• Title, Summary, Keyword: early detection

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An Analysis of Nursing Research on Cancer Prevention and Early Detection, Reported in Korea from 1980-2001 (한국인 6대 암의 예방과 조기발견 관련 연구논문 분석)

  • Park, Jeong-Sook;Oh, Yun-Jung;Jang, Hee-Jung;Choi, Young-Hee;Park, Eun-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.363-375
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the trend of research on cancer prevention and early detection in Korea, in order to suggest a future direction of research on cancer prevention and early detection for Koreans. Methods: A total of 97 studies published from 1980 to 2001 were analyzed according to the year of publication, research design, journal type, cancer type, major study concepts, and findings. Results: 1) The number of studies related to cancer prevention and early detection had increased rapidly since the year 1995. 2) The most frequently used research design in the studies was the descriptive study design (55.7%). 3) There were 10 master's theses on cancer prevention and early detection, and 10 studies published in the Korean Epidemiology Journal. 4) When classified by the published field, 47 studies (48.5%) were published in nursing journals, 46 studies (47.4%) were published in medical journals, and 4 studies (4.1%) were published in public health journals. 5) The major topics of the studies were cancer prevention (51.5%), early detection (44.4%), and cancer prevention and early detection (4.1%). 6) Breast cancer was the most largely addressed issue in the studies (N=25; 25.7%), followed by lung cancer (N=23; 23.7%), hepatoma (N=17; 17.5%), gastric cancer (N=16; 16.5%), other general type of cancer (N=6; 6.2%), colorectal cancer (N=5; 5.2%) and cervical cancer (N=5; 5.2%). Conclusion: It is suggested that there should be more studies on cancer prevention and early detection in the future, and, particularly, experimental studies to exam the effects of intervention on cancer prevention and early detection are considered necessary.

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The Effect of Audiovisual Information with Videotape on Knowledge and Attitude of Early Detection of Gastric Carcinoma (비디오 프로그램을 통한 정보제공이 위암조기발견에 대한 지식과 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Myung-Joo;Tae, Young-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2002
  • Gastric Carcinoma is very plentiful and significant disease in Korean community. The reason is that Gastric Carcinoma is not a simply finding disease with unclear symptoms for early detection. Early detection and early medical treatment of a cancer patient is an important instrument of reducing the mortility rate. The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of audiovisual information with videotape infulencing on knowledge and attitude of early detection of gastric carcinoma. The research design was a non-equivalent control group, pre-post test. The subjects of this study were 52 members of D-taxi drivers which was located in Pusan. The subjects were twenty six experimental group and twenty six control group. The experimental group was collected from January 15, 1999 to January 26, 1999. The control group was collected from the research was 28 minutes video program which was turning out the form of documentary on the based practical experience. And also the experimental tool was used measurung instrument which measured a dependent, variable throughout the consulatation of an percentage, average, standard deviation, ${\chi}^2-test$ and t-test using spss/pc program. The result of this research were as follows : 1)" The experimental group which was offered the video program, should be higher in knowledge of early detection of the gastric carcinoma than the control group" was supported. (t= -7.754, p=.000) 2) "The experimental group which was offered the video program, should be higher in attitude of the early detection of the gastric carcinoma than the control group" was supported. (t=-4.321, p=.000) Therefore, in conclusion, this study that the audiovisual information with videotape influencing on knowledge and attitude of early detection of gastric carcionma was very representational experience throughout the video of documentary form on the based practical experience was much effected the change of the knowledge and the attitude regarding to the early detection of the gastric carcinoma was verified.

