• Title/Summary/Keyword: dysgeusia

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Influence of Dysgeusia on Prognosis of Peripheral Facial Paralysis (미각장애(味覺障碍)가 말초성안면신경마비(末梢性顔面神經麻痺)의 예후에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Ka-Ram;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was to evaluate the influence of dysgeusia on prognosis of peripheral facial paralysis. Methods: We investigated 40 cases of patients with Peripheral Facial Paralysis, and classified them as existence of dysgeusia. we evaluated the treatment effect of each group by using Gross Grading System of House-Brackmann, Yanagihara's Unweighed Grading System before treatment and after final treatment. Results: 1. Postauricular pain showed the highest frequency in symptoms at onset. 2. As a result of evaluation by using Gross Grading System of House-Brackmann, Yanagihara's Unweighed Grading System, treatment score after final treatment was marked higher than that before treatment within each group. 3. After final treatment, non-dysgeusia group showed signficant difference on Gross Grading System of House-Brackmann, Yanagihara's Unweighed Grading System compared with dysgeusia group. Conclusions: These results suggested that non-dysgeusia group should be get better than dysgeusia group in the patient with peripheral facial paralysis.

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Correlation between Dysgeusia and Spleen qi Deficiency Patterns in Patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome (구강작열감증후군 환자의 미각 이상과 비기허증(脾氣虛證)의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Jung-eun;Park, Jae-woo;Kim, Jin-sung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.455-467
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study evaluated the correlation between taste function and spleen qi deficiency in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and compared subgroups of BMS (i.e., dysgeusia and non-dysgeusia subgroups). Methods: This study included 60 participants categorized into two groups: a BMS group and healthy control (HC) group. Taste threshold was measured within six levels using solutions of four basic taste qualities. Subjects' Oral Health Impact Profiles (OHIPs-14) and Spleen qi Deficiency Questionnaire (SQDQ) scores were analyzed. Results: Taste thresholds for sweet (sucrose) and salty (NaCl) tastes were significantly lower in the BMS group than in the HC group, but sour (citric acid) and bitter (quinine HCl) tastes showed no significant differences between groups. In the dysgeusia and non-dysgeusia subgroups, no significant differences in the four basic taste thresholds were found. SQDQ scores were significantly higher in the BMS group compared to the HC and in the dysgeusia group compared to the non-dysgeusia group. OHIPs-14 and SQDQ scores for the BMS group were significantly and positively correlated. Conclusions: Spleen qi deficiency is related to taste function and can be used to treat BMS patients with taste dysfunction.

A Case Study of Dysgeusia in a Patient with an Acute Thalamic Infarction Treated with Korean Medicine (급성 시상 경색으로 인한 미각 장애 치험 1례)

  • Lee, Mi-rim;Park, Min-jeong;Kim, Gyeong-muk;Cho, Ki-ho;Moon, Sang-kwan;Kwon, Seung-won;Jung, Woo-sang
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.226-234
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    • 2017
  • The case of a 73-year-old Korean female with dysgeusia due to an acute left thalamic infarction is presented. The patient was treated with the herbal medicine Yanggyuksanhwa-tang, in addition to acupuncture and electronic acupuncture treatment. The filter-paper test and Oral Health Impact Profile-14, (OHIP-14) test were administered to evaluate dysgeusia. Post-treatment, the patient's dysgeusia improved. Korean medicine may be an effective treatment for dysgeusia caused by a thalamic infarction.

A Case Study of a Dysgeusia in a Soyangin Patient (이상미각을 호소하는 소양인 치험 1례)

  • Park, Se-Won;Keum, Na-rae;Bae, Hyo-Sang;Park, Seong-Sik
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2018
  • Objective The purpose of this case study was to report improvements of a Soyangin patient with dysgeusia which a salty taste persisted in the mouth. Methods This patient was identified as Soyangin and treated by Yangkyuksanwha-tang-gamibang, acupuncture and moxa. Patient's symptom was assessed G/A(Global Assessment). Results and Conclusions The symptom of a lasting salty taste in the mouth was improved remarkably after using Korean medicine treatment, especially Yangkyuksanwha-tang-gamibang.

Fibromyalgia: practical considerations for oral health care providers

  • Jeon, Younghoon
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2020
  • Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain in the skeletal system accompanied by stiffness, sleep disturbance, fatigue, and psychiatric problems, such as anxiety and depression. Fibromyalgia commonly affects orofacial health, presenting with a variety of oral manifestations, including temporomandibular disorder, xerostomia, glossodynia, and dysgeusia. Therefore, oral healthcare providers need to be aware of this clinical entity to effectively manage oral symptoms and provide proper oral self-care modification and education on the nature of fibromyalgia. This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, orofacial concerns, and treatment of fibromyalgia.

