• Title, Summary, Keyword: dietary habits

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Effect of Green Dietary Life Recognition and Low-Carbon Green Life Practice on Health-Related Dietary Habits in High School Students in the Incheon Area (인천지역 고등학생의 녹색식생활 인지와 저탄소 녹색생활 실천이 건강관련 식습관에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, So-Hyun;Son, Eun-Ju;Chang, Kyung Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.952-962
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of green dietary life recognition and low-carbon green life practice on health-related dietary habits in high school students. The subjects were 367 high school students in the Incheon area. This cross-sectional survey was conducted using a questionnaire, and data were analyzed with the SPSS 20.0 program. According to the findings, green dietary life recognition were categorized into two sub-factors: 'Eco-friendly traditional dietary life', and 'Life of consideration and thanks'. Low-carbon green life practice was 'Low-carbon green life', and health-related dietary habits were categorized into four sub-factors: 'Vegetables-oriented traditional dietary habits', 'Balanced dietary habits', 'Life practice for health', and 'Various cereals intake'. Green dietary life recognition showed a significantly positive relationship with all sub-factors of health-related dietary habits (p<0.05), whereas 'Eco-friendly traditional dietary life' had no significant effect on 'Balanced dietary habits'. Low-carbon green life practice showed a significantly positive relationship with all sub-factors of health-related dietary habits (p<0.01). Students who received green growth education showed significantly higher health-related dietary habits than those who did not (p<0.01). Girls showed significantly higher green dietary life recognitions and low-carbon green life practice than boys (p<0.01). Therefore, more green dietary life and low-carbon green life education programs targeting students are need. Voluntary activities, along with green dietary life and low-carbon green life education will help students improve their health-related dietary habits.

An Evaluation of Dietary Habits and Dietary Life Competency of Elementary School Parents (초등학생 학부모의 식습관 및 식생활능력 평가)

  • Kim, Jeong-Weon;Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.162-174
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current status of dietary habits and dietary life competency of elementary school parents, who are influential to the dietary life of their children and family. A survey was conducted with 362 elementary school parents living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province by using a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 53 questions on dietary habits, dietary life competency, home cooking frequency, and dietary education needs. The results were as follows: The scores of dietary habits and dietary life competency were 76.35 and 74.51 out of 100, respectively, suggesting a need for improvement. Parents with higher monthly income, demonstrated higher scores of both dietary habits and dietary life competency (p<0.001). As expected, female parents showed higher scores of dietary life competency than male parents (p<0.01). there was also a close relationship between the scores of dietary habits and dietary life competency (r=0.58). The parents with high scores for dietary habits and dietary life competency showed a significantly higher frequency of home cooking (p<0.001) compared to medium- or low-scored parents. Most parents answered that dietary education need to be started earlier, and that their main source of dietary life information was mass media. They also showed a preference for real experience and practice for dietary education. The above results showed that there is a close relationship between dietary habits and dietary life competency, and suggest that continuous education is necessary to improve the dietary habits and dietary life competency of elementary school parents. Because monthly income appeared to be the most influential socioeconomic factor for the parents' dietary habits and dietary life competency, continuous efforts on dietary education are necessary to reduce the score gaps in these categories.

Nutritional Knowledge, Dietary Habits and Dietary Self-Efficacy of Childcare Major Students in Daegu (대구 지역 보육전공 대학생의 영양 지식과 식습관 및 식이자기효능감)

  • Son, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to develope nutritional teaching materials and programs for childcare major students by determining interrelations between nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and dietary self-efficacy. Out of 400 questionnaires distributed to the students majoring in childcare in Daegu, 354 were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0 program. The results were summarized as follows. Childcare major students' distributions of nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and dietary self-efficacy were approximately all middle levels. Nutritional knowledge scores were influenced by age and self-assessment of health. Childcare major students' dietary habits were influenced by age, the degree of satisfaction of diet, and the degree of interest in diet. Dietary self-efficacy of childcare major students was influenced by gender, satisfaction of diet, whether or not they were on a diet, recognition of the need for nutritional knowledge, and the degree of interest in diet. Nutritional knowledge and dietary habits were positively correlated with dietary self-efficacy of childcare major students. In short, childcare major students with higher nutritional knowledge scores had higher dietary self-efficacy. Further, childcare major students who had a regular diet and balanced dietary habits had stronger dietary self-efficacy.

Evaluation of Food Habits, Nutrient Intake, and Dietary Variety in Female College Students

  • Kang, Min Jeong;Kim, Jung Yun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 2014
  • This study was intended to investigate food habits, dietary variety and the effects of nutrient intake of female college students. Food habits such as regularity of meal time, repast of breakfast, lunch, and supper, and duration of meal were assessed via a self reporting questionnaire, 24 hrs recall method for nutrient intake was obtained from 155 female college students in Yangju-si. Dietary variety was assessed by dietary diversity score(DDS). The mean height and weight of the subjects were $161.25{\pm}3.52cm$ and $52.26{\pm}4.52kg$, respectively. The dietary habits of female college students was generally inadequate. In the survey of dietary habits, the ratio of skipping breakfast 3~6 days a week in total subjects was 87.09%, showing a rather higher ratio of skipping breakfast. In the evaluation of nutrient intakes by DDS, subjects who had higher DDS had significantly higher nutrient intakes of energy, protein, carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, phosphate, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, and cholesterol(p<0.05). There was a great difference in nutrient intakes, suggesting the risk of nutritional imbalance. These findings suggest that nutritional education based on female college students' eating variety and dietary habits(regularity of meal time, skipping breakfast and night snacks per week, and duration of meal) may be required to improve dietary variety. it is considered that the improvement in dietary habits will contribute to the improvement of nutrition.

A Study on Food Habit and Nutrition Konwledge of Elementary School Teachers in Jeonbuk Area (전북지역 초등학교 남.여 교사의 식습관과 영양지식)

  • Yun, In-Suk;Jung, Su-Jin;Park, Jeong-Eun;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate dietary habits and nutrition knowledge of teachers, who are in charge of actual education of nutrition knowledge and dietary habits for students, of the elementary schools. Five hundred male and female teachers, who attended the programs for teacher's qualification of 1st and 2nd grades and function education during summer vacations, were surveyed using of questionnaire at Jeollabuk-do Educational Training Institute. A lot of teachers have had undesirable dietary habits. The most frequently(65.4%) used sources of nutrition knowledge were mass media such as TV, radio, magazines and newspapers, About 93% of teachers recognized nutrition education for the students, and 75.6% of them answered that their dietary habits may have an influence on students' dietary habits. Or, teachers' nutrition knowledge level was found to be low in general. The improvement of dietary habits and their nutrition knowledge of the teachers are very important because their dietary habits and nutrition knowledge have an influence on formation of students' dietary habits.

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Relationships of adolescent's dietary habits with personality traits and food neophobia according to family meal frequency

  • Cho, Mi Sook;Kim, Miseon;Cho, Wookyoun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.476-481
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND: A higher frequency of family meals is associated with good dietary habits in young people. This study focused on the relationships of family meal frequency with food neophobia and personality traits in adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHOD: For this purpose, we administered a survey to 495 middle school students in Seoul metropolitan city, after which the data were analyzed using the SPSS (18.0) program. Pearson correlation was used to determine the relationships among dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia according to frequency of family meals. RESULTS: Dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia all showed significant differences according to the frequency of family meals. Further, eating regular family meals was associated with good dietary habits (P < 0.001) and was linked with improved extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness/intellect (P < 0.001). On the other hand, it showed a negative relationship with food neophobia (P < 0.001). The relationship between dietary habits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). The relationship between dietary habits and personality traits showed a positive correlation (P < 0.01). Lastly, the relationship between personality traits and food neophobia showed a negative correlation (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, the frequency of family meals affects dietary habits, personality traits, and food neophobia in adolescents.

The Evaluation of Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Habits according to Sex and Mother's Employment Status in Middle School Students (중학생의 성별과 어머니의 취업 여부에 따른 영양 지식 및 식습관 평가)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Bae, Yun-Jung;Lee, Hee-Jin;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.921-927
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to examine the nutritional knowledge and dietary habits by gender and a mother's employment status for middle school students. The subjects consisted of 423 students (212 boys and 211 girls). As for mother's employment status, 61.7% of the mothers were working, and 38.3% were housewives. The results from the analysis on differences of nutritional knowledge and dietary habits showed that girls tended to have a higher nutritional knowledge than boys (p<0.01). In terms of dietary habits, boys appeared to have more desirable eating habits than girls. As for the mother's employment status, only students whose mothers were doing housework tended to have higher nutrition knowledge and more positive dietary habits than students whose mothers were working. The influence of nutritional knowledge was found to have a significant effect on dietary habits (p<0.001). In addition, nutritional knowledge (B=0.168, p<0.01) turned out to have an influence on dietary habits, where a higher nutritional knowledge produced more positive dietary habits. Considering the results described above, nutritional knowledge appears to have a significant influence on dietary habits. Therefore, instructions on the importance of nutritionally well balanced meals must to be reinforced in nutritional education.

