• Title, Summary, Keyword: dough stickiness

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Development of Buckwheat Bread: 3. Effects of the Thermal Process of Dough making on Baking Properties

  • Kim, Chang-Soon;Lee, Seung-A;Kim, Hyuk-Il
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 1999
  • The quality of the buckwheat bread made with previously heated ($55^{\circ}C$) and cooled buckwheat flour 0dough with the addition of ascorbic acid(AA) or/and sodium stearoyl lactylate(SSL) was evaluated . With heat treatemtn , handling property of dough and grain of the bread crumb were markedly improved and stickiness of the dough decreased . The optimum resting time to produce the best loaf volume and grain was found to be 3hr for both unheated and heated doughs. Heat treated dough showed higher dough expansion rate during fermentation than unheated dough, even though heated dough had lower loaf volume, probably because of an improper oven spring. Increase in shortening of dough formula from 3% to 5% improved loaf volume without improvement of handling property. With the addition of 100 ppm AA or/and 0.5% SSL, loaf volume and crumb grain were improved for both unheated and heated doughs.Microscopic analysis of a mixed dough by scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that heated dough had a continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous. The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous . The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous structure with strengthened strands or interactions between the starch granule and protein. Therefore, it appears that the presence of continuity in heated buckwheat breadwheat bread dough is related to the improved loaf volume and crumb grain without dough stickness.

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1. The development of Pizza with Chungkukjang and Onion : Optimization of Pizza Crust Preparation Using Response Surface Methodology (청국장${\cdot}$양파 첨가 피자 제조 : 1. 반응표면분석을 이용한 피자크러스트 제조의 최적화)

  • Sung, Chae-Ran;Kim, Chang-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.481-491
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to develop pizza crust with additions of Chungkukjang and onion. The stickiness of the pizza dough containing fresh Chungkukjang (C), heated Chungkukjang (HC), and fresh Chungkukjang with added dough-improver (CI), was measured to evaluate the dough properties. The optimum conditions for pizza crust preparation relating to the processing suitability and sensory quality were established using response surface methodology (RSM). When HC and CI were used in dough making, dough stickiness was reduced to 37% and 51%, respectively. Therefore, the dough-improver(2%) offered the pizza dough better rheological properties when C was used without heat treatment. On the other hand, processing suitability such as the spreadability and overall acceptability, which included the smell and taste of the pizza, were impaired as the amount of CI increased. However, the use of fresh ground onion in the pizza dough compensated for these impairments. The optimum conditions for pizza crust making as determined by RSM were 25.1% onion, 7.1% Chungkukjang, and 52.3 min of fermentation time.

Quality Characteristics of Bread Added with Turmeric Powder (울금 분말을 첨가한 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Jeon, Tae-Geon;An, Hye-Lyung;Lee, Kwang-Suck
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2010
  • Recently, there has been a great deal of public interest in health foods, such as turmeric (Curcuma longa L). In this study, the baking features of turmeric powder were evaluated by making pan bread. To accomplish this, the effects of added turmeric powder on the results of mixograph analysis as well as, the pH and, fermentation rate were measured. In addition, the features of the bread were examined by testing the stickiness of the dough and the TPA of the product using a texture analyzer. Finally, the consumer's preferences were investigated by evaluation of the color difference, crumbScan and sensory evaluation. The results revealed that as the level of turmeric powder increased, the pH decreased. which resulted in the gas possessing capacity of the dough improving and the fermentation persistence of the dough increasing. In addition, the stickiness increased as the turmeric powder content increased. However, there were significant differences among breads produced using different amounts of turmeric powder. Evaluation of the taste revealed that the TP3 group had the higher score than control score and TP7 had the lowest score. In overall preference, TP7 was especially low and the preference decreased as the content of turmeric powder increased.

Quality Characteristics of Bread with the Addition of Various Kinds of Solar Salt (천일염 종류에 따른 식빵의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Min-Jung;An, Hye-Lyung;Heo, Soo-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Suck
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2011
  • As people's interest in functional foods has been rising, they began to be concerned about their salt consumption. In this respect, this research investigates the quality characteristics of bread added with various kinds of solar salt, and the stickiness, fermentation rates, pH levels, TPA, crumbScan and sensory evaluation of the dough were analyzed. For the stickiness of the dough, FSB had the highest stickiness. Also, NSB had the highest fermentation rate and fermentation persistence. TPA analysis showed that KSB had the lowest hardness and the highest springiness of all. According to crumbScan, KSB had the lowest crumb fineness, but there were no significant differences among the samples. Preference test showed that NSB got the best color, texture, flavor and taste. In overall acceptance, NSB scored the highest points, showing no significant difference with KSB.