Study on Altered Food Preference and Food Frequency in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 식품 기호도 변화와 섭취빈도에 관한 연구)

  • 박경애;김종성;최스미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.622-634
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and altered food preferences of stroke patients. One hundred and forty-six outpatients, who had experienced their first-ever stroke and were admitted to Asan Medical Center between July and December 2000, were studied. Using interviews, we assessed the altered food preferences, food consumption frequency, and other factors influencing the food preferences and food consumption frequency of the subjects. These results were analyzed with 2 t-tests, and multiple regression analysis, using the SPSS package program. Preferences for pork, red fish, coffee, bread and stews were higher in male stroke patients than in females. The frequency of consumption of beef, pork, white fish, red fish, egg, garlic, onion, coffee, instant noodles, bread, and culinary vegetables increased in the male stroke patients more than in the females. Food preferences were influenced by income, risk factors, subjective tastes and location of brain ischemic lesions. Food consumption frequency was affected by food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the frequency of consumption of white fish, red fish, eggs, soy milk, milk, garlic, onions, coffee, noodles, bread, bean-paste stew, kimchi, culinary vegetables, and greasy foods were the most affected by each food preference. Our results suggest that food consumption frequency may vary with food preference, income, drugs, alcohol, marital status, sex, and dysgeusia, and nutrition education should be formulated to prevent stroke recurrence based on the food preferences, subjective tastes, and risk factors of individual stroke patients.

Comparative Clinical Study between Oriental Medicine and Oriental-western Medicine Treatment on Facial Nerve Paralysis (구안와사(口眼喎斜)에 대한 한의(韓醫) 및 한(韓)·서의(西醫) 협진(協診) 치료(治療)의 임상(臨床) 관찰(觀察))

  • Kang, Mi-Jung;Kim, Kee-Hyun;Hwang, Hyeon-Seo
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2000
  • The following results have been obtaind after examing 72patients with facial paralysis who were hospitalzed and treated through the time period of December 1st, 1996 to November 30th, 1999 at the Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion of Seoul Oriental Medicine, Kyungwon University. During the examination, those 72 patients were divided into two groups, and One group was treated by oriental-western treatment, the other group was treated by oriental treatment. Oriental treatments were acupuncture and moxibustion, herb medicine, physical treatment and hygienic treatment. The one of main western treatments is steroid therapy. The results were obtained as follows : 1. In regard to signs at the first medical examination, lacrimation was showed highest number and facial paralysis, dysgeusia, hyperacusis were showed in numerical order. 2. In regard to prescription of oriental herb medicine, Kamissangbotang(加味雙補湯) was prescribed in greatest numbers and Boyangwhanotang(補陽還五湯), Kamiboiktang(加味補益湯), Ligigepungtang(理氣祛風湯) were prescribed in numerical order. 3. In regard to treatment number, 10~19 times for treatment was showed highest number and 1~9 times, 20~29 times, 40~49 times were showed in numerical order . 4. In regard to mean treatment times about injury region and main sign, the effect of oriental-western treatment was showed as follows: lacrimal gland disorder, hyperacusis, dysgeusia, facial paralysis were treated for 15.1, 27, 13.2 and 21.4 times, repectively. The effect of oriental treatment was showed as follows: lacrimal gland disorder, hyperacusis, dysgeusia, facial paralysis were treated for 34.8, 22.1, 33.8 and 16.3 times, respectively. 5. In regard ta the effect of treatment about injury region and main sign, oriental-western treatment was showed as follows: cases of lacrimal gland disorder were showed 1 of excellent case, 1 of fair case, 5 of good cases. In hyperacusis patients, there was showed 1 of fair case. In dysgeusia patients, there was showed 1 of excellent case, 3 of fair cases, 1 of good case. In facial paralysis, there were showed 5 of fair cases. Oriental treatment was showed as follows: In lacrimal gland disorder, the excellent were 4 cases, the fair were 10 cases, the good were 3 cases and the poor were 4 cases, In hyperacusis, the fair were 5 cases, the poor 2 cases. In dysgeusia, the excellent were 4 cases, the fair were 1 case, the good were 1 case and the poor was 1 case, In facial paralysis, the excellent were 9 cases, the fair were 4 cases, the good 3 cases and the poor were 3 cases. 6. The effect of total treatment was as follows: 30 cases were showed fair effect, 19 cases were showed excellent effect, 13 cases were showed good effect and 10 cases were showed poor effect. 7. In regard to attack factor, overlabour was showed highest number and wind-cold, mental stress, trauma, ear disease, common cold, dental diseae, reason unknwon were showed in numerical order. 8. In regard to premonitory symptoms, non significant symptoms were in 38 cases, the pain of peri-stylomastoid region were in 38 cases and headache, dysaesthesia of periorbit, dysgeusia, stomatitis, eyelid tic were showed in numerical order. 9. In regard to sex, male were 33 cases and female were 39 cases. The distribution of age was disclosed that thirty, forty, fifty, seventy, sixty, twenty and below twenty years were revealed in turn. Sex and paralytic side were showed as follows: male-left were 15 cases, male-right were 18 cases, female-left were 19 cases and female-right were 19 cases. In regard to attack frequence in month, March was showed highest number and January, April, May, August, October, etc were showed in numerical order. In regard to attack frequence in season, spring was showed highest number and winter, summer, fall were showed in numerical order, but attack frequence between four seasons wasn't showed significant difference.

