• Title, Summary, Keyword: domestic adopted children

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Factors Affecting the School Achievement of Domestic Adopted Children in Korea (국내 입양아동의 학업성취수준과 영향 요인)

  • Ahn, Jae-Jin;Choi, Woon-Sun;Byun, Mi-Hee;Kwon, Ji-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.141-164
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the school achievement of domestic adopted children in Korea and its related factors. Although the developmental outcomes of domestic adopted children were the focus of research interests, their school achievement has never been fully addressed in Korea. The subsample (9-17 years old) of 5th wave data of was used for the analysis. The results showed that the school achievement level of domestic adopted children was not significantly different from their non-adopted peers during elementary school years except the mathematics, but changed drastically after they entered the middle school, showing significantly lower level from their non-adopted peers. Factors related with the overall school achievement were the level of school, maternal education, age at adoption, child's self-esteem and school adjustment. For specific subject, however, significant factors were found to be somewhat different. Based on the results of the study, the practical guidelines to improve the school achievement of adopted children were suggested. Also, suggestions for the following studies were made.

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Overseas adoption in Korea (국외 입양아들의 특성과 변화)

  • Kim, Jae Yoon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.410-416
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    • 2009
  • In Korea, overseas adoption has been practiced for more than 50 years. Initially, overseas adoption began with the objective to provide permanent homes for Korean war orphans, including mixed-blood children. From 1953 to 2007, about 160,000 Korean children were placed worldwide through overseas adoption and approximately 70,000 children were adopted in Korea. During that period, Korea developed into one of leading industrial countries in the world and the family norms changed dramatically. Since 1989, the Korean government has made diverse efforts to increase domestic adoptions and to support adopted families through the revisions to Korea's Child Welfare Law. However, it is not enough to reduce overseas adoptions rapidly because the Korean government's economic support for adopted families is not adequate and Korean sentiments regarding adoption have not changed. Being an international adoptee is a unique experience, involving dissimilarities of race, ethnicity, and culture. Clearly, it is very important for us to focus on placing Korean children in the best possible environment. Therefore, Korea must make diverse efforts to reduce overseas adoptions and to encourage domestic adoption. First, Korean society has to try to reduce the number of children who need out-of-home care. Second, the Korean government and people should make an effort to increase domestic adoptions, including adoptions of disabled and older children. Finally, the Korean government and adoption agencies have to provide professional pre-adoption and post-adoption services for international adoptees and adoptive parents.

Research on Attitudes of Daejeon Citizens toward the Domestic Adaption (국내입양에 대한 인식과 태도 조사: 대전시민을 대상으로)

  • Lee, Kab-Sook;Sohn, Jin-Hyeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.357-365
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    • 2008
  • The Korean Government is enforcing policies to activate domestic adoption in order to guarantee and protect stable family lives of children requiring protection. We surveyed recognitions and attitudes toward adoption and adoption policies of Daejeon citizens. The result will be important information for activating domestic adoption. We could find that motives of adoption centered on adopted children rather than adoptive parents. Especially, the recognition level toward open adoption is high, which shows that the domestic adoption can be activated if multiple political supports are provided for adopted children and adoptive families.

The Impact of Group Art Therapy on the Psychological Well-Being of Children Who have Experienced Domestic Violence (가정폭력 피해자녀들의 심리적 복지감을 위한 집단미술치료 프로그램의 효과)

  • 김갑숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a group art therapy program on the psychological well-being of children who have experienced domestic violence. The therapy program was designed to enhance self-esteem and reduce anxiety for these children. The participants of this study included seven elementary school students and five junior high school students. The therapy program consisted of thirteen sessions that were held between September 25, 2002 and December 17, 2002. Each session lasted approximately 100 minutes. The effectiveness of this program was evaluated by a pretest and a post-test. The instruments used in the tests were the Anxiety Scale and Self-Esteem Scale. In addition, HND (Here and Now Drawing) was adopted for qualitative evaluation. The data were analyzed by paired t-tests. The results show the following: First, the group art therapy program was effective in enhancing the children's self-esteem and in reducing their anxiety. Second, there was a qualitative change in children's HND (Here and Now Drawing) after the therapy program, which proves that the group art therapy was effective.