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Dough Characteristics of Korean Wheat Flour (국산 밀가루의 반죽특성)

  • 정헌상;박남규;송정춘;김기종;정만재
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 1999
  • In order to increase the Korean wheat-cultivators' incomes as well as to promote their consumptions, the native wheat of 11 varities (Chokwangmil, Geurumil, Eunpamil, Tapdongmil, Woorimil, Olgeurumil, Alchanmil , Gobunmil, Geungangmil Seodunmil and Suwon 265) were investigated on dough properties to compared with those of two imported wheat varieties, DNS (Dark Northern Spring Wheat) and ASW (Austrlian Standard White). In dough stickiness, Chokwangmil was highest as 81.78, and the mean value of native wheat was 53.98 g. ASW and DNS showed the stickiness values of 58.7 g and 52.9 g, respectively. Tapdongmil was highest in the tensile tone of dough as 87.6 g. In the texture test, the highest elasticity, gumminess, firmness and chewiness were observed in Woorimil as values of 0.980, 1,022.8, 1,562.7 and 1,001.9, respectively, while the highest cohesiveness and adhesiveness were obtained from Suwon 265 and Geurumil, respectively, as 0.710 and -609.4. In amylogram properties, the initial gelatinization temperature was ranged from 65$^{\circ}C$ to 69$^{\circ}C$, and maximum, minimum and final viscosities were highest in Woorimil as 1,140, 1,100 and 1,730 BU, respectively. In farinogram, water absorption rate was highest in Suwon 265 as 65.1%, which required the longest dough arrival time of 3.5 min. Dough developing time, weakening and stability were longest in Gobunmil as 9.7. 32.1 and 29.9 min., respectively. The resistance of dough was highest in Olgeurumil as 110 BU.

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Effects of Added Yam Powders on the Quality Characteristics of Yeast Leavened Pan Breads Made from Imported Wheat flour and Korean Wheat Flour (마(Dioscorea) 첨가가 우리밀과 수입밀을 이용한 식빵 품질특성에 미치는 효과)

  • 이선영;김창순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.56-63
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of yeast breads with addition of hot air-dried yam powder (HDYP) and freeze-dried yam powder (FDYP), using several physical and sensory examinations. Breads were made of imported wheat flour (IWF) or Korean wheat flour (KWF). HDPY and FDYP were added to the bread formula at three levels of 3, 5, and 7%. The addition of yam powders required an increase of water absorption. As the addition of HDYP/FDYP increased, IWF dough stickiness increased and thus handling property became inferior to the control. Especially, handling property of KWF bread dough containing FDYP was most poor among the dough samples. With HDYP/FDYP, final volumes of bread made from IWF were similar to the control when 3~5% HDYPs were added whereas loaf volumes decreased significantly as the amount of added FDYP increased, indicating volume depressing effect. In bread scoring, texture scores increased when yam powders were added that hardness, chewiness, cohesiveness and guminess of KWF bread increased as the amounts of yam powders increased. The "L" value of IWF bread crumb decreased with the addition of yam powders. From sensory evaluation using acceptability scores, the results gave us that appearance, grain, texture, flavor, taste and overall acceptability of KWF bread could be more improved with the addition of yam powders than those of IWF bread.IWF bread.

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Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Gangjung Containing Sorbitol during Storage (솔비톨을 첨가한 강정의 저장 중 이화학적 및 관능적 특성 변화)

  • Baik, Eun-Young;Lee, Hye-Seong;Lee, Kyung-Sook;Lee, Jin-Won;Kim, Haeng-Ran;Cho, Mi-Sook;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to preserve the quality of Gangjung (Traditional Korean cookies) during storage with the addition of sorbitol in Gangjung dough. Sorbitol was added with different levels (0, 1.5, 3%) in the Gangjung dough and the Gangjung samples were stored for different periods (1, 16, and 31 days). Compared to the control group, the Gangjung samples with sorbitol groups had higher moisture content, expansion ratio, and ceil size. As the storage was extended, peroxide values, hardness, fracturability, chewiness and stickiness to teeth were increased, while cohesiveness, moistness, and degree of melting were decreased. From the PCA in the sensory analysis, Gangjung with addition of 3% sorbitol stored for 1, 16, and 31 days showed high levels in moistness, cohesiveness, degree of expansion, cell size, and degree of melting, whiie Gangjung in control group stored for 16 and 31 days showed high levels in fracturability, heated oil flavor, chewiness, and stickiness to teeth. The moisture content of Gangjung was significantly increased as the level of sorbitol was increased. The changes of physicochemical and sensory characteristics by storage were increased in control groups the most, 1.5% sorbitol groups the next, and 3% sorbitol groups the least. Therefore, the sorbitol added groups could be delayed in the quality deterioration during storage, especially in the texture, and could be increased in the preservation of Gangjung.