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The Effects of Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Education on Cancer-related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Health Behavior of Middle-aged Women in Korea (암 예방과 조기발견 교육이 중년기 여성의 암에 대한 지식, 태도 및 예방적 건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sun-Young;Park, Chung-Ja;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.441-450
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of cancer prevention and early detection education on cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, and preventive health behavior of middle-aged women in Korea. The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects of this study were 38 middle-aged women from a church in Taegu. An Experimental group of 19 and a control group of 19 women were studied. The study was conducted from September 21, 2000 to October 27, 2000. The cancer prevention and early detection education had been provided to the experimental group for 2 weeks. The contents of the education program for the third most prevalent cancer of Korean women were : 'the risk factors of cancer', 'the early symptoms of cancer', 'the diagnostic test for cancer detection', and 'the cancer prevention methods'. The instruments used for this study were modified, cancer-related knowledge, and attitude, preventive health behavior tools of Suh et al.(1998). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $\chi^2$-test, t-test, ANCOVA with SPSS WIN 9.0/PC. The results were as follows : 1) Hypothesis 1 that the women who get cancer prevention and early detection education will have higher scores of the cancer-related knowledge than the women do not get cancer prevention and early detection education was accepted(F=4.732, p=.037). 2) Hypothesis 2 that the women who get cancer prevention and early detection education will have higher scores of cancer-related attitudes than the women do not get cancer prevention and early detection education was rejected(F=.118, p=.733). 3) Hypothesis 3 that the women who get cancer prevention and early detection education will have higher scores of cancer-related preventive health behavior than the women who do not get cancer prevention and early detection education was rejected(F=2.250, p=.143). On the basis of the above findings, the following recommendations are suggested : 1) It is necessary to identify the variables affected on cancer-related knowledge, attitudes and preventive health behavior. 2) It is necessary to develop a well organized cancer prevention and early detection education program to change cancer-related attitude and preventive health behavior.

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Indexes for Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease

  • Muraoka, Tetsuya
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2367-2371
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    • 2003
  • A new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease is constructed from the investigative items with both the investigation of living environment, and the functional tests of the sense, the physiology, and the left and right brains. This paper describes the indexes obtained from the results of test using a new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. The indexes for early detection of Alzheimer's disease were obtained from the investigations of the living environment and the social adaptability, the functional tests of the sight and the hearing in the five senses, and the functional tests of left hemispheres in brain.

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Qualitative Assessment of Breast Cancer Early Detection Services Provided through Well Woman Clinics in the District of Gampaha in Sri Lanka

  • Vithana, Palatiyana Vithanage Sajeewanie Chiranthika;Hemachandra, Nilmini Nilangani;Ariyaratne, Yasantha;Jayawardana, Pushpa Lalani
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7639-7644
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    • 2013
  • Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among women in Sri Lanka. Early detection can lead to reduction in morbidity and mortality. The objective here was to identify perceptions of public health midwives (PHMs) on the importance of early detection of breast cancer and deficiencies of and suggestions on improving existing breast cancer early detection services provided through Well Woman Clinics. Materials and Methods: A qualitative study using four focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted among 38 PHMs in the Gampaha district in Sri Lanka and the meetings were audio-recorded, transcribed and analyzed using constant comparison and identifying themes and categories. Results: All the PHMs had a firm realization on the need of breast cancer early detection. The four FGDs among PHMs revealed non-availability of guidelines, inadequacy of training, lack of skills and material to provide health education, inability to provide privacy during clinical examination, shortage of stationery, lack of community awareness and motivation. The suggestions for the improvements of the programme identified in FGDs were capacity building of PHMs, making availability of guidelines, rescheduling clinics, improving the supervision, strengthening the monitoring, improving coordination between clinical and preventive sectors, and improving community awareness. Conclusions: Results of the FGDs can provide useful information on components to be improved in breast cancer early detection services. Study recommendations were training programmes at basic and post basic levels on a regular basis and supervision for the sustainance of the breast cancer early detection program.

