a result, 11 clinical studies related to the SC and eating habits were finally selected. From the finally selected research papers, subjects, study period, constitutional diagnostic tools used for studies, and eating habit evaluation tools were investigated. Results In a total of 11 research papers conducted as clinical studies regarding SC and eating habits for the recent 20 years, eating speed and meal size items were most frequently used, followed by the regularity of meals, unbalanced diets, breakfast. Taeumin was more likely to eat fast, eat a lot of food, or overeat while Soeumin was less likely to overeat or they eat less food. There was no significant difference in the regularity of meals depending on constitution, but each study showed different tendency. Conclusion This study closely reviewed Sasang constitutional eating habit items from the precedent studies to select the major items of eating habits as a constitutional health management index. The results of this study will contribute to selections of items and the development of tools to measure constitutional eating habits related to health status.

A Study on Personality Characteristics, Eating Habits and Food Neophobia of High School Students (고등학생의 인성특성, 식습관 및 푸드 네오포비아에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Kim, Jin-A;Lee, Sim-Yeol
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.38-46
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study examined the relationship among personality characteristics, eating habits and food neophobia of high school students. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was applied to 512 students who were in the first and second grade in four different high schools in Gyeong-gi-province. The questionnaire was designed to examine the personality characteristics, eating habits, and food neophobia. Results: The personality characteristics of both boys and girls had intimacy, openness/intelligence, extroversion, sincerity, and emotional stability from highest to lowest. The girls (2.00) had better eating habits than the boys (1.90)(p<0.05). To examine the level of food neophobia using the FNS (Food Neophobia Scale), girls tended to score higher in the FNS than boys (36.36 vs. 34.06). The relationship between the personal characteristics and eating habits showed a positive correlation (p<0.01). The relationship between the personal characteristics and food neophoia revealed a negative correlation with all personal characteristics (p<0.01). Conclusions: The findings of the study confirmed the relationship among personal characteristics, eating habits, and food neophobia. This study is expected to provide ways to teach teenagers how to support their proper eating habits and personality characteristics.

Comparison of Eating Habits and Living Habits in Fourth Grade Elementary School Children with or without Allergic Diseases (초등학교 4학년 아동의 알레르기 질환 유무에 따른 식습관 및 생활습관 비교)

  • Seo, Hui-Yeon;Han, Jae-Kyung;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 2009
  • Objectives Because allergic disease is currently prevalent and has tendency to become chronic, the purpose of this study is to examine the effects of allergic diseases on eating and living habits of children when they grow. Methods Questionnaire performed by 203 fourth grade elementary school children in Cheonan was analyzed. Results Disease group had low frequency of eating ramen, watching TV or web-surfing than that of normal group, but had higher frequency of eating meat, eating breakfast. Conclusions The allergic disease group had more desirable habits. It was assumed that parent's greater interest and devotion toward their children to cure their allergic disease was the reason for the children's desire habits.

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A Comparative Analysis of Eating Habits of Female Middle School Students in Gangwondo, Korea, According to Stress Levels (강원도 일부지역 여중생에서 스트레스 수준에 따른 식행동 비교분석)

  • Park, Yonghyun;Lee, Ji-yoon;Jeong, Eun;Kim, Bok-hee
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.565-573
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the relationships between stress and eating habits of adolescents based on the assumption that adolescents require large amounts of nutrients and that eating habits affect their physical development, academic achievement, and emotional development. For this purpose, 213 adolescents in Gangwondo, Korea, were surveyed. Many studies have reported that stress causes changes in eating habits and affects health status. Based on the dietary action guide scores according to stress categories, eating instant foods less was significant (p<0.001), eating fast foods less was significant (p<0.05), and have soft drinks less was significant (p<0.001). The results suggest the importance of balanced nutrition based on the formation of right dietary habits for adolescents. Good nutrition can be determined through right knowledge of nutrition and dietary habits, and right dietary habits can improve health and physical development as well as mental and emotional stability. The analysis did not compare other regions, and therefore any generalization of the results should be made with caution. However, the results offer important insights into stress among adolescents for their effective counseling.

A Study on Eating Habits as Etiological Factors based on DongUiBoGam (병인(病因)으로서의 식습관(食習慣)에 대한 고찰(考察) -동의보감(東醫寶鑑)을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Cheong-Hee;Yoo, Seung-Yeon;Park, Young-Bae;Park, Young-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.25-42
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    • 2010
  • Background and purpose: The chronic diseases caused by lifestyle are on the increase. This study aims to review the eating habits as etiological factors and related symptoms from the perspective of Korean medicine. In this process, we will make a proposal on the treatment of the lifestyle related diseases. Methods: We studied the sentences about the eating habits and related diseases in Donguibogam Results and Conclusions: 1. The eating habits as etiological factors are overeating, irregular eating, late-night foods, fatty & heavy foods, cold foods, alcohols, etc. 2. The diseases caused by the eating habits are not limited to the gastrointestinal diseases(stomachache, vomiting, diarrhea, etc) but include the non-gastrointestinal diseases(edema, arthralgia, anal diseases, eye diseases, ear diseases, diabetes, cancers, etc.) 3. In the treatment of the diseases caused by the eating habits, the special regard should be paid to the etiological factors.

General Health and Eating Habits of College Students Who Commute Long Distances (장거리 통학 대학생들의 건강 및 식습관 관련요인)

  • 한경희
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the health and eating habits of college students who commute long distances to and from their schools. Among ninety-eight commuters, 61.2% were females while 38.8% were males. The mean round-trip commuting time was 4.60 hours and the mean number of days of commuting was 3.68. The proportion of underweight females (26.7%) was significantly greater than that of underweight males (5.3%). Conversely, the proportion of overweight males was 34.2% while only 1.6% of the females were overweight, and the difference was statistically significant. The mean number of health-related problems was 1.47 for males and 1.90 for females. Commuting affected the eating habits (90.8%) and health status more noticeably among females. Physical discomfort such as fatigue, stomach discomfort, constipation, weight change, and insomnia appeared after commuting. Irregular meal times, skipping breakfast, frequent overeating and insufficient time to eat were the most prevalent problems indicated. The scores for dietary attitude and eating habits were 20.1/30 and 27.6145, for males and females respectively. Although self-perceived nutrition knowledge was significantly related to dietary attitude and satisfaction with meals, a correlation was not found between self-perceived nutrition knowledge or dietary attitude and the eating habits score. The more concerned the parents were about student's eating habits, the higher the score relating to eating habits. The parents' concerns about students' meals and the food expenses were significantly correlated, but no correlation was found between the food expenses and the eating habits score. Consistent parental concern and encouraging students to maintain good eating habits are recommended. University administrators should also be aware of the needs of commuters and provide a proper and adequate food-related environment for the students.

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A Study on the Effect on Eating Habits of 5th Year Elementary School Students - Based on Areas and Food Services - (초등학교 5학년 학생들의 식습관 형성에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구 - 지역 및 급식 여부를 중심으로 비교 -)

  • Kim, Yi-Su
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.46-58
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    • 2005
  • To find what has an effect on eating habits of 5th year elementary school students, areas and food services are researched. This research is classified into general items, nutrition knowledge, and eating habits of the subjects. Nutrition knowledge is different in each area, scoring 7.09 out of 10. Food Service has an effect on eating habits, scoring 4.69 out of 10. This result shows that the role of parents greatly influences eating habits of elementary school students, not areas and food services, and that food service affects improvement of physical condition and prevention of unbalanced diet. Therefore, education at home and school is required.

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