Spatial Distribution of Korea-born Adoptees in Europe (한국입양아의 유럽 내 공간적 분포 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.695-711
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    • 2007
  • Research on intercountry adoption was strongly needed in Korea; however, there were only a few research in geography on the United States. It is hard to find the geographical research on Korea-born adoptees in Europe. This research analyzed spatial distribution of Korea-born adoptees in Europe where adopted the largest number of Koreans after the United States. Since 1956 when Korea-born children were first adopted in Norway, the number of adoptees had increased rapidly until 1978. In the early 1970s, Korean children had adopted more in Europe than the Unites States. Even though the number of intercountry adoptees temporarily decreased after the Seoul Olympic in 1988, Korean children have been still adopted at a settled numbers. In the beginning period (1956$\sim$70) of adoption in Europe, the Korean war orphans and abandoned children were adopted by Sweden, Norway and Belgium. In the second period (1971$\sim$90), the number of Korean adoptees were social orphans as a result of rapid industrialization. The number of adoptees increased rapidly and their destination extended into ten countries including the Western Europe such as France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom. In the third period after 1991, the adoptees were mainly from unmarried mothers. The number of adoptees decreased as the result of that the Korean government attempted to reduce the intercountry adoption and to increase the domestic adoption. Their destination reduced into Northern European countries, France and Luxemburg. Those countries kept adopting settled number of Korean children. Female Korean adoptees used to outnumber male Korean adoptees; however the sex ratio was reversed recently. The age of adoptees became to lower, so most of Korea-born adoptees were under one-year old.

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The Patterns of Domestic Space Usage among Apartment Residents -with special reference to 30s pyong apartment with 3bed rooms- (중소규모 아파트 거주자의 대표적인 주생활패턴 -3침실형 30평형대를 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Mi-Hee;Lee, You-Mi
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the patterns of domestic space usage. A questionnaire survey and interview are adopted in this study, and 426 residents living in apartment with 3 bedrooms, stairway access, and 3-bay style in the City of Seoul, Busan and Gwangju. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: The most typical activities in the Anbang are ${\ulcorner}$sleeping and getting dressed${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$family communication and T.V.watching${\lrcorner}$, and ${\ulcorner}$private affairs${\lrcorner}$. The most typical activities in the living room are ${\ulcorner}$family interaction${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$entertaining guest with meals${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$children's private affairs${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$private affairs${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$hobby activities${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$clothes management${\lrcorner}$, ${\ulcorner}$couple interaction${\lrcorner}$, and ${\ulcorner}$occasions${\lrcorner}$. The representative patterns of activities in dining-kitchen is ${\ulcorner}$food preparation${\lrcorner}$.

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The Provider-Role Consciusness of Married Working Women (취업주부의 부양자역할의식에 관한연구)

  • 옥선화
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.134-148
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    • 1993
  • The study was designed to examine the present state of the provider-role consciousness of married working women in Korea and to identify five variable-clusters which were drawn from the theoretical perspectives. The subjects of this study were 573 married working women whose husbands also had their work. The statistical methods adopted for data analyses were frequencies. oneway ANOVA. Scheffe-test t-test, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows; 1) The level of the provider-role consciousness of married working women was slightly high. 2) As for the aspects of the individual attribute variables. educational level job income age native area motive of work. and sex-role identity significantly influenced the provider-role consciousness of married working women. 3) Concerning the family background variables marriage duration number of children mother's experience of employment father's educational level and husbands's income were significantly related to the provider-role consciousness of married working women, 4) As for the social relationship variables. degree of participation in social associations significant others' attitudes toward housewife's work degree of domestic role sharing with husband and wife/husband income ration significantly affected the provider-role conscious-ness of married working women. Based on these findings it came to be revealed that multidirectional perspecitves were useful to identify variables which could predict the provider-role consciousness of married working women, Also it was revealed that the significant others' approvals for women's work were necessary to the establishment of the provider-role consciousness of married working women.

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Living as a ChoSun-jok Aunt in Korea : Hermeneutical Phenominological Analysis of the Life Experience of ChoSun-jok Female Domestic Worker (한국에서 조선족이모로 살아가기 : 조선족 육아.가사도우미의 삶에 대한 해석학적 현상학)

  • Lee, Song-Yi;Hong, Gi-Sun;Son, Yeo-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to understand a ChoSun-jok female domesic worker's experience in a Korean home. This study adopted hermeneutic phenomenological method which was developed by van Manen. The participant for this study was a ChoSun-jok woman who had worked as a care-giver and housekeeper in Korean home for more than 2 years. She missed the time when she was raising her own daughter and son and expected the time that her family would be together. So, her present time wears away for her stable future in Korea which give an opportunity to make a good money. Also, she realized that she was a marginal existence : it meant she was neither a family member nor truly worker. She nursed the Korean children and did for the Korean family for money but wanted to be treated as a family member like a grandmother who could be honored about what she had done for the family. She felt that she was disregarded from the family when she miscommunicated with them because of the difference between cultures. She anticipated that she was appreciated for being here in the Korean home.