• Title/Summary/Keyword: dough

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Effects of Fermented Liquid Dough on Bread Quality (발효액종이 빵의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Yoon-Kyung;Jang, Dae-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2015
  • This study identifies the factors improving bread quality by using fermented liquid dough. Fermented liquid dough, the main part of bread dough, contains yeasts that are prepared in order to enhance the fermentation rate. This study investigates the fermentation rate after mixing dough, the pH of dough, loaf volume, water activity, hardness, and sensory properties of loaf bread samples with different amounts of fermented liquid dough. The fermentation rate was slightly higher in the bread samples, the control dough and 10% fermented liquid dough, than in samples with more than 20% dough. The pH values of dough decreased with an increase in the content of fermented liquid dough. The loaf volume of bread with 10% fermented liquid dough was the highest. The water activity of loaf bread increased with an increase in amount of fermented liquid dough. For the sensory evaluation of loaf bread, adding 10% fermented liquid dough improved the loaf volume and evenness of baking. These results suggest that 10% fermented liquid dough increased the fermentation rate and bread quality. Further research is required to enhance internal quality characteristics of loaf bread, including taste and flavor.

Development of Buckwheat Bread: 3. Effects of the Thermal Process of Dough making on Baking Properties

  • Kim, Chang-Soon;Lee, Seung-A;Kim, Hyuk-Il
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 1999
  • The quality of the buckwheat bread made with previously heated ($55^{\circ}C$) and cooled buckwheat flour 0dough with the addition of ascorbic acid(AA) or/and sodium stearoyl lactylate(SSL) was evaluated . With heat treatemtn , handling property of dough and grain of the bread crumb were markedly improved and stickiness of the dough decreased . The optimum resting time to produce the best loaf volume and grain was found to be 3hr for both unheated and heated doughs. Heat treated dough showed higher dough expansion rate during fermentation than unheated dough, even though heated dough had lower loaf volume, probably because of an improper oven spring. Increase in shortening of dough formula from 3% to 5% improved loaf volume without improvement of handling property. With the addition of 100 ppm AA or/and 0.5% SSL, loaf volume and crumb grain were improved for both unheated and heated doughs.Microscopic analysis of a mixed dough by scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that heated dough had a continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous. The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous network whereas unheated dough was discontinuous . The addition of AA and SSL gave the dough a more continuous structure with strengthened strands or interactions between the starch granule and protein. Therefore, it appears that the presence of continuity in heated buckwheat breadwheat bread dough is related to the improved loaf volume and crumb grain without dough stickness.

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A Study on the effect of bread quality by thawing temperature of frozen dough (냉동생지의 해동온도가 품질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Hyun-Whae
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2001
  • Chou-cream bread and Red bean paste bread were made by sponge & dough method with the sweet dough formula. The bread quality was studied by the measurements of the temperature variation, the fermentation level of frozen dough in the special condition(dough conditioner of 5$^{\circ}C$, 10$^{\circ}C$, 15$^{\circ}C$, 20$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$), the product volume and thesensory evaluation with frozen dough thawed, fermented and baked. When thawing temperature was low, the core temperature of frozen dough increased slowly and the time for thawing and fermentationwas long. In thawing and fermentation, the core temperature of Red bean paste dough increased faster than that of Chou-cream dough. When the thawing conditions of dough conditioner(retarder) were 20$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$, the level of total time decrease for thawing and fermentation was 55 and 86 min in Chou-cream dough and 62 and 90 min in Red bean paste dough respectively in comparison to dough conditioner of 5$^{\circ}C$. In volume of baked products, they showed no significant difference for three weeks of storage, but slight difference for four weeks of storage. The result was that Chou-cream bread was larger than Red bean paste bread in the decrease of volume. In sensory evaluation, the bread quality became low according to the time. When stored for four weeks in the freezer, significant differences were found in Chou-cream vread, but slight difference appeared in Red bean paste bread. The research identified that Red bean paste dough was more effective in manufacturing time than that of Chou-cream dough, when thawing temperature was high, and if frozen dough was thawed in the retarder of lower than 20$^{\circ}C$, the bread quality in terms of volume and sensory evaluation had no significant difference in comparison to the none-freezing Red bean paste bread.

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A Study on the Effect of Frozen Dough after Fermentation with Sweet Dough Bread (단과자빵의 1차 발효 후 냉동생지에 관한 연구)

  • 윤미숙;이정훈
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.317-321
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    • 2001
  • Sweet dough bread is made by using sponge & dough method with the sweet dough formula which consists of wheat gluten and baking powder. The effect of wheat gluten and baking powder to the bread has been studied after the dough frozen, stored, thawed, fermented. and baked. The bread quality has been evaluated by measuring the product volute and also by the sensory evaluation after baking. When 4% of wheat gluten and 4% of baking powder were added into the dough. the bread has a larger volume than that of 2% wheat gluten and 2% baking powder in volume. However. wheat gluten shows better result than baking powder in terms of volume. In sensory evaluation, the bread has higher score when 2% of wheat gluten and 2% of baking powder were added into the dough than that of 4% wheat gluten and 4% baking powder. Consequently, breads show better result when 2% wheat gluten and 2% baking powder were added into the dough than that of 4% wheat gluten and 4% baking powder.