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Personality Type Test(MBTI) of Korean College Students with Symptoms of Oral Mucosa Disease (구강점막질환증상자의 성격유형검사(MBTI))

  • Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality type and symptoms of oral mucosa disease. 393 college students completed the MBTI(Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and a questionnaire and collected data were analyzed by SAS 9.2 program. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Dysgeusia(p<0.05) and xerostomia(p<0.01) occurred significantly more frequently in I type than E type. 2. Herpetic stomatitis, recurrent aphthous ulcer, glossitis, dysgeusia, burning mouth syndrome and xerostomia seemed to occur more frequently in S type than in N type. 3. Most symptoms of oral mucosa disease seemed to occur the most frequently in the type including NF among 16 types of personality of MBTI. 4. Most subjects had negative attitude in curing their symptoms of oral mucosa disease(p<.0001). Significantly more subjects with I type than E type had negative attitude in curing herpetic stomatitis(p<0.01) and dysgeusia(p<0.05). 5. Most symptoms of oral mucosa disease appeared to occur the most frequently in nervous or sensitive subjects. Therefore a guideline for the individual cure of oral mucosa diseases meeting personality type is necessary.

Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Taste Disorders (미각 장애 환자의 임상적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Jin;Park, Won-Kyu;Nam, Jin-Woo;Yun, Jong-Il;Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.341-351
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    • 2009
  • There is tremendous variability in the ways patients present with taste problems. Because of complex and multifactorial etiological background, it is not simple to evaluate patients with taste disorders. Accurate assessment of patients' status by prudent, thorough history taking and symptom analysis is the most essential for exact diagnosis of taste disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with taste problems as a primary complaint. Consecutive series of 50 patients (12 males and 38 females, mean age $53.6\;{\pm}\;14.7$ years) were included for the present study. All subjects were requested to complete a comprehensive questionnaire. Clinical evaluation procedures included oral examination, interview, questionnaire analysis, panoramic radiography, blood test and measurement of salivary flow rate. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Among the patients, 36 patients (72%) complained of oral mucosal pain or burning sensation. Of these patients, 18 patients (36%) were diagnosed as burning mouth syndrome. 2. Nineteen patients (38%) complained of subjective oral dryness. The flow rate of unstimulated whole saliva was less than 0.1 mL/min in 14 patients (28%) and 17 (34%) had a stimulated whole salivary flow rate of less than 0.5 mL/min. 3. Among the types of taste disorders, hypogeusia, the most frequently reported, was found in 25 patients (50%), dysgeusia in 18 patients (36%), phantogeusia in 15 patients (30%), hypergeusia in 10 patients (20%), and ageusia in 5 patients (10%). Nineteen patients (38%) reported more than one type of taste disorder and the most frequent combination was dysgeusia + hypogeusia (n=6, 12%). 4. Based on data from the medical and dental histories and examinations, the patients were assigned to 12 probable causal categories. Taste disorders due to oral mucosal diseases and idiopathic taste disorder were the most frequent (n=9; 18%, each), followed by psychogenic taste disorder (n=8; 16%), drug-induced taste disorder (n=7; 14%), and taste disorder due to dry mouth (n=6; 12%). These 5 categories of taste disorder accounted for 78% of all cases in this study.