Advances in the Early Detection of Lung Cancer using Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds: From Imaging to Sensors

  • Li, Wang;Liu, Hong-Ying;Jia, Zi-Ru;Qiao, Pan-Pan;Pi, Xi-Tian;Chen, Jun;Deng, Lin-Hong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.4377-4384
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    • 2014
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1.37 million people died of lung cancer all around the world in 2008, occupying the first place in all cancer-related deaths. However, this number might be decreased if patients were detected earlier and treated appropriately. Unfortunately, traditional imaging techniques are not sufficiently satisfactory for early detection of lung cancer because of limitations. As one alternative, breath volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may reflect the biochemical status of the body and provide clues to some diseases including lung cancer at early stage. Early detection of lung cancer based on breath analysis is becoming more and more valued because it is non-invasive, sensitive, inexpensive and simple. In this review article, we analyze the limitations of traditional imaging techniques in the early detection of lung cancer, illustrate possible mechanisms of the production of VOCs in cancerous cells, present evidence that supports the detection of such disease using breath analysis, and summarize the advances in the study of E-noses based on gas sensitive sensors. In conclusion, the analysis of breath VOCs is a better choice for the early detection of lung cancer compared to imaging techniques. We recommend a more comprehensive technique that integrates the analysis of VOCs and non-VOCs in breath. In addition, VOCs in urine may also be a trend in research on the early detection of lung cancer.

A New Instrument for Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease

  • Muraoka, Tetsuya;Nagata, Tomohiro
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2362-2366
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    • 2003
  • The paper describes a new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. A new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease is constructed on both the questionnaire for the investigation of living environment, and the lists for the functional tests of the sense, the physiology, and the left and right brains. When the medical doctor has made a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, the demented patient does not recover the indication adding available treatments. Then, the indication of a patient only takes a turn for the worse. For the demented patient can be kept his/her life style, Alzheimer's disease can make an early detection using a new instrument before a diagnosis of the dementia. And the indication of a demented patient can be delayed by the available medical treatments.

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Early Detection of Sacroilitis by 3-Dimensional Analysis (3차원적 구조분석을 통한 천장관절염의 조기진단)

  • Jun, Jae-Han;Kim, Sun-Il;Lee, Doo-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1992 no.11
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    • pp.100-102
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    • 1992
  • Currently, detection of sacroilitis is necessary in detect ion of ankylosing spondylitis. So early detection of sacroilitis is needed for early detection of ankylosing spondylitis. But it is difficult to detect sacroiliac abnormalities in early stage by conventional plain X-ray. Therefore, it is performed 3-dimensional volume rendering from the CT image of sacroiliac. Then early detection of sacroilitis is made by analyzing the reconstructed 3-dimensional image.

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Phantom Experiments for Breast Cancer Detection by Ultrasound Transmission Period

  • Sakasegawa, Aya;Hoshino, Hirokazu;Tsuji, Kiichi;Hayakawa, Yoshinori
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Medical Physics Conference
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    • pp.481-484
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    • 2002
  • In every cancer early detection and early treatment is the best way to decrease mortality of patients. Moreover early detection of breast cancer increases the possibility of breast conservation treatment. Although mammography is the most powerful modality for early detection, it is hazardous to be used for young women due to X-ray exposure. Another modality of image diagnosis is ultrasound echo technique. But it is not so powerful to detect breast cancer compared to mammography. Palpation is another modality, but is largely dependent on the skill and experience of medical doctors. A new technique is tested its validity in phantom experiments with good results.

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Factors Affecting Early Detection Behaviors of Breast Cancer (외래내원여성의 유방암 조기검진행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Young-Im;Yang, Soo-Hyung;Jung, Hye-Sun;Lee, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting early detection behaviors of breast cancer such as breast self examination(BSE), breast physical examination, mammography. Method: The subjects were 141 women on an island and materials were collected through an organized questionnaire from March, to August 2002. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ and logistic analysis by SAS program. Results: 52.7% of the subjects performed breast self examination, 67.2% did breast physical examination and 67.7% did mammography. That is, about 60% of the subjects performed early detection behavior to find the breast cancer. Practice of breast self examination was significantly correlated with experience of physician examination and mammography. The most significant factor on BSE was a normal salted diet, and the most significant factor on physical examination and mammography was the high education level of subjects. Conclusions: According to the results of this study, it suggests that intensive education and information strategies for breast cancer early detection need to be developed. In particular, early detection programs for lower educated women should be activated.

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