• Title, Summary, Keyword: digital engagement

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Information Professionals Going Beyond the Needful User in Digital Humanities Project Collaboration

  • Engerer, Volkmar P.
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.6-19
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    • 2020
  • When information professionals deal with other disciplines in the course of digital humanities projects, they often assume that they are dealing with 'needful users' who have an 'information gap' to fill. This paper argues that the traditional view that information/knowledge is transferred from an information specialist donor to a domain specialist receiver is no longer appropriate in the digital humanities context, where the gap-and-search (or gap-and-filler) approach to information has given way to more direct, explorative engagement with information. The paper asks whether information science and the practising profession are ready for this paradigm shift and examines information science conservatism in two common collaboration scenarios, library support and digital development. It is shown that information science theory still assumes a traditional donor role in both scenarios. How information scientists deal with conservatism in practice is discussed in the example of the Prior project, in which the information science team exerted an ambiguous, hybrid approach with both conservative and non-conservative elements. Finally, two rather hypothetical answers are offered to the question of how information professionals should approach scholarly collaboration in the digital humanities context, where users have ceased to be supplicants. From a purely pragmatic perspective, information scientists need to shift their focus from information needs to research practices and the implications of these practices for digital information systems. More fundamentally, the emergence of digital humanities challenges information professionals to transform information systems designed for searching into digital objects that can be explored more freely by the digital humanities community.

Analysis of G4 Science Digital Textbook according to Universal Design for Learning (보편적 학습 설계의 관점에서 초등학교 4학년 과학 디지털 교과서 분석)

  • Seo, Jeong-Hee;Sung, Jung-Hee;Koo, Yang-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.442-458
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    • 2011
  • Digital textbook project is one of government-driven project to improve education due to integrating technology. Digital textbook need to be universally designed to fit for each student. Recently, universal design for learning( UDL) gains great attention as one of promising approaches for the development of the digital textbook through giving various options and flexibility to all students. UDL has three main principles, first provide multiple means of representation, second provide multiple means of action and expression, third provide multiple means of engagement. The purpose of the study is to analyze fourth grade science textbook according to three UDL guidelines and suggest implications to improve an existing science textbook. The results indicated that fourth grade science digital textbook has been partly applied UDL guidelines like implementing multimedia and multi- mode contents, learning and communication tools, and motivation strategies. But options which students can choose according to their needs and styles are insufficient and tools for expression and communication need to enhance for helping each student to overcome his/her obstacles for learning and need to be more and elaborate to support learner-centered science digital textbook.

A Method to Identify How Librarians Adopt a Technology Innovation, CBAM(Concern Based Adoption Model): Focusing on School Librarians' Concern about Digital Textbooks

  • Kang, Ji Hei
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.5-23
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    • 2016
  • As new technologies change a society, librarians need to understand and adapt to technology innovations. However, most innovations that librarians are supposed to adopt are government-driven or top-down changes; and there have been very few studies conducted to identify any patterns or consistencies in librarians' perceptions of innovation. This paper, therefore, has two research purposes. First, it introduces the Concern Based Adoption Model (CBAM) as one method to gain a deeper understanding of how librarians see such changes. Second, this study identifies school librarians' concerns regarding digital textbooks in South Korea applying the CBAM theory. The test signifies that school librarians present a typical non-user profile, and the pattern anticipates a potential resistance to digital textbooks. Also, it discovers the less experienced and innovator librarians had higher concerns across every stage. The findings underscore a need of various interventions. The CBAM theory suggests, in terms of intense Stage 0 and 1, it is required for school librarians to have events to gain information about digital textbook implementation. Regarding targeted interventions, since the biggest gaps occurs in Stage 4, Consequence and Stage 5, Collaboration, according to school librarians' experience and adoption style, new school librarians need stronger engagement with the community, which including associations, mentors or peer support, and collaborating with public libraries; innovator school librarians require opportunities to test and present their use of digital textbooks (Hall and Hord 1987).

A Study on Participatory Digital Archives (참여형 디지털 아카이브 활성화 방안 연구)

  • Park, Jinkyung;Kim, You-seung
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.219-243
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to provide alternative strategies for promoting active engagement of users in participatory archives. It focuses on users and their active participation in digital archives beyond providing simple participation opportunities. In doing so, the study reviewed relevant literature that analyzes interpretation and development of participatory digital archives. Moreover, it examined several cases of participatory digital archives as to how they apply for user participation, policy, and service. As a general property, main participants, duration, and technology were examined. Technology was further subdivided into open source software, availability of Open API, availability of mobile web, and offline archives. Participation method was divided into active participation, hub participation, and passive participation according to degree of user participation, and the participation functions provided by each archive were compared and analyzed. In policy area, terms of use, personal information processing policy, copyright policy, collection policy, major collections, scope of collections, classification methods, and descriptive elements of each archive were discussed. Services were divided into content, search, and communication area. Based on such analysis, this study proposed ways for promoting active engagement of users in participatory digital archives in terms of participation, policy, content service, and communication service.