Sensory Properties and Drivers of Liking for Pizza Crust (피자 크러스트의 특성과 소비자 기호 유도 인자)

  • Lee, Jisun;Ahn, Sungsoo;Chung, Lana
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2016
  • This study identified the sensory properties of samples of pizza dough at three pizza companies and three masonry oven pizzerias from Seoul, Korea and compared consumer acceptability among panels of university students. Six pizza dough samples were prepared (pan pizzas from Pizza Hut, Mr.pizza, and Dominos pizza, masonry oven baked pizzas from Appleteen, Mr.Lee's, and Pizza factory). Consumer tests were employed involving 97 Korean consumers. Consumers evaluated overall liking (OL), liking of appearance (APPL), odor (ODL), flavor (FLL), and texture (TXTL), willing to try (WT), and willing to recommend (WR) for the samples using a nine-point hedonic scale. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that HutP, MrP, and DomP samples had significantly (p<0.05) high scores for roughness, porosity, crust color, grain size, brownness, dairy food aroma, savory taste, and yeast aroma, which had the highest OL, ODL, and FLL scores. LeeP, ATeenP, and PFacP samples had high elasticity, cohesiveness, and adhesiveness. Consumers favored the appearance characteristics and color, dairy product flavor, and savory flavor of the pan pizza and preferred cohesiveness, toughness, and stickiness of masonry oven baked pizza.

Effect of Hot Spring Water on Dough Fermentation and Quality of Bread (온천수가 반죽의 발효와 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이예경;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.56-63
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    • 2003
  • The dough fermentation and the quality of bread prepared with different kinds of water such as distilled water, tap water and diluted hot spring water(SW) from Gyungsan Sipan hot spring were investigated. Content of total soluble solid in the hot spring water was 8,765 ppm and contents of Na, Ca, Mg and K as major elements was 2,296, 287, 65 and 8 ppm, respectively. Content of Fe, Cu, Co, F, Zn, Al, S, Mo, Se and Si as minor elements was in the range of 0.002~5.2 ppm. The pH(6.95~7.68) of the dough prepared with diluted hot spring water(I, 55 times; II, 4 times; III, 2 times) was higher than that of distilled water. The dough volume after the 1st fermentation was expecially lower in the III, but the volume of the dough prepared with III adjusted pH to 5.5 was higher than that of the control. The hardness and the strength were higher than those of the control, but the scores were love. than those of the control in case of pH adjustment(pH 5.5). The cohesiveness was also lower than that of the control in the bread with diluted hot spring water. Softness and stickiness of the bread(III) were hisher than those of the control. But overall acceptability was the highest in the II.

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Quality Characteristics of White Pan Bread with Banana (바나나를 이용한 식빵의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Ik-Joon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.78-92
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of white pan bread with banana addition. This analysis was through mixograph and stickiness of dough, fermentation rate, TPA, crumbScan image analysis, color, moisture contents and acceptance test. Mixograph peak time presented 4~5 minutes on every sample. However, CON, B10 and B20 sample presented more than 60%, and B30, B40 presented less than 60% at peak value (%). The result indicated that banana addition increased as the stickiness decreased. The fermentation rate generally increased, but the sample B40 decreased after 75 minutes. The result of crust and inside color, CON was the highest on lightness L value, B40 was the highest on both red a value and yellow b value. The result of pH showed that B40 was the lowest, and more banana addition made pH decreased. Thus, adding banana influences negatively on volume and cost of the product. The image analysis through crumbScan did not show any significant difference on crust thickness and distortion of crumb fineness. On the other hand, CON value was 774.33 that was the lowest, and B40 value was 927.66 which is the highest on the density of crumb fineness. Hardness showed a significant difference; B40 was the lowest, and Control was the highest. Moisture contents generally had a noticeable difference; CON value was the highest, and banana addition increased as the value decreased. At the result of acceptance test, one of the sensory tests, B20 showed the highest grade, and B40 showed the worst. Based on the above results of characteristic difference, banana addition could influence volume of the bread negatively.