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Rheological Properties of Flour Dough Added Power of Poria Cocos Wolf (백복령분말을 첨가한 밀가루 반죽의 물성특성)

  • Shin, Gil-Man
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2008
  • The effects of flour dough by addition of Poria Cocos Wolf powder were investigated in dough added with $0{\sim}5%$ powder by evaluation of dough. Rheological properties of dough by mixograph, farinograph, alveograph and extensograph, and scanning electron microscope. The water absorption rate and resistance were increased by Increase of Poria Cocos Wolf powder. Mixograph for dough stability and v/v point dough were increased in dough added $1{\sim}2$ percent of Poria Cocos Wolf powder. In water absorption, stability and valorimeter value of the dough increased in weakness of the dough, as revealed through farinogram, extensiblity, resistance to extension, and energy increased in R/E ratio, as revealed through extensogram. Scanning electron microscope of bread wasn't changed by Poria Cocos Wolf powder.

Effect of Whey Ferment Cultured by L. acidophilus KCCM 32820 and P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227 on Rheological Properties of Bread Dough (L. acidophilus KCCM 32820과 P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227로 발효한 유청 발효물이 빵 반죽의 레올로지 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.795-800
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the rheological properties of bread dough containing whey ferment cultured by L. acidophilus KCCM 32820 and P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227. Instrumental analysis such as farinograph, amylograph, extensograph, fermentation power, total titratable acidity (TTA) of dough and pH of dough were tested. On farinograph, difference of water absorption between doughs with and without whey ferment was 0.4% and dough containing whey ferment showed long development time of 3.2 min compared to dough without whey ferment, but showed shorter stability of 16.2 min. On amylograph, there was no significant difference on gelatinization and maximum viscosity temperature; however, maximum viscosity of flour with whey ferment revealed low amylograph unit. On extensograph, value of resistance and R/E ratio of dough containing whey ferment were higher than those of dough without whey ferment. On analysis of dough fermentation power by yeast, dough without whey ferment showed higher volume than dough with whey ferment during fermentation of 240 min. However, TTA of dough was higher in dough with whey ferment than that of the control without whey ferment, even though pH value was low.

The Effect of Addition of Potato Starch on the Frozen Dough (감자 전분의 첨가가 냉동 반죽에 미치는 영향)

  • 이명구;이종민;장준형;박정길
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.403-410
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to understand the effect of addition of potato search on the frozen dough. The characteristics of frozen dough were measured by the farinogram, the extensogram and the amylogram. The results of these measurements show that the dough added with starch has higher stability than the control. The physical and chemical change of the dough were measured in accordance with the period of the frozen storage. The dough added with starch showed smaller physical and chemical change than control, which means that the starch prevents the frozen dough from the deterioration during the frozen storage. It is supposed from this result that the starch protects the activity of yeast and the structure of gluten matrices from frozen damage. It is understood from this study that addition of potato starch into frozen dough improve the stability of the frozen dough.

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Quality Characteristics of Bread Using Sour Dough

  • Park, Young-Hee;Jung, Lan-Hee;Jeon, Eun-Raye
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.323-327
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we examined the changes in loaf weight, loaf volume and specific volume, moisture content and water absorption, pH and titrable acidity, shape, texture profile and sensory evaluation using sour dough instead of dough conditioner in bread making. The weight and volume of bread tended to increase in the sour dough bread, compared to the control. The pH of bread tended to be lower in the sour dough bread. The control bread had large irregular pores that were fewer in number, while the sour dough bread had small spots and was very dense and even throughout the whole surface. The texture profile of bread such as hardness, cohesiveness, chewiness and brittleness was lower in the sour dough bread. There were no significant differences in the sensory characteristics of the breads, except for the shape of bread. However, the sour dough A bread was better in color, texture, flavor, touch, moistness, taste and overall acceptability, and the sour dough B bread was better in flavor, touch and taste than the control.

Study on the Freezing Conditions for the Frozen-Dough Preparation of Bread (냉동생지 제조를 위한 냉동조건 탐색)

  • Hahn Young-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2004
  • In order to investigate the optimal factors for frozen dough production, the freezing and thawing condition such as temperature and time, storage period and the effect of ingredient addition were determined. A pre-fermentation of dough at 30℃ for 120 minutes was appeared to be the best for the production of frozen dough. The dough was frozen at -18℃ and then stored for 7 days. The quality of frozen dough was found to be optimal when thawed at 30℃ for 80 minutes. As ingredient of frozen dough, an addition of 3% of yeast and 4% of butter was good as well as the addition of skim milk and sugar in terms of fermentation capacity after thawing.

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A Study of Rheological Properties of Dough with Waxy Black Rice Flour (찰흑미분을 첨가한 밀가루 반죽의 물리적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Woen-Mo;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Lee, Yoon-Shin
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.236-246
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    • 2006
  • The different rheological properties of wheat flour and waxy black rice flour dough were investigated in dough with 10, 20, 30 and 40% of waxy black rice flour(WBRF). Water absorption and weakness of dough was increased, but stability of dough, high initial pasting temperature, viscosity at peak point and the volume were decreased after 2nd fermentation as the addition of WBRF was increased. In the 10% addition of WBRF, the dough showed similar rheological properties with those of control group.

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