The Effect of Puzzle System on Player's Level of Immersion and Engagement in Adventure Games (어드벤처 게임의 퍼즐 시스템이 플레이어의 게임 몰입과 참여도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, In-Sun
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2008
  • This study has made an in-depth analysis of the 'Puzzle System' which is a characteristic structural unit of the Adventure Game, and concentrates on the mechanism where the experience arouses in the player a 'desire (quasi-need) to finish' that leads to one's immersion and engagement in the game. In the course of conducting this study, documentary records were consulted and also this writer personally played video games to learn the component elements and fundamental characteristics of the Adventure Games and to experience how the player was immersed in the game. Thus, the Puzzle System in the Adventure Game was defined and an analysis was made of the structure and course of play where the puzzle part and the narrative part within the system organically interacted between them in the system. In order to confirm the formation and effects of 'desire to finish' shown in the hypothetic assumptions, two experiment-purpose game units were produced, one with dramatic cut scenes and the other without them, so that differences between them could be found. I also conducted an experiment to learn the generation and effect of the 'desire to finish' of the Puzzle elements by using different games with a varying degree of difficulty.

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A Research on the Communication Characteristics of Fashion Film -Focused on Chanel, Prada, Kenzo, Alexander Wang- (패션 필름의 커뮤니케이션 특성에 관한 연구 -Chanel, Prada, Kenzo, Alexander Wang을 중심으로-)

  • Huh, Yeeun;Chun, Jaehoon;Ha, Jisoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.315-329
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    • 2016
  • The $21^{st}$ century is the age when the revolution of digital technology enables two-way communication and when emotional values are emphasized. Thus, it exerts influence on the fashion industry and fashion communication. Along with fashion shows, advertising and displays, many fashion brands have increased the use of fashion films. For that reason, this study examines the characteristics of fashion films made by fashion brands, based on the frame work of persuasion communication. For the research, literature reviews and internet website research were done and films of Chanel, Prada, Kenzo and Alexander Wang were analyzed. The definition and types of fashion films were redefined as terminology varied throughout previous studies prior to analyzing each case. As a result, a fashion film would be redefined as 'a digital image which a fashion brand publishes to consumers for the promotion of brand comprehension'. Also, five fashion film types, 'short film', 'campaign film', 'animation film', 'brand film' and 'show film' were redefined. The analysis provided three communication characteristics: reliability, engagement and intuition. First, reliability is attained when a fashion brand (sender) delivers brand message to consumers (receiver) consistently and unitedly. Second, engagement is attained when the type of fashion film (channel) delivers creative image features such as format, music, video technique to attract consumers' interest. Lastly, intuition is attained when a fashion brand (sender) delivers a message akin to brand identity and deepens consumers' understanding. In addition, this study tried to identify the unique usage tendency of brands that could serve as practice guidelines for other fashion brands.

The Effect of Digital Storytelling Type on the Learner's Fun and Comprehension in Virtual Reality (가상현실에서 디지털 스토리텔링 형태가 학습자의 재미와 이해에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Bok-Jin;Park, Hyung-Sung
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.417-425
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the educational potential of digital story telling in Second Life with three-dimensional virtual reality. Virtual reality such a Second Life can provide to learner chance with the rich learning environment through fidelity. In this study, we have been measured the fun and comprehension among three groups on digital storytelling types. Through the result of experimental, comprehension was no significant but fun was different among three groups on storytelling. we have the result that experiential activity in virtual reality that provide to get the identification as a main character, good environment is influenced the fun to learner via engagement facilitation.

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DEVS Modeling for Interactive Motion-based Mobile Contents Authoring Tool (모바일 기기 환경의 인터렉티브 모션 기반 콘텐츠 개발 도구와 DEVS 모델링)

  • Ju, Seunghwan;Choi, Yohan;Lim, Yongsoo;Seo, Heesuk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2015
  • Interactive media is a method of communication in which the output from the media comes from the input of the users. The interactive media lets the user go back with the media. Interactive media works with the user's participation. The media still has the same purpose but the user's input adds the interaction and brings interesting features to the system for a better enjoyment. We need a digital content using a dynamic motion and gesture of the mobile device. We made an authoring tool for content producers to easily create interactive content. We have tried to take advantage of the interaction by using a touch screen and a gravity sensor of the mobile device. This interaction may lead to allow the user to participate in the content, it can be used as a key device to assist in engagement. Furthermore, our authoring tool can be applied to various fields of publishing content.

Play or Work?: Generativity in Online Games

  • Lee, BoKyung;Jeon, Seong Min
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2017
  • The digital multi-sided platform has led the growth of industries. Accelerating this growth, generativity allowed innovation based on boundary-less modularity. Online games are a rich source of research but most of the research is dedicated in examining only the online game itself. However, there is a growing need to understand online games in an ecosystem level for a new phase of evolution is starting based on generativity. With generativity, online game users now make new graphics and quest that can be added and shared to the already existing game environment. The ecosystem is moving towards finding an amicable multi-sided distribution platform for these user generated game contents. Preliminary data suggest the possibility of actual connection between generativity and users' game engagement. Interviews and surveys will be prepared to find out the details of the possible relationship and how the ecosystem will shape accordingly.

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The Case Study on Smart Citizens Party (스마트시민정당 사례분석에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Jin-Taek
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.137-151
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the existing smart citizens party systems and develop a prospective model. As a result of conducting this research, it is recommended that the prospective system consists of an social computing, citizen participation module, and an interface module. This result suggests important starting point to develop a resonable and reliable implementation model for smart citizens party platform.