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Dietary Habits, Food Frequency and Dietary Attitudes by Gender and Nutrition Knowledge Level in Upper-grade School Children (초등학교 고학년생의 성별과 영양지식 수준에 따른 식습관, 식품섭취빈도, 식태도 비교)

  • Yon, Mi-Yong;Han, Young-Hee;Hyun, Tai-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.307-322
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to examine dietary habits, food frequency and dietary attitudes by gender and nutrition knowledge level in upper-grade school children. Subjects were 223 boys and 208 girls attending 13 elementary schools (5 th and 6 th graders). A self-administered questionnaire was developed to assess nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, food frequency, and dietary attitudes. Nutrition knowledge score assessed by 19 questions was significantly higher in girls than in boys. There were significant differences between boys and girls in several items in dietary habits such as enough breakfast time, dinner regularity, number of side dishes, eating speed, type of snack after dinner, and degree of saltiness of dishes. Girls consumed staple foods such as rice, noodles or bread more frequently, and consumed less frequently ramyun, fried foods, fast foods, and Chinese foods than boys. In addition, girls had more positive dietary attitudes in trying to reduce fast foods, Chinese foods, ramyun and fried foods. Also children in the high or moderate nutrition knowledge level groups had better dietary habits in frequency of meals, frequency of breakfast, enough breakfast time, dinner regularity, activity during the meal, number of side dishes, eating speed, type of snack after dinner, and better food choices by eating staple foods and vegetable side dishes, meats and beans more frequently, and fried foods, doughnuts/cakes, Chinese foods less frequently, and had better dietary attitudes in breakfast, vegetables and fruit intake than children in the low nutrition knowledge level group. Our results showed that dietary habits, food frequency and dietary attitudes were different by gender and nutrition knowledge level. These results suggest that in developing nutrition education program for elementary school children, the differences between gender and nutrition knowledge level should be considered. Nutrition education in elementary schools may change dietary habits and dietary attitudes through increasing nutrition knowledge.

The Effect on the Dietary Habits and Food Purchase Type according to the Stress in Chinese Students (경기지역 중국인 유학생의 스트레스가 식습관 및 식품구매 형태에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jae-Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2019
  • This study was performed to provide fundamental data on the dietary habits and food purchase types according to the stress patterns. The subject was 312 Chinese students in Gyeonggi region through a self-administered questionnaire. According to the results of the reliability analysis, the stress items showed an average of 2.91 and 0.846 for Cronbach alpha coefficient. The results of ANOVA analysis on the difference of dietary habits according to stress are as follows; There were significant differences for the meal frequency per day according to schoolwork, economic, general living, and dietary habits (p<0.05). Also, the general living pattern showed significant differences for the meal outside frequency and Chinese food intake (p<0.05). The results of ANOVA analysis on the difference of food purchase type according to stress are as follows; There was significant differences in degree of use of convenience foods according to interpersonal relationship, cooking method of convenience foods according to economics, the selection criteria of convenience foods according to schoolwork (p<0.05). The correlation coefficient of dietary habits and convenience food intake are 0.223, -0.147 in stress degree and dietary habits. In conclusion, I would like to provide the basic data necessary for the right choice of Chinese students' dietary habits and food purchases.

Relationship between Dietary Behaviors and Life Stress of Middle School Students in Gyeonggi Area (경기지역 일부 중학생의 식행동과 생활스트레스와의 관계)

  • Park, Kyung Ae;Lee, Myoung Sook;Song, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.384-394
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The study was performed to examine the dietary behaviors and life stress of middle school students in the Gyeonggi area. Methods: A total of 580 middle school students (295 males, 285 females) in the Gyeonggi area participated in the study between July and August in 2011. The study was a questionnaire-based survey that included dietary habits, dietary behaviors, and life stress. Results: For dietary habits, the score for drinking milk was higher in male students than in female students, whereas the score for eating fruits was higher in female students compared to male students. There were significant differences in foods eaten and preferred under stress between male and female students. Male students showed significantly less changes in the number of meals, amount of meal intake, number of snacks, snack intake, frequency of overeating, and appetite during stress than female students. Life stress score of students largely came from academic factors, and female students showed higher stress levels in personal and surrounding environment factors than male students. Life stress score was significantly lower in students with high and moderate levels of dietary habits than in students with a low level of dietary habits. Total score for dietary habits and scores for eating adequate amounts of foods for each meal, considering a combination of food groups at each meal and eating green and orange vegetables, were significantly negatively correlated with life stress score. Life stress score was significantly negatively correlated with meal regularity and positively with the level of overeating. Conclusions: This study may provide basic information on dietary habits and life stress according to gender and the relationship between dietary behaviors and life stress of middle school students, and it suggests gender-based nutrition education programs to solve undesirable dietary habits and dietary behaviors in students with